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Full text of "Annual Report of the Adjutant General, year ending December 31, 1907"

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Public Document No. 7 



ANNUAL REPORT 



OF THE 



ADJUTANT GEJSTEKAL 



OF THE 



Commaittataltli of Utassacjntsrtls 



*' ; ,%». Wthe ; ; ;", ;>; ; • 



■» 1 i 1«1 JJ133J 1 



II'-.) 5 

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Year ending December 31. 1907. 




BOSTON: 
WRIGHT & POTTER PRINTING CO., STATE PRINTERS, 

18 Post Office Square. 
1908. 






909 






€ • 



< * • • 



• • • I 



Att ROVED BY 






h 
ANNUAL REPORT. 



Commonwealth of Massachusetts, 
Adjutant General's Office, Boston, Dec. 19, 1907. 

His Excellency Curtis Guild, Jr., Governor and Commander-in- 
Chief. 

Sir : — I have the honor to hand you herewith the report 
required by law, covering the condition of the Massachu- 
setts Volunteer Militia. 

There have been feAV changes due to disbandments or the 
formation of new companies, the only changes being the 
disbandment of Troop F at Chelmsford for being below 
the standard required for troops of the Commonwealth, and 
the formation of a new troop of cavalry in Boston, to be 
known as Troop B, which troop is now in process of being 
organized. 

There has been, however, many changes due to the reor- 
ganization of the militia under the authority granted by 
chapter 356 of the Acts of 1907. In order to carry out the 
provisions of this act, nearly five months of negotiation with 
the War Department were necessary, finally resulting in the 
issuance of General Orders, ~No. 24, A. G. 0., current series, 
prescribing the organization, which has the approval of the 
War Department as being in conformance with the require- 
ments of United States law, and which has the approval of 
the then Judge Advocate General of Massachusetts as being 
legal and in accordance with the authority granted. 

From the first two sections of that order, which is attached 
hereto, it appears that the organized militia of Massachu- 
setts consists of the following : — 



ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. 



[Jan. 





[ Officers. 


Enlisted 
Men. 


Total 

Number. 


Staff of the Commander-in-Chief (ex- 








cluding details), ..... 


7 


— 


7 


Adjutant General's department (exclud- 








ing staff of Commander-in-Chief), 


3 


— 


3 


Inspector General's department, 


8 


— 


8 


Judge Advocate General's department, . 


3 


— 


3 


Quartermaster's department, . 


6 


6 


12 


Subsistence department, 


3 


3 


6 


Pay department, ..... 


11 


— 


11 


Medical department, .... 


33 


166 


199 


Ordnance department, .... 


13 


1 


14 


Corps of Engineers, .... 


2 


— 


2 


Coast Artillery Corps (headquarters), 


15 


25 


40 


Coast Artillery Corps band, . 


— 


28 


28 


Coast Artillery Corps, 12 companies of 








UO ~y~ Oy ...... 


36 


756 


792 


2 brigade headquarters, .... 


6 


— 


6 


5 regimental headquarters, 


75 


40 


115 


5 regimental bands of 28, 


— 


140 


140 


60 companies of infantry of 3 -f- 60, 


180 


3,600 


3,780 


1 squadron headquarters, 


4 


1 


5 


3 troops of 3 + 65, 


9 


195 


204 


1 battalion of field artillery, head- 








quarters, ...... 


4 


2 


6 


3 batteries of 5 + 133, .... 


15 


399 


414 


2 Corps of Cadets, ..... 


32 


642 


674 


1 Signal Corps, ..... 


4 


58 


62 


1 Naval Brigade, ..... 


39 


504 


543 


J- oxai, ...... 


508 


6,566 


7,074 



This shows 7 officers on the staff of the Commander-in- 
Chief, 6,524 officers and enlisted men in the subdivision 
known as the National Guard, and 543 officers and men in 
the subdivision known as the Naval Militia. The term 
National Guard, meaning land forces, and the term Naval 
Militia, meaning sea forces, are merely subdivisions of the 
Massachusetts Volunteer Militia, and do not in any way 
supersede that designation. 

The authority for this reorganization is the act above 
referred to ; the necessity therefor is the direction of the 
Legislature that it be done, in order not to lose the State's 
portion of the government appropriations, and the desire 
of the Legislature to have the organization of the Massa- 
chusetts militia that which will make it most efficient for 
offense and defense. 

The accomplishment of the change took place on Novem- 



1908.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 5 

ber 15 last, and already beneficial results are apparent in 
the increased efficiency of the administrative departments. 
Section 3 of General Orders, No. 24, shows the officers who 
lost their commissions by reason of this change, as well as 
those new commissions or offices created. 

Massachusetts has been a pioneer in bringing about this 
result, and her example is being followed by many other 
States. The report of the Adjutant General of the United 
States, showing the condition of the militia on July 1, 1907, 
showed that the militia was not properly organized, and in 
some cases not properly equipped. Both of these defects 
have been remedied, and with the issuance of the new uni- 
form order, which is now in the hands of the printers, all re- 
quirements of United States law are believed to have been met. 

By the creation of an Adjutant General's department the 
work of this office is sufficiently relieved to make it possi- 
ble for the Adjutant General to give part of his office hours 
to the performance of the duties of Chief of Staff, instead 
of being borne down with the large mass of detail and rou- 
tine which has been necessary for him to attend to person- 
ally in the past. 

The formation of a quartermaster's department and the 
clerks assigned to the Quartermaster General make it possi- 
ble for that officer to have the help which he has so badly 
needed in the past. In future that office is entirely separate 
from the office of the Adjutant General, and should be kept 
separate for all time, both in the interests of economy and 
property responsibility. 

It is recommended that, in revising the regulations by the 
Board which has been ordered to meet in January, consid- 
eration should be given to the question of having all requisi- 
tions come through the hands of brigade quartermasters, 
and possibly, in addition, regimental quartermasters, in 
order that the quartermasters attached to organizations may 
have an intelligent knowledge of the equipment in the hands 
of their organizations, or needed by them. Also, a reason- 
able issue of excess property might well be in the hands of 
the quartermasters of brigades and regiments for ordinary 
exchange, the quartermasters being properly bonded, as 
required by law. 



6 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

Enrolled Militia. 

There has been an increase of 2,194 in the number of the 
enrolled militia, the figures being as follows : — 

Enrolled militia, 1907, 516,446 

Enrolled militia, 1906, 514,252 



Increase for 1907, 2,194 

Special Duty. 

Special duty details for the funerals of 2 officers and 8 
enlisted men have been ordered by this office at various 
times during the vear. 

Equipments and Uniforms. 

The Legislature, at its recent session, authorized the pur- 
chase of full-dress uniforms for the enlisted men of the 
militia. These uniforms have been drawn, as far as prac- 
ticable, from the government, and should be ready for issue 
in the near future. The issuance of olive-drab shirts has 
also been authorized by this office, and the Quartermaster 
General should be ready to issue these shirts so that they 
may be available for use at the next tour of duty. 

All returns to the government for the year 1906 have 
been made, and all allowed as made, with the exception of 
the ordnance return, which is in process of adjustment, the 
information having just been received from the War De- 
partment. There are on file in this office letters from the 
Secretary of War, stating that the militia of Massachusetts 
is armed, uniformed and equipped as required by law. 

During the year the remainder of the new 3-inch field 
battery equipment has been received, and the old 3.2-inch 
guns ordered shipped to the arsenal for storage. These guns 
were purchased in 1900 by the Commonwealth of Massa- 
chusetts for cash from the War Department, and, as there 
is no provision of law for their return, I have had presented 
to Congress a bill authorizing the War Department to re- 
ceive them back, crediting to the State's allotment the pur- 
chase price of $42,423.21. 



1908.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 



Armories. 

The Legislature having passed an act directing that all 
first-class armories be taken over by the State, this action 
has been taken by the Armory Commission created there- 
under, and the following armories, completed or in process 
of construction, are now owned absolutely by the State, and 
the care and maintenance thereof rests entirely with the 
State : — 



Boston, East 


Armory. 


Lawrence. 


Boston, South Armory. 


Lowell. 


Brockton. 




Marlborough. 


Cambridge. 




Maiden. 


Chelsea. 




New Bedford. 


Charlestown. 




Pittsfield. 


Framingham. 




Salem. 


Fall River. 




Springfield, State Armory 


Fitchburg. 




Springfield, Boat House. 


Gloucester. 




Somerville. 


Holyoke. 




Worcester. 


Haverhill. 




Waltham. 


Lynn. 







Chapter 526 of the Acts of 1907, which is the authority 
for this taking, also provides that certain second-class ar- 
mories may be purchased, and action in this regard will 
be taken in the near future. Thereafter the remaining 
second-class armories and the third-class armories will be 
gradually discontinued, by the building each year of three 
first-class armories until the militia is adequately housed. 
The locations of the second and third class armories at pres- 
ent are as follows : — 



Second-class Armories. 



Boston, Cadet Armory, Fer- 
dinand Street. 

Charlestown, Winthrop 
Street. 

Charlestown, Old Winthrop 
School. 

Clinton. 



Concord. 

Everett. 

Newton. 

Northampton. 

Taunton. 

Wakefield. 

Wobnrn. 



8 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 



Th ird-class Armories. 



Adams. 

Attleborough. 

Boston, 120 Treraont Street. 

Boston, 358 Main Street, 

Charlestown. 
Boston, corner Chardon and 

Green streets. 
Boston, Bnlfineh Street. 
Boston, 2185 Washington 

Street. 



Greenfield. 

Hingham. 

Hudson. 

Medford. 

Milford. 

Natick. 

Orange. 

Plymouth. 

Stoneham. 



The armories started during the year, which are now in 
process of construction, are located in — 



Charlestown. 

Framingham. 

Maiden. 



Pittsfield. 
Waltham. 

Salem. 



It is recommended, in publishing the Adjutant General's 
report for the present year, that the table showing the loca- 
tions of the various units of the militia have a column 
showing which are in State armories and which are not, 
and that this practice be continued, as it is found that such 
a record has not been kept in the past, thereby making the 
computation of rents previously paid for State armories, as 
required by the above act, a difficult task. 

Camp Ground. 

Under appropriation of $4,000 various repairs have been 
made at the camp ground and on the buildings situated 
thereon, thereby putting the buildings in better condition 
than they have been for some years. This appropriation 
should be continued, in order that the camp ground or muster 
field may be at all times available for the mobilization of 
troops for either instruction purposes or in case of sudden 
call. 

The field is fitted for regimental camps of instruction, 
but, in order to make it possible to have brigade camps and 
for those brigades to have practice in battle exercises, it is 



1908.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT — Xo. 7. 



essential that a large tract of open country should be pro- 
cured, without buildings or other improvements other than 
sufficient good water, in order that bodies of the militia may 
be placed thereon to conduct a tour of duty under conditions 
similar to active service ; and I believe that the purchase 
of such a field would be accomplished at much less expense 
than the enlargement of the grounds at Framingham and 
the moving of the buildings there situated would require. 



Fukds antj Appropriations. 

The appropriations made by the Commonwealth during 
the past year, the balances remaining unexpended in those 
appropriations on December 1, and the estimates submitted 
for 1908 expenditures, are found in the accompanying 
table : — 



APPROPRIATION FOR 



1907. 



Balance 
Remaining. 



Salary, Adjutant General, . . S3, 600 
Salary, five clerks Adjutant Gen- 
eral's office 8,200 

Salarv. messenger, Adjutant Gen- 
eral's office, . . . . 800 
Salary, additional clerical assist- 
ance, 8,300 

Incidental and contingent ex- 
penses, Adjutant General's office, 5,000 
Quartermaster's supplies, . . 12,000 
Incidental and contingent ex- 
penses; Quartermaster's office, . 6,000 
Military accounts, . . . 4,000 
Care and grading camp ground, . j 4,000 
Compensation of officers and men, i 160,000 
Transportation of officers and men, 20,000 

Rifle practice 25,000 

Officers' uniform allowance, . 17,000 
Allowance for care and responsi- 
bility of property, . . 5,450 
Allowance for repairs to clothing, 12,000 
Rental of armories, first class, . 35,800 
Maintenance of armories, first class, 60,000 
Salaries of armorers, first class, . 20,000 
Rental and maintenance of armo- 
ries, second class, . . 20,000 
Rental and maintenance of armo- / 10,000 
ries, third class, . . . M 10,000 
Allowances to headquarters and 

companies, . . . 3,770 

Company armorers, . . 12,000 
Furnishing, care and repair, United 

States ship, .... 3,000 

Riding instruction, . . . 3,920 

Service school, .... 2,500 

Salary of Surgeon General, . . 1,200 
Medical supplies and incidental 

expenses 2,400 

Examination of recruits, . 2,600 
State rifle team to national match, 3,000 
Preservation of war records, . 1.500 
Indexing records, Adjutant Gen- 
eral's office, .... - 



81,307 26 
1,639 09 

540 88 

38 46 

4,499 00 

1,906 36 

6,364 49 

160 27 

577 13 

193 67 

35,800 00 

6,284 67 

2,173 78 

20,000 00 
10,000 001 
10,000 00 j 

15 00 
371 56 



800 00 
51 43 



109 19 
1,032 95 



Estimates, 1908. 



Adjutant Q™*£" (Surgeon 
GeneraL ! General. GeneraL 



5,000 



4,000 

165,000 
25,000 
25,000 
17,710 

5,450 
13.132 



3,790 
12,000 

10.000 
3,920 
4,000 



3,000 
1,500 

5,000 



§3,600 



13,800 ' S9.200 



12,000 
6,000 
4,000 



70,000 
24,000 

18.000 
18,000 



81,200 

2,400 
2,600 



10 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

It will be seen that none of the appropriations for 1907 
have been exceeded, bnt the balances shown on hand Decem- 
ber 1 do not represent savings, as all bills have not yet been 
received. 

In making the estimates for the coming year, it will be 
noted that the appropriations have been divided into three 
headings, — one under the control of the Adjutant Gen- 
eral's office, one of the Quartermaster General and one of 
the Surgeon General, the creation of the new departments 
rendering this necessary and feasible. 

The work of preserving the war records by the Emery 
process has been continued, the records so treated during the 
past year being as follows : — 

Rebound and Repaired, — Completed. 

24 volumes containing records of 24 regiments of infantry. 
5 volumes of enrollment and medical examinations, 1861. 

3 volumes of papers and records of service in militia, 1795 to 1840. 

In Process of being Repaired and Rebound. 

18 books of infantry. 
7 books of artillery. 

4 books of cavalry. 

3 books of naval records. 

To be Repaired and Rebound. 
10 volumes of medical examinations and rejections, 1861-1865. 

Nineteen index volumes for the rosters of the Massachu- 
setts militia, from the institution of the office, 1780, to the 
present time, have been purchased from the Emery Process 
Company out of the 1907 appropriation. 

In commenting on the appropriations by the Common- 
wealth during the past year, I will state that in most cases 
the appropriations were just about adequate to cover the 
necessary expenses. It has been found necessary, however, 
to recommend an increase in compensation and transporta- 
tion, due to the increases in the field batteries, under chapter 
305 of the Acts of 1907, and the creation of the Hospital 
Corps in its full strength, under chapter 465 of the Acts 
of 1905 and chapter 356 of the Acts of the present year. 



1908.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 11 

The appropriation for the care, furnishing, repairs and 
maintenance of United States vessels, assigned for the naval 
militia, has been sufficient for the small vessel which, in the 
past, has been assigned to this State, but will not be suffi- 
cient for the IT. S. S. " Gloucester," which is to be turned 
over in the coming spring. A considerable increase has 
therefore been asked in this appropriation, which is essen- 
tial to the proper use of that vessel. 

The work of the Service School has been productive of 
much good, and an increase in that appropriation is sug- 
gested. It is recommended that bills be submitted to the 
Legislature, making the annual appropriation for the Ser- 
vice School $4,000 ; making an annual appropriation of 
$3,000 for the expenses of the State rifle team in the na- 
tional matches ; making an annual appropriation of $1,500 
for the preservation of war records and official records in 
the control of the Adjutant General; and making an annual 
appropriation of $5,000 for indexing the war records and 
militia records in the archives of this office. 

These requests for annual appropriations are to make 
it possible for these items to be included in the annual esti- 
mates, instead of necessitating separate bills each year. The 
last item — for indexing war records — is very essential, 
as the archives of this office hold rolls and records dating 
back to the revolutionary war, which, although filed by or- 
ganizations, contain no proper index of the names appearing 
thereon ; and, although the information desired can now 
be obtained, by reason of the personal knowledge of the clerk 
who has been in charge of the records for over twenty years, 
they should be so indexed that any intelligent person could 
secure the information which the law requires to be furnished 
on demand. 

The monev standing to the credit of the Commonwealth 
in the War and Navy departments has been used for such 
equipment, or other uses, as the United States law permits, 
and a substantial balance is now to the credit of the Com- 
monwealth. 

On July 1 there was a balance of $2,856.96 in the naval 
allotment, to which was added the sum of $5,534.93 at that 



12 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

time, giving a balance to the credit of the Commonwealth 
of $8,391.89. After drawing against this for certain equip- 
ment and expenses incident to the IT. S. S. " Newport ' this 
past summer, there was on December 1 a balance of $7,613.05. 

In the War Department there was on July 1 a balance of 
$5,986.07 available for equipment or other general uses, to 
which was added at that time $47,874.48, making a total 
amount available for equipment and general purposes $53,- 
860.55. 

There was also on July 1 placed to the credit of the Com- 
monwealth for ammunition and rifle practice $15,958.16. 
Of this latter amount none has been expended, it being 
reserved for the purchase of ammunition for next season's 
rifle practice. 

Of the ajDpropriation for equipment and general expenses 
a considerable portion has been drawn, approximately $20,- 
000 for equipment: the definite figures, however, cannot be 
given, as the returns from the War Department have not 
vet been received. 

Toues of Duty. 

The tours of duty during the past year have been valu- 
able and instructive. 

The Coast Artillery Corps and the Fifth Regiment en- 
tered into war maneuvers in Boston harbor, to the benefit of 
both organizations. 

The two brigades were encamped at Framingham. The 
cavalry and field artillery performed tours of duty by march- 
ing over the road and by temporary camps, and the Cadet 
Corps on their private camping grounds. 

The Naval Brigade performed its tour of duty on the 
IT. S. S. " Newport " and the IT. S. S. " Prairie/' sailing 
to Hampton Roads and return. On this trip the IT. S. S. 
" Newport ?? conveyed the Commander-in-Chief to Hampton 
Roads, and, after returning to Boston, conveyed him to 
Provincetown in connection with the unveiling of the monu- 
ment there erected. 

The officers and noncommissioned officers of the Eighth 
Regiment performed a voluntary tour of duty in addition 
to the above, making a practice march with the West Point 



1908.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 13 

Cadets, and conducting themselves in a manner to call forth 
from the commandant of cadets a letter of commendation, 
covering zeal and ability, which is a high tribute to the or- 
ganization and to the citizen soldiery of Massachusetts which 
they represented. 

I am of the opinion that the work of the subsistence de- 
partment and the Quartermaster's Department should be so 
regulated as to make the food supply and transportation of 
the militia in its camp of instruction resemble as closely as 
possible conditions to be met in actual service ; also, that 
regimental and brigade camps should alternate yearly, to 
combine the greater instruction obtained by the enlisted men 
in the regimental camps with the instruction of field and 
staff officers obtained in brigade camps. 

On August 3 the entire militia of the Commonwealth was 
mobilized in Boston, as a test of efficiency and as a course of 
instruction for officers in handling such a movement, and 
the results were gratifying, and I am of the opinion that at 
least once in three years such a movement should be at- 
tempted. 

In the use of the camp ground at Framingham certain 
restrictions and general regulations are issued by this office, 
governing the method and form of the encampments. I am 
of the opinion, however, that, wherever practicable, and espe- 
cially should an open field of instruction be furnished, all 
details possible be left to the brigade or regimental com- 
mander, in order that all the officers of the organizations may 
be instructed in all the details of preparing and breaking 
camp without help from outside. 

It would be improper to leave the subject of tours of duty 
without mentioning the valuable services given to the Com- 
monwealth by Capt. Robert C. Davis, Seventeenth Infan- 
try, U. S. A., who, at the request of Your Excellency, was 
detailed by the War Department to attend the encampments 
of infantry. His untiring work, his tact and courtesy and 
his ability to gain the confidence and support of all officers 
and men made him especially valuable and produced results 
of a lasting nature. 

The tonr of duty of the Naval Brigade, above referred to, 



14 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

brought to Your Excellency's attention the fact that the 
citizen sailors of Massachusetts were competent to put in 
commission, man, navigate and generally handle a United 
States war vessel in all her departments, returning her to 
her navy yard and putting her out of commission without 
mishap while in their charge. Three officers of the Naval 
Brigade hold licenses from the United States Steamboat In- 
spection Service, qualifying them to act as masters of ocean- 
going steam vessels ; and, with the assignment of the U. S. S. 
" Gloucester ' as a training ship for the organization, its 
future work should be very beneficial, and produce an or- 
ganization of the highest efficiency. 

The engineer division, attached to the headquarters of the 
Naval Brigade, received the highest praise for its handling 
of the engines and machinery of the IT. S. S. " Newport," 
and showed itself thoroughly capable of performing such 
duties at any time. In the interests of efficiency for the 
brigade at large, I recommend that this division be discon- 
tinued as a part of the headquarters of the Naval Brigade, 
and that a line engineer division of 3 officers and 56 men be 
formed in place thereof. 

I also recommend that the signal and torpedo divisions, 
now attached to the headquarters of the Naval Brigade, be 
done away with, the work formerly done by these divisions 
being distributed among the various line divisions ; the signal 
officer and ordnance officer on the staff of the brigade should, 
however, be retained to supervise this work. 

Rifle Practice. 

The work of Massachusetts in rifle practice during the 
past year has been very gratifying. General Orders, No. 22, 
A. G. O., current series, shows the result of the work of the 
State teams, from which it will be noted that the Massa- 
chusetts team in the national match was beaten only by the 
team of the United States Navy, it in turn beating three 
service teams of the Regular Army and the teams of every 
State and Territory in the Union. 

The report of the Adjutant General of the Army shows 
that during 1906 Massachusetts had a higher figure of merit 



1908.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 15 

in rifle practice than any State or Territory except the State 
of Washington, which supports only one regiment. 

It is recommended that the State take such steps as may 
be necessary to provide suitable long-distance and skirmish 
ranges in central locations in the State. 

Service School. 

The work of the Service School, which has been beneficial 
from the start, was entirely revised during the past year, 
on the recommendation of a board of officers appointed for 
this purpose ; and a definite course of instruction has been 
outlined, which all lieutenants are required to take. 

I believe the work of the Service School should be con- 
sistently carried on, and organization commanders held to a 
strict compliance with the requirements thereof, in order 
that all young officers may be held to a systematic course of 
instruction for three years, to perfect them in their work. 

It was found possible to secure the service of Captain 
Davis as advisorv instructor, which has added much to the 
prestige and benefit of the school. 

Cadet Corps. 

In perfecting the reorganization of the military establish- 
ment, as stated earlier in this report, it was found necessary, 
on account of the Dick bill, to define the privileges enjoyed 
by the Cadet Corps, which have been given to them from 
lime to time by the Legislature of this Commonwealth, as 
the United States laws did not require that these privileges 
be abrogated. The ruling of the Attorney General as to the 
meaning of the term " accustomed privileges," and the priv- 
ileges found by this office to belong to the Cadet Corps under 
this ruling, are as follows : — 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts, 
Office of the Attorney General, Boston, A\ig. 7, 1907. 

James P. Parker, Adjutant General, Chief of Staff. 

Dear Sir : — You ask to be informed in regard to the three follow- 
ing questions : — 

1. Does section 3 of the act of Congress of Jan. 21, 1903, being 
chapter 196 of the Fifty-seventh Congress (called the Dick bill), 



16 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

prevent the Massachusetts Legislature from depriving the Corps of 
Cadets of their accustomed privileges'? 

I am of opinion that it was not the intention of Congress to forbid 
the Massachusetts Legislature repealing its own enactments, or pass- 
ing such laws in reference to the Cadets as might seem to the legis- 
lators wise, so that I must answer the first question in the negative. 

2. Do the words " accustomed privileges r> refer to those enjoyed 
at the passage of the act of 1792, or at the passage of the Dick bill? 

I am of opinion that the " accustomed privileges " referred to are 
those enjoyed by the organizations at the time of the passage of the 
Dick bill. It seems to me that the language of the act requires that 
construction. 

3. Whether the term " accustomed privileges " used in the Dick 
bill means the distinctive privileges enjoyed by the corps at the 
passage of the Dick bill which were not enjoyed by the other organ- 
izations of similar size, or whether the term covers privileges which 
they enjoyed with the militia at large as a part thereof. 

I am of opinion that the " accustomed privileges " used in the 
Dick bill mean the distinctive privileges enjoyed by the corps at the 
passage of the Dick bill which were not enjoyed by the other organ- 
izations of similar size. "Whatever this corps had by virtue of the 
general law was not a privilege ; but whatever it had especially at any 
time was a distinctive privilege, although such privilege may have 
been given later to all organizations by the general law. Such 
privileges, in my opinion, may well come within the words " dis- 
tinctive privileges," and said corps is entitled to retain them. 

Very truly yours, 

Dana Malone, Attorney General. 

Privileges retained by the First Corps Cadets, M. V. M.. 
under Chapter 196, Section 8, of the Fifty-seventh Con- 
gress, Second Session, which icas approved and took 
effect Jan. 21, 1903. 

The privileges which have been given to the First Corps 
Cadets by the Legislature of Massachusetts, or by custom 
and usage, are as follows : — 

First. — The privilege of retaining the old corps organ- 
ization, with, however, the necessary officers, staff officers, 
noncommissioned staff officers, noncommissioned officers and 
privates necessary to permit the corps to drill and be oper- 
ated as a battalion. This includes the privilege of having 
such staff officers as are permitted to its commanding officer, 
to be appointed to such positions from members of the organ- 



1908.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 17 

ization elected to it by its members; the privilege of having 
not more than four captains, four first lieutenants, four 
second lieutenants, elected by all the enlisted men of the 
organizations, and assigned to companies, if such exist, by 
its commanding officer ; the privilege of enlisting such num- 
ber of privates, in addition to that necessary to constitute a 
battalion, as the Commander-in-Chief shall deem expedient ; 
the privilege of having all the United States and State prop- 
erty issued to it on the same basis as a company, and not to 
its subdivisions; the privilege of receiving the same pay and 
allowances as a separate battalion of infantry. 

Second. — The privilege of calling itself the Guard of 
Honor to His Excellency the Governor of Massachusetts. 

Third. — The privilege, in addition to those specified in 
the first paragraph, of having as commanding officer a lieu- 
tenant colonel; as second in command, a major; and an adju- 
tant. (The privilege of having an adjutant is established, 
whether or not an adjutant properly belongs with a battalion, 
but the adjutant to be given such rank as the Legislature 
may direct.) 

Fourth. — The privilege of not being attached in time of 
peace to any brigade, regiment or battalion for any duty, 
the corps being privileged to be attached to a division com- 
manded by the Commander-in-Chief or a major general, 
except that, when ordered out by precept or by order of the 
Governor to quell a disturbance, riot, etc., it is subject to 
the orders of the civil authority issuing the precept and the 
orders of the Governor, or to the orders of the senior officer 
on duty under such precept or order; also, the privilege of 
performing whatever camp duty may be from time to time 
prescribed by the laws of Massachusetts, or by the Com- 
mander-in-Chief, alone by itself, except only in cases where 
a whole division shall be ordered into camp together, under 
the Commander-in-Chief or a major general. 

Fifth. — The privilege of having and wearing a distinc- 
tive uniform, and of being armed, equipped and instructed 
as the Commander-in-Chief shall direct. 

The above privileges are those retained by the First Corps 
Cadets under an interpretation of the act of Congress above 






18 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

referred to, made by the Attorney General of Massachu- 
setts, dated Aug. 7, 1907. In case that interpretation should 
be at any time changed or overruled, changes in the privileges 
might result therefrom. 

Privileges retained by the Second Corps Cadets, M. V. M., 
under Chapter 196, Section 3, of the Fifty-seventh Con- 
gress, Second Session, which was approved and took 
effect Jan. 21, 1903. 

The privileges which have been given to the Second Corps 
Cadets by the Legislature of Massachusetts, or by custom and 
usage, are as follows : — 

First. — The privilege of retaining the old corps organ- 
ization, with, however, the necessary officers, staff officers, 
noncommissioned staff officers, noncommissioned officers and 
privates necessary to permit the corps to drill and be oper- 
ated as a battalion. The privilege of having not more than 
four captains, four first lieutenants, four second lieutenants, 
elected by all the enlisted men of the organizations, and as- 
signed to companies, if such exist, by its commanding officer ; 
the privilege of enlisting such number of privates, in addi- 
tion to that necessary to constitute a battalion, as the Com- 
mander-in-Chief shall deem expedient; the privilege of hav- 
ing all the United States and State property issued to it on 
the same basis as a company, and not to its subdivisions ; the 
privilege of receiving the same pay and allowances as a 
separate battalion of infantry. 

Second. — The privilege, in addition to those specified in 
the first paragraph, of having as commanding officer a lieu- 
tenant colonel; as second in command, a major. 

Third. — The privilege of not being attached in time of 
peace to any brigade, regiment or battalion for any duty, 
the corps being privileged to be attached to a division com- 
manded by the Commander-in-Chief or a major general, 
except that when ordered out by precept or by order of the 
Governor to quell a disturbance, riot, etc., it is subject to 
the orders of the civil authority issuing the precept and the 
orders of the Governor, or to the orders of the senior officer 
on duty under such precept or order; also, the privilege of 



1908.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 19 

performing whatever camp duty may be from time to time 
prescribed by the laws of Massachusetts, or by the Com- 
mander-in-Chief, alone by itself, except only in cases where 
a whole division shall be ordered into camp together, under 
the Commander-in-Chief or a major general. 

Fourth. — The privilege of having and wearing a dis- 
tinctive uniform, and of being armed, equipped and in- 
structed as the Commander-in-Chief shall direct. 

The above privileges are those retained by the Second 
Corps Cadets under an interpretation of the act of Congress 
above referred to, made by the Attorney General of Massa- 
chusetts, dated Aug. 7, 1907. In case that interpretation 
should be at any time changed or overruled, changes in the 
privileges might result therefrom. 

Changes in Law. 

The Legislature at its recent session authorized the reor- 
ganization of the militia by orders of the Governor. In 
order to properly carry out the provisions of this law, some 
further legislation is necessary. 

So many changes have been made by legislative enact- 
ment and by orders issued in pursuance thereof since the 
passage of chapter 465 of the Acts of 1905, that I recom- 
mend that the militia law be re-codified, amended and re- 
enacted, in order to fit present conditions and make further 
progress possible. 

The operation of the reorganization to conform with army 
departments creates certain administrative departments which 
essentially belong to the National Guard, and not to the 
Naval Militia.- By operation of necessity, these departments 
have been charged with the control of the Naval Militia, in 
addition to their other duties. The sooner this ends the 
better, by the establishment of an administrative bureau or 
bureaus to perform for the Naval Militia those functions 
which the administrative bureaus, already created, perform 
for the National Guard. Without in any way interfering 
with the control of the Adjutant General over the Naval 
Militia, as Chief of Staff, I respectfully recommend that a 
Naval Bureau, to be so called, be established, to perform 



20 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

for the Naval Militia the functions performed for the Na- 
tional Guard by the Inspector General's department, the 
subsistence department;, the medical department, the pay 
department, the ordnance department, and in part the quar- 
termaster's department, — the actual issuing of clothing and 
equipment to still remain in the hands of the Quartermaster 
General, as at jDresent, but to be issued on requisitions ap- 
proved by the Naval Bureau. 

I recommend that this Bureau consist of three officers, one 
with the rank of captain (naval rank) and two with the 
rank of commander (naval rank), one of the commanders 
to be an engineer officer. 

I recommend that this Bureau act as an intermediary be- 
tween the Naval Militia and the Adjutant General, all cor- 
respondence passing through it, in order that the Adjutant 
General may have the benefit of the advice of said Bureau 
by endorsement on all papers; and that the Adjutant Gen- 
eral be authorized to submit to this Bureau for investigation 
and report such matters as may be deemed advisable by 
him. Certain authority might be granted the Bureau by 
the Adjutant General ; but the Bureau should in no way 
supersede or take away any of the authority of the Adjutant 
General over the Naval Militia, its authority, if any, being 
derived from him. 

The formation of this Bureau of three officers, acting as 
do the Bureaus of the Navy Department, would put the Ad- 
jutant General in a position similar to the Secretary of the 
Naw, who, under the authoritv of the Commander-in-Chief, 
guides the destinies of the service. 

Owing to the many technical details incident to the naval 
service and to the use of naval vessels, I am of the opinion 
that such a Bureau would relieve the Adjutant General of 
much embarrassment and work, and would be of great ben- 
efit to the service. The Judge Advocate General would still 
remain the legal adviser of the Commander-in-Chief on 
naval matters. 

At the present time paymasters are permitted to draw in 
advance of camps of instruction not exceeding 80 per cent, 
of the pay and transportation needed. This should be 



1908.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 21 

changed to permit the Acting Paymaster General to draw 
sufficient funds to enable the troops to be completely paid 
while at the camp of instruction. All officers of the pay 
department are under bonds, and this method would save 
the long delay and annoyances now existing, which require 
the settlement of all pay rolls and their approval by the 
Auditor before actual payment can be made. 

The adoption of the above recommendation would make it 
possible for paymasters to pay off the organizations, account- 
ing to the Honorable Auditor and the Honorable Treasurer 
by filing the completed pay rolls and returning any unex- 
pended balance. Also, all pay rolls should be signed and 
approved by the Paymaster General, instead of by the Ad- 
jutant General, as at present. 

I have already made such changes in the regulations as 
permitted the payment of all moneys to troops through the 
pay department for pay and transportation, and this policy 
should be broadened out so that all military expenditures 
might go through this department. 

Another change in law relates to the property responsi- 
bility of officers. An annual allowance is made to officers 
accountable for property, from which the Adjutant General 
is authorized to deduct the value of articles lost or destroyed, 
thereby reimbursing the State for such articles, and pro- 
tecting the State against the loss or destruction of State 
property. 

There is at the present time in the hands of responsible 
officers of the militia much clothing and equipment belong- 
ing to the United States government, which, when lost or 
destroyed, must be returned to the government in cash. All 
responsible officers have now been required to furnish bonds 
covering this responsibility, and the value of this govern- 
ment property can be collected and paid into the treasury 
of the Commonwealth. 

I respectfully recommend that the law be so changed that 
the Honorable Treasurer be authorized to draw a warrant in 
favor of the United States government against amount col- 
lected under these bonds or amounts deducted from the allow- 
ances above named, in order to make it possible to pay over 



22 ADJUTANT GENEKAL'S EEPORT. [Jan. 

to the United States government cash received for lost United 
States property. 

At the present time there is an allowance to paymasters of 
$12.50 per company, in the commands to which they are 
attached, for the payment of duties formerly performed by 
them and now performed by the adjutants of those organ- 
izations. I recommend that this allowance be added to the 
Adjutant's allowance of $50, already existing, making a 
total allowance of $200 to adjutants of regiments and $100 
to adjutants of battalions, to aid them in paying for that 
clerical assistance which is necessary for the proper per- 
formance of their labors. 

I recommend that the law be so amended as to require 
officers of the Engineer Corps to be engineers by profession. 

Miscellaneous "Recommendations. 

I recommend that, as soon as funds are available, the use 
of the " Gold Medal " cots be adopted for the troops, in 
place of the present tent floors and bed sacks. 

That Governor's Day at camp be not entirely given over 
to parades and reviews, but include field exercises, which are 
of benefit to the troops and better fitted to show the Com- 
mander-in-Chief the efficiency of the troops. 

That the cavalry be first furnished with the new Spring- 
field rifles, when received, as they are now armed with car- 
bines which do not fit the present drill regulations, and are 
thereby at a great disadvantage in comparison with the other 
organizations, both in the matter of rifle practice and drill. 

That the various companies of infantry be reassigned to 
regiments, in order that all troops quartered in any one city 
or town may belong to the same regiment, and where four 
or less belong to the same battalion. This is a change which 
was not made this year, owing to the many other changes 
inaugurated, as I deemed it unwise to make any such recom- 
mendation until the results of the reorganization had become 
apparent, and the confusion caused thereby had been over- 
come. 

The recommendations of my predecessor in regard to the 
attempted change in the method of allotment of government 



1908.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 23 

funds have been brought to the attention of the National 
Guard Association, which will meet in Massachusetts in 
January next; and it is believed that recommendations will 
result in a memorial to Congress which will properly pro- 
tect the interests of this Commonwealth. 

The National Guard Association of the United States is 
an organization which has greatly benefited the militia of 
the country at large, and Massachusetts should not fail to 
be properly represented therein at all times, in order that 
the interests of this Commonwealth may not be unduly 
neglected. It is essential that all congressional action should 
contemplate the militia of the country as a whole, and not 
favor one section at the expense of another. 

Acknowledgments. 

On assuming the duties of this office I found that the 
clerical force was well instructed in the many matters re- 
quiring attention, and I have received at all times earnest 
and intelligent assistance, which has aided me greatly in 
the work of this position. I leave the office with a sufficient 
clerical force, which is intelligent and capable, and which 
has rendered, and will, I believe, continue to render, efficient 
service. 

I have received at all times from the militia at large co- 
operation and support, but especially so from Gen. William 
H. Brigham, the Inspector General, Col. William C. Capelle, 
the Assistant Adjutant General, whose long service in tha,t 
department has made his knowledge invaluable, and from 
Maj. John Bigelow, Jr., U. S. A., retired, who has aided 
me greatly in all matters relating to the connection of the 
militia with the War Department, especially in organization. 

In leaving this position, I desire again to express to you, 
sir, my appreciation of your confidence in assigning me to 
this duty, and my gratitude for the hearty support accorded 
me in carrying out the duties incumbent thereon. 



i s 



Very respectfully, 



JAMES P. PARKER, 

Adjutant General, Chief of Staff. 



KEPORT OF THE INSPECTOR GENERAL. 



retired, 



Inspector General's Department, Boston, Dec. 15, 1907. 

Brig. Gen. James P. Parker, Adjutant General. 

Sir : — I have the honor to report on the work performed by 
the officers of this department for the current year. The United 
States and State inspections were held on different dates, and 
were found to be more satisfactory than in combining the two. 

The United States inspections were held between February 
25 and March 14. 

The following assignments of inspecting officers were made 
by the commanding general, division of the Atlantic, U. S. A. : — 

State general headquarters. 
Headquarters First and Second 

Maj. John Bigelow, Jr., U. S. A., T ,. Bngad f* 

, i .birst and Second Corps Cadets. 

First Battalion Field Artillery. 

First Squadron Cavalry. 

Signal and Hospital Corps. 

Capt. J. F. Howell, Artillery Corps, ) Corpg Coagt ArtiUery _ 

U . o. -ii-«, . . . .. .1 

Capt. H. Hammond, Twenty-third ] ^^ Infantry . 

Infantry, U. S. A., . . . ) 

First Lieut. W. W. McCammon, Jr., ) Fifth Infantry . 

Twenty-third Infantry, U. S. A., ) 
First Lieut. G. Van S. Quackenbush, ) g^ xtn l n f an tr V 

Twenty-third Infantry, U. S. A., ) 
Capt. H. A. Drum, Twenty-third ) Eihth Infant 

Infantry, U. S. A., . . ) 

First Lieut. J. R. Brewer, Twenty- ) Ninth Infant 

third Infantry, U. S. A., . . ) 

The reports of the several officers were forwarded to the War 
Department at Washington, copy of same being sent to the 
Commander-in-Chief of the Massachusetts Volunteer Militia. 

The following assignments of inspecting officers for the State 
armory inspections were made : — 



26 



ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 



Corps Coast Artillery, . 

Second Regiment Infantry, 
Fifth Regiment Infantry, 
Sixth Regiment Infantry, 

Eighth Regiment Infantry, 

Ninth Regiment Infantry, 

First Corps Cadets, 

Second Corps Cadets, 

First Squadron Cavalry, 
First Battalion Field Artillery, 
Signal Corps, 

Hospital Corps, 



(Maj. Geo. H. Benyon, A. I. G., First 
( Brigade. 

Lieut. Col. H. L. Williams, A. I. G. 

Lieut. Col. Geo. H. Doty, A. I. G. 

Lieut. Col. Roger Wolcott, A. I. G. 
j Col. E. J. Gihon, retired, acting 
| A. I. G. 

Lieut. Col. E. W. M. Bailey, A. I. G. 
( Col. H. L. Kincaide, retired, acting 
\ A. I. G. 

( Maj. Thos. D. Barroll, A. D. C, gen- 
( eral staff. 

jMaj. John Bigelow, Jr., U. S. A., re- 
| tired. 

Lieut. Col. Sam'l D. Parker, A. I. G. 
jMaj. John Curtin, A. D. C, general 
( staff. 

j Lieut. Col. C. C. Foster, medical di- 
( vision, Second Brigade. 



The following assignments of 'inspecting officers for camp in- 
spections were made : — 



Corps of Coast Artillery and 
Fifth Infantry, Fort Banks, 
Fort Heath, 

Fort Warren, 
Fort Strong, 

Fort Revere, 

Fort Andrew, 
Second Infantry, 
Sixth Infantry, 

Eighth Infantry, 

Ninth Infantry, 



Naval Brigade, 



First Squadron Cavalry, 
First Battalion Field Artillery, 
First Corps Cadets, 



[Maj. Ira Vaughn, A. D. C, acting 



A. I. G. 

[ Col. H. L. Kincaide, retired, acting 

\ A. I. G. 

i Maj. John A. Curtin, A. D. C, general 

| staff. 

(Maj. Geo. H. Benyon, A. I. G., First 

") Brigade. 

Lieut. Col. Geo. H. Doty, A. I. G. 

Lieut. Col. H. L. Williams, A. I. G. 

Lieut. Col. Roger Wolcott, A. I. G. 
(Col. E. J. Gihon, retired, acting 
| A. I. G. 

Lieut. Col. E. W. M. Bailey, A. I. G. 

The Inspector General, Commander 
W. B. Edgar, A. I. G., on " Prairie," 
Lieut. Col. Geo. H. Doty, A. I. G., 
on "Newport." 
jMaj. John Bigelow, Jr., U. S. A., re- 
| tired. 

Lieut. Col. S. D. Parker, A. I. G. 
(Col. H. L. Kincaide, retired, acting 
I A. I. G. 



1908.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 27 

t _. «. i . I Mai. Thos. D. Barroll, A. D. C, acting 

Second Corps Cadets, . . .J a t r 

First and Second Brigade " 

headquarters, Signal Corps, \ Inspector General. 
Ambulance Corps, . . J 

First Brigade Headquarters. 

Inspected May 22, 1907. Present, 11 commissioned and 7 
noncommissioned officers; 1 commissioned officer absent with 
leave. 

Administration satisfactory. The brigade staff active and effi- 
cient. They have been assembled at stated periods during the 
winter season for the discussion of military matters and the 
reading of military papers. 

Books and papers neat, orderly and well kept. The absence 
from the files of General Orders, Nos. 14 and 15, A. G. 0., 
series of 1906, and General Orders, Nos. 5 and 6, headquarters 
Sixth Infantry, was noted. These headquarters are not equipped 
with certain articles of camp supplies to make them ready for 
immediate field service, but requisition could be filled in very 
short time. 

The noncommissioned staff active, and as a whole well posted. 
They are not supplied with mess kits or revolvers, and they 
continue to use old-style black saddles. 

Personnel excellent. Property in good condition. General 
instruction good. 

First Brigade. 

July 27 to August 3. Some delay was noticed in pitching 
camp, but this was partly owing to a misunderstanding about 
the location of the different organizations. I believe the old 
layout of camp is preferable, so as to give increased drill space. 
It is impossible with the permanent building at Framingham 
to lay out the camp in strict accordance with regulations, and, 
as it is impossible to do this, the old way is more convenient. 

Drills and ceremonies were faithfully performed. Officers' 
schools held each day, all under the careful supervision of Cap- 
tain Davis. 

Reviews were tendered to Brig. Gen. J. H. Whitney, com- 
manding Second Brigade, and to Brig. Gen. W. B. Emery, 
Quartermaster General. The Commander-in-Chief did not visit 
either of the brigade camps, as he had his official review in 
Boston. 



28 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

As usual, the poorest-informed sentinels were placed on the 
most important posts. Military courtesy very poor. 

Discipline, especially in Second Infantry, not satisfactory. 
Explosions of giant crackers were frequent, and were of such a 
nature as to be dangerous. Many men were out of camp the 
first night without passes, but this was partially accounted for 
by a misunderstanding of orders. 

The weather conditions were fine. Sunday morning services 
were held in the Second Infantry by Dr. Daken of Springfield, 
but none were held in the Sixth. Sunday morning inspections 
were held in both regiments. 

Property was found in fair condition, excepting the blue uni- 
forms, which showed the effect of much wear. 

Some complaints were heard on account of delay in issuing 
supplies. 

Captain Osgood, the brigade veterinary, was injured by being 
kicked by a horse. 

The locating of a United States recruiting officer near the 
main gate of the reservation was to my mind ill advised. More 
or less friction was caused by it, but, as it did not prove a suc- 
cess, it was removed before the camp closed. 

The headquarters building and all mess halls had been re- 
paired, and were in fair condition. New cement floors are 
needed in the headquarters cook house, and a cover should be 
built over the passage between the kitchen and mess hall. 

The horses used in this camp were an average lot of animals, 
but the order issued against the use of dock-tailed horses is a 
hardship, as it prevents the use of many excellent saddle horses 
and compels the use of a lot of " old scrubs." I do not believe 
that because a horse has been docked it should forever prevent 
its being used for militar}- purposes. The stable service at 
brigade headquarters was very poor early in the week, but im- 
proved later on. 

In my opinion, the sounding of retreat and lowering of the 
post flag during the ceremony of evening parade, and then 
having the ceremonies completed followed by guard mounting 
and muster for pay is not as appropriate as having it take 
place after the work of the day is done. 

An incident occurred during this camp that brought discredit 
on the man, his company and the militia in general. A member 
of Company C, Pifth Infantry, Second Brigade, was found 
drunk on one of the cars of the Boston & Worcester Street 



1908.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 29 

Bailway, and made himself so obnoxious that he was removed 
from the car by order of "Superintendent Shaw, turned over to 
the First Brigade guard, and was afterwards tried by a summary 
court. 

The attendance was as follows : out of an average enrolled 
strength of 1,700, there were present for duty 1,608. Average 
enrolled officers, 122% ; present, 11 8*4. Men enrolled, 1,529 ; 
present, 1,425. Band enrolled, 48; present, 47%. Absent with 
leave: officers, 4%; men, 58. Absent without leave: men, 29%; 
average sick, 7%. In arrest, 15, or average 1%- 

* 

Secoxd Brigade Headquarters. 

Inspected May 17, 1907. Present, 6 officers and 6 noncom- 
missioned officers, Lieutenant Colonel Cobb being absent on 
leave, Major Burnham on detail; Captain May, no excuse; Ser- 
geant Major Becord, furlough; Sergeant Bobinson, no excuse. 

Officers are fully equipped for active service, and an admira- 
ble system provides facilities for any sudden call due to emer- 
gency. Bequirements for uniforms and equipments have been 
fully met, and all property is in excellent condition and well 
protected from loss or injury. 

Officers' meetings are held monthly, but no organized system 
of instruction is provided. 

Property, books, papers, etc., are in excellent condition, and 
kept in accordance with business methods. A useful military 
library is a valuable additional feature to a well-arranged and 
well-conducted headquarters. 

Secoxd Brigade. 

Performed its tour of camp duty at South Framingham, 
August 3 to 10 inclusive. After the mobilization of the divi- 
sion in Boston, August 3, this brigade was entrained, and ar- 
rived in camp about 5 o'clock p.m. It proceeded to occupy 
the quarters left vacant by the First Brigade. 

The streets and tents were found to be in good condition, 
tent floors raised, etc.; but the mess halls, kitchens, sinks and 
stables were found to be in very unsatisfactory condition. The 
surgeon of the Eighth Begiment forwarded reports to head- 
quarters at once, and a thorough inspection was made by order 
of the commanding general. Energetic measures were at once 
instituted to put the camp in sanitary condition, and this was 
accomplished about noon of the next day. I made a personal 



30 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

inspection and forwarded yon a special report, and the subject 
matter was afterwards carefully investigated by the proper offi- 
cers; but, owing to the fact that details from both brigades 
had been using the camp in common, the direct responsibility 
was not fixed. 

The weather conditions were not as favorable as were those 
of the First Brigade, and the field was dusty and turf worn 
down. 

Under Captain Davis's supervision the drills and ceremonies 
were faithfully carried on. Schools for officers and noncommis- 
sioned officers were held each day, and were of material benefit. 

The guard work was an improvement over the other brigade, 
but left much for improvement. Military courtesy fair only. 
Set up of men good. 

Discipline fair, but could have been much better. Ball play- 
ing was noted on Sunday. Several giant crackers were exploded 
in the Eighth, and tents dropped in the Ninth. A large number 
of fire calls were sounded during the week, owing to burning 
mattresses or red fire. 

The new system of passes worked well, and there were many 
less issued than usual. 

The brigade was honored by the presence of many visiting 
officers of high ranks, among whom were Maj. Gen. J. P. 
Sanger, U. S. A., retired; Maj. Gen. Henry Cilley, Adjutant 
General, New Hampshire; Maj. Gen. B. F. Peach, retired; 
Maj. Gen. Wm. Stopford, retired; Maj. Gen. R. A. Blood, re- 
tired; Brig. Gen. Henry Parsons, retired; Brigs. Gen. Parker, 
Devine and Bancroft of the general staff'; Lieut. Col. Bernard 
R. James, military attache of the British Embassy; and many 
others. On August 8 Senator Shaw and Representatives Rice, 
Hancock, Oliver and Porter of the military committee of the 
General Court made an official visit. 

Three reviews were held during the week, one to Majors 
General Peach and Sanger, and one to General Whitney. 

The sixty-two horses used at this camp averaged somewhat 
superior to those of the First Brigade. Three of them, however, 
were condemned by Captain May, the veterinary surgeon, and 
ordered returned. 

The attendance was as follows: out of an average enrolled 
strength of 1,700%, there were present for duty 1,598%. Aver- 
age enrolled officers, 125; present, 120%. Men enrolled, 1,514; 
present, 1,414. Band enrolled, 64 ; present, 64. . Absent with 



1908.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 31 

leave: officers, 3 2 /4; men, 36^. Absent without leave: officers, 
VA; men, 61%. Average sick, 11%. Average in arrest, %, or 
5 in all. 

A number of automobiles and carriages were noted on the 
parade at different times. These should be restricted to the 
regular travelled ways. 

I think it proper at this time to commend the excellent ser- 
vice performed by the Y. M. C. A., under the auspices of the 
State Executive Committee of Massachusetts and Ehode Island. 
The quarters were in charge of Messrs. A. D. and S. A. Dimick. 
Three sections of mess hall No. 2 were used. Four long tables 
were fitted up and equipped for writing purposes, affording 
accommodations for one hundred men at a time. Writing paper 
and envelopes were furnished free. Postage stamps constantly on 
sale, and a mail box was at the desk, in which the men deposited 
their mail matter. This was counted and tied up in bunches of 
fifty, and taken to the South Framingham post office three times 
every day. Souvenir post cards were kept on sale. A number 
of pocket testaments were kept on the desk, free for any one 
who cared for them; over two hundred copies were taken by the 
men without solicitation. Daily papers and the standard maga- 
zines were constantly kept on the tables. A piano, a large 
phonograph with a good variety of records, checkers and crok- 
inole gave a variety of entertainment. Nobscot Spring ice water 
was supplied free; over seven hundred gallons were consumed. 
Base balls were on sale, and use of bats given without charge. 
Many registered letters were taken from the post office and 
monev orders mailed and received. Various errands " down 
town n were done, and money and valuables received and held 
for safe keeping. A careful estimate places the average number 
of visits per day at two thousand. A number of the men visited 
the quarters several times each day. 

There were written in the quarters of the men of the First 
Brigade 2,405 letters, 11,505 postals and 14 packages mailed; 
by the men of the Second Brigade 2,378 letters and 11,199 
postals were written and 11 packages mailed; making a total 
of 4,783 letters, 22,704 postals and 25 packages. 

On August 1, D. L. Eogers, general secretary of the Lynn 
Association, gave an illustrated talk on the ; 98 campaign in 
Porto Rico. 

It will be readily seen, by the summary of the work done, 
that the Y. M. C. A. is a very powerful adjunct of the militia, 



o 



2 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 



and can be and is of great value to the welfare of the men; and 
all reasonable aid and encouragement should be extended to 
help along the unselfish and practical work of the association. 

Annual Drill. 

All the land and naval forces of the Commonwealth were 
mobilized in Boston on August 3. It was the last dav of the 
" Old Home Week " celebration, and for military purposes was 
considered as the annual drill for all troops. 

Twelve inspecting officers were on duty, and for purposes of 
observation were stationed as follows: Arlington Street, Park 
Square, Columbus Avenue and Berkeley Street, Winter Street, 
Church Green, Pearl Street, Milk Street, Broad Street, State 
Street and at the State House. 

At the conclusion of the tour of duty, written reports were 
made by all the inspectors. The parade was started promptly 
at 11 o'clock by the Commander-in-Chief, and moved over the 
route as laid out. A pretty fast pace was taken up, and, on 
account of the weather conditions, many heat* prostrations re- 
sulted. The head of the column was halted twice, once at the 
corner of Summer and Lincoln streets and again at Beacon and 
Park streets, neither of which occupied over four minutes. About 
fifty minutes were occupied in passing the reviewing point. 

The troops made a most satisfactory showing, and the only 
criticisms made by inspecting officers were for distances lost or 
gained between brigades, regiments, battalions and companies, 
two or three balky artillery horses, and some exhibition of poor 
horsemanship. First-aid stations and field hospitals were estab- 
lished by the medical department, and they were kept busy, a 
number of spectators being treated, as well as the soldiers, the 
details of which will be fully described in the report of Brig- 
adier General Devine. 

The discipline was excellent at all times, and not a single case 
of drinking, straggling or a disturbance of any kind was re- 
ported or brought to my attention. The work of transferring 
the two brigades to and from Framingham reflects great credit 
on the Quartermaster's department. Every detail was carefully 
mapped out and fully observed, and men, horses and baggage 
were quickly and safely transported. The work of the commis- 
sary department was well done, and equal to the occasion. 

The Commonwealth had every reason to feel proud of its citi- 
zen soldiers on this tour of duty. 



1908.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 33 



Corps of Coast Artillery. 

This regiment has work peculiar to its branch of the service. 
It has performed a hard, and satisfactory year's work, from an 
artillery standpoint; in administration and interior economy 
there is room for improvement. 

At the time of armory inspection the inspecting officer rated 
the several companies as follows: very good, Eighth, Eleventh 
and Twelfth companies; good, Third, Fifth and Tenth com- 
panies; fair only, First, Second, Fourth, Sixth, Seventh and 
Ninth companies. 

There have been several changes among the line officers, and 
the companies have suffered in consequence. Steady improve- 
ment in condition was noted, however, at time of tour of camp 
dut}^. 

The attendance at armory inspection was unsatisfactory, — 
85 per cent., with an enrollment of 53 officers and 717 men. 
There were 51 officers and 609 men present for inspection, 23 
being absent with leave, 86 without leave. 

Condition of arms and equipments excellent. Clothing sat- 
isfactory, except in Second, Fifth and Eighth companies. 

Boohs and Papers. — Very good, Second, Third, Eighth, Elev- 
enth and Twelfth companies; satisfactory, First and Fourth 
companies; fair, Tenth Company; unsatisfactory, Fifth, Sixth, 
Seventh and Ninth companies. 

Furniture in good condition. 

Infantry Drill. — Very good, First, Fifth, Seventh, Eighth, 
Eleventh and Twelfth companies; satisfactory, Third, Ninth 
and Tenth companies; fair, Sixth Company; unsatisfactory, 
Second Company. 

Knowledge of Guard Duty. — Very good, First, Third, Fifth, 
Eighth, Tenth, Eleventh and Twelfth companies; satisfactory, 
Seventh and Ninth companies; fair, Second and Fourth com- 
panies. 

Knowledge of Arms. — Very good, Twelfth Company; satis- 
factory, Fifth, Eighth and Eleventh companies; fair, First, Sec- 
ond, Third, Fourth, Sixth, Seventh, Ninth and Tenth com- 
panies. 

General Instruction. — Excellent, Eighth and Twelfth com- 
panies ; very good, Eleventh Company ; satisfactory, First, Third, 
Fifth and Tenth companies; unsatisfactory, Second, Sixth and 
Seventh. 



34 



ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. 



[Jan. 



Personnel. — Excellent, Eighth and Twelfth companies; very 
good, Eleventh Company; satisfactorj^ Third, Fourth, Fifth 
and Tenth companies; fair only, First, Second, Sixth, Seventh 
and Ninth companies. 

The above ratings apply to the companies only. The head- 
quarters, field and staff rate as excellent in personnel, general 
instruction, efficiency and condition of property. 

Amount spent for care of clothing, $1,189.89 ; amount spent 
for all purposes, $15,016.28; cash on hand, $4,249.35. 

Clothing not in the condition it should be, three different 
patterns of leggings being issued. Material in blouses and trous- 
ers poor. 

Books and papers not uniformly kept. Company commanders 
complained of delay in receiving orders and warrants from head- 
quarters. 

Mild protests were made by some captains as to methods of 
instruction, they claiming that headquarters supervise too much ; 
that all companies cannot follow the same schedule to advan- 
tage. The} T also complained of too much guard duty and too 
many inspections. 

As the primary object of this organization is artillery instruc- 
tion, it should be supplied with the proper implements to per- 
fect its work, and it is respectfully recommended that telescopic 
sights, range tables, sets of primers and fuses be issued at once. 

The inspecting officer received a written allegation from the 
captain of the Third Company against a former commander of 
the same company, in reference to company funds and prop- 
erty. This letter was sent through channels, and I was ordered 
to investigate the matter. After several hearings given the in- 
terested parties, I reported no action as necessary. 

The corps performed the camp duty in connection with the 
coast defence manceuvers in Boston harbor, July 27 to August 
2, inclusive. Annual drill in Boston, August 3. The corps was 
distributed among the several forts as follows : — 



Headquarters and Eighth Company, Fort Heath, Winthrop. 
Twelfth Company, . . . Fort Banks, Winthrop. 

First, Fourth and Eleventh com 

panies, .... 
Band, Second, Fifth and Sixth com 

panies, .... 
Third and Seventh companies, 
Ninth and Tenth companies, . 



Fort Warren. 



Fort Strong, Long Island. 

Fort Revere, Hull. 

Fort Andrew, Peddocks Island. 






1908.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 35 

Forts Banks and Heath. 

Camps well arranged. Care of quarters good. Policing of 
camp excellent. Incinerator did not work properly, the fumes 
from it being very disagreeable. 

Drills were held daily in conjunction with the regular troops, 
and were of great benefit, the work done with the guns, instru- 
ments, plotting boards and communicative systems being highly 
commended by Captain Todd, U. S. A. post commander. The 
importance of having proper instruments and apparatus for the 
companies to work with in their armories before coming to 
camp was made very apparent. 

Guard duty was poorly performed at first, but showed im- 
provement. Some trouble and inconvenience was experienced 
when troops were mustered for pay. 

Discipline excellent. Military courtesy good. Personnel good. 
Condition of property satisfactory. Commissary arrangements 
satisfactorv. 

Fort Warren. 

Camp was pitched directly in the rear of the 10 and 12 inch 
guns, one gun in each battery being assigned to the militia com- 
panies. Policing of camp and care of quarters excellent. Dis- 
cipline excellent at all times, excepting in band, and that was 
satisfactorv after the first dav. Guard dutv fair to good. Ob- 
servance of calls good. Personnel good. 

Eations ample and well cooked. Sanitary arrangements ex- 
cellent. 

Zeal displayed by officers and men very commendable, notwith- 
standing the long hours and arduous duty required. 

Health of command excellent, there being but six cases of ill- 
ness reported, and they of minor importance. 

The companies of the Corps of Coast Artillery have devoted 
but little time to the study of small arms practice. Company 
commanders should more fully instruct their men in use of 
shut-off on rifle, and more attention should be paid to clean- 
ing and care of rifles. 

Greater care should be exercised by company commanders in 
making out United States pay rolls. 

More attention should be given to the drilling of recruits 
before admission to ranks. Men of the Corps Coast Artillery 
should be practised in the transmission of telephone messages, 
if possible, by having sub-stations in armories. 



36 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 



Fort Strong. 

Camp well laid out. About three hours were required to 
pitch it. The work was well done, and received the commenda- 
tion of the regular officers. The local officials had done much 
to make the camp clean and sanitary, having provided shower 
baths and incinerator for use of men, and a house with com- 
plete toilet facilities for men. 

The conditions prevailing in the company streets the first 
night in camp were decidedly bad, with the possible exception 
of the Second Company. Little attention was paid to taps. 
Lights continued to burn, and much noise, profanity and in- 
toxication was noticeable. It was not a showing to be proud of, 
and in many instances was a most flagrant violation of the 
United States laws and army regulations concerning intoxicat- 
ing liquors. With this exception, however, the discipline during 
the remainder of the camp was excellent, the men were faithful, 
industrious and interested, and deported themselves at all times 
in a soldierly and orderly manner. 

The attendance was excellent. The health of the command 
was excellent, very few cases of sickness being reported. 

Military courtesy unsatisfactory. There was but little oppor- 
tunity to observe the proficiency of these commands in guard 
duty, as the artillery posted no guards. 

Care of quarters and policing of camp excellent after the first 
day. Lack of uniformity in arranging and covering of bed sacks 
was noticeable. 

Drills were faithfully performed with the 10-inch breech-load- 
ing rifle and 15-pound rapid-fire gun. Assignments were made 
to the various gun details, as well as to the instruments, plotting 
boards and communicative system. Owing to the large number 
of recruits, the work was slow at first, but the men were will- 
ing and anxious to learn, and made remarkable progress under 
the careful instruction and supervision of the regulars. They 
became quite proficient in the use of the guns, the Sixth Com- 
pany at target practice scoring 357 hits out of 400 shots from 
the rapid-fire gun at an approximate range of 400 yards. 

Responding to calls excellent. 

Practice was had in search-light drill, ship tracking and pre- 
dicted firing, with some instruction in mine field and water bat- 
tery work. 



1908.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 37 



Fort Revere. 

Camp well laid out ; every preparation for the health and com- 
fort of the men had been made, cook shacks, mess houses, sani- 
taries and baths erected, and connection made with town sewer. 

Policing of camp and care of quarters excellent. Military 
courtesy very good. Discipline excellent. Guard duty fair. 
Sanitation excellent. 

The Seventh Company was assigned to the 6-inch breech-load- 
ing rifle disappearing carriage, and the Third Company to the 
12-inch breech-loading rifle nondisappearing carriage. The work 
as marked out by General Orders, No. 18, headquarters artillery 
district of Boston, was taken up, and the program faithfully 
followed. The results were most successful, and brought forth 
the most hearty commendation of Major Hubbard, the post com- 
mander. 

No ammunition was provided for the 6-inch batteries, and 
this not only deprived the Seventh Company of much valuable 
experience, but crowded them into the 12-inch gun for sub- 
caliber practice. 

The tour of dutv was a success. The officers and men are to 
be commended for the very intelligent manner in which their 
duties were performed, and also for the days given to thought 
and study previous to the tour of duty in visiting the post, to 
get better acquainted with the work required of them. 

Fort Andrew. 

Camp was particularly well located in rear of batteries, and 
in close proximity to the regular troops. The arrangements for 
the comfort and convenience of troops were admirable, thanks to 
the commanding officer and post quartermaster. Cook and mess 
houses convenient and suitable. Sanitary arrangements excel- 
lent. Electric lights were provided in company streets and offi- 
cers' and first sergeants' tents; also in mess and cook houses. 
Bathing facilities good. 

Policing fair only, but improved during the week. Health of 
command excellent. Hospital facilities excellent. Guard duty 
fair only. 

Drills were held daily, with the 6-inch and 12-inch breech- 
loading rifle. Lively interest was taken by officers and men, and 
they became very proficient in their duties. The same is true as 
to sub-caliber practice. 



38 ADJUTANT GENEEAL'S REPOKT. [Jan. 

Discipline excellent. An exception was noted in the insub- 
ordinate conduct of a sergeant in the Tenth Company. Mili- 
tary courtesy very good. Condition of property satisfactory. 
Personnel good. 

In connection with this report on the Corps of Coast Artil- 
lery, I take the liberty of quoting from a letter written by Col. 
E. M. Weaver, assistant to Chief of Artillery, U. S. A., in reply 
to an editorial in the New York " Sun," in which he savs : — 

Referring to an editorial in which you quote a reference made 
by me to the performances of the Massachusetts militia in the 
recent joint army and militia coast defence exercises in Boston har- 
bor, I beg that you will make a slight correction in my remarks. 
What I said to the gentlemen of the press in reply to the question 
as to how the Massachusetts troops had performed their duties in 
the recent coast defence exercises was that in my opinion they had 
done admirably well; the Coast Artillery supports had met most 
creditably all demands made upon them, and the Coast Artillery 
reserves of Massachusetts were in my opinion better trained in the 
duties of coast defence than any other body of the militia, and this 
was to be expected, in that Massachusetts was the first to take up 
coast defence work along modern lines, and had maintained it since 
1S95. While all the Massachusetts field troops are very well trained 
and disciplined, and equal in my opinion to the mobile troops of 
any other State, I did not say that the Massachusetts militia as a 
unit were superior to the troops of other States. My comparison 
referred to the performance of coast artillery work by the Massa- 
chusetts Corps of Coast Artillery. I know of no troops which have, 
in their organization as a corps of coast artillery, and in their 
practical training in the armories and at the coast forts, exhibited 
so high a degree of efficiency in coast artillery work. 

The attendance was as follows : First Company, 3-54 ; Second 
Company, 3-59 ; Third Company, 3-62 ; Fourth Company, 3-61 ; 
Fifth Company, 3-63; Sixth Company, 3-61; Seventh Company;, 
3-61; Eighth Company, 3-59; Ninth Company, 3-59; Tenth 
Company, 3-62; Eleventh Company, 3-56'; Twelfth Company, 
3-62; 29 men being absent. Average per company, including 
officers, 62 1 % 2 - 

Second Regiment Infantry. 

This regiment has about held its own. At the armory inspec- 
tion of headquarters, 5 officers and 3 enlisted men were absent. 
The inspecting officer noted the fact that the inspector of small 



1908.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 39 

arms practice went on leave the day before the inspection, and, 
as some rifles were missing and others were in poor condition, 
it showed lack of interest and responsibility in this department. 

Books and papers neatly and properly kept. Uniforms and 
equipments in good condition. Improvement was noted in regi- 
mental correspondence over last year. 

Only one line officer was absent from inspection throughout 
the regiment. 

Arms, excepting in headquarters and Company L, in good 
condition. A few broken parts had been applied for, but not 
received. Equipment, except in Company L, in good condition. 
Some few articles in the mess kits should be discarded and new 
ones supplied. 

Dress uniforms show effects of much wear. Service uniforms 
and working suits have deteriorated since last year. Many over- 
coats not clean or well taken care of. Blankets as a rule in good 
condition. 

Books and papers generally in good condition, especially in 
Company H. Those in Company M not properly audited. 

Furniture in good condition, and properly cared for. 

Only four companies remain in third-class armories, compa- 
nies E, F, L and M. Company F will soon have a new one. 

Drills in close and extended order satisfactory. Guard duty 
fair. 

Inspector criticised the lax method of instruction. Men are 
told to study, but not made to. Some difficulty exists, as last 
year, in recruiting with desirable men; but company command- 
ers are apparently striving for quality rather than quantity. 

A rather elaborate system of alarm lists has been perfected in 
the regiment. 

More definite instruction in reference to emergency rations is 
needed. 

Officers' and noncommissioned officers' meetings continue to 
be held weekly, and continue to evidence a lack of thoroughness 
in instruction. 

The financial condition of the regiment is good, and a cash 
balance of $4,659.66 is on hand in the twelve companies. 

The attendance was as follows: officers present, 15; absent 
with leave, 4 ; without leave, 1. Noncommissioned staff, 9 ; ab- 
sent with leave, 1; without leave, 1. Drum corps, 14; absent 
with leave, 1. Company A, 54; Company B, 49; Company C, 
58; Company D, 43; Company E, 43; Company F, 57; Com- 



40 



ADJUTANT GENERAL'S* REPORT. [Jan. 



pany G, 49; Company H, 54; Company I, 54; Company K, 55; 
Company L, 39; Company M, 48; 54 absent with leave, 42 
absent without leave. The percentage of attendance, 85.96, is 
lower than it should be. Of the 96 absentees, 61 were from 
companies B, E, G, I and L, Company I having 15, companies 
B, G and L 12 each, and Company E 10. Of these, 42 were 
without leave, — a most unsatisfactory condition. 

Discipline unsatisfactory. Cannon crackers were discharged 
at various times during the week, and more energetic action 
should have been taken to find the supply and punish the 
offender. It was a continual menace to State property and the 
persons of those in camp. Several small fires occurred. 

The use of liquor was quite prevalent, though contrary to 
orders, and very free use was made of a storehouse as a bar all 
day Sunday, but this was equally true of other regiments. 

The regiment made a very good showing at the mobilization 
in Boston, August 3. Discipline good. Alignments and dis- 
tances excellent. The inspecting officer says : - — 

The work of the regiment during the tour was satisfactory as re- 
gards attendance at calls and drills, and in its performance of field 
operation, policing and guard mounts. It was very good in drills. 
In the main, excellent in reviews and parades, but in the important 
matter of knowledge of guard duty, military courtesy and disci- 
pline it is capable of showing, and should show, vast improvement 
in the future. 



Delay in making camp, owing to uncertainty as to which was 
right of the line, due to reversed layout of camp, and slow de- 
livery of proper tentage. Roll calls well attended. 

A number of civilians noticed in camp over night. 

There were no setting-up exercises during the week. Check 
calls were substituted for tattoo roll calls. 

Policing of camp satisfactory, excepting mess halls, kitchens, 
etc. Inspection of quarters not satisfactory, especially in band 
quarters; there was a lack of uniformity. 

Attendance was not what it should have been, and more care 
as to personal appearance desirable. 

Drills very satisfactory. Officers and men were very attentive 
to Captain Davis' instructions. Ceremonies satisfactory. Aside 
from the work of the band, no criticism was made. Guard work 
poor throughout the week, and was a reproach to the regiment. 
Military courtesy even worse. 



1908.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 41 

The attendance was as follows: of an enrolled strength of 
803, including band, there were present 759%, being 95.58 per 
cent., Company F having the best average, 98.87, and Company 
L the poorest, 85.44. Average daily total absent with leave, 
24%; without leave, 19%. 

Fourteen reported sick, but none seriously so. There were 9 
reported in arrest. 

The attendance at the mobilization in Boston, August 3, was 
767, out of 804, including band, — 95.80 per cent. 

Fifth Kegiment Infantry. 

This regiment has made excellent progress during the year. 
At armory inspection of headquarters, officers and men were 
fully equipped for active service, arms and equipments in ex- 
cellent condition, and all property well protected from injury or 
loss. Drum corps presented an excellent appearance. Men well 
qualified for their work. Instruments in good order. 

Books and papers in good condition. Arms and equipment 
in excellent condition, excepting in companies B and F, where 
they showed neglect. 

Dress uniforms show much wear and deterioration, owing to 
hard usage. Field uniforms in good condition, excepting com- 
panies F and H. Overcoats in satisfactory condition. Blankets 
satisfactory. 

Amount spent for repairs to clothing, $1,421.09; amount spent 
for all purposes, headquarters, $22,154.84; amount spent for 
all purposes, companies, $26,320.17; cash balance on hand, 
$5,537.26; total indebtedness for the twelve companies, $1,349. 

Drills and discipline satisfactory. General instruction satis- 
factory. Knowledge of guard duty fair, but could be much im- 
proved, especially in companies D, F and I. Knowledge of arms 
satisfactory. Personnel excellent. 

Emergency rations not provided for in a systematic way, and 
inspector suggested a definite form of contract for all. 

The total enrolled strength of the regiment was 56 officers 
and 725 men. Of these, 55 officers and 640 men were present 
at inspection; 1 officer and 42 men were absent with leave, 43 
absent without leave. Headquarters, 30 ; drum corps, 14 ; Com- 
pany A, 62 ; Company B, 52 ; Company C, 58 ; Company D, 54 ; 
Company E, 60; Company F, 60; Company G, 54; Company 
H, 50 ; Company I, 52 ; Company K, 54 ; Company L, 44 ; Com- 
pany M, 51. 



42 



ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 



The tour of camp duty was performed in connection with the 
coast defence manceuvers in Boston harbor, July 27 to August 
2 inclusive. Annual drill at Boston, August 3. The compa- 
nies were distributed among the several forts as follows : — 



Fort Banks, 
Fort Heath, 
Fort Warren, 
Fort Strong, 
Fort Revere, 
Fort Andrew, 



Company M. 

Company D. 

Company F. 

Companies B and H. 

Headquarters, band, companies L, A, G and E. 

Companies K, C and I. 



Forts Banl-s and Heath. 

Camps were well laid out, that at Heath being superior to 
the one at Banks. The work was done systematically and with 
dispatch. Tents, streets, mess and cook houses were lighted by 
electricity ; excellent bathing and sanitary facilities provided. 

Policing well and thoroughly done. Care of quarters good. 
Hospital arrangements satisfactory. Health of command ex- 
cellent. 

Guard mounting daily, with a consolidated guard, made up 
by details from the regulars, Corps of Coast Artillery and in- 
fantry. Owing to large number of recruits detailed from the 
militia companies, this work was unsatisfactory, but marked im- 
provement was made from day to day. 

Commissary arrangements were satisfactory. 

The companies were drilled in close and extended order, and 
received instruction in outpost duty, scouting, patrolling and 
reconnoissance, advance guard, hasty intrenchments, field en- 
gineering and the proper disposition of companies to defend 
the forts from land attacks. Captain Cochen and Lieutenant 
Knowles, U. S. A., the infantry instructors, were most pains- 
taking in the method of instruction, and both officers and men 
derived great benefit. Most satisfactory progress was made. But 
little attention was given to ceremonies, owing to the nature of 
the work required. 

Discipline excellent. Military courtesy good. Personnel good. 
Calls well observed. 

. Fort Warren. 

The company detailed here had a camp on the westerly side 
of the reservation, and were instructed- to act as infantry reserve 
and coast patrol. Capt. A. T. Smith, Twelfth U. S. Infantry, 



1908.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 43 

was detailed as instructor and camped with the company. The 
instruction given by him was of a varied nature, such as patrol- 
ling, scouting, field engineering, profiling, shelter tent drill, 
guard duty in general, the use of field and machine guns, lec- 
tures on security and in formation, attack and defence, and the 
repulse of landing parties. This instruction was of inestimable 
value to both officers and men. 

Discipline excellent. Performance of guard duty good. Mili- 
tary courtesy excellent. Policing of camp and care of quarters 
good. Observance of taps good. Health of command excellent. 
Commissary arrangements satisfactory. 

Fort Strong. 

Camp was pitched in an orderly and expeditious manner. 

Policing of camp and care of quarters good after the first day. 
The post quartermaster had provided everything necessary to 
make the camp pleasant and sanitary. 

Discipline the first night in camp very bad; lights continued 
to burn after taps; much noise, profanity and intoxication was 
noticeable. This was equally true with the artillery companies, 
and they brought discredit on the militia. With this exception, 
the discipline was excellent during the remainder of the encamp- 
ment; the men were faithful, industrious and interested, and 
behaved in a soldierly and orderly manner. 

The attendance in these two companies was unsatisfactory. 
Military courtesy fair only. Health of command excellent. 

The infantry instruction was under the supervision of a regu- 
lar officer. Nearly every morning battalion line was formed, 
followed by review, parades and extended and close order drills. 
Guard mounting followed later in the day; but little attention, 
however, was paid to guard duty. The chief function of the in- 
fantry was acting as artillery supports, to repel landing parties 
and cheek possible land attacks. Two Gatling guns were pro- 
vided, and officers and men seemed to enter into the work with 
interest and enthusiasm. 

Condition of property satisfactory. Personnel good. Com- 
missary arrangements satisfactory. 

Fort Revere. 

The several companies were transported to this station by the 
Quartermaster's department, IT. S. A. The camp site was in a 
fine location, and was furnished with sinks, baths, mess houses, 



44 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

running water, — in fact, everything needed for the comfort of 
all. 

Sunday inspection and muster was the only duty performed 
that day, excepting to respond to a call for help at a fire in 
Hotel Edgemere in Hull. The men did most excellent work at 
this fire, and are to be commended for their services. 

Drills and ceremonies were faithfully performed, with various 
degrees of success. The messing arrangements of the commis- 
sioned officers were open to criticism, and should not have been 
allowed. The regimental commander and staff were at a hotel 
in the town, and took but a nominal part in the tour of dut} r . 

Ceremonies fair only. Guard duty poor. Eoll calls fair. 
Policing and sanitation very good. Discipline and courtesy good. 
Care of quarters excellent. Personnel excellent. Condition of 
property good. 

Fort Andrew. 

Transportation arrangements well carried out. Camp was 
well laid out, in an excellent location. Cook and mess houses, 
sinks and excellent facilities for bathing were provided. Polic- 
ing at the beginning of the week but fairly well done. Gradual 
improvement was noted, but showed signs of careless oversight 
on the part of company officers. 

No medical officer, not even a hospital steward, was provided 
for duty at the infantry camp. Considering the number of 
troops, three companies, and the location of the post, nearly a 
mile from the artillery hospital, this omission is deemed unwise 
and should not be repeated. The artillery hospital was well 
supplied with all necessary medical stores, and under the charge 
of Dr. Penhallow was ably managed. The percentage of sick 
was very small. The infantry having more 'cases in the hospital 
and under outside treatment than the artillery, shows more con- 
clusively the necessity of proper medical service at the infantry 
camp. Dr. Penhallow is entitled to credit for his careful atten- 
tion to the extra duties put upon him. 

But little attention was paid to guard duty, and it was of but 
little value. Recruits were placed on post without proper in- 
struction, and made a bad impression. 

Commissary arrangements were satisfactory. 

Drills were held regularly. The companies formed a provi- 
sional battalion, and drilled as such. There was a lack of atten- 
tion to calls, and the unnecessary delay was demoralizing. 

The machine gun detachment deserve special notice for good 



1908.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 45 

work. The guns were handled in a quick and efficient manner 
at all times. The same is true of the signal squad from Com- 
pany K, who performed most excellent service. 

Schools for instruction were held. Discipline excellent. Mili- 
tary courtesy very good. 

The attendance was as follows: Company A, 3-59; Company 
B, 3-48%; Company C, 3-59; Company D, 3-60; Company E, 
3-56%; Company F, 3-58; Company G, 3-54%; Company H, 
3-48; Company I, 3-50; Company K, 3-52; Company L, 3-57; 
Company M, 3-56; 31 men being absent. These figures do not 
include band of 24 pieces. Average attendance per company, 

5710/12- 

On Thursday, August 1, the entire regiment was brought to 
this post, and a problem of attack and defence was worked out, 
but with indifferent success, the lack of proper previous instruc- 
tion being very noticeable. 

The tour of duty was a success, however, and the regiment 
received very material and lasting benefit. Officers and men 
were eager and anxious to learn, and soon realized the impor- 
tance of coast defence work, and the possibilities of its future 
value to the State and nation. 

Sixth Kegiment Infantry. 

This regiment has shown but little progress during the year, 
excepting with the rifle. More energy is needed. A systematic 
course of armory instruction should be devised, and rigidly fol- 
lowed. 

The attendance at armory inspection was as follows: head- 
quarters, 19 officers, 28 men; Company A, 56; Company B, 55; 
Company C, 50 ; Company D, 53 ; Company E, 42 ; Company F, 
63; Company G, 44; Company H, 54; Company I, 50; Com- 
pany K, 49; Company L, 43; Company M, 53; an average of 
51, 3 officers and 33 men being absent with leave, 35 men with- 
out leave, Company F the only company having full enrollment 
and attendance. The attendance was very unsatisfactory, espe- 
cially in companies E, G, K and L. 

Arms and equipments in satisfactory condition, excepting in 
companies C and G. Clothing satisfactory as to condition. 
Books and papers very good. 

Amount spent for repairs to clothing, $1,013.81; amount 
spent for other purposes, $18,601.06; cash on hand, $5,637.59. 

Drills satisfactory, excepting companies E and M. Knowledge 



46 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

of guard duty satisfactory. General instruction fair. Personnel 
of enlisted men fair only. Noncommissioned officers need study 
and instruction. 

Company M was found in a somewhat demoralized condition, 
and Lieut. F. M. Kendall, battalion adjutant, was detailed for 
duty with the company. He succeeded in his efforts to place 
the company on a proper standard of efficienc}', and was relieved 
from duty July 9. 

The inspecting officer rated the several companies as to readi- 
ness for assembly on sudden call : headquarters and Company F, 
excellent ; companies G and I, very good ; companies B, C, D and 
K, satisfactory; companies A, E, H and L, fair only; Company 
M, unsatisfactory. 

Attendance at camp was as follows : average present per diem, 
769.75 ; average absent per diem, 47.85 ; average present, 94.26 ; 
average absent with leave, 38 ; average absent without leave, 10. 
Attendance at roll calls, drills and ceremonies excellent. 

Discipline good, as a whole. There were isolated cases of dis- 
order and hazing after taps. Two fires occurred back of mess 
halls; Five men were reported in arrest during the week. 

Eighteen cases of sickness were reported, only one of which 
was sent to the hospital. 

The discipline, military courtesy and care of quarters by the 
band merit special commendation. 

In spite of orders, a great many men left camp at will every 
afternoon and evening. This should have been checked at once, 
but no apparent effort was made to stop it. 

Property was found to be in good condition. Uniforms showed 
much wear, and also lack of care. 

Policing of camp very good. On the last day of camp the 
mess halls, kitchens and sinks were left in a very unsatisfactory 
manner, the details of which were made the subject of a special 
report. 

Staff departments were well administered. The performance 
of guard duty was very poor, and showed a lack of armory in- 
struction. Ceremonies very good. 

At the mobilization in Boston the regiment made a good ap- 
pearance; discipline, alignments and distances were excellent. 



1908.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 47 



Eighth Eegimext Ixfaxtry. 

In a former report on this regiment I felt obliged to severely 
criticise the administration. It is now with sincere pleasure that 
I commend it. To-day it easily ranks first among our infantry 
Tegiments for general efficiency and readiness for active service. 

The colonel, his field and staff, are all officers of exceptional 
ability and experience, and by systematic methods have raised 
the regiment to a high state of efficiency. The several staff de- 
partments are well administered. Carefnl record is made of the 
progress of the regiment. 

The relative efficiency of the different companies in attend- 
ance at drills, rifle practice, etc., is published monthly. 

The noncommissioned officers are soldierly, enthusiastic and 
competent. The drum corps is in a high state of efficiency. 
Part of the equipment is worn and obsolete, and should be re- 
newed. 

Monthly meetings of all regimental officers are held for study ; 
talks and lectures are given on military subjects; all officers take 
regular courses in the Service School, but some of them claim 
that it takes more time than thev can afford, and that it is a 
hardship. 

A board of officers is appointed by the commanding officer 
every three months, to examine all applicants for warrants, and 
no soldier can receive one without passing an examination sat- 
isfactorv to this board. 

The attendance at armory inspection was as follows : Com- 
pany A, 53; Company B, 47; Company C, 55; Company D, 56; 
Company E, 52; Company F, 57; Company G, 51; Compaq 
H, 56 ; Company I, 53 ; Company K, 53 ; Company L, 52 ; Com- 
pany M, 46; an average of 52%2- With a total enrollment of 
745, there were present 671, 35 being absent with leave, 39 with- 
out. 

Close and extended order drill satisfactory. Discipline and 
courtesy excellent. Guard duty is the weakest spot in the regi- 
ment. The lieutenant colonel is now giving his personal atten- 
tion to this branch of the work, and excellent results will no 
doubt be obtained. 

Property as a whole was in fair condition, although much 
of it is worn out and should be replaced. A quantity was also 
reported as missing. 

Books and papers as a rule in excellent condition. Inspector 



48 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

reported some desired changes in methods of keeping in com- 
panies D, E and M. 

Amount expended for care of clothing, $1,262.93; amount ex- 
pended for all purposes, $19,055.51; cash on hand, $4,017. 

The regiment reported in Boston for annual drill at 10.30 
a.m., August 3; 52 officers, 691 men and 40 musicians reported 
for duty; 2 officers and 10 men absent with leave, 17 men with- 
out leave. 

Appearance of troops good. Marching and distances good. 
Discipline excellent. 

The regiment arrived at Framingham at 4.30 p.m., and occu- 
pied the camp just vacated by the Second Infantry. 

Roll calls prompt and well attended. Discipline and military 
courtesy, with few exceptions, excellent. The firing of giant 
crackers on Thursday and Frida} r nights marred the otherwise 
splendid discipline. Care of quarters and policing of camp ex- 
cellent. 

Regimental and battalion drills in close and extended order. 
Manual of arms, etc., under the direct supervision of Captain 
Davis, assisted by Captain Stewart, Eighth Infantry, U. S. A., 
gave most excellent results. 

Field manceuvers and instruction in outpost and rear guard 
work were held on Thursday and Friday. Knowledge of guard 
duty showed great improvement since the armory inspection. 
Under the able direction of Lieutenant Colonel Eldridge, con- 
tinued progress was made throughout the entire tour of duty. 

Attendance was as follows: field and staff, 18 officers, 11 men; 
Company A, 55 ; Company B, 59 ; Company C, 58 ; Company 
D, 59 ; Company E, 59 ; Company F, 57 ; Company G, 59 ; 
Company H, 63; Company I, 57; Company K, 62; Company 
L, 63 ; Company M, 61 ; band, 40. 

This tour of camp duty was one of the best ever performed 
by a militia regiment in this State. 

Ninth Regiment Infantry. 

This regiment has gained in efficiency to some extent, but not 
as much as it should have done. There is a lack of systematic 
instruction, the majors do not supervise carefully the adminis- 
tration and instruction of their battalions, company command- 
ers drill in any way or anything that appeals to them, and 
evidently are not properly instructed as to what course to 
pursue. 



1908. J PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 49 

The general condition of property, with clue allowance for 
wear, is good and in most cases well cared for. The • property 
rooms at the East Armory are too small. The same is true of 
the Worcester Armory. No system of keeping account of the 
amount of property on hand is observed, except that of Com- 
pany I, which is excellent. 

Campaign hats generally in poor condition. Dress blouses 
much worn. 

Shelter tents in excellent condition, but too thin to shed 
water. Eubber blankets in bad condition, and as a rule caused 
by creasing and folding. Inspector calls special attention to 
the method adopted by Captain Donovan of Company F, of 
hanging his blankets, not folded, over a rail. 

Condition of arms satisfactory. Equipments very good. 
Clothing fair. Books and papers satisfactory, except in com- 
panies G, II and I. Not enough attention given to auditing 
books. 

Amount spent for repairs to clothing, $1,291.27; amount 
spent for all purposes, $16,536.67; cash on hand, $2,558.81. 

Drills very good, except in companies H and K. Knowledge 
of guard duty unsatisfactory, particularly so in companies G 
and K. General instruction very fair. Personnel satisfactory. 
Eeadiness for assembly on sudden call good. 

Attendance unsatisfactory, excepting companies A, B and L. 
Headquarters, 39 ; Company A, 60 ; Company B, 60 ; Company 
C, 41 ; Company D, 45 ; Company E, 45 ; Company F, 48 ; Com- 
pany G, 52; Company H, 45; Company I, 53; Company K, 56; 
Company L, 52; Company M, 47; 2 officers and 6 men being 
absent with leave, 3 officers and 100 men without leave, Com- 
pany II having 18 absentees, Company C 15 ; Company D 14, 
Company M 8. This is an extremely poor record of attend- 
ance, and should not be tolerated. 

Officers' schools should be regularly held each month, under 
a field officer, and careful studv insisted on. It is also desirable 
that a more definite standard be fixed for noncommissioned 
officers, which might be attained by a regimental examining 
board for noncommissioned officers. 

The regiment performed its annual drill in Boston, August 
3, and went to camp at Framingham that evening. It made a 
very good appearance in the parade, alignments very good, dis- 
tances fair. Salutes not very good. 

Rain interfered with the ordered Sunday morning inspection, 



50 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

but mass was celebrated by the chaplain in the mess hall. A 
short religious exercise was also held each day after parade, with 
the regiment under arms. 

Policing of camp good. Kitchens kept in fairly good condi- 
tion throughout the tour. Tentage was not carefully looked 
after during the varying weather conditions. Care of quarters 
good. Discipline fair to good. Lack of promptness at roll calls 
was noticeable. 

The appearance of men off duty and out of quarters was gen- 
erally good, yet enough were slack in manner of dress to detract 
seriously from the rating of the whole. Military courtesy un- 
satisfactory. 

Owing to lack of instruction, arms and equipments not gen- 
erally well cared for. Enlisted men know little about the care 
of their rifles, and do not have proper respect for them. 

Observance of taps unsatisfactory. Lights were kept burn- 
ing, and much noise and singing heard. 

Guard mounting good. Guard duty exceedingly poor. 

Drills and ceremonies, under the direct supervision of Captain 
Davis, were satisfactory. The officers and men worked hard, 
and made excellent progress. The exercises in advance guard 
and outpost were well carried out. 

As a whole, the officers are capable and intelligent, many of 
long experience. A large majority of the men are soldierly, 
keen and smart. What this regiment needs is careful and con- 
scientious study by officers and men, a systematic course of in- 
struction rigidly adhered to, and more supervision by field 
officers. 

The attendance was as follows : average present and absent, 
including band, 801; average present, 737; absent with leave, 
20y 4 ; absent without leave, 43%. Average attendance per com- 
pany was as follows : Company A, 55.12 ; Company B, 59.25 ; 
Company C, 60.25; Company D, 59.25; Company E, 57-9; 
Company F, 50; Company G, 56; Company H, 53-4; Company 
I, 62.75; Company K, 48-9; Company L, 48.25; Company M, 
47-4. 

Naval Brigade. 

This organization has performed an excellent year's work and 
has made marked progress. Officers and men have worked hard 
and conscientiously to perfect themselves in their duties. For 
the first time in the history of the country a United States gun- 
boat, " The Newport/' was put in commission, navigated and 



1908.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 51 

sailed hundreds of miles by a crew made up entirely from the 
Naval Militia. 

With an enrollment of 35 officers and 589 men, there were 
present at the armory inspection 34 officers and 568 men, 1 
officer and 4 men being absent with leave, and 17 men without 
leave. 

The attendance was as follows: headquarters, 62; band, 20; 
Company A, 56; Company B, 58; Company C, 57; Company 
E, 51; Company F, 49; Company G, 56; Company H, 49; 
Company I, 44. 

The headquarters consists of the usual officers allowed a regi- 
ment of infantry, a petty staff corresponding .to the noncom- 
missioned staff, an engineer, torpedo and signal division. Most 
of the men enlisted in the torpedo division are drilled as signal 
men. 

The Signal Corps, while doing fair work, shows a decided 
lack of instruction, a part of which is due to new recruits. The 
men know practically nothing of the various methods of signal- 
ling as practised in the United States Navy, except in wig-wag 
and a little of ardois. The principles of other visual and sound 
signals are not understood. Particular instruction should be 
given in the use of the Navy flag code. At the inspection all 
were present. 

The engineer division is composed of men living in and 
around Boston, who are employed in civil life as engineers and 
machinists, and appear to be very proficient in their duties. 

There is an enlisted band of 22 men located in Worcester. 
They are good-appearing men, well disciplined, and excellent 
musicians. 

Condition of arms excellent in companies C, E, F, G and H; 
very good in companies B and I; good in Company A. Cloth- 
ing in poor and worn-out condition in all companies. 

Books and papers perfect in Company E; excellent in com- 
panies F, G and H; very good in companies A, B and C; bad 
in Company I. 

Finances excellent in companies E, F and G; very good in 
companies C and H; good in Company A; fair in Company I. 

Amount spent in repairs to clothing, $678.83; cash balance 
on hand, $4,523.44. 

Personnel excellent in companies E, G and H; very good in 
companies A, B, C, F and I. 

Drills satisfactory. Knowledge of guard duty, officers, very 



52 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

good; men, unsatisfactory. General instruction satisfactory. 
Guard duty has received but little attention from company com- 
manders, and was generally rated as unsatisfactory. 

Field pieces in the hands of the several companies were found 
out of repair and unfit to be used. They have been subject to 
a board of survey, and recommendation for repairs made, but 
no action taken. Pieces show excellent care except those at 
Fall River, which show neglect, rust, etc. 

A number of vacancies exist among the line officers, and 
vigorous means should be taken to elect new men to the posi- 
tions. 

Finances in Company B were found to be in a mixed condi- 
tion, but have since been straightened out. 

New gun racks are needed in the armory of Company A, and 
new lockers in the quarters of Company C. 

The average attendance for ten drills, previous to inspection, 
was 82 per cent., — a very fair showing. Drills satisfactory. 

Medical department very satisfactory. 

The summer tour of duty was performed on board the U. S. 
ships " Prairie " and " Newport," August 10 to 17 inclusive. 
It was successful and satisfactory-, and included a cruise to the 
Jamestown Exposition, where the brigade acted as escort to the 
Commander-in-Chief at the celebration of Massachusetts Day. 

The detachments on board the " Prairie " consisted of Capt. 
G. R. H. Buffington ; Lieutenants Lewis, Palmer, Pray, Nelson, 
Adams, Wilcox, Robinson, Peale and MacDonald; Ensigns Ab- 
bott, Ivnowles and Owens; Paym aster Deane; Surgeon Leonard; 
Lieutenants MacDonald and Hathaway; 5 members of petty 
staff, 20 men of the Signal Corps and 331 men from companies 
A, B, C, E, F, G, H and I. 

The attendance was as follows : Company A, 33 ; Company B, 
21; Company C, 30; Company E, 28; Company F, 54; Com- 
pany G, 55; Company H, 52; Company I, 55. 

None of the engineer division was on this ship. Of the above 
enlisted men, 237 were new men, enlisted since last tour of 
duty. 

The health on board was excellent, but three cases of illness 
being treated by the surgeon, and two of those were heat pros- 
trations during the review at Jamestown. 

Discipline excellent. Commissary arrangements satisfactory. 

The men* were drilled and given routine instruction about 
their deck duties, collision drill, fire quarters, Morris tube, load- 
ing machines, forecastle and chains, ground tackle. 



1908.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 53 

On arrival at Old Point Comfort, in addition to the above, 
boat drills were held. On August 13 the brigade disembarked 
at 12.30 and was landed at Deep Water Pier, Jamestown Expo- 
sition, where it acted as escort to Governor Guild, and later 
passed in review before Governor Guild of Massachusetts, Gov- 
ernor Swanson of Virginia and Gen. F. D. Grant. In this 
parade were also detachments of the U. S. troops and of the 
North Carolina National Guard. The Massachusetts Naval 
Brigade made a most excellent passage in review, distances and 
alignments well maintained. The reviewing officers were most 
hearty in their commendation. 

A sufficient guard was detailed to the Massachusetts building, 
and also to the Auditorium, where the exercises were held. A 
reception followed, and a luncheon was served. 

The brigade returned to the ships without incident, and 
stowed property. All men who wished were given shore leave 
until Wednesdav, at 7.45 A.M. : 6 men overstaved their leave. 

Eoutine ship work was resumed on the 14th. Two boat races 
were held, companies F, G and H rowing first, Company H win- 
ning; companies A, B and E second, Company A winning. 
These boats were all lowered, hoisted in and secured bv the 
brigade. 

August 15, got under way at 9.25. Eoutine work and drills 
occupied the morning. Target practice with the six-pounder 
was held, with excellent results. Additional instruction in sig- 
nalling, knotting, splicing and heaving the lead was given. 

The signal division was given instruction during all drill 
periods in the Navy international semaphone, wig-wag, ardois, 
and torch signals. It sent and received accurately sixty-nine 
signals to other ships. 

Gunners Mate Keith and seamen Allen and Day were assigned 
to the dynamo room, and stood regular watch. Cook Fitts per- 
formed the duty of baker. 

The only criticism made by the inspecting officer on this ship 
was the slowness in answering calls, and the apparent lack of 
confidence of the officers in their own abilities. 

U. S. 8. "Newport/' 

The detachment detailed to this ship reported for duty Au- 
gust 9, and was made up as follows : Lieut. Commander James 
H. Dillaway, Jr., commanding: Lieut. D. M. Goodridge, execu- 
tive officer; Lieut. John B. Blood, navigator; watch officers, 
Lieutenants Seaver, Wright and Pray; Ensigns Sturgis and 



54 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

Copeland; staff consisting of Lieutenant Armstrong, chief en- 
gineer; Lieutenant Carter, paymaster; Lieutenant Blair, sur- 
geon; Lieutenant Hayes, assistant engineer; 143 men. There 
were also 11 bandsmen assigned to the ship during the time the 
Commander-in-Chief was on board. 

After the stores and provisions were properly stowed, the ship 
was got under way at noon, and sailed for Newport, R. I., where 
the Governor and several members of his staff joined it on Sat- 
urday. 

The zeal and enthusiasm with which the officers and men 
entered into the spirit of this practice cruise was very commend- 
able. It is a noteworthy fact that this ship was navigated and 
sailed by men every one of which, from the bridge to the stoke 
hole, was a member of the Massachusetts Naval Brigade. 

Much credit is due to Lieut. John B. Blood, the navigating 
officer, for the very successful way in which this important duty 
was performed. More or less delays were experienced in getting 
under way, coming to anchor and lowering and hoisting in boats, 
but no more than would be naturally expected from a green crew 
on a strange ship. The handling of the vessel when under way 
was excellent, officers and men showing steady improvement. 

The medical department was in excellent condition, well sup- 
plied and properly conducted. Some 20 cases of accidents or 
illness were treated by the surgeon, but were of minor impor- 
tance, many being for bruises and sprains. 

Commissary arrangements satisfactory. Lieutenant Carter 
used excellent judgment in the purchase of the supplies. Slight 
dissatisfaction was expressed by some of the mess forward, but 
the inspector satisfied himself that it was without cause. 

The highest praise is due to the engineer division for the 
thoroughly businesslike manner in which everything connected 
with that department was managed. This division should be of 
the line, and not attached to the staff of the brigade commander. 

The detachment from this ship joined the rest of the brigade 
at Jamestown, and participated in the ceremonies, as has been 
described. 

Guard duty was poor, men showing a decided lack of instruc- 
tion. The behavior of liberty parties was very satisfactory. 
Military courtesy poor, not through any desire to show lack of 
discipline, but for want of proper teaching. 

The ship left Old Point on Wednesday for the return trip, stop- 
ping off No Man's Land for target practice. The 6 and 1 pound 
breech-loading rifles were used, at ranges varying from 300 to 



1908.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 55 

900 yards, and, considering the need of previous practice, the 
results were very satisfactory. 

Lack of promptness was noticeable, and the many delays ex- 
perienced received the criticism of the inspector. 

It was a hard and exciting tour of duty, and the inspecting 
officer suggests that, on future tours of duty of a like nature, sea 
work be done by day, anchoring in some harbor at night. This 
would allow for plenty of hard work, and yet permit the men 
to have sufficient sleep at night, thus promoting a better feeling 
of satisfaction fore and aft, while tending to systematize, and 
produce, by regular and well-planned routine, a more effective 
organization. 

Boat drills for officers and men are needed, both at sea and 
in port. The men are apparently anxious to acquire knowledge 
of all seamanship, but need educated leadership and more prac- 
tice. 

The ship laid at anchor in the ports of Woods Hole, Vine- 
yard Haven and Nantucket, where shore leave was given the 
men. Boston was reached on Monday morning, as per schedule, 
and the ship was immediately put in first-class condition to re- 
ceive the Governor and party, who came on board at 3 p.m. the 
same day. The ship was under way at 4, bound for Province- 
town, which port was reached at 10.30 p.m. The work of officers 
and men was very satisfactory. Salutes were fired in honor of 
the President and the Governor. 

Ceremonies incident to the arrival and departure of the Com- 
mander-in-Chief were well executed. Discipline and courtesy 
very good. 

The ship arrived in Boston at 11 a.m. Wednesday. 

Officers and men serving on this detail deserve merited credit 
for a very successful tour of duty. What is needed to raise the 
brigade to increased efficiency is the services of a regular naval 
officer, trained to his profession, to supply just the right amount 
of tactful leadership to start the routine along proper and well- 
established channels, and to incite the officers to further con- 
tinued study. 

At the mobilization in Boston, August 3, the brigade assem- 
bled promptly at Dartmouth Street and Columbus Avenue, and 
was in its proper place when the parade started. It made a 
very satisfactory appearance. Distances and alignments well 
preserved. Discipline and courtesy were excellent, the entire 
day's duty being performed in good order, with promptness and 
without confusion. 



56 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 



First Corps Cadets. - 

The corps is in excellent condition, fully equipped, intelli- 
gently instructed, well disciplined and ready for immediate ser- 
vice. 

The inspecting officer truly says : " Great credit is due to offi- 
cers and enlisted men for their united effort to maintain an 
organization of the highest standard. Evidences of untiring at- 
tention to detail, personal sacrifice of time, careful and intelli- 
gent study of drill regulation, guard duty and custom of 
service were apparent, both in corps management and drill. 
Especial credit is due to their system of thorough instruction 
of recruits before admission to the ranks." 

The attendance at armory inspection was as follows : head- 
quarters, present, 9 officers, 10 men, 3 being absent with leave; 
Company A, 55 ; Company B, 52 ; Company C, 53 ; Company 
D, 59 ; an average of 54% officers and men to each company, 
15 being absent with leave and 8 without leave. 

Arms, equipment and clothing in excellent condition. Books 
and papers very good. Drill, knowledge of guard duty and 
general instruction excellent. Knowledge of arms very good. 
Personnel excellent. 

The corps performed its tour of camp duty at Hingham, Au- 
gust 9 to 17 inclusive, August 9 and 10 being voluntary- by the 
corps. 

The attendance was as follows : headquarters, 9 officers, 7 
men; Company A, 53, 3 absent; Company B, 59, 4 absent; 
Company C, 54, 4 absent; Company D, 51, 12 absent; band, 24. 

Appearance of men off duty, excellent. Appearance of arms, 
equipment and clothing, excellent. Discipline and military cour- 
tesy excellent. Performance of guard duty very good. Polic- 
ing of quarters and camp excellent. Observance of taps excel- 
lent. General drill very good. The tour of duty, from every 
standpoint, was a success. 

Capt. R. C. Davis, IT. S. A., was tireless in his instructions, 
which reached to ever}' exercise, formation and drill. 

Calls promptly sounded. Formation quickly executed. Sani- 
tation excellent. Staff officials are efficient, and handle their 
departments without friction. 

The earlier days of camp were devoted to close and extended 
order by companies and battalion, care of quarters, drill for re- 
cruits and schools for officers and noncommissioned officers. 



1908.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 57 

Wednesday and Thursday the corps left their camp, fully 
equipped for a thirty-six-hour practice march and tour of duty 
in the field, and received much practical instruction in advance 
and rear guard, outposts, making and breaking camp, and also 
exemplified a contact problem of offence and defence. On its 
return to camp, routine work was resumed. 

Second Corps Cadets. 

This corps has not kept up its rapid progress before noted, 
and, while the year's work has been varied, the results have 
been negative, excepting Captain Davis' work with the corps at 
camp. 

The inspecting officer says that it is only fair to the com- 
panies of this command to supplement the report made on each 
by a general report, or average of the organization as a whole. 
It should be also stated that since the last tour of camp duty, 
July, 1906, there have been many new men enlisted, as the fol- 
lowing will show : Company A, 20 ; Company B, 17 ; Company 
C, 24; Company D, 8; also, many new appointments of non- 
commissioned officers. 

The attendance was as follows : total strength, 20 officers and 
182 men; present at inspection, 18 officers and 167 men, — 91.5 
per cent. Headquarters, 7 officers and 5 men, 1 officer being 
absent without leave; Company A, 38; Company B, 46; Com- 
pany C, 54; Company D, 35; 10 being absent with leave and 5 
without leave. 

Armory inadequate; well policed. Locker rooms too crowded. 

Condition of arms, excellent; of equipments, very good; of 
full dress, very bad; of dress uniform, very good; of service 
uniform, very good; of working clothes, satisfactory; of over- 
coats, very fair; of woolen blankets, very good; of rubber 
blankets, satisfactory; of books and papers, very good; of fur- 
niture, very good. A large shortage of property exists. 

Close order drill satisfactory. Platoon movements unsatis- 
factor}^. Noncommissioned officers unsatisfactory; privates very 
fair. Manual of Arms very fair. Formation satisfactory. 
Guard duty, officers, very good; men unsatisfactory. There was 
a general lack of knowledge on the part of both noncommis- 
sioned officers and privates as to the performance of this duty. 

Personnel of officers excellent. Noncommissioned officers 
need more study and instruction. Privates very fair, of good 
physique, and showed an earnest desire to learn. 



58 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

The financial condition is excellent, books well kept and treas- 
urer efficient. Instruction is insufficient, and should be im- 
proved on at once. 

The annual tour of camp duty was performed at Boxford, 
July 20 to 27, and annual drill in Boston August 3, July 20 
being voluntary. It was indeed a camp of instruction, and was 
much needed. Capt. R. C. Davis, U. S. A., was present, and 
most of the drilling by companies, battalions and extended order 
formation was done by him. All faults noticed in drills, forma- 
tion and ceremonies, on the part of officers and men, were noted 
and taken up at school in the afternoon of each day, with the 
result that a rapid improvement was noted. Captain Davis in- 
spired an ambition in both officers and men to correct faults out- 
lined by him, and they all displayed an earnest desire to accept 
any and all instruction given them. Captain Davis and the 
corps deserve credit for the very marked improvement made. 

The attendance was as follows: enrolled strength, including 
band, 249; present, 20% officers; 177% men; band, 24; absent 
with leave, 2 officers, 18% men; without leave, 8% men. 

Policing of camp satisfactory. Care of quarters very good. 
Food excellent. Health of command very good, only a few cases 
being treated at hospital. 

Military courtesy lax at first, but improved. Discipline on 
the whole was good, but was marred on several occasions bv the 
firing of cannon crackers after taps. The inspector truly says: 
" Such acts would not occur if all the noncommissioned officers 
had pride in themselves and the organization to which they 
belong. The corps should not be subject to adverse criticism 
for the folly of a few men, whose place is in a high school 
battalion rather than an organization representing a part of the 
militia of the Commonwealth." 

Drills and field exercises were faithfully carried on. About 
33% per cent, of the men were recruits; the progress made by 
these men was very satisfactory. This may also be said of all 
the privates, but does not extend to the noncommissioned officers. 
They were reported on unfavorably at the armory inspection, 
and ample time had elapsed to enable them to become more pro- 
ficient in their duties. They showed zeal, but lack of study. 

Roll calls were poorly observed during the first part of the 
week. Improvement was noted in companies B and C, very 
little in companies A and D. 



1908.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 59 

Taps well observed, excepting the firing of cannon crackers, 
before noted. 

Guard duty was somewhat neglected, owing to the time given 
to drills and ceremonies. Lack of knowledge was in evidence, 
but an improvement noted. Ceremonies were well executed, the 
men showing unusual steadiness. 

While this report contains a great deal of criticism, it is but 
fair to say that the officers and men worked hard and faithfully, 
and great progress was made, and they should be commended 
for their zeal, attention and hearty co-operation. 

First Battalion Field Artillery. 

At the time of the armory inspection a new major and staff 
had just been assigned to duty, and the inspector deemed it 
inadvisable to make any report as to their efficiency. The head- 
quarters property is in satisfactory condition. 

Battery A. 

Is in very good condition. It is enlisted up to its full quota, 
and is well instructed as to its new equipment, which reflects 
credit on the officers, as they have had no instruction from a 
regular officer, as has been the case in most of the States 
equipped with the new 3-inch gun. 

Property in good condition, and well cared for. Arms and 
equipment excellent. Books and papers satisfactory. Finances 
excellent. Drill very good. General instruction and knowledge 
of arms very good. Personnel excellent. 

Eeceipts, $6,588.32 ; amount spent for care of clothing, 
$138.55; amount spent for all purposes, $8,280.68; cash bal- 
ance, $2,784.12. 

Eeadiness for assembly on sudden call, excellent. 

Battery B. 

Is in verv fair condition. It is 6 men short in its enlistment, 
and 9 men were absent without leave. Many changes in en- 
listment were noted, which naturally handicaps the organization. 

More attention should be paid to individual instruction, most 
essential in this branch of the service. 

New lockers are- needed for the proper care of clothing. 
Owing to a damp basement, the harnesses and other property 



60 



ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. 



[Jan. 



were not in proper condition. Condition of arms and equipments 
satisfactory. Clothing satisfactory. Books and papers satisfac- 
tory. Finances excellent. 

Receipts, $4,630.67 ; amount spent for repairs to clothing, 
$148.84; amount spent for all purposes, $3,766.33; cash bal- 
ance, $2,258.37. 

Drill and general instruction satisfactory. Knowledge of 
arms satisfactory. Personnel very good. Policing of armory 
very good. Readiness for assembly in sudden call very good. 



Battery C. 

Is in fair condition only. At the time of inspection, owing 
to vacancies, there were only 2 officers, the first lieutenant in 
command. There were 11 men absent from inspection without 
leave. Many changes in enlistment were noted. More attention 
should be given to individual instruction, and better care taken 
of the property. 

Condition of arms and equipments satisfactory. Condition 
of books and papers satisfactory. Finances satisfactory. 

Receipts, $3,703.51; amount spent for repairs to clothing, 
$174.50; amount spent for all purposes, $3,425.35; cash bal- 
ance, $945.82. 

Drill, general instruction, knowledge of arms and personnel 
satisfactory. Readiness for assembly in sudden call satisfactory. 

The attendance at armory inspection was as follows : head- 
quarters, 8 officers, 4 men, 1 officer absent without leave; Bat- 
tery A, 5 officers, 82 men, 3 absent without leave; Battery B, 
4 officers, 70 men, 9 absent without leave; Battery C, 2 officers, 
72 men, 11 absent without leave. 

The annual tour of camp duty of the battalion was performed 
August 3 to 10 inclusive. It reported at Boston Saturday, Au- 
gust 3, to participate in the mobilization. Immediately after 
the parade a start was made over the road to Medford, where 
the first night was spent. On the following day the march was 
made to Beverly, and Ipswich was reached Monday noon, where 
the battalion remained until Friday morning. On that day bat- 
teries A and B started for Boston, stopping at Saugus for the 
night, arriving in Boston Saturday noon. Battery C left Ips- 
wich Friday, spent the night at Boxford and returned to Law- 
rence Saturday. 

Sufficient attention has not been given to the elementary in- 
struction in batteries B and C. Poor set up and lack of mili- 



1908.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 61 

tary courtesy were apparent. Owing to lack of space, little op- 
portunity was given for mounted drills, much needed by all the 
batteries. There was no battalion formation during the week. 

The drivers handled and cared for their horses well. The 
batteries were well horsed, but more care could have been given 
in selecting mounts for the officers. 

The personal appearance of the men was not entirely satis- 
factory, owing to the condition of some of the uniforms and the 
way they were worn. This does not apply to Battery A, which 
was in marked contrast to the other batteries in this respect. 
Battery C was without a service Guidon. 

Capt. F. C. Doyle, Third IT. S. F. A., was present as in- 
structor during the entire tour of duty, and target practice 
under his direction was very instructive, Battery B for the first 
time firing the new 3-inch gun issued to it just before camp, 
Battery C firing the 3.2-inch gun. Battery A fired the 3-inch 
gun for the second year, with satisfactory results. The range 
was not suitable, as there was danger from the passing of small 
boats. 

The battalion commander should have given more attention 
to the issuing of proper orders for the information and instruc- 
tion of the battery commanders. Too much was left to their 
own initiative, and there was a lack of uniformity in conse- 
quence, both on the march and in camp. Officers and men of 
this battalion, especially in batteries B and C, need more atten- 
tion in elementary instruction and training. 

The attendance was as follows: out of an enrolled strength 
of 306, not including band, there were present 20% officers, 
267% men; 1% officers absent with leave, 14% men absent with 
leave, 2 men absent without leave; none being reported as sick 
or in arrest. 

Fiest Squadron Cavalry. 

The attendance at armory inspections was unsatisfactory, es- 
pecially in troops A and F. Troop A, with an enrollment of 
3 officers and 68 men, had present 2 officers and 36 men, 1 
officer and 12 men being absent with leave and 20 men absent 
without leave. Troop D, with an enrollment of 3 officers and 
Q6 men, had present 3 officers and 52 men, 11 absent with leave. 
Troop F, with an enrollment of 3 officers and 58 men, had 
present 3 officers and 33 men, 1 absent with leave and 24 with- 
out leave. 



62 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

Condition of arms satisfactory. Condition of equipments very- 
good. Clothing satisfactory. Books and papers very good. 
Finances satisfactory. 

Amount spent for repairs to clothing, $306.93 ; cash on hand> 
$2,537.57. 

Drills satisfactory in troops A and D ; unsatisfactory in Troop 
F. Knowledge of guard duty very fair in troops A and D ; poor 
in Troop F. General instruction satisfactory in troops A and D ; 
unsatisfactory in Troop F. Knowledge of arms very good; very 
fair in Troop F. Personnel very good in troops A and D; fair 
in Troop F. 

In general efficiency, troops A and D showed improvement 
over last year; Troop F did not. A lack of proper instruction 
in the use of the saber was noticeable. 

Manual of carbine good. Firings poorly done. Discipline 
satisfactory. Officers need to study drill regulations. 

The squadron is proficient in dismounted drill. It has no 
pistols. One troop was without sabers. The sabers issued by 
the State are too light for effective use in action, or to stand 
the wear and tear of mounted drill. The men are not proficient 
in their use. 

As a result of the armory inspection of Troop F, the inspect- 
ing officer finding it in such a poor condition, I ordered a special 
inspection on June 5, 1907. After a thorough inspection and 
consultation with prominent citizens of the town and past com- 
manders of the troop, I felt it my duty to recommend its dis- 
bandment. This was done by order of the Commander-in-Chief. 

The tour of camp duty was performed August 17 to 23, and 
consisted of a practice road march, with temporary camps at 
Duxbury, Scituate, South Hingham, Blue Hill Reservation and 
Roxbury. The squadron was transported by rail to Duxbury. 
Entraining and detraining satisfactory. The camp at Duxbury 
was an excellent one, good elevation, well drained and good water 
supply. 

Drills satisfactory. Guard duty showed improvement over last 
year. Ceremonies very good. Military courtesy satisfactory. 
Discipline excellent. 

After breaking camp at Duxbury and shipping tentage to 
State arsenal, the squadron began its road march, and the fol- 
lowing table will give a brief summary : — 



1908.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 



63 



Date. 


Start. 


Arrive. 


Time 
marched. 


Distance 
(Miles). 


Miles per 
Hour. 


Aug. 20, 
Aug. 21, 
Aug. 22, 
Aug. 23, 


10.39 a.m., 
9.08 a.m., 
8.23 a.m., 
9.55 a.m., 


1.34 p.m., 
12.00 m., 
12.40 p.m., 
12.10 p.m., 


Hrs. Min. 

3 5 
2 52 

4 17 
2 15 


15 
12 
17 
11 


4.8 
4.2 
4.0 
4.9 



Total time marched, 12 hours, 29 minutes; total distance 
marched, 55 miles; average rate, including halts, 4.4 miles per 
hour. 

Camp sites were selected by the quartermaster and medical 
officers, and, while being satisfactory for temporary use, were 
not large enough for troop drills or ceremonies. 

Several talks were given by Major Bigelow, and at the re- 
quest of Major Perrins he also acted as instructor on several 
occasions. 

With an enrollment of 162 officers and men, there were pres- 
ent 15 officers and 120 men, 13 being absent with leave and 14 
without. 

All calls were properly sounded and answered. The men 
seemed eager and willing to perform all the hard work that it 
was necessary for them to do. Special credit is due to the 
quartermaster, Lieut, J. C. Kerrison, for the tact and energy by 
which he secured the use of grounds, the loan of tubs, piping 
of water into camp, and other privileges and accommodations, 
at no cost to the Commonwealth, particularly as he was suffer- 
ing from physical disability, which would have justified his 
absence from duty. 

The commissary department was well handled, with the ex- 
ception of two mid-day meals early in the week, when suitable 
arrangements were not made and carried out. Food was good 
and ample. Cooking stoves were too large for field use. Polic- 
ing of camp and care of quarters excellent. 

The command shows improvement over last year. The in- 
spector calls attention to many little details in packing saddles, 
etc., and to the need of more mounted drill and knowledge of 
guiding and gaiting horses. The horses were generally better 
than last year, yet, in spite of the good care taken of them, 
about one-third of them became unfit for use on the last day's 
march, on account of sore backs. 

This tour of duty was of great benefit to the squadron, and 
reflects credit on both officers and m^a. 



64 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 



Signal Corps. 

The corps has been unfortunate the past year, owing to the 
captain being put in arrest for disobedience of orders, tried by 
court martial, found guilty and discharged. This naturally af- 
fected the whole organization. 

The attendance at armory inspection was excellent, 2 officers 
and 48 men being present, out of 3 officers and 49 men, 1 officer 
being under arrest and 1 man absent with leave. 

Condition of arms satisfactory. Equipments poor. Clothing 
fair onty. Books and papers fair. Property account very much 
mixed up, and much property missing. 

Amount spent for repairs to clothing, $7.50; cash balance, 
$164.66. The company owes a number of bills, so the treasury 
was practically empty. 

Drill in foot movements satisfactory. The men had practi- 
cally no instruction in guard duty, and but few knew their 
general orders. The sentiment in the corps is to the effect that 
the performing of guard duty in camp makes serious inroads 
into the time of the men who are prepared for signal work 
night and day, and actually so occupy themselves. 

Military courtesy fair only. 

The inspector noted that the technical work of the command 
was faulty at the time of inspection. The men seem to have 
mastered the theory of signal work, but not its application. 
How much of this was due to lack of practice, or how much to 
the condition of the apparatus, was hard to determine. It is 
a fact, however, that, in transmitting certain messages which 
the inspector prepared, all the communication broke down ex- 
cept at the flag station. The field telephone wires became use- 
less, the heliograph mission could not be adjusted for a long 
time, the telegraph batteries refused to work and the acetylene 
lights became unmanageable. The exhibition as a whole was 
not flattering. The encouraging feature, however, was that the 
officers and men seem to be interested and energetic, and there 
is no doubt that continued practice and experience will produce 
an effective organization. 

This corps should have larger armory accommodations, es- 
pecially for the storage and care of its propert}^. Overcoats need 
to be cleaned and repaired. Canteens were foul in many cases. 

The tour of camp duty was performed with the First Brigade 
at South Framingham, July 27 to August 3. 



1908.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 65 

The following plan for the week's work was outlined by Lieu- 
tenant Edwards, and approved by the brigade commander : — 

Saturday. — Establishing camp telephones and heliograph sta- 
tions. 

Sunday. — Drill by mounted squad. 

Monday. — Heliograph and flag station ; telephone construction ; 
flying telegraph instruction; squad sent to Mt. Wachusett; acety- 
lene lantern instruction. 

Tuesday. — Drill in marching movements ; camp and field instruc- 
tion; heliograph co mm unication between Tom's Hill and Mt. Wa- 
chusett. 

Wednesday. — Drill in marching movements and visual signalling ; 
telegraph and station finding; acetylene lantern instruction. 

Thursday. — Mounted squad to try and approach within one 
mile of camp without being observed by dismounted squad; also, 
road sketching. 

Friday. — Heliograph, flag and telephone instruction. 

This work was faithfully performed, with varying degrees of 
success. The corps has suffered for the lack of a captain, and 
there have been factions in the corps that have been bad for its 
efficiency. Lieutenants Edwards and Belcher have worked hard 
to harmonize all differences, with a large measure of success, 
and during the tour of camp duty all the members of the corps 
appeared to be enthusiastic and interested in the work. 

The attendance was excellent, — an average of 2 officers and 
55% men, 2% being absent with leave. 

Discipline excellent. Courtesy good. Care of quarters good. 
Policing of camp satisfactory. The stables, however, were left 
in bad condition when the corps left camp. 

This was the first tour of duty of the mounted squad. They 
improved their tour and worked well. The horses were a very 
good lot of animals, but were of course green to the business. 

Guard duty was a farce, the sentinels being " armed " with 
stave and flag. I believe in these camps of instruction the in- 
fantry should furnish the guard, leaving the signal men free 
and unhampered to study and perfect themselves in the work of 
their branch of the service. 

Attendance at roll calls satisfactory. A complete telephone 
system was installed about the camp, and worked well. 

At the mobilization in Boston, August 3, the corps made an 
excellent appearance; alignments and distances good; discipline 



6Q ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

excellent. The passage in review before the Commander-in-Chief 
was very satisfactory. 

Since this tour of duty was performed, Captain Christopher 
Harrison, an officer of experience and ability, has been elected 
captain of the corps, and I am confident that he will soon bring 
the organization to a high standard of efficiency. 

Ambulance Company. 

At the armory inspection there were present 3 officers and 
45 men, out of an enrollment of 3 officers and 52 men; 5 absent 
with leave and 2 without leave. 

Enrollment too small. Condition of equipment very good. 
Clothing poor. Books and papers excellent. Finances satisfac- 
tory. 

Amount paid for repairs to clothing, $102.68 ; amount spent 
for all purposes, $625.92; cash on hand, $323. 

Drill very good. General instruction satisfactory. Personnel 
very good. Some of the men are too light for the hard work of 
carrying patients. The quarters, lockers and store rooms are 
insufficient. Blue uniforms are worn out, as well as the over- 
coats. The khaki uniforms are serviceable, but need washing. 

The tour of camp duty was performed at South Framingham, 
with the Second Brigade, August 3 to 10 inclusive. The camp 
was at the extreme left of the line, and was well laid, but in a 
new location. I believe better results would be obtained in 
having the camp located near the brigade hospital, as formerly 
done. 

Notwithstanding the small enrollment, the attendance was 
excellent, 3 officers and 62 men being present all the week, 1 
man being absent with leave and 1 without. 

Policing of camp and care of quarters excellent. Discipline 
excellent. Military courtesy very fair. Uniforms fair only; 
some badly worn, and need to be exchanged. Attendance at roll 
calls good. 

The health of the brigade being so good, the company had 
but little hospital work to do, but the time was well spent in 
drills and exemplified work. A most creditable piece of work 
was performed in building an emergency field hospital. The 
men gathered all the materials needed around and about the 
camp. A very roomy and durable hospital was constructed, and 
fitted up with beds, chairs, operating table, bath tub, etc., every- 
thing being crude but serviceable. 

At the mobilization in Boston, August 3, the company made 



1908.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 67 

an excellent appearance, and, besides, made itself very useful to 
the medical department. 

The officers and men are intelligent, interested, and in most 
cases understand their work. 

Eecommendations. 

As prescribed by Begulations, the following suggestions for 
the improvement of the militia are respectfully submitted : — 

1. The systematic instruction of officers in preparing all mili- 
tary papers, and a sample set of same to be issued to each head- 
quarters and company. 

2. That all enlisted men care for their own rifles, and be- 
come familiar with the mechanism of same. 

3. That field officers exercise more careful supervision ovei 
companies in the armory. 

4. That an effort be made to obtain the service of a Eegular 
Army officer as military instructor in the armories, as well as in 
camp. 

5. That company officers be given instruction in map making 
and making of field reports. 

6. Pay the men for attendance at drills and inspection, and 
fine them for nonattendance. 

7. The adoption of a uniform system of a card index alarm 
list; also, a uniform system of procuring emergency rations. 

I wish at this time to express my admiration for the valuable 
service rendered to the Massachusetts Volunteer Militia by Capt. 
Eobert C. Davis, Seventeenth IT. S. Infantry. He has worked 
hard and faithfully, and has accomplished a vast amount of 
good. He has the confidence of officers and men, and by his 
tact, energy and ability has created a marked desire for mili- 
tary knowledge and instruction. 

In conclusion, I wish to thank the officers of this department 
for the faithful and conscientious service rendered, and for the 
cheerfulness with which they have answered all calls to duty. 

I wish also to express my appreciation to the officers who have 
been detailed to duty in this department, for their valuable ser- 
vices and for the co-operation they have accorded me. 

To you, sir, I am under deep obligation for much valuable 
assistance and many courtesies extended. 

Very respectfully, 

WM. H. BEIGHAM, 
Brigadier General and Inspector General, M. V. M. 



68 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 



REPORT OF THE SURGEON GENERAL. 



Surgeon General's Office, Room 259, State House, 
Boston, Dec. 14, 1907. 

Brig. Gen. James P. Parker, Adjutant General, Massachusetts. 

Sir : — I have the honor to make the following report of the 
work of this department during the present fiscal year : — 

Physical Examinations by Surgeon General. 

State and Military Aid. — Twenty-four men have been exam- 
ined during the present year for State and military aid. In 
every case a recommendation for aid was made, varying from a 
very slight measure of relief to the maximum allowed by law. 

State Licenses. — Twenty men who had served either in the 
military or the naval branch of the United States fighting forces 
were examined, and in nineteen cases a recommendation was 
made to the Secretary of the Commonwealth that a gratuitous 
license to peddle and hawk be granted, as prescribed by statute. 
The Supreme Court of Massachusetts having decided last spring 
that these gratuitous licenses are illegal, all former statutory law 
in regard to them was repealed by chapter 571, Acts of 1907. 
Since then these examinations by the Surgeon General have 
ceased. 

Soldiers' Homes. — Twenty applicants for admission to na- 
tional soldiers' homes, with three exceptions all veterans of the 
civil war, were examined, and all were found to be suffering in 
some way, either from disease or wounds received in the service. 

Details. 

Jamestown Exposition. — The most important detail of the 
Surgeon General by the Commander-in-Chief was that to the 
Jamestown Exposition, in August. Owing mainly to the fact 
that the Surgeon General was acting Adjutant General for much 
of the time, it was impossible for him to visit the model United 
States Army camp at Norfolk close by. However, on the Sur- 



1908.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 69 

• 

geon General's recommendation, Lieut. Col. Walter A. Smith, 
surgeon First Brigade, and Capt. Myles Standish, retired, were 
detailed to attend the Convention of the Association of Military 
Surgeons of the United States at Jamestown, October 15-18, 
and these officers visited the camp, where Maj. Charles E. Wood- 
ruff, chief surgeon, courteously explained new and striking fea- 
tures, particularly the McCall incinerator. 

At the convention itself, what impressed both detailed officers 
as being of most importance to the medical department of this 
State was a paper by Lieut. Col. Homer I. Jones, Indiana 
National Guard, entitled, " The Correspondence School as a 
Means of Instruction for the Medical Officers of the State 
Forces." 

School for Medical Officers. 

Paper by Major Lynch. — In accordance with the provisions 
of paragraphs I-III, General Orders, No. 7<> A. G. 0., a school 
for medical instruction was held on Wednesday, April 17, at the 
South Armory, Boston. The lecturer was Maj. Charles Lynch, 
surgeon, U. S. A., and his subject was " Medical Officers of the 
Organized Militia : their Duties in War," a topic on which Major 
Lynch was amply able to talk, because of his having been detailed 
by the United States War Department to the Japanese side in 
the war with Eussia. The lecture, therefore, was very interest- 
ing and instructive, and was followed by a general discussion 
among those present. All but ten of the active medical officers 
attended, many of them at much personal inconvenience. The 
paper has since been published at the expense of this department, 
and distributed among the medical officers and members of the 
Ambulance Company. 

Physical Examination of Becruits. 

Statistics. - — The following table shows approximately the cost 
of physically examining recruits in the Massachusetts militia. 
The table does not contain the very slight office and incidental 
expenses. The annual appropriation for this work is generally 
$2,600, which by careful economy is usually sufficient to meet 
all bills. 



70 



ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. 



[Jan, 



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ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. rj an# 



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Lieut.-Com. Merritt, .... 

Lieut. Eldridge, ..... 

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1908.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 73 

The incompleteness of the above table is due to two causes, 
viz., a few medical officers do the work of examining gratui- 
tously, while others, intending to charge for it, are habitually 
late in forwarding bills. 

Toues of Duty. 

Various Camps. — The tours of duty of the different organi- 
zations during the past year were performed without special 
incident. There were no fatalities and no extremely severe ill- 
nesses or injuries, so far as personal observation or examination 
of the reports shows. The bulk of the complaints were, as in 
other years, stomach and foot. 

Trouble of August 3. — While general approval is due the med- 
ical officers for their efforts to promote the health of the 
troops at the various camps, it should be noted here that the 
organizations breaking camp on the morning of August 3 at 
South Framingham were allowed to leave the grounds in any- 
thing but a sanitary condition. To quote from one report as to 
the conditions that morning : " The mess houses were in a filthy 
condition, not having been attended to. The kitchens had evi- 
dently been left in a hurry, and behind each kitchen were piles 
of swill, the barrels having been filled to overflowing. . . . The 
sinks available to the regiment were found to be full, and from 
the surrounding conditions I believe that the ordinary methods 
of sanitation were not used." 

It is only fair to say that the troops had to leave South Fram- 
ingham early on the morning of August 3, in order to take part 
in the mobilization and parade in Boston, and before leaving 
had to pack official and personal property for shipping. Even 
allowing for this, however, it would seem as if the grounds 
should have been left in a more sanitary condition than they 
were. 

Harbor Maneuvers. — For their tours of duty the Fifth Begi- 
ment Infantry and the Corps Coast Artillery co-operated with 
the United States Army forces stationed at the different forts 
on the islands and mainland of Boston harbor. The medical 
officers of these two organizations are unanimous in their ap- 
proval of this change from the usual State camp, regarding it 
as the nearest approach possible to working along regular army 
lines. 

Recommendations. — From personal inspection and from read- 
ing the reports of medical officers, the Surgeon General is im- 



74 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

pelled to state the following in regard to conditions at the South 
Framingham camp grounds : — 

(1) There is an imperative need of new sinks. The sinks 
now used, if continued, should be established as far as possible 
from kitchens, and on the opposite side of the camp, if such a 
thing can be done with any convenience. But a new system is 
required, as the attempts to remedy the present glaring defec- 
tive system are both expensive and ineffectual. 

(2) A crematory should be built for the disposal of garbage, 
thus removing the danger of an epidemic, and putting our militia 
on a level with the best thought along this line. 

(3) Screens are needed for the door and windows of the 
guard house, cook houses and brigade hospital. 

(4) Guards should sleep in tents, instead of in the guard 
house ; this because of the danger of vermin. 

(5) Cook houses and wash stands should be repaired. 

(6) The brigade hospital windows should be so fixed that 
they can be raised and lowered easily, as is the case with 
ordinary dwelling houses. The shutters should be provided with 
fasteners outside, so that they will not slam with every fresh 
breeze, and thus annoy patients. 

(7) The concrete and macadam of the cook houses should be 
repaired. 

(8) The various companies, batteries and troops should be 
provided with compartment ice boxes, by which the different 
articles of food may be kept apart from each other, and all the 
articles protected from dust, dirt and flies. Two companies at 
least in the Second Regiment are provided with this kind of ice 
box. 

Mobilization of Troops. 

General Orders, No. 13. — The resources of the medical de- 
partment were taxed on Saturday, August 3, the date of the 
mobilization of the entire militia. General Orders, No. 13, A. 
G. 0., issued June 18, contained the following paragraph: — 

IV. (iv) The Surgeon General will make such arrangements for 
the sanitary care of troops at point of formation and on the march 
as he may deem necessary, and have ambulance and appliances for- 
warded to Boston. He is authorized to detail officers or enlisted men 
from the Ambulance Company or from the surgeons and Hospital 
Corps men of the various organizations, to properly carry on the 
work of his department. 



1908.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 75 

Ambulances. — Following these instructions, every thing pos- 
sible was done to guard against heat prostrations on that day, 
which came in the very hottest part of summer. Long before 
August 3 arrangements were made with the necessary State and 
municipal departments, such as the Metropolitan Park Commis- 
sion, and the police, sewer, street, health and public buildings 
departments of Boston. The Massachusetts General Hospital, 
the city of Boston Hospital, the police department of Boston 
and the public buildings department of Boston all willingly ac- 
cepted the Surgeon General's invitation to station ambulances 
with attendants at efficient distances along the line of march. 
The result is shown in the following paragraph, from the Sur- 
geon General's circular dated July 31 : — 

(a) A police ambulance will be stationed at each of the following 
points: Castle and Tremont streets, West Street near Tremont, 
Chauncy and S umm er streets, High and Congress streets, State and 
Broad streets, Court and Washington streets, Somerset, and Beacon 
streets, Spruce and Beacon streets. 

(b) An ambulance from one of the Boston public hospitals will 
be stationed at each of the following points: Co mm onwealth Avenue 
and Arlington Street, Chandler and Berkeley streets, Post Office 
Square near 87 Milk Street, S umm er and High streets. 

Hospitals and Stations. Following was the arrangement of 
field hospitals and first-aid stations, with the officers in charge of 
each : field hospital on Commonwealth Avenue, between Berkeley 
and Clarendon streets, with Capt.-Asst. Surg. Patrick F. Butler 
in charge; field hospital on Boston Common, at the head of 
Winter Street, with First Lieut.-Asst. Surg. Edwin P. Seaver, Jr., 
in charge; aid station in drug store of Maj. Albert L. Wyman, 
Berkeley and Chandler streets, with Lieut.-Asst. Surg. William 
E. P. Emerson in charge ; aid station in office of Hayden & Stone, 
87 Milk Street, with Lieut.-Asst. Surg. Benjamin F. Sturgis, Jr., 
in charge; aid station in Old South Building, Washington, at 
foot of School Street, with Lieut.-Asst. Surg. Arthur G. Scoboria 
in charge. 

Heat Prostrations. — Because of the thoroughness of the pre- 
liminary arrangements and of the efficient work of the above 
officers, who were under the direction of Lieut. Col. Charles C 
Foster, surgeon, Second Brigade, as chief surgeon, the many 
cases of heat prostration, caused by the rapid marching and the 
great heat, were treated promptly and efficiently, and no baneful 
after-effects have been reported to the Surgeon General's office. 



76 



ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 



Board of Medical Officers. 

Examinations. — The Board of Medical Officers, as made up 
at the rendition of the last annual report of the Surgeon General, 
went out of office on Nov. 15, 1907, after the publication of 
General Orders, No. 24, A. G. 0., current service. During the 
fiscal year the Board is shown by its records to have conducted 
the following examinations : — 



Non-Medical Officers (Physical) 



Date. 


Number 
examined. 


Number 
passed. 


Dec. 


26, 


1906, 


12 


12 


Jan. 


23, 


1907, 












6 


6 


Feb. 


21, 


1907, 












3 


3 


Feb. 


27, 


1907, 












o 


5 


March 2 


7, 1907, 












16 


16 


Apri 
May 
June 


[ 24 
22, 
26, 


, 1907, 
1907, 
1907, 












9 
11 
17 


9 
11 
17 


July 
July 
Sept. 
Oct. 


12, 

24, 

25 

23, 

?ota 


1907, 
1907, 
1907, 
1907, 












10 

8 
2 
6 


10 
8 
2 
6 


1 


Is, 


• 


• 


• 






105 


105 



Medical Officers (Physical and Mental) 




Dec. 20, 1906, 
April 9, 1907, 
May 28, 1907, 
July 5, 1907, , 



Conformity with United States Army. 

General Orders, No. 2Jf. — Conformity in organization as 
nearly as practicable with the United States Army, which was 
first contemplated statutorily by the so-called Dick bill (Act of 
Congress, approved Jan. 21, 1903), was finally completed in 
this State by General Orders, No. 24, already referred to, and 
issued from the Adjutant General's office under the date of 
October 12 of this year. The reorganization was to date from 
November 15. 

Quotations. — For the purposes of this report the following 
quotations therefrom are given here : — 



1908.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 



77 



II. {a) For the purposes of administration and convenience, the 
Massachusetts Volunteer Militia will be divided into the Staff of the 
Commander-in-Chief, the National Guard, the Naval Militia, and 
the Retired List. The Naval Militia will comprise the Naval Brigade, 
or such other naval organization or organizations as may be allowed 
by law. The National Guard will comprise all other organizations of 
the Massachusetts Volunteer Militia. 



(c) The National Guard shall consist of . . . the medical depart- 
ment. . . . 

The medical department shall consist of : — 

1 Surgeon General, with the rank of brigadier general ; 

11 surgeons, with the rank of major; 

9 assistant surgeons, with the rank of captain ; 

12 assistant surgeons, with the rank of first lieutenant ; and 

a Hospital Corps. 
The Commander-in-Chief will, by order, detail officers of the medi- 
cal department to duty with organizations as follows: to each 
regiment, and the Coast Artillery Corps, — 1 surgeon, major, 1 
assistant surgeon, captain, 1 assistant surgeon, first lieutenant; to the 
Hospital Corps, — 1 surgeon, major; to the squadron of cavalry 
and battalion of field artillery, each, — 1 assistant surgeon, captain, 
1 assistant surgeon, first lieutenant; to the Ambulance Company sec- 
tion, — 1 assistant surgeon, captain, 2 assistant surgeons, first lieu- 
tenants; to the Corps of Cadets, each, — 1 surgeon, major, 1 assist- 
ant surgeon, first lieutenant. 

The Hospital Corps shall consist of : — 
8 sergeants, first class, 
26 sergeants, 
72 privates, first class, 

60 privates, — who, by order of the Commander-in-Chief, 
will be detailed to the following organizations : — 



Sergeants 
1st Class. 



Sergeants. 



Privates 
1st Class. 



Privates. 



2 brigades, 

5 regiments, . 

1 Coast Artillery Corps, . 

1 Signal Corps Company, 

1 squadron Cavalry, 

1 battalion Field Artillery, 

2 Corps Cadets, 
1 Ambulance Company section, 

Totals, 






2 


2 


5 


10 


30 


1 


2 


6 


— 


1 


1 


— 


1 


2 


— 


1 


2 


— 


2 


4 


2 


7 


25 


8 


26 


72 



2 

15 
3 

1 

1 

2 

36 



60 



XIII. Owing to the fact that on November 15 one of the members 
of the Military Examining Board, and all the members of the Medi- 



78 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

cal Examining Board, either are discharged or are required to take 
new examinations, special boards of examiners are hereby appointed, 
to examine officers affected by this order. . . . 

Medical Board 1 (physical examination), to meet Nov. 15, 1907, 
at 10 a.m. : — 

Maj. Gen. Robert A. Blood, retired. 

Lieut. Col. Charles M. Green, retired. 

Lieut. Comdr. Dennis F. Sughrue, retired. 
Medical Board (mental examination for surgeons), to meet Nov. 
16, 1907, at 10 a.m. : — 

Lieut. Col. William L. Richardson, retired. 

Capt. Myles Standish, retired. 

Capt. H. Lincoln Chase, retired. 

Both these boards, of which not a single member was absent, 
did excellent work. On November 15 all medical officers ap- 
pearing for examination were found to be physically competent, 
while on the following day all medical officers who appeared 
were found to be mentally competent. 

Board of Medical Officers. — Special Orders, No. 175, A. G. 
0., dated November 22, incorporated the recommendation of the 
Surgeon General that the following officers should constitute 
the Board of Medical Officers, as prescribed by chapter 465, Acts 
of 1905, succeeding to all the powers and duties of the Board 
that went out of office on November 15 : — 



Maj. Howard S. Dearing. 
Maj. David Cheever. 



Capt. George Osgood. 



On November 27 this Board examined and found competent 
three medical officers who had accepted appointments under the 
new arrangement, but had failed to appear for examination on 
November 15 and 16, thus completing the examination of all 
medical officers who had accepted appointments in the re-organ- 
ized medical department. 

Assignments. 

Special Orders, Nos. 172 and 178. — On the suggestion of the 
Surgeon General, medical officers were reassigned to the organ- 
izations to which they had been attached under the old plan, as 
follows : — 

1 By Special Orders, No. 167, A. G. O., dated October 31, the following retired or 
supernumerary medical officers were ordered to assist this board: Col. Freeman C. 
Hersey, Lieut. Col. John F. Harvey, Maj. William N. Decker, Maj. William A. Rolfe, 
Maj. George W. Mills and First Lieut. Arthur G. Scoboria. 



1908.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 



79 



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80 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

Hospital Corps. 

Personnel, etc. — The Hospital Corps men attached to the 
various organizations previous to November 15, on which date 
the Hospital Corps became a part of the medical department 
proper, consisted largely of physicians, dentists, medical students 
and pharmacists. Probably in no other branch of the service 
was there such a high percentage of earnest, professional men. 
The opinion, however, of the Surgeon General, confirmed also 
by the judgment of some of the most experienced medical offi- 
cers, is that it would be better not to have so many professional 
men in the Hospital Corps, as the corps naturally could be 
rounded into a more efficient unit if it were to consist of a fair 
proportion of medical men, dentists and pharmacists, but mainly 
of men engaged in other callings. 

Sanitary System. 

Special Orders, No. 29. — Special Orders, No. 29, A. G. 0., 
dated Feb. 16, 1907, read in part as follows: — 

On the recommendation of the Surgeon General, a Board of officers 
is hereby constituted to consider and report upon such alterations and 
improvements as may be required in the sanitary system at the State 
camp grounds, South Framingham. . . . Detail for the Board: — 

Lieut. Qol. Charles C. Foster, surgeon, staff Second Brigade. 

Maj. Joseph S. Hart, surgeon, Sixth Infantry. 

Capt. Christopher Harrison, engineer, staff First Brigade. 

Action recommended by Board. — This Board recommended 
that land as provided in House .Bill No. 427 be acquired, thus 
giving the State more land for drilling, and allowing the camp 
drainage to be cheaply and efficiently disposed of by cesspools 
or filter beds. The Board also recommended that a crematory 
be established. 

Action taken. — Neither of these recommendations was ef- 
fected, and up to the time of rendering this report nothing has 
been done to improve the drainage system at the State camp 
grounds. The Surgeon General regrets that something has not 
been done to do away with the present sink system at the camp. 
This should be done, whether or not along the lines suggested 
by the Board. Also, a crematory should be built, as recom- 
mended. 



1908.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 81 

Bread, — Loaves to be wrapped up. — The matter of sanitary 
handling of bread for the troops was again up for discussion 
during the past summer, owing to a complaint from the surgeon 
of the Eighth Eegiment. The Surgeon General has personally 
made inquiries, and is of the opinion that each loaf of bread 
can be wrapped up, excluding all flying earth and dust, at a 
very small expense. 

Final Word. 

This report would not be complete without a final word of 
appreciation of the moral support extended to this department 
by His Excellency the Governor, of the helpful suggestions of 
yourself, and of the continued courtesies of Col. William C. 
Capelle, Assistant Adjutant General. 

Very respectfully, 

WILLIAM H. DEVINE, 

Surgeon General. 



82 



ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan, 



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Colonel, .... 
Colonel, .... 
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Lieutenant Colonel, 
Lieutenant Colonel, 
Lieutenant Colonel, 
Major, ...-., 
Lieutenant Commander, 
Major, .... 
Major, .... 
Major, .... 
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Robert A. Blood, 
Thomas Kittredge, . 
David Clark, . 
Charles C. Foster, . 
Charles H. Rice, 
Freeman C. Hersey, 
William L. Richardson, 
Charles M. Green, . 
John F. Harvey, 
Orland J. Brown, 
Dennis F. Sughrue, . 
William. N. Decker, . 
William A. Rolfe. 
Frederick H. Osgood, 
H. Lincoln Chase, . 
Austin Peters, . 
Myles Standish, 



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1908.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 85 



Appendix B. 



Catalog of Books and Pamphlets in the Office of the Surgeon 
General of Massachusetts, Room 259, State House, Boston, 
Dec. 15, 1907. 

A. 

Address delivered at Army Medical School (Busey), 1897. 

Ambulance Corps Drill Regulations, M. V. M., 1894. 

Anatomy, Compendium of Human (Potter), 1886. 

Anatomy, Descriptive and Surgical (Gray), 1883. 

Appleton's Medical Dictionary, 1904. 

Armed Strength of the German Empire, in two parts (Grierson), 1888. 

Army and Navy Dictionary (Wisser and Gauss), 1905. 

Army Medical Staff, Address by Webster, 1865. 

Army Surgeon's Manual (Grace), 1865. 

Art of subsisting Armies in War (Sharpe), 1893. 

B. 

Barracks and Hospitals', with Descriptions of Military Posts, Report on, 

Surgeon General's Office, U. S. A., 1870. 
Barton First Aid Text-book, The (Hartung), 1906. 
* Baths, Bathing and Swimming for Soldiers (Chase), 1896. 

C. 

Care of the Sick (BiUroth), 1894. 

Chemistry, Inorganic, Compendium of (Ward), 1883. 

Clothing Case for the Army and Navy, and a Device for transporting 

the Wounded, a paper by Parker, 1894. 
Customs of the Service, a handbook of naval etiquette for the use of the 

Naval Militia (Dutton), 1893. 
Cycle Infantry Drill Regulations (Ordway), 1892. 

D. 

Dictionary of Practical Surgery (Heath), 1886. 

Digest of Acts of Massachusetts relating to Massachusetts Medical 
Society, etc., 1893. 

Diseases of the Horse, issued by the United States Department of Agri- 
culture, 1903. 



86 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

Drill Regulations, Ambulance Corps, M. V. M., 1895. 

Drill Regulations and Outlines of First Aid for the Hospital Corps, 

U. S. A., 1904. 
Drill Regulations, Company Bearers, M. V. M., 1897. 

E. 

Emergency and Hygiene Notes for the Militia (Devine), 1894. 

Epidemic of Cholera and Yellow Fever in the United States during 1867, 
Report on, Surgeon General's Office, U. S. A., 1868. 

Epitome of Tripler's Manual and Other Publications on the Examina- 
tion of Recruits (Greenleaf), 1893. 

Examination of Water (Leffmann), 1903. 

Excisions of the Head of the Femur for Gunshot Injuries, Report on, 
Surgeon General's Office, U. S. A., 1869. 

Extent and Nature of Materials available for Preparation of a Medical 
and Surgical History of the Rebellion, Report on, Surgeon Gen- 
eral's Office, U. S. A., 1865. 

F. 

Farmer's Veterinary Adviser (Law), 1892. 
Field Service Regulations, U. S. A., 1905. 
First Aid in Accident and Sudden Illness (Black). 
First Aid in Illness and Injury (Pilcher), 1894. 

First Aid to the Injured, published by the St. John Ambulance Asso- 
ciation, 1878. 
Food Inspection and Analysis (Leach), 1904. 
Fractures of the Skull, Report of Twenty Cases of (Brush), 1885. 

G. 

Gunshot Injuries (Longmore), 1895. 

H. 

Handbook for the Hospital Corps, U. S. A. (Mason), 1906. 
Handbook for the Hospital Corps, U. S. A. (Smart), 1889, 1898, 1902. 
Handbook for the Military Surgeon (Tripler and Blackman), 1861. 
Handbook of First Ad to the Injured (Morton), 1884. 
Handbook of Subsistence Stores, for Use in the Army of the United 

States, 1896. 
Hints on Health in Armies (Ordronaux), 1863. 
Hints on the Medical Examination of Recruits for the Army, etc. 

(Henderson), 1840, 1856. 
Hospital and Superintendent (Fisher), 1902. 
Hospital Steward's Manual (Woodward), 1862. 
Hospitals, Dispensaries and Nursing (Billings and Hurd), 1894. 
Hygiene (Harrington), 1905. 
Hygiene of the United States Army, 1875. 



1908.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 87 



I. 

Infantry Drill Regulations, U. S. A., 1891, 1899, 1904. 

Instruction of the Hospital or Ambulance Corps in the United States 

and State Service (Alden), 1896. 
Instructions for Medical Officers of United States Navy, 1873, 1886, 

1906. 
Instructions for transacting Clerical Business of War Department, etc., 

1876. 

L. 

Land Forces of the United States (Lindsay), Adjutant General's Office, 
Massachusetts, 1905. 

M. 

Manual for Army Cooks, U. S. A., 1883, 1896. 

Manual for Infantry Officers of the National Guard (Gilchrist), 1890. 

Manual for loading and firing the Peabody Breech-loading Rifle, 1873. 

Manual for the Medical Department, Nebraska National Guard, 1900. 

Manual for the Medical Department, United States Army, 1902, 1906. 

Manual for Medical Officers (Greenleaf), 1864. 

Manual for Medical Officers of the Militia of the United States (Forster), 

1877. 
Manual of Ambulance Transport (Longmore), 1893. 
Manual of Bacteriology (Hewlett), 1902. 
Manual of Chemistry (Simon), 1898. 
Manual of Drill for Hospital Corps, U. S. A., 1891. 
Manual of Etherization (Jackson), 1861. 

Manual of Guard Duty, Salutes and Insignia of Rank, Adjutant Gen- 
eral's Office, Massachusetts, 1887. 
Manual of Guard Duty, U. S. A., 1902. 
Manual of Instruction for Stretcher Drill, as prepared and practised 

by the Ambulance Corps, First Brigade, M. V. M., 1889. 
Manual of Instructions for enlisting and discharging Soldiers (Bar- 

thalow), 1863. 
Manual of the Medical Officer of the Army of the United States (Trip- 

ler), being Part I., Recruiting and Inspection of Recruits, 1858. 
Materia Medica, Compendium of (Potter), 1887. 
Materia Medica, Pharmacy and Therapeutics (Potter), 1903. 
Medical and Surgical History of the War of the Rebellion, 4 volumes, 

1875. 
Medical Dictionary (Dunglison), 1874. 
Medical Officer at the Summer Encampment (Greenleaf) . 
Medical Register for New England (Brown), 1888. 
Medical Register of Massachusetts (Brown), 1875. 
Medical Work of the Massachusetts Volunteer Aid Association during 

the Spanish War, 1899. 



88 



ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. 



[Jan. 



Military and Camp Hospitals, and the Health of Troops in the Field 

(Baudens), 1862. 
Military Courtesy (Anonymous). 
Military Hygiene (Munson), 1901. 
Military Red Cross Corps (Parker), 1888. 
Militia Law of Massachusetts, 1875, 1876, 1878, 1887, 1893, 1897. 



N. 
Notes on Military Hygiene for Officers of the Line (Woodhull), 1890. 



O. 

Official Army Register, U. S. A., 1866, 1886, 1894, 1901. 

Official Memoranda of Decisions on Points of Tactics, 1886. 

Organized Militia of the United States, 1893, 1894, 1895. 

Origin and Spread of Typhoid Fever in United States Military Camps 

during the Spanish War of 1898, Report on, 2 volumes, Surgeon 

General's Office, U. S. A., 1904. 
Outlines of Military Surgery (Ballingall), 1844. 
Outposts (Chase), 1888. 

P. 

Pharmacopoeia of the United States, 1893. 

Physiology, Human, Compendium of (Brubaker), 1886. 

Practical Dietetics (Thompson), 1896. 

Practical Examination of Urine (Tyson), 1886. 

Practical Horseshoeing (Fleming), 1877. 

Practical Hygiene (Parkes), edited by Notter, 1891. 

Practical Treatise on Venereal Disorders (Ricord) , 1840. 

Practice of Medicine, Compendium of, parts I. and II. (Hughes), 1885. 

Practice of Pharmacy (Remington), 1894. 

Prevention of Disease in the Army, The (Keane), 1906. 

Principles of Military Surgery (Hennen) , 1830. 

Principles of the Naval Staff Rank, etc. (Anonymous), 1869. 

Prompt Aid to the Injured (Doty), 1902. 



R. 

Records of the Living Officers of the United States Army, 1884. 
Regiments and Armories of Massachusetts, 2 volumes, 1899. 
Regulations for the Medical Department of the United States, 1861. 
Regulations for the Military and Naval Forces of the State of New 

York, 1894. 
Regulations of Massachusetts Volunteer Militia, 1879, 1900. 
Regulations, Rules, Decisions and Memoranda pertaining to Clothing 

and Equipage Supplies of the Army of the United States, 1893. 



1908.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 89 

Reports of Military Observers attached to the Armies in Manchuria 
during the Russo-Japanese War, — Part IV., Report of Maj. 
Charles Lynch, Medical Department, General Staff, U. S. A., 1907. 

Revised Laws of Massachusetts, 3 volumes, 1902. 

Revised Medical Regulations, United States Army, 1861. 

S. 

Soldier's First Aid Handbook (Dietz), 1891. 

Soldier's Handbook, for use in the Army of the United States, pub- 
lished by Secretary of War, U. S. A., 1905. 

Specifications for Clothing, Camp and Garrison Equipage, etc., pub- 
lished by Quartermaster General, U. S. A., 1889. 

Standing Orders in Camp for First Corps Cadets, M. V. M., 1875, 1895. 

Student's Standard Dictionary, 1898. 

Supplement to Manual of Guard Duty, First Corps Cadets, M. V. M., 
1885. 

Supplement to the Revised Laws of Massachusetts (Peck), 1907. 

Surgery, Compendium of (Horwitz), 1885. 

Surgical Cases in the Army, Report on, Surgeon General's Office, 
U. S. A., 1877. 

T. 

Table of Distances in the United States, published by Secretary of 

War, U.S.A., 1891. 
Text -book of Human Physiology, etc. (Landors and Stirling), 1886. 
Text-book of Hygiene (Rohe), 1895. 
Transport of Sick and Wounded by Pack Animals, Report on, Surgeon 

General's Office, U. S. A., 1877. ' 
Troops in Campaign, 1892. 
Types Militaires. 

U. 

Uniformes de l'Armee Beige, 1893. 

United States Army Regulations, published by Secretary of War, 1904. 
United States Artillery Tactics, 1874. 
United States Cavalry Tactics, 1874. 

United States Dispensatory (Wood, Remington and Sadtler), 15th edi- 
tion, 1886;' 18th edition, 1899. 
United States Infantry Tactics, 1874. 

V. 

Visceral Anatomy, Compendium of (Potter), 1885. 
Vivisection in the District of Columbia, United States Department of 
Agriculture, 1896. 

W. 

Webster's International Dictionary, 1895. 



90 



ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. 



[Jan. 



Appendix C. 



Property List of Surgeon General of Massachusetts, 

Dec. 15, 1907. 



Articles. 



Total on 
Hand. 



At 
Arsenal. 



At State 
House. 



Ambulances, State, 

Analyses of urine, sets 

Ajxes, 

Bags, hot water, 

Bags, ice, . 

Bags, saddle, U. S. A., pairs 

Basins, agate, 

Basins, tin, 

Basins, wash, 

Baskets, . 

Bedsteads, iron, 

Bedsteads, wooden, 

Bits, bridle, 

Blankets, gray, single, 

Blankets, red, single, 

Blankets, rubber, 

Boards, urine analysis 

Books, official : — 

Ambulance Report Books, 
Company Sick Report Books, 
Deaths and Interments, U. S. A., 
Diseases of the Horse, United States 

Agricultural Department, 
Doty's Prompt Aid to the Injured, 
Drill Regulations, Ambulance Com- 
pany, M. V. M., . 
Drill Regulations, Company Bear- 
ers, M. V. M., . 
Drill Regulations, Hospital Corps, 

U. S. A., . . . . 

Field Service Regulations, U. S. A., 
Files, Enlistment, U. S. A., . 
Forster's Manual, 
Gray's Anatomy, 
Handbook, Hospital Corps (Smart), 

KJ • kJ* Jr\~m m • ■ • • • 



With 
Officers. 



1 


1 




1 


— 


— 


1 


— 


1 


2 


1 


— 


2 


1 


— 


6 


— 


4 


20 


20 


— 


2 


2 


— 


6 


— 


— 


1 


1 


— 


28 


28 


— 


28 


6 


— 


2 


2 


— 


2 


2 


— 


65 


65 


— 


4 


2 


2 


1 


— 


1 


1 





— 


6 


— 


6 


2 


— 


2 


3 


— 


2 


55 


— 


1 


223 


— 


222 


16 


— 


16 


109 


— 


18 


1 


— 


1 


11 


— 


11 


10 


— 


9 


2 


— 


1 


12 


— 


2 



1 
1 

2 



6 



22 



1 
54 



91 



1 
1 

10 



1908.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 



91 



Property List of Surgeon General op Massachusetts — Con. 



Articles. 



Total on 
Hand. 



At 
Arsenal. 



At State 
House. 



With 
Officers. 



Books, official — Con.: — 

Hospital Fund and Return of Dura- 
ble Property, U. S. A., 
Index of Register of Patients, 

U. S. A., . 
Information Slip Books, U. S. A., 
Instructions for Medical Officers 

Journals, Medical, U. S. N., . 
Land Forces, M. V. M., . 
Letter and Order Books, U. S. A., 
Manual for Army Cooks, U. S. A., 
Manuals, Medical Department 

U. S. A., . 
Mason's Handbook, U. S. A., 
Meteorological Register, U. S. A., 
Military Hygiene (Munson), U. S. A., 
Morning Sick Reports (medical 

records), .... 
Morning Sick Reports, U. S. A., 
Pharmacy (Remington), U. S. A., 
Property Books, . 
Property Books, large, 
Record Books, various, 
Records of Military History of Post 

U. S. A., . 
Records of Hospital Corps, U. S. A. 
Registers of Patients, U. S. A., 
Registers of Physical Examination 

of Recruits, U. S. A., 
Register, Prescription and Medical 

Journals, 
Regulations, M. V. M., . • . 
Regulations, U. S. A., . 
Reports, Russo - Japanese War 

U.S.A., .... 
Soldier's Handbooks, U. S. A., 
Supplements to Revised Laws, 
Supply Order Books, U. S. A., 
Table of Distances, U. S. A., 
United States Dispensatories 

U . o. A., . ... 

Veterinary Inspection Books "A/ 
Veterinary Stable Books "B," 
Veterinary Surgeons' Daily Reports, 
Weeks' Text-book of Nursing, 

Boxes, file, ...... 

Boxes, letter, ..... 



2 




2 


2 


_ 


2 


3 


— 


3 


1 





1 


1 


— 


— 


3 


— 


2 


1 


— 


1 


1 


— 


1 


72 





42 


50 


— 


21 


1 


— 


1 


1 


— 


1 


56 


— 


40 


1 


— 


1 


1 


— 


1 


92 


— 


67 


1 


— 


1 


12 


— 


11 


1 





1 


1 


— 


1 


4 


— 


4 


2 


— 


2 


39 





24 


17 


— 


7 


1 


— 


1 


40 


— 


11 


128 


— 


24 


1 


— 


1 


2 


— 


2 


1 


— 


1 


1 


— 


1 


7 


— 


4 


81 


— 


75 


2 


— 


— 


4 





1 


28 


— 


28 


1 


— 


1 



1 
1 



30 

29 



16 

25 
1 



15 
10 



29 
104 



3 

6 

2 



92 



ADJUTANT GENEKAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 



Property List of Surgeon General of Massachusetts — Con. 



A T^rtlTnT TTi n 


Total on 


At 


At State 


With 


AKTICLES. 


Hand. 


Arsenal. 


House. 


Officers. 


Brands, ... . . 


2 


2 






Brooms, 








4 


4 


— 


— 


Brooms, whisk, 








2 


— 


2 


— 


Brushes, hair, 








1 


— 


1 


— 


Brushes, hand, 








50 


— 


50 


— 


Brushes, horse, 








1 


1 


— 


— 


Brushes, paint, 








2 


2 


— 


— 


Brushes, scrub, 








4 


2 


2 


— 


Brushes, shoe, 








1 


— 


1 


— 


Brushes, stencil, 








2 


2 


— 


— 


Brushes, whitewash, 






6 


6 


— 


— 


Brushes, throat, 


% 




7 


— 


7 


— 


Cabinets, mahogany, 9-drawer, 


1 


— 


1 


— 


Cages, meteorological, complete, . 


1 


1 


— 


— 


Candlesticks, ..... 


16 


15 


1 


— 


Cans, oil, squirt, .... 


1 


1 


— 


— 


Cards, eye-test, ..... 


13 


— 


— 


13 


Cases, alarm, Ambulance Company, 


1 


— 


1 


— 


Cases, aluminum, .... 


1 


— 


1 


— 


Cases, capital operating, 


1 


— 


— 


1 


Cases, catheter, ..... 


10 


— 


10 


— 


Cases, emergency, U. S. A., 


3 


— 


3 


— 


Cases, expeditionary boat, medical, 


1 


— 


— 


1 


Cases, expeditionary boat, surgical, 


1 


— 


— 


1 


Cases, field operating, 


29 


— 


6 


23 


Cases, field operating, small, U. S. A., 


5 


— 


4 


1 


Cases, leather, No. 1, . 


1 


— 


1 


— 


Cases, leather, No. 2, . 


1 


— 


1 


— 


Cases, meteorological, complete, . 


2 


— 


2 


— 


Cases, pillow, ..... 


124 


103 


9 


12 


Cases, pocket medical, 


37 


— 


12 


25 


Cases, pocket surgical, 


34 


— 


9 


25 


Cases, pocket surgical, veterinary, 


3 


— 


2 


1 


Cases, suit, ..... 


1 


— 


1 


— 


Cases, tin, Board of Medical Officers, 


1 


— 


1 


— 


Cases, tin, brandy, .... 


12 


— 


12 


— 


Cases, urinary, ..... 


1 


- 


1 


— 


Chairs, folding, ..... 


18 


18 


— 


— 


Chairs, wooden, .... 


13 


13 


— 


— 


Charts, anatomical, .... 


8 


— 


— 


8 


Chests, emergency, .... 


1 


1 


— 


— 


Chests for splints, .... 


1 


1 


— 


— 


Chests, brigade, empty, 


2 


— 


2 


— 


Chests, medicine, . . . 


16 


— 


6 


10 


Chests, reserve, ..... 


16 


— 


6 


10 


Chests, storage, ..... 


7 


7 


— 


— 


Chests, veterinary supply, . 


3 


— 


2 


1 


Chisels, ...... 


2 


1 


1 


— 


Clips, steel, 






• • 


- 5 


— 


5 


— 






1908.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 



93 



Property List of Surgeon General of Massachusetts — Con. 



Akticles. 


Total on 


At 


At State 


With 


Hand. 


Arsenal. 


House. 


Officers. 


Combs, ...... 


1 




1 




Combs, curry, 






1 


1 


— 


— 


Commodes, 






14 


14 


— 


— 


Copyholders, 






1 


— 


1 


— 


Corkscrews, 






2 


— 


2 


— 


Cots, Gold Medal folding, 




40 


40 


— 


— 


Covers, Massachusetts kit, . 




67 


1 


3 


63 


Covers, mattress, canvas, 




26 


26 


— 


— 


Crutches, pairs, . 




6 


H 


41 


— 


Cups, 






21 


21 


— 


— 


Cups, collapsing, 






1 


— 


1 


— 


Cuspidors, iron, . 






14 


14 


— 


— 


Cuspidors, tin, . 






25 


25 


— 


— 


Cutters, wire, 






4 


— 


4 


— 


Dies for letterhead, 






1 


— 


1 


— 


Dippers, . 






11 


11 


— 


— 


Droppers, eye, . 






1 


— 


1 


— 


Dusters, iodoform, 






2 


— 


2 


— 


Faucets, brass, . 






3 


3 


— 


— 


Faucets, wooden, 






4 


3 


1 


— 


Files, examination of recruits, 




10 


— 


10 


— 


Files, common iron, 




1 


— 


1 


— 


Files, letter and order, Shipman, 




123 


— 


92 


31 


Files, standard letter, 




11 


— 


11 


— 


Files, tin box, .... 




4 


— 


4 


— 


Flags, red cross, 






14 


13 


— 


1 


Forceps, dentists', 






6 


— 


6 


— 


Forceps, surgeons', 






5 


— 


5 


— 


Forks, hay, 






1 


1 


— 


— 


Forks, table, U. S. A., . 






1 


— 


1 


— 


Funnels, . 






4 


2 


2 


— 


Glasses, graduate, 






1 


— 


— 


1 


Glasses, magnifying, . 






1 


— 


1 


— 


Glasses, medicine, 






3 


— 


2 


1 


Glasses, Dietz red lantern, U. S. A., 


3 


3 


— 


— 


Glasses, Dietz white lantern, U. S. A., 


6 


6 


— 


— 


Hammers, hand, .... 


4 


1 


3 


— 


Harnesses, double sets, . 


1 


1 


— 


— 


Hatchets, ...... 


1 


1 


— 


— 


Holders, mucilage, .... 


2 


— 


2 


— 


Holders, pen, ..... 


25 


— 


25 


— 


Holders, spring-back, .... 


6 


— 


6 


— 


Inkwells, . . . . 


2 


— 


2 


— 


Inkwells and stands, .... 


2 


— 


2 





Knives, Hospital Corps, with scabbards, 










U.S.A., 


63 


— 


— 


63 


Knives, table, with scabbards, U. S. A., 


1 


— 


1 


— 


Ladders, step, ..... 


2 


— 


2 


— 


Lamps, glass, alcohol, 


1 


— 


1 


—~ 



94 



ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 



Property List of Surgeon General of Massachusetts — Con. 



Articles. 



Total on 
Hand. 



At 
Arsenal. 



At State 
House. 



With 
Officers. 



Lanterns, ambulance, 

Lanterns, Dietz, U. S. A., 

Lanterns, red, 

Lanterns, square, 

Lanterns, tubular, 

Letter-openers, . 

Litters, Massachusetts, halves, 

Litters, U. S. A., 

Machines, punching, 

Mallets, 

Mattresses, 

Measures, tape, . 

Mimeographs, 

Mirrors, head, 

Mortars and pestles, 

Packets, first aid, metallic, U. S. A., 

Pads, blotter, 

Pads, rubber stamp. 

Pails, garbage, 

Pails, water, 

Pans, bed, 

Pans, frying, 

Pens, ruling, 

Photographs, Ambulance Company, 
framed, ...... 

Photographs, military surgeons, framed, 

Photographs, Surgeons General, framed, 

Pillows, 

Pitchers, water, 

Plates, 

Plates, tin, 

Poles, flag, 

Pots, coffee, 

Pouches, Ambulance Company duty 
with straps, .... 

Pouches, Hospital Corps, U. S. A., 

Pouches, medical officer's orderly, com- 
plete, ...... 

Pouches, medical officer's orderly, empty, 

Pouches, medical officer's orderly, com- 
plete, U. S. A., 

Probangs, bristle, 

Racks for urinary test tubes 

jtvaiies, ... 

Razors, 

Rests, arm, 

Rods, height measuring, 

Rollers, bandage, 

Rules, 



2 


2 




6 


3 


— 


1 


1 


— 


6 


6 


— 


17 


14 


1 


1 


— 


1 


71 


2 


6 


27 


7 


— 


1 


— 


1 


2 


2 


— 


17 


17 


— 


13 


— 


13 


1 


— 


— 


1 


— 


— 


1 


— 


— 


196 


184 


— 


3 


— 


3 


5 


1 


4 


20 


20 


— 


15 


15 


— 


8 


8 


— 


1 


1 


— 


1 


— 


1 


9 


— 


9 


2 


— 


2 


10 


— 


10 


73 


71 


— 


22 


21 


1 


4 


4 


— 


59 


— 


59 


14 


14 


— 


1 


1 


— 


48 


— 


— 


78 


14 


1 


31 


— 


6 


1 


— 


1 


6 


1 


2 


2 


— 


2 


1 


— 


1 


2 


2 


— 


2 


— 


2 


1 


— 


1 


3 


— 


1 


1 


— 


— 


2 


— 


2 



63 
20 



1 
1 
1 

12 



48 
63 

25 



2 
1 



1908.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 



95 



Property List of Surgeon General of Massachusetts — Con. 



Articles. 



Total on 
Hand. 



At 
Arsenal. 



At State 
House. 



With 
Officers. 



Saws, hand, 

Scales, letter, 

Scales, platform, complete, 

Scales, platform, complete, with 

measuring rod, 
Scales, pocket, . . . 

Scissors, pairs, ..' 
Scissors, surgeon's, pairs, 
Screens, 

Seals, Surgeon General's, 
Shades, eye, 
Sheets, bed, 
Shovels, 
Shovels, fire, 
Signs, office, 
Skeletons with stands, 
Slings, litter, leather, . 
Slings, litter, Massachusetts 
Slings, litter, U. S. A., 
Slings and cases, horse, 
Spatulas, 
Specula, ear, 
Specula, nose, 
Splints, various, 
Spoons, table, 
Spoons, tea, 
Spoons, medicine, 
Stamps, rubber, 
Stamps, steel, 
Stands, small round, 
Stands, toilet, complete, 
Statues, Mercury, 
Stencils, 
Stethoscopes, 
Stools, camp, 
Stoves, alcohol, . 
Straps, small leather, 
Stretchers, 
Syringes, Davidson, 
Syringes, fountain, 
Syringes, hypodermic, 
Syringes, hypodermic, veterinary, 
Syringes, various, 
Tables, folding, 
Tables, round, 
Tables, square, 
Tanks, ice, 
Tents, hospital, 
Tests, color blindness, Holmgren, 



height 



1 

1 
4 

1 
1 

44 
4 
1 
1 
4 
156 
1 
1 
1 
1 
1 

53 

50 
1 
8 
1 
1 

10 
1 

25 
2 

19 

14 
6 

38 
1 
2 
3 
4 
2 

32 
1 
1 
2 

34 
3 
3 

16 

14 
6 
1 
1 
3 



132 
1 
1 



50 
1 
1 



6 
2 
1 

6 

38 

2 

4 

32 



16 

14 

6 

1 



1 

1 
1 



1 
43 
4 
1 
1 
1 



7 

1 

1 

4 

1 

22 

2 

18 

14 



1 
1 
2 
7 
2 
3 



3 
1 
1 



3 

24 



1 

53 



27 
1 



1 

2 



96 



ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. 



["Jan. 



Property List of Surgeon General of Massachusetts — Con. 



Articles. 


Total on 


At 


At State 


With 


Hand. 


Arsenal. 


House. 


Officers. 


Thermometers, clinical, 


3 




3 




Thermometers, tin, 






6 


— 


5 


1 


Tourniquets, 






7 


— 


2 


5 


Towels, hand, 






194 


143 


32 


19 


Trays, enameled, 






3 


— 


— 


3 


Trays for orderly pouches, . 






5 


— 


5 


— 


Trusses, .... 






4 


— 


4 


— 


Tubs, wooden, . 






4 


4 


— 


— 


Tumblers, glass, 




. 


16 


15 


1 


— 


Typewriters, Underwood, 






1 


— 


1 


— 


Urinals, .... 






19 


18 


1 


— 


Urinometers, with glasses, . 






1 


— 


1 


— 


Valises, hand, 






1 


— 


1 


— 


Weights, paper, 






1 


— 


1 


— 


Whips, 






1 


1 


— 


— 


Wicks, lantern, U. S. A., dozen, 






3 


3 


— 


— 


Wraps, outfit, canvas, 






3 


3 


— 


— 


Wrenches, monkey, 






2 


1 


1 





1908.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 97 



REPORT OF THE QUARTERMASTER GENERAL, 



Bostox, Dec. 15, 1907. 

Brig. Gen. W. H. Brigham, Adjutant General, Massachusetts, State 

House, Boston, Mass. 

Sir : — Enclosed herewith please find my report as Quarter- 
master General for the year 1907. 

Transportation of troops during the }~ear 1907 to the various 
stations where assembled was carried out in detail by the senior 
quartermasters of the various organizations, to whom credit is 
due, especially in the cases of Maj. Albert L. Wyman of the 
Second Brigade and Maj. George Burroughs of the First Brigade, 
especially on the occasion of the mobilization of all troops of 
the State on Saturday, Aug. 3, 1907. 

This department is preparing a form of transportation re- 
quest similar to that issued by the regular establishment, which, 
when endorsed by the Quartermaster General, will be recognized 
and accepted by any transportation company in lieu of tickets; 
said certificate to be taken up by the conductor in charge of any 
train which is to transport troops for account of the Common- 
wealth of Massachusetts; the same certificate to be sent to the 
Staters Treasurer, in order that it may be honored, and the cost 
of transportation sent to the railroad company direct. 

Eepairs to Camp Grouxd. 

This year much was done in repairing the various buildings 
so much in need of repair at the State camp grounds at South 
Framingham, $2,560.94 being expended for same. State and 
brigade headquarters were put in thorough repair, and the bri- 
gade hospital was thoroughly renovated. 

It was necessary to erect a building to hold the three 3.2-inch 
batteries owned by the State, which were returned to the State 
arsenal on the issue from the government of the new 3-inch 
battery. This building is so planned that in case the State 
should be able to dispose of the three 3.2-inch batteries, we 
would have a much-needed storehouse for the storage of con- 
demned and obsolete property which accumulates each year. 



98 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

Considerable grading was done, especially in filling in the 
spring hole in rear of brigade guard house. 

Six hundred and sixty-three and one-half tent floors were 
built, at an expense of $2,421.77. 

Equipment. 

The full dress uniforms were received during the latter part 
of the year 1907 in such quantities as the Quartermaster's de- 
partment of the Regular Army was able to provide. The most 
necessary sizes your Quartermaster was unable to secure from 
the government, and it was necessary to have the same made bv 
a Massachusetts contractor. The new uniforms, complete, will 
be issued as rapidly as possible, although some delay will be 
necessitated, owing to the receipt from the government of obso- 
lete patterns, which it will be necessary to exchange for the 
present standard. 

General Orders, No. 23, requires a large expenditure on the 
part of the State in order to equip the troops as required by the 
Dick bill. Requisitions have been made upon the' United States 
government to fill, so far as is possible, every requirement of 
General Orders, No. 23, and we are notified that there will be 
some delay on the part of the government in filling the requisi- 
tions. 

Cost of Camp. 

The expense for outside labor, minor expenses, teaming and 
policing camps (including repairs to tentage) at Framingham 
was $925.04, as against $1,995.33 in 1906. 

The Coast Artillery and the Fifth Regiment having been 
ordered to serve their tour of duty in connection with the Coast 
Artillery of the Regular Army in Boston harbor, necessitated 
transporting to the various posts all equipment which was re- 
quired in actual service. The government bore the expense of 
such transportation, taking tentage, entrenching tools, field ovens 
and personal baggage free of expense to the State in all cases, 
and returning same to the State arsenal. Transportation from 
various home stations was paid by the government, which in- 
cluded all personal baggage and equipment of men of the Coast 
Artillery and the Fifth Infantiy. Capt. Guy Murchie, quarter- 
master of the Coast Artillery, and Captain McNamara of the 
Fifth Infantry, were present in person at the State arsenal, and 
supervised the loading of all property stored for their account 
at Framingham, together with the necessary tentage. Tent 



1908.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 99 

floors were not sent, the men sleeping on the ground, using the 
bed sacks stuffed with straw, as if at Frarningham. 

It is respectfully requested that some action be taken im- 
mediately to provide the State troops with the " Gold Medal " 
cot, as is the standard of the United States Army. The con- 
stant expense of building tent floors and the issue of bed sacks 
and straw will in a short time pay for an entire issue of " Gold 
Medal " cots, which should last many years. 

The arsenal and grounds were under the personal supervision 
of Capt. L. E. Landy until Xovember 1, when Capt. Elon F. 
Tandy succeeded him as superintendent of the State arsenal. 
Captain Landy having been retired by the Commander-in-Chief. 

The Quartermaster can only hopefully refer to the recom- 
mendation of the late General Dalton. which was that the State 
arsenal be moved to Boston. Our present buildings are inade- 
quate to hold the supply which it is necessary to keep in reserve 
at the present time. The buildings are not fireproof, and the 
fire department of South Frarningham is totally inadequate to 
cope with a fire of any size, there being but one hydrant within 
one hundred feet of the State arsenal, and that was installed at 
the expense of the State. 

During the vear there were five serious brush fires on the 
Staters property; and one infantry stable, the second in line, in 
which was stored at the time one thousand tent poles, was 
burned to the ground, being a total loss, together with the 
property stored therein. 

The company storehouses at South Frarningham are more or 
less filled with State and United States property which has been 
issued to various organizations. Much of the property would 
be necessary in case of a sudden call ; and it is recommended 
that an order be issued that all property now stored at Framing- 
ham be shipped to the organizations charged with the same, in- 
structing company commanders to take from their storehouses 
all property with which they are charged and store the same at 
their home stations. 

My object in having tentage stored at South Frarningham is 
for the following reasons : first, the tentage is kept in much 
better condition, and not lost; second, should the entire militia 
be ordered mobilized at any point in Massachusetts, or even out 
of the State, the necessary tentage could be shipped from Frarn- 
ingham quicker and at much less cost than if spread all over 
the State at the home stations of the various organizations. 



100 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

Arrangements have been made with the Boston & Worcester 
Street Railway Company to place, at short notice, sufficient roll- 
ing stock to take our entire tentage direct to Boston, or to con- 
nect with any steam railroad shipping point. 

The question of purchasing some 90 acres of land, adjoining 
the present State camp ground, was brought before the military 
committee during the year 190T. If brigade camps are to be 
continued, it may be well to consider the purchase, at a price 
not to exceed $5,000, the property being assessed for less than 
$■±,000, but valueless as an addition to our present camp ground 
until graded to the level of the present field, the expense of 
which would be in the vicinity of $15,000. 

Respectfully, 

WM. B. EMERY, 
Brigadier General and Quartermaster General. 



1908.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 101 



EEPOET OF THE COMMISSARY GENERAL. 



Commissary General's Office, Boston, Dec. 31, 1907. 
Brig. Gen. James P. Parker, Adjutant General. 

General : — I have the honor to submit my report as Com- 
missary General for the year ending Dec. 31, 1907. 

Brig. Gen. Frederick B. Carpenter, my predecessor as chief 
of this department, was retired with the rank of brigadier gen- 
eral on June 8, 1907, in consequence of ill health, and my ap- 
pointment took effect on the same date. In view of the fact 
that I was not relieved from the duties of Inspector General of 
Small Arms Practice at that time, and also that the plan of 
subsistence for the encampments had been arranged by my pred- 
ecessor, it seemed unwise for me to attempt any innovations; 
consequently, the procedure of the previous years was carried 
out. 

Contracts were made for the subsistence of the First and 
Second Brigade camps. The Corps of Coast Artillery and the 
Fifth Eegiment Infantry mobilized with the troops of the regu- 
lar establishment, and therefore procured subsistence from the 
United States Army Department of Subsistence. The artillery, 
at its encampment at Ipswich and on the route march to and 
from that station, was rationed by the field artillery commis- 
sary, Lieut. Fred I. Ewell. I attach copy of his report. The 
cavalry, at its encampment at Duxbury and on the route march 
to and from that station, was rationed by the commissary officer 
of the First Squadron Cavalry, Lieut. George F. Flagg, copy of 
whose report I attach. The First and Second Corps of Cadets 
carried out the arrangement of previous years. The Naval Bri- 
gade performed its tour of duty aboard the U. S. S. " Newport," 
and made its own arrangements in regard to rations. The prices 
which had been established by contracts with various provision 
and grocery houses were availed of by this organization. 

The force of the statement made by my predecessor, General 
Carpenter, in regard to the difficulty of keeping down the cost 



102 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

of the rations on account of the guests who are entertained at 
camp, I fully appreciate, and have to recommend that the Regu- 
lar Army rations, so far as is practicable, be adopted in the 
future, and that the returns be made on the United States Army 
blanks; that the entertaining of guests be done away with, as 
far as the entertainment is a draft on the company ration. 
Some separate plan of providing for guests, apart from the 
companies, I believe it is possible to devise, and requisitions 
should be made for onlv sufficient food for the men themselves, 
without taking into account any visitors. In this way it is pos- 
sible to get at the exact cost of the ration for each man. 

Very respectfully, 

JAS. G. WHITE, 
Brigadier General and Commissary General. 



Headquarters First Battalion Field Artillery, M. V. M., 
State Armory, Lawrence, Mass., Nov. 27, 1907. 

Brig. Gen. James G. White, Commissary General, Massachusetts. 

Sir : — I have the honor to submit to you the following ex- 
perience as a commissary of the First Battalion Field Artillery, 
at the annual camp, August 3 to 10. 

As vou know, our tour of duty this year was somewhat differ- 
ent from the previous years, as a little more than two of the 
days were taken up in marching en route, and it necessitated 
my keeping one day in advance of the troops, as the company 
commanders were opposed to the use of traveling rations ; but 
I succeeded in placing my contracts very nicely. This was the 
case at Medford ; but at Beverly rations were forwarded from 
Ipswich. Upon our arrival there, everything was in readiness, 
as I secured mostly the same people to supply us that we had 
last year, and, they being somewhat familiar with our wants, 
everything moved smoothly, the rations being first-class in every 
respect, as it would seem, as up to date I have not received a 
complaint. 

Your suggestion that the office of post commissary be abol- 
ished, and that I deal directly with the contractors, was a great 
improvement over last year, and I think this plan should be 
continued in the future. 

I do not know what to say in addition, except that should 



1908.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 103 

you desire more detailed information I will cheerfully advance 
it; but I would say that, from my point of view as a commis- 
sary, it was a very successful camp. 

Eespectfully, 

Feed A. Ewell, 
First Lieutenant and Commissary. 



Headquarters First Sqeadrox Cavalry, M. Y. M., 
Bostox, Mass., Nov. 9, 1907. 

Brig. Gen. J. G. "White, Commissary General, State of Massachusetts. 

Sie : — I have the honor to submit the following report re- 
garding subsistence of First Squadron Cavalry, M. V. M., during 
tour of duty performed at Duxbury, Scituate, South Hingham, 
Houghton Plain, Milton, August 17 to 23, inclusive. 

Camp sites having been selected, the usual mess bill was pre- 
pared and approved by the squadron surgeon, Maj. Geo. W. 
Mills; copies of same, with the necessary blanks furnished by 
the State, were sent to each troop. Through a suggestion of the 
Commissary General's office, arrangements were made for the 
various dry and fresh components with practically the same com- 
mercial houses with which the State had contracts. Deliveries 
were promptly made and quality of supplies generally excellent. 
Owing to the early start, Saturday, August 17, a lunch with 
hot coffee was furnished and issued on the train. As soon as 
possible after detraining, ovens were set up and cooks prepared 
dinner. Food was well cooked, and served according to schedules 
during our stay in Duxbury. 

August 17-19, carboys of spring water were used for drink- 
ing purposes; and to Mr. Win. J. Wright, upon whose land we 
encamped, we were indebted for the use of watering carts, which 
supplied all water for cooking purposes. 

Tuesday, the 20th, the march for Scituate was taken up ; but 
unfortunately so much time had been consumed in loading super- 
fluous equipment for shipment to State arsenal, that we did not 
reach our camp ground until some time after our usual mess 
hour. This delay not having been foreseen or provided for by 
a cooked ration, our dinner and supper were combined in one 
meal, which caused more or less dissatisfaction. The water fa- 
cilities were good, the town supply being tapped and piped. 
Wednesday, the 21st, we again took the road for South Hingham, 
arriving in good season. Profiting by our experience of the day 



104 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

before, a cold lunch was carried. At South Hingham the last 
issue of fresh components was made. Here we again resorted to 
spring water and a watering cart. Camp was broken at an early 
hour next morning, Thursday, the 2 2d, as a march of seventeen 
miles was before us. This was a hard day for the wagon train, 
the last six or seven miles up hill, with soft, dry roads. Here we 
experienced our first and only disappointment, — our milk did 
not arrive; but as we had some left over, and carried evapo- 
rated cream, we did not suffer to any great extent. 

Friday, August 23, after a hearty breakfast, camp was broken 
and the last march taken up, arriving in Boston in good season, 
ending a hard but very instructive tour of duty. All refuse 
was disposed of in the sinks, and ground well policed before 
leaving camps. The cooks were capable, and understood their 
duties. Considering that we faced entirely new conditions, we 
experienced less difficulty than might have been expected; es- 
pecially were we favored by good weather. 

The cost per man. of 55 cents, considering everything, was 
not excessive. 

I take the liberty of suggesting that suitable field ranges 
should have been issued, as the stoves from the cooks' houses at 
South Framingham were altogether too bulky, weighing about 
three hundred pounds each. 

In closing this report I wish to thank Mr. George F. Holmes 
of Plymouth, Mass., agent for Armour & Co., for his advice and 
prompt delivery of supplies. 

Very respectfully, 

George F. Flagg, 
First Lieutenant and Commissary. 



1908.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 105 



REPOKT OF THE JUDGE ADVOCATE GENERAL. 



Judge Advocate General's Office, Bostox, Dec. 11, 1907. 

Brig. Gen. James P. Parker, Adjutant General, Chief of Staff, 

Boston. 

Sir : — Having been assigned to duty as Acting Judge Advo- 
cate General^ under Special Orders, No. 172, dated Xov. 18, 
1907, it is my duty to report that there have been held three 
regimental courts-martial and one general court-martial during 
the year. 

My opinions in writing have been given upon the several 
matters pertaining to the government of the militia that have 
been referred to me for advice. 

Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

WILLIAM C. EOGEES, 
Major and Judge Advocate, Acting Judge Advocate General. 



106 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 



REPORT OF BOARD OF MILITARY EXAMINERS. 



Board of Military Examiners, Boston, Feb. 26, 1908. 
Brig. Gen. William H. Brigham, Adjutant General. 

Sir : — I have the honor to submit the annual report of the 
Board of Military Examiners for 1907. 

The Board held 21 meetings and examined 135 officers; 114 
were passed, 6 were rejected, 15 were passed conditionally. Of 
those conditioned, all appeared before the Board, and 14 were 
passed and 1 rejected. 

A Special Examining Board, constituted under General Orders, 
Xo. 24, dated Oct. 12, 1907, met on Nov. 16, 1907, and exam- 
ined 41 officers, all of whom were passed. 

Very respectfully, 

EMBURY P. CLARK, 

Brigadier General, Commanding First Brigade, President. 



1908.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 



107 



BEPOBT OF THE ACTING CHIEF OF ORDNANCE. 



Headquarters Ordnance Department, 
South Armory, Irvington Street, Boston, Dec. 31, 1907. 

Brig. Gen. James P. Parker, Adjutant General. 

Sir: — I have the honor to submit the report of this department 
from Sept. 1, 1907, to Dec. 31, 1907. 

The major part of the work was completed before I was ap- 
pointed, and therefore the credit for qualifications, etc., should be 
given my predecessor, Brig. Gen. James G. White. 

The department as an ordnance department was only inaugu- 
rated November 15, and since that time there has been but little 
work done save that of organization. 



Efficiency, 1907. 
The following table summarizes the work of the year: — 

Marksmen in service October 31, . . . . 4,664 

Unqualified officers and men in service October 31, . 851 



Aggregate strength, subject to rifle work, 



5,515 



The return of unqualified officers and men for 1906 and 1907 is 
given for the purpose of comparison : — 



Coast Artillery Corps, 
Second Infantry, . 
Fifth Infantry, 
Sixth Infantry, 
Eighth Infantry, . 
Ninth Infantry, 
First Corps Cadets, 
Second Corps Cadets, 
Naval Brigade, 
First Squadron Cavalry, 
The general staff, . 
First Brigade staff, 
Second Brigade staff, 



L906. 


1907. 


72 


94 


325 


313 


59 


46 


9 


4 


49 


82 


230 


226 


2 


10 


19 


13 


33 


26 


14 


18 


9 


9 


2 


6 


— 


4 



108 



ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 



The companies in each organization having 10 or more unquali- 
fied officers or men are as follows (the companies marked with an 
asterisk did not have range facilities in 1907): — 



Coast Artillery Corps, Second Company, 
Coast Artillery Corps, Eighth Company, 
Coast Artillery Corps, Eleventh Company, 
Second Regiment Infantry, Company A,* 
Second Regiment Infantry, Company C,* 
Second Regiment Infantry, Company H,* 
Second Regiment Infantry, Company I,* 
Second Regiment Infantry, Company K, 
Second Regiment Infantry, Company M, 
Fifth Regiment Infantry, Company K, 
Eighth Regiment Infantry, Company A, 
Eighth Regiment Infantry, Company H, 
Eighth Regiment Infantry, Company M, 
Ninth Regiment Infantry, Company A, 
Ninth Regiment Infantry, Company B, 
Ninth Regiment Infantry, Company C, 
Ninth Regiment Infantry, Company D, 
Ninth Regiment Infantry, Company G,* 
Ninth Regiment Infantry, Company H, 
Ninth Regiment Infantry, Company I, 
Ninth Regiment Infantry, Company K, 
First Squadron Cavalry, Troop D, 



26 
10 
17 
60 
56 
57 
53 
36 
24 
23 
15 
16 
15 
18 
24 
18 
34 
58 
22 
17 
10 
12 



Honorable Mention. 

Companies having the maximum legal enrollment, and who quali- 
fied every officer and man : — 

Coast Artillery Corps, Fifth Company. 
Second Regiment Infantry, Company F. 
Fifth Regiment Infantry, companies A and C. 
Sixth Regiment Infantry, companies A, F and K. 
Eighth Regiment Infantry, companies K and L. 
Ninth Regiment Infantry, Company L. 
Second Corps Cadets, Company A. 
Naval Brigade, companies A, C and G. 



Companies having less than the full legal enrollment, and who 
qualified every officer and man : — 

Coast Artillery Corps, Fourth, Sixth and Twelfth companies. 
Second Regiment Infantry, Company L." 
Fifth Regiment Infantry, companies E and L. 



1908.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 



109 



Sixth Regiment Infantry, companies, B, C, E, G, H, I and M. 
Eighth Regiment Infantry, companies E, F and I. 
Ninth Regiment Infantry, Company M. 
Naval Brigade, companies E, F and H. 

Thirty-four companies qualified every officer and man. 

Qualification Requirements. 

The qualification requirements for the year were those laid 
down under Class C, Small Arms Firing Regulations, U. S. A., 
1906. 

The figure of merit for the year is 90.88, as against 87.52 for 
1906, — an increase of 3 . 36. 



Figure of Merit. 

Comparison of the figure of merit for the years 1906 and 1907 
will show the work of the vear : — 



Coast Artillery Corps, 
Second Regiment Infantry, 
Fifth Regiment Infantry, 
Sixth Regiment Infantry, 
Eighth Regiment Infantry, 
Ninth Regiment Infantry, 
First Corps Cadets, 
Second Corps Cadets, 
Naval Brigade, 
First Squadron Cavalry, . 





1906. 


1907. 


• a ■ 


92.24 


85.50 


■ • * 


52.68 


59.97 


■ • . 


86.39 


95.80 


• > • 


103.51 


115.27 


■ • 


106.97 


98.20 


• 


57.58 


61.73 


■ 


142.14 


145 . 27 


• . 


84.69 


98.45 


• • 


95.34 


105.33 




95.34 


90.20 



Decorations and Trophies. 

Military engravings with inscription plates have been awarded 
to the winning teams in State, regimental and battalion competi- 
tions, medals and cups to individual prize winners and medals and 
bars to members of the team that represented the State in the na- 
tional and other competitions. These, with the qualification 
badges, bars and buttons, make an aggregate of 6,955 prizes and 
decorations issued. 

Pistol Practice. 

Six hundred and sixty-two officers and men qualified with the 
pistol, — an increase of 18 over 1906. 



110 



ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. 



[Jan. 



The State General Rifle Competition. 

The annual State rifle competition was held at Wakefield, on the 
range of the Bay State Military Rifle Association, September 20 
and 21, under General Orders, No. 21, A. G. O., and Circular No. 
5 from this office, and consisted of slow fire at 200, 600, 800 and 
1,000 yards on September 20, and rapid fire at 200 yards and 
skirmish on September 21. The slow-fire competition was for the 
tri-color, and the rapid-fire and skirmish for the "Douglas trophy." 

For duty at this competition the following officers were detailed : — 

Col. John Caswell, Inspector General Small Arms Practice, as 

executive officer. 
Com. William B. Edgar, general staff. 
Lieut. Col. Morton E. Cobb, Second Brigade staff. 
Lieut. Col. E. W. M. Bailey, general staff. 
Lieut. Col. Murray D. Clement, Fifth Infantry. 
Maj. Joseph S. Hart, staff, Sixth Infantry. 
Maj. Leon W. Ham, staff, First Brigade. 
Maj. Ira Vaughn, general staff. 
Maj. Charles H. Cutler, Eighth Infantry. 
Maj. Elon F. Tandy, staff, Second Brigade. 
Maj. Franklin J. Burnham, staff, Second Brigade. 
Capt. Chas. S. Clark, staff, Eighth Infantry. 
Capt. John P. Kane, staff, Ninth Infantry. 
Capt. Charles H. Cole, First Corps Cadets. 
Capt. A. P. Chase, staff, Eighth Infantry. 
Lieut. Holten B. Perkins, First Corps Cadets. 
Lieut. Harry D. Comerais, staff, Fifth Infantry. 
Lieut. William J. Keville, Eighth Infantry. 
Lieut. Harry Q. Brown, staff, Eighth Infantry. 
Commanding officer of the Signal Corps. 



Scores made in Tri-color Competition. 

Sixth Infantry, 
First Corps Cadets, 
Coast Artillery Corps, 
Eighth Infantry, 
Fifth Infantry, 
Second Infantry, 
Ninth Infantry, 
Naval Brigade, 
Second Corps Cadets, 
First Squadron Cavalry, 



2,038 
1,877 
1,857 
1,850 
1,823 
1,792 
1,761 
1,720 
1,692 
1,549 



1908.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7 



111 



Scores made in the "Douglas Trophy" Match. 

Fifth Infantry, 
Coast Artillery Corps, 
Sixth Infantry, 
First Corps Cadets, 
Second Infantry, 
Eighth Infantry, 
Naval Brigade, 
Second Corps Cadets, 



1,076 
994 
990 
980 
947 
931 
863 
814 



Grand Totals of Regimental Teams for Comparison with Scores made 

in National Match. 



Sixth Infantry, 












. 3,028 


First Corps Cadets, 


* 








. 2,857 


Coast Artillery Corps, 










. 2,851 


Eighth Infantry, 










. 2,781 


Fifth Infantry, 










. 2,899 


Second Infantry, 










. 2,739 


Naval Brigade, 










. 2,583 


Second Corps Cadets, 










. 2,506 


National Match. 


United States Navy, ... . . 3,421 


Massachusetts, 








. 3,418 


Ohio, .... 








. 3,366 


United States Cavalry, 








. 3,366 


"Washington, . 








. 3,361 


United States Naval Academv, 








. 3,347 


Pennsylvania, 








-. 3,346 


United States Infantry, . 








. 3,339 


New York, 








. 3,322 


New Jersey, . 








. 3,317 


Minnesota, 








. 3,249 


Illinois, 








. 3,242 


Wisconsin, 








. 3,218 


United States Marine Corps, 








. 3,184 


District of Columbia, 








. 3,180 


Michigan, 








. 3,161 


Oregon, 


. 








. 3,117 


Maryland, 


. 








. 3,102 


Georgia, 


. 








. 3,101 


New Hampshire, 


. 








. 3,088 


Iowa, 


. 








. 3,082 


Connecticut, . 












. 3,068 



112 



ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. 



[Jan 



Colorado, 

California, 

Montana, 

Maine, . 

Florida, 

Kansas, 

Indiana, 

Texas, . 

Missouri, 

Oklahoma, 

Kentucky, 

Hawaii, 

Wyoming, 

West Virginia 

New Mexico, 

Arizona, 

Mississippi, 

South Carolina, 

Nebraska, 

Alabama, 

Tennessee, 

North Dakota 

Louisiana, 

Vermont, 

North Carolina, 

Virginia, 



3,060 
3,034 
3,018 
3,003 
2,996 
2,920 
2,849 
2,835 
2,824 
2,770 
2,699 
2,686 
2,684 
2,679 
2,574 
2,500 
2,401 
2,394 
2,306 
2,301 
2,296 
2,253 
2,183 
2,098 
2,025 
1,909 



The " Guidon trophy" competition was abolished this year, and 
the cavalry was included in the State rifle competition. 



Pistol Competition. 

The pistol competition was held on September 14, and there 
were 77 entries for the five prizes offered. 



Officers detailed. 

Col. John Caswell, general staff. 

Maj. Leon W. Ham, staff, First Brigade. 

Maj. Elon F. Tandy, staff, Second Brigade. 

Capt. David Hansen, Inspector of Small Arms Practice, Fifth 

Infantry. 
Capt. Horace B. Parker, paymaster, Corps of Coast Artillery. 
Capt. C. S. Butler, staff, Eighth Infantry. 



1908.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT— No. 7. 



113 



Prize Winners. 

First. — Capt. William R. Murphy, Inspector of Small Arms 
Practice, Ninth Infantry, ....... 

Second. — Lieut. A. R. Whittier, Battery A, First Battalion 
Field Artillery, . . . . ... 

Third. — Sergt. Geo. W. Austin, Troop A, First Squadron 
Cavalry, ......... 

Fourth. — Sergt. F. M. Libby, Troop D, First Squadron Cav- 

ell J. Y j • • • • • • • • • • 

Fifth. — Capt. S. W. Wise, Inspector of Small Arms Practice, 
Sixth Infantry, ........ 



Score. 

92 
92 
90 
90 
89 



Regimental and Battalion Competitions. 

Company teams of 10; 5 shots each at 200, 300 and 500 yards; 
possible score, 750 points. 

Coast Artillery Corps. — October 1. Winning team, Fourth 
Company of New Bedford; score, 575. 

Second Infantry. — October 5. Winning team, Company K 
of Springfield; score, 617. 

Fifth Infantry. — September 2. Winning team, Company G 
of Woburn; score, 625. 

Sixth Infantry. — September 30. Winning team, Company A 
of Wakefield; score, 645. 

Eighth Infantry. — October 15. Winning team, Company H 
of Salem; score, 594. 

Ninth Infantry. — October 4. Winning team, Company L of 
Natick ; score, 592. 

First Corps Cadets. — October 17. Winning team, Company 
A of Boston; score, 601. 

Second Corps Cadets. — September 25. Winning team, Com- 
pany B of Salem; score, 510. 

Naval Brigade. — October 10. Winning team, Company H 
of Springfield; score, 592. 



Classes of Marksmen. 
The following table shows the number of marksmen in each of 
the various classes for 1906 and 1907 : — 

1906. 1907. 

Expert marksmen, ...... 700 809 



Sharpshooters, 
Marksmen, 
First class, 
Second class, 



245 179 

2,498 2,624 

508 422 

380 306 



114 



ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. 



[Jan. 



Third class, .... 

Fourth class (did not shoot), 
Officers and men subject to rifle work, 
Officers and men actually shooting, 



1906. 


1907. 


420 


324 


823 


851 


5,574 


5,515 


4,751 


4,664 



Recommendations. 

I would again recommend that some action be taken by the 
Adjutant General to force commanding officers to obey Paragraph 
II., General Orders, No. 8, A. G. O., series of 1907, as only about 
one-third of the organizations forwarded their returns on or before 
November 15. 

The delay in forwarding annual returns of small arms practice 
makes it extremely difficult for this office to order decorations 
promptly or to get the returns ready for the United States govern- 
ment ; but with proper use of the books furnished for the tabulation 
of scores as soon as made, there should be no delay. It would seem 
that if a portion of the officers of the militia can obey the above 
order with little or no apparent trouble, the remainder might at 
least make some attempt to comply with it. 

The following are the dates on which returns were received this 
year : — 



First Brigade headquarters, 
Second Brigade headquarters, . 
Coast Artillery Corps, headquarters, 

First Company, 

Second Company, 

Third Company, 

Fourth Company, 

Fifth Company, 

Sixth Company, 

Seventh Company, 

Eighth Company, 

Ninth Company, 

Tenth Company, 

Eleventh Company, 

Twelfth Company, 
Second Regiment Infantry, headquarters, 

Company A, 

Company B, 

Company C, 

Company D, 

Company E, 

Company F, 

Company G, 



December 23. 
November 15. 
November 19. 
November 18. 
November 18. 
November 21. 
November 18. 
November 18. 
November 18. 
November 18. 
November 18. 
November 18. 
November 18. 
November 18. 
November 18. 
November 21. 
November 21. 
December 2. 
November 23. 
November 21. 
November 21. 
November 21. 
November 21. 



1908.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT — JS T o. 7. 



115 



headquarters, 
headquart 



ers, 



Second Regiment Infantry — Con. 

Company H, 

Company I, 

Company K, 

Company L, 

Company M, 
Fifth Regiment Infantry, 

All companies, 
Sixth Regiment Infantry, 

Company A, 

Company B, 

Company C, 

Company D, 

Company E, 

Company F, 

Company G, 

Company H, 

Company I, 

Company K, 

Company L, 

Company M, 
Eighth Regiment Infantry, headquarters, 

Company A, 

Company B, 

Company C, 

Company D, 

Company E, 

Company F, 

Company G, 

Company H, 

Company I, 

Company K, 

Company L, 

Company M, 
Ninth Regiment Infantry, headquarters, 

Company A, 

Company B, 

Company C, 

Company D, 

Company E, 

Company F, 

Company G, 

Company H, 

Company I, 

Company K, 

Company L, 

Company M, 



November 21. 
November 21. 
Jan. 2, 1908. 
December 30. 
December 2. 
November 15. 
November 15. 
November 15. 
November 12. 
November 16. 
November 21. 
November 11. 
November 14. 
November 11. 
November 21. 
November 11. 
November 12. 
November 15. 
November 12. 
November 14. 
November 20. 
November 21. 
November 18. 
November 21. 
November 21. 
November 21. 
November 18. 
November 20. 
December 5. 
November 18. 
November 18. 
November 18. 
December 9. 
November 22. 
December 5. 
November 22. 
December 13. 
December 3. 
November 22. 
November 22. 
December 13. 
Jan. 2, 1908. 
November 15. 
December 3. 
November 22. 
November 22. 



116 



ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 



First Corps Cadets, headquarters, 

All companies, 
Second Corps Cadets, headquarters, 

Company A, 

Company B, 

Company C, 

Company D, 
First Squadron Cavalry, all, 
Naval Brigade, all, 
First Battalion Field Artillery, 

Battery A, 

Battery B, 

Battery C, 
Signal Corps, . 



headquarters, 



November 23. 
November 23. 
November 14. 
November 14. 
November 14. 
November 15. 
November 14. 
November 21. 
November 14. 
December 9. 
December 28. 
December 9. 
November 8. 
November 15. 



I would recommend that the penalty for noncompliance with 
this order be incurred, not by the enlisted men, but by the officer 
at fault. 

As each year passes it becomes more necessary that the State 
should own two or more ranges suitable for all classes of fire. I 
would urgently recommend the immediate acquisition of two 
suitable ranges, centrally located, one in the eastern and one in the 
western part of the State, where long-range and skirmish fire could 
be conducted safely. Most of the cities and towns have fair ranges 
for short and mid-range work. 

I would recommend that a blue print or map of such ranges be 
filed with the Adjutant General in duplicate, and that one copy 
be kept on file at the State House and one in this office. 

I would also suggest the advisability of a rule prohibiting the 
warranting of noncommissioned officers unless they have attained 
the rank of second-class marksmen. 

I would recommend that all commissioned officers failing to 
qualify as at least "first class" be severely disciplined. 

I cannot urge too strongly the value of theoretical instruction to 
the recruits, and of gallery practice with .22 caliber rifles, as this 
would save an enormous amount of ammunition. 

The government manufactures a .22 caliber rifle, and I would 
recommend that at least two such rifles be issued to each company. 

The question of instruction of school boys in gallery practice 
has been agitated throughout the country, and a bill has been 
introduced making an appropriation for the purpose in this State. 
I suggest that various ranges in the armories be open for school- 
boy practice under competent instructors, at such times as the 
ranges are not in use by the militia. 



1908.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 117 

Inasmuch as the new Springfield rifle, model 1903, is to be issued 
to the troops of this State in the very near future, and as the life of 
said rifle is very much shorter than that of the "Krag," I would 
recommend that only a small number of the rifles issued be used 
each year for qualification, say ten for team and ten for qualification 
the first season, and that ten be taken each year. Following this 
scheme would permit of the use of new rifles by members of the 
company teams for five years. 

Ammunition allowance should be substantially increased and 
some further allowance be made for team practice, as much of that 
issued is used for that purpose. 

In regard to the pistol qualification recommended by the War 
Department, I think that an allowance of 200 rounds for each 
officer and man equipped with the pistol would be sufficient. 

I would also recommend that an annual appropriation of $3,750 
be made for a team to take part in national and other competitions. 
This increase is necessary, as the location of this competition has 
been settled by the War Department in the middle west, thus en- 
tailing more mileage and transportation expense. 

In conclusion, I wish to express to the Commander-in-Chief, 
and to you, sir, my hearty thanks for the co-operation in my work. 

Very respectfully, 

JOHN CASWELL, 

Colonel, Acting Chief of Ordnance. 



118 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 



REPORTS OF COMMANDING OFFICERS. 



Headquarters First Brigade, M. V. M., 

South Armory, Irvington Street, 

Boston, Mass., Sept. 3, 1907. 

The Adjutant General, State House, Boston, Mass. 

Sir : — I have the honor to report that, in accordance with 
General Orders, Nos. 10 and 13, A. G. 0., current series, the 
organizations of this brigade, and the Signal Corps, temporarily 
attached thereto, performed their annual tours of duty at the 
State reservation, South Framingham, July 27 to Aug. 2, 1907, 
and their annual drill at Boston, Aug. 3, 1907. 

General Orders, No. 1, current series, these headquarters, pro- 
vided for the assembling of the brigade at Camp Framingham; 
General Orders, No. 2, current series, these headquarters, pre- 
scribed the routine of camp duty; and General Orders, Nos. 4 
and 5, current series, these headquarters, comprised the regula- 
tions governing the transportation of the brigade to Boston- on 
August 3, and its participation in the mobilization there. Copies 
of all the above referred to orders were forwarded to the Adju- 
tant General's office at the time of their publication. 

The tour of duty performed by the brigade was, in my opinion, 
an excellent one. Officers and men addressed themselves to the 
prescribed work with enthusiasm, earnestness and intelligence. 
A new feature, so far as this brigade is concerned, provided for 
the full drill period in the mornings, the afternoons being de- 
voted to schools of officers and noncommissioned officers and to 
ceremonies. I think that this innovation was regarded by 
nearly every one in the brigade as helpful to more intelligent 
work. 

Capt. Eobert C. Davis, Seventeenth Infantry, IT. S. A., was 
on duty in the capacity of instructor, and to his untiring efforts 
and rare skill in instructor ship are due, in no small measure, 
the signal improvement shown by the infantry troops in their 
work during the week. Captain Davis embodies the type of 



1908.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 119 

regular officer whose contact with State forces cannot result 
other than in essential benefit to the volunteer service. 

The performance of guard duty was at first poor. Maj. Leon 
W. Ham, of my staff, was assigned as instructor of the guard, 
and because of his indefatigability in this duty, each guard 
received liberal instruction and showed conspicuous improve- 
ment as its tour advanced. 

The Signal Corps deserves commendation for its work in 
camp. Xecessarily it did not participate in the general routine 
as laid down in orders, but the plan of work submitted by the 
commanding officer, and approved by the brigade commander, 
showed an intelligent conception of military signal duty, and 
was carried forward with much success. The corps installed a 
complete field telephone, connecting the several headquarters. 

On the morning of August 3 the brigade was transported to 
Boston in three special trains, in accordance with arrangements 
made by the brigade quartermaster, and was reported to the 
Adjutant General at 10.28 a. At. as in position on the north side 
of Commonwealth Avenue, and readv to move. Previous to 
leaving Camp Pramingham, in accordance with orders, the camp 
was turned over to the designated representative of the general 
commanding the Second Brigade. "Upon the conclusion of the 
parade in Boston, August 3, the organizations of the brigade 
were dismissed at the South Armory, and proceeded to home 
stations under orders of their respective commanders. 

Very respectfully, 

EmBUBY P. CLARK, 

Brigadier General, Commanding. 



Headquarters Secoxd Brigade, M. V. M., 
Bostox, Aug. 20, 1907. 

To the Adjutant General, 2Iassachnsetts. 

Sir : — I have the honor to make the following report of the 
performance of duty, Second Brigade, M. V. 1L, on Aug. 3, 
1907. 

Pursuant to General Orders, Nos. 10 and 13, A. G. O., cur- 
rent Series, the brigade commander and staff established head- 
quarters at the East Armory, East Newton Street, at 9.10 a.m. 

According to orders from these headquarters, the command- 
ing officers, Eighth Infantry, M. V. M., and Xinth Infantry, 



120 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

M. V. M., reported their commands at 9.15 a.m., and a brigade 
guard, detailed from the Fifth Regiment Infantry, consisting 
of one lieutenant, two sergeants, four corporals and twelve pri- 
vates, reported and were placed under the direction of the field 
officer of the day. 

At 9.45 a.m. the brigade line was formed, and marched to the 
point designated in General Orders, A. G. 0. 

The commanding officer, Fifth Infantry, M. V. M., and the 
commanding officer of the Ambulance Company, acting under 
orders from these headquarters, reported to the brigade com- 
mander upon his arrival at the point designated. 

At 10.29 a.m. the Second Brigade was reported at your head- 
quarters on the south side of Commonwealth Avenue. 

The troops withstood the effects of the heat and march very 
creditably, the field officer of the day reporting very little strag- 
gling, no drunkenness, and but two privates treated at the relief 
station, three treated in the ambulance, who returned to duty, 
and three passed through the lines at the request of company 
commanders. 

After passing the Commander-in-Chief, the Fifth Infantry 
was dismissed. 

The brigade marched directly to the Boston & Albany freight 
yards, in the rear of Mechanics Building, and entrained for 
Framingham, Mass. The entraining was promptly and well 
performed. Owing to the fact that the march was completed at 
an earlier hour than was anticipated, and as the movement of 
the troop trains was regulated by regular passenger traffic, there 
was considerable delay in starting the trains for Framingham. 
The brigade was moved in two sections, the first section leaving 
at 2.35 p.m. and the second section at 3.05 p.m. 

Upon arrival at Framingham each organization was marched 
directly to the camp ground, and the command mustered for pay 
before the brigade was dismissed. 

Upon conclusion of the mustering for pay the organizations 
were excused, and immediately went into quarters and took up 
the routine of camp duty. 

Very respectfully, 

J. H. Whitxet, 
Brigadier General, Second Brigade, M. Y. M. 



1908.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 121 



Headquarters Second Brigade, M. V. M., 
Boston, Aug. 21, 1907. 

To the Adjutant General, Massachusetts. 

Sir : — I have the honor to report that the Second Brigade, 
M. V. M., with the Ambulance Company attached, and with the 
exception of the Fifth Infantry, performed its annual tour of 
camp duty in accordance with General Orders, Nos. 10 and 13, 
A. G. 0., current series. 

Brigade headquarters was established at Camp Framingham 
on Aug. 3, 1907, upon the departure of the First Brigade, 
M. Y. M. Major Wyman, brigade quartermaster, received the 
control of the camp ground from the commanding officer of the 
First Brigade, M. Y. M., at 8.30 a.m. A brigade guard, under 
the command of Capt. John E. Gilman, Jr., brigade engineer, 
was established, the guard consisting of one sergeant, four cor- 
porals and fifteen privates. All United States and State prop- 
erty was duly protected, and good order was preserved during 
the day. Upon arrival of the troops, guards were mounted 
shortly before 6 p.m., and the organizations commenced the 
routine work of the camp. 

Throughout the week the work of each organization was most 
creditably performed. The infantry work showed a constant 
improvement, owing largely to the untiring efforts of Capt. B. 
C. Davis, the infantry instructor. 

The special work of the Ambulance Company for the week, 
aside from the regular routine, was the construction of a field 
hospital, every detail of which was made entirely from material 
which could be naturally picked up in the field in time of ser- 
vice. When this hospital was finished it was quite complete to 
the smallest details for the comfort and care of sick and injured. 

The routine for the brigade, as laid down in General Orders 
from these headquarters, was followed with practically no ex- 
ceptions. 

The tour closed Saturday morning, August 10. After all 
baggage was packed, the tents were struck and piled at the head 
of the company streets and the grounds were properly policed. 
The brigade was then formed, and camp was formally closed 
by the lowering of the colors and the playing of "The Star 
Spangled Banner" at 10.30 a.m. 

In connection with this tour of duty I wish to specially note 
the great benefits which the brigade derived from the instruc- 



122 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

tioii of Capt. R. C. Davis, Seventeenth Infantry, U. S. A., and 
to respectfully recommend that every proper effort be put forth 
to secure in the future as much as possible of this same charac- 
ter of instruction for the infantry of Massachusetts. 

Very respectfully, 

J. H. Whitney, 
Brigadier General, Commanding Second Brigade, M. V. 21. 



Headquarters Fifth Regiment Infantry, Second Brigade, M. V. M., 

Boston, Dec. 16, 1907. 

To the Adjutant General, State House, Boston, 2Iass. 

Sir : — I have the honor to submit the following report as to 
the tour of duty performed by the Fifth Regiment Infantry, 
M. V. M., in connection with the coast defence exercises in Bos- 
ton harbor, July 27 to Aug. 3, 1907. 

The following order explains the assignment of officers and 
companies to the various forts in the harbor : — 

Headquarters Artillery District of Boston, 
Fort Banks, Mass., May 15, 1907. 

General Orders, ) 
No. 11. j 

The Fifth Infantry, M. Y. M., Col. William H. Oakes command- 
ing, having been assigned under proper orders for duty as Coast 
Artillery supports in the artillery district of Boston, hi connection 
with the joint army and militia coast defence exercises, July 27 to 
Aug. 3, 1907, the following assignments to stations are announced : — 

To Fort Revere. 

Col. William H. Oakes. Maj. Willis W. Stover, and all staff offi- 
cers except Capt. Charles H. Keene and First Lieut. Fred E. Jones, 
assistant surgeons. All noncommissioned staff officers, except two 
battalion sergeants-major. The band. Companies L, A, G and E. 

To Fort Andrews. 
Lieut. Col. Murray D. Clement. Companies K, G and I. 

To Fort Strong. 
Maj. Francis Meredith, Jr. Companies B and H. The Drum 
Corps. 

To Fort Warren. 

Capt. Charles H. Keene, assistant surgeon. Company F. 



1908.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 123 

To Fort Heath. 
Maj. Willis W. Butler, Company D. 

To Fort Banks. 

First Lieut. Fred E. Jones, assistant surgeon, Company M. 

The battalion adjutants, battalion quartermasters and commis- 
saries and the battalion sergeants-major are assigned to stations with 
their respective co mm anding officers. (State organization.) 

Saturday, July 27, headquarters officers and the officers of the 
First Battalion were assembled, and listened to a lecture on 
camp sanitation, by Post-Surgeon J. K. Stockard, supplemented 
by remarks on personal hygiene as applying to militiamen, by 
Maj. H. L. Deering, surgeon, Fifth Infantry, M. Y. M. 

Sunday, July 28, at 8.40 a.m., inspection and muster took 
place by the post commander, Maj. E. W. Hubbard. While the 
inspection was in progress, news was brought to the camp that 
the Edgemore Inn, a summer hotel, was on fire, and the bat- 
talion was immediately dismissed, and all the men, both regu- 
lars and militiamen, proceeded to the fire and rendered valuable 
assistance to the Hull fire department in saving dwelling houses 
and property in the immediate vicinity. At 5 o'clock evening 
parade took place, the companies of the First Battalion under 
Major Stover, and the companies of the Corps of Coast Artil- 
lery under Major Lombard. At the close of the ceremony State 
troops were inspected and mustered by Major Hubbard, U. S. A. 

Monday, July 29, was devoted to close order drill and con- 
struction of shelter trenches, under instruction of officers of the 
United States Army. 

Tuesday, July 30, battalion drill in extended order, and field 
fortifications, under instruction of officers of the United States 
Army. 

Wednesday, July 31, advance and rear guard problems, under 
instruction of the same officers, took place, with great profit to 
both officers and men. During the afternoon an official visit was 
paid to headquarters and the battalion by Colonel Weaver of the 
general staff, which was greatly appreciated by both officers and 
men, he having been connected with the regiment as lieutenant 
colonel during the war with Spain in 1898. 

At 9 p.m., ten officers and one hundred men were ordered to 
report to Captain Smith, U. S. A., at Hull Yacht Club pier, for 



124 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

the purpose of effecting a landing on Peddock's Island. The 
detachment was divided into ten parties, each in charge of a 
commissioned officer, and was supposed to represent ten com- 
panies. They embarked in ten small boats, and were towed 
towards Fort Andrews by a mine planter until a short distance 
south of the island, and were then dropped. They then made 
to the shore under oars. While it was impossible to make the 
landing without being discovered by the troops at Fort Andrews, 
it proved to be a most interesting problem, and one that the 
militia of this State has never before participated in, and was a 
splendid object lesson to all taking part. 

Thursday, August 1, morning drills were omitted in the First 
Battalion by advice of the surgeon, so the men could have an 
opportunity to dry their shoes and clothing, wet in the landing 
of the night before. 

At 1 o'clock the entire regiment was assembled on Peddock's 
Island for the working out of a problem of attack and defence: 
the First Battalion, Major Stover commanding, the defence; the 
Second and Third Battalions, under Lieutenant Colonel Clem- 
ents, commanding the attacking force, both sides being accom- 
panied by officers of the Regular Army acting as umpires. Gen- 
eral Duvall and Lieutenant Colonel Homer, district commander, 
and a large number of Regular Army officers, were interested 
spectators, and all expressed themselves as well pleased with the 
intelligent manner in which the problem was carried out. 

Friday, August 2, the morning was devoted to road sketch- 
ing, under instruction of United States Army officers. In the 
afternoon both officers and men were paid by the Paymaster of 
the United States Army, followed by evening parade. 

I wish to include the following order: — 

Headquarters Artillery District of Boston, 
Fort Banks, Mass., Aug. 2, 1907. 

General Orders, ) 
No. 28. J 

I. The Fifth Infantry, Col. William H. Oakes commanding, and 
the Corps Coast Artillery, Col. Charles P. Nutter commanding, are 
relieved from duty as infantry supports and artillery reserves in 
this district to-morrow morning. 

The Quartermaster's department will furnish the necessary trans- 
portation to the home station of different headquarters staff and the 
several organizations. 

It is with regret that the announcement is made of the close of 



1908.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 125 

the joint tour of duty; the earnestness that has been displayed by the 
artillery reserves and the infantry supports, and the efficiency shown 
by officers and men of the organizations participating in these joint 
defence exercises is a source of much gratification, and the success 
of future exercises is assured. 

The conditions at each post have been identical, and nothing but 
praise has been heard from all sources as to the thoroughly soldierly 
manner in which all duty has been performed. 

The result of this week's work only confirms the opinion of officers 
acquainted with the personnel of the organizations interested, — that 
the joint tour of duty would prove that the provisions of Circular 
17, W. D., current series, are practicable and could be successfully 
carried out so far as Massachusetts Volunteer Militia is concerned. 

By order of Lieutenant Colonel Homer, 

J. F. Howell, 
Captain, Coast Artillery Corps, Adjutant. 

Saturday, August 3, the regiment, with the militia of the 
Commonwealth, took part in mobilization in the city of Boston, 
the closing day of the Old Home Week celebration. 

In conclusion, I wish to say that in my opinion the regiment 
was greatly benefited by this tour of duty, and the splendid in- 
struction imparted to it by the officers of the Eegular Army 
detailed for this purpose will have a lasting and beneficial effect. 

I accompanied Lieutenant Colonel Homer on his tours of in- 
spection, and am under many obligations for the many cour- 
tesies extended to myself and the officers of my regiment. I 
wish also to thank all the officers of the Eegular Army for the 
interest they manifested in this very successful tour of duty. 

I am, very respectfully, 

William H. Oakes, 

Colonel Fifth Regiment Infantry, M. V. M. 



Headquarters Coast Artillery Corps, M. V. M., 
Boston, Dec. 14, 1907. 

The Adjutant General, Commonwealth of Massachusetts. 

Sir : — In accordance with General Orders, No. 24, A. G. 0., 
current series, I have the honor to submit the following report 
on the work performed by the Coast Artillery Corps (formerly 
the Corps of Coast Artillery). 

On Jan. 28, 1907, the corps was assembled at the South 
Armory, Boston, Mass., for the ceremonies incident to the pres- 



126 -ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

entation of long-service decoration and marksmanship trophies 
awarded to officers and men of the command during the year 
1906. The corps paraded with full numbers, and was reviewed 
by Adj. Gen. James B. Parker, after which presentations of the 
trophies and long-service medals were made by Col. James G. 
White, I. S. A. P. 

During the months of February, March and April the United 
States, State and field officers' inspections were held. These in- 
spections were well attended, although there seemed to be some 
lack of interest, which was due possibly to the want of apprecia- 
tion on the part of the absentees, of the importance of these 
duties. 

During the year the ceremony of guard mounting has been 
carried out at the respective armories of the corps during each 
drill period, being a part of the evening's work, the men .thus 
detailed remaining on guard for the evening, being instructed 
in their respective duties while on post and at the guard quar- 
ters. This method seems to have worked favorable results, al- 
though some changes are contemplated in the near future. 

The school for gunners has been carried on throughout the 
year, examinations having been held monthly. These examina- 
tions have been for the noncommissioned officers and privates of 
the corps. One hundred and ninety-four have presented them- 
selves for examination as second-class gunners, 161 having passed, 
33 failed. A gunner's certificate is being prepared at this time, 
which will be given to each man who has successfully completed 
the examination. The first-class gunner's examination contem- 
plated in the scheme outlined last year is in process of evolution, 
and examinations will be held soon after the first of next year. 

During the vear councils of officers have assembled six times, 
as allowed by law, at which meetings officers have been required 
to read previously prepared papers. During the coming year it 
is contemplated to continue this method of instruction, supple- 
menting these papers by lectures given by Regular Army officers 
from time to time. This work is much handicapped by the lack 
of material. More money is required for printing of books, 
questions, etc., and it would be much to the advantage of the 
corps if funds were available for the purchase of the necessary 
equipment, provided the same could not be obtained from the 
national government. Range instruments and plotting boards, 
etc., are possibilities of the near future, but an appropriation 
from the State would be, I believe, well and wisely expended in 
fitting up model guns for the purpose of drill in the various 



1908.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 127 

armories of the corps. This would create greater interest, and 
be of vastly more benefit than the method which prevails to-day, 
of exemplifying an 8-inch disappearing breech-loading rifle with 
a wooden settee. 

During the season the corps rifle competition was held at the 
Bay State rifle range, Wakefield. The corps also entered a team 
in the State general competition, and one member, Sergt. Maj. 
William D. Huddleson, succeeded in securing a position on the 
State team which represented the Commonwealth of Massachu- 
setts in the national matches held at Camp Perry, 0., during 
the summer. 

His Excellency the Commander-in-Chief having accepted the 
invitation of the War Department for Massachusetts troops to 
participate in the army exercises to be held in the artillery dis- 
trict of Boston from July 27 to Aug. 3, 1907, and the necessary 
orders having been issued, the corps assembled at the South 
Armory on the morning of July 27, where they were furnished 
with the noon meal. Line was formed at 12 o'clock, and the 
corps marched to the corner of State and Broad streets, under 
my command, where the organization was broken up and marched 
to the various wharves and stations as previously arranged, em- 
barking on the government transports and arriving at their 
stations in the artillery district of Boston about 2.30 p.m. 

Bations were drawn, camps pitched, and in about three hours 
all were settled comfortably in quarters. The different com- 
panies reported to their respective post commanders, and through 
them to the district commander. During the entire tour of duty 
all orders were issued by the district and post commanders. Both 
omcers and men of the corps conducted themselves in excellent 
manner as to their work, military courtesy and discipline, and I 
believe that the Commonwealth has occasion to feel satisfied with 
the work which they performed. 

On Friday, August 2, Lieutenant Colonel Homer, district com- 
mander, conferred upon me an honor which, to the best of my 
information, has never been previously conferred, — turning over 
to my immediate command the artillery district of Boston dur- 
ing the afternoon phase. This rather difficult undertaking was 
successfully concluded, thanks to the able assistance of the officers 
and men of the corps; and I point to this with no small pride, 
inasmuch as the work was left almost entirely to the militia 
officers, and, if I am to believe all reports, it proved more than 
fairly successful. For a more detailed account of the tour I 
respectfully refer to my previous report upon this tour of duty. 



128 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

The corps reported for this tour with its accustomed strength, 
and at the close returned to Boston in time to participate in the 
military parade of August 3, after which they were excused to 
their armories, and the men relieved from drill until September 
1. The first Monday following Labor Day the regular schedule 
of drill was taken up, and the work has been carried on during 
the succeeding months. 

During the year the company musicians have been organized 
into a trumpet corps, and have had practice with the corps band. 
Much credit is due the chief trumpeter for the excellent results 
obtained. 

General Orders, No. 24, has caused several changes in the 
commissioned and noncommissioned staff, but these matters will 
adjust themselves in a short time, and the work will be going 
along as well, and better, I trust, in the near future. 

I should feel derelict in my duty if I failed to acknowledge 
the many courtesies received at your hands and the Quarter- 
master General's department. 

Very respectfully yours, 

Chas. P. Nutter, 
Colonel Commanding, Coast Artillery Corps, M. V. M. 



Headquarters First Corps of Cadets, M. V. M., 
Boston, Sept. 1, 1907. 

To the Adjutant General, Massachusetts Volunteer Militia, State 

House, Boston. 

Sir : — I have the honor to report that my command assembled 
at its armory at 4.50 p.m. on Friday, August 9, and arrived in 
camp at Hingham, Mass., at 6.22 p.m., remaining there until 
10.15 a.m. on Saturday, August 17, thence returning to its 
armory in Boston, and arriving at 12.30 p.m. 

The duty performed on Friday and Saturday, August 9 and 
10, was ordered by me. The balance of the tour was the regular 
camp duty performed in accordance with the law. 

Col. Henry L. Kincaide, retired, Assistant Inspector General, 
accompanied the corps to the camp, remaining during the entire 
tour of duty. Capt. Robert C. Davis, Seventeenth United States 
Infantry, the instructor detailed by the War Department for the 
Massachusetts militia, reported on Saturday afternoon, August 
10, and remained during the rest of the tour. 

Drills, field exercises and the regular routine of camp duty 
were followed out every day during the tour except on Wednes- 



1908.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 



129 



day and Thursday, August li and 15, when the corps made a 
practice march, leaving camp at 9.30 a.m. on August 14, and 
returning at 3 p.m. on August 15. Advance and rear guard and 
outpost duty constituted the work of the first day of the practice 
march, and on the second day a problem arranged by Captain 
Davis was performed. 

During the encampment reviews were tendered to Colonel 
Kincaide on Monday, to Brig. Gen. James G. White on Tues- 
day, and to Brig. Gen. Hugh Bancroft on Friday. 

I wish in this report to specially commend the work of Cap- 
tain Davis in instructing the officers and men of the corps. He 
was untiring in his efforts, and I think I can safely say that the 
instruction received from him made the encampment the most 
successful in the history of the organization. 

A report of the surgeon will be sent to the Surgeon General 
direct. 

A table of attendance is enclosed. 

Very respectfully, 

Thomas Talbot, 
Lieutenant Colonel, First Corps Cadets, M. V. M. 



First Corps Cadets, Camp Edmands, Hingham. 









Present. 


Absent. 












FOR DUTY. 


SICK. 


■+3 


WITH 

LEAVE. 


WITHOUT 
LEAVE. 


o 


rRES-EJSIT AJNL) 

Absent. 


CO 
CO 

c 


Date. 


s- 

co 
o 

cfi 

O 


a 

CD 

S3 

ra 


a 

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CO 

s 

03 

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03 

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a 

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o 


CO 

s 

CO 


to 
CO 

o 

cE 
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CO 

s 

T3 
CO 

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o 


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O CO 

-frS 

CO -U 

a ^ 
a 

CO 

o 

hi 

<r> 


>> 

| 

> 


1907. 

August 9, 

, August 10, 




21 
21 


192 

192 


- 


- 


213 
213 


_ 


26 
25 


- 


9 

8 


35 
33 


21 
21 


227 

225 


218 
246 


85.89 
86.51 




' August 11, 
August 12, 
August 13, 
August 14, 
August 15, 
August 16, 
August 17, 




21 
21 
21 
21 
21 
21 
21 


213 
214 
213 
211 
211 
214 
210 


- 


1 

1 

1 

1 


235 
235 
234 
233 
233 
235 
232 


- 


20 
20 
21 
22 
22 
20 
23 


~ 




21 
21 
22 
23 
23 
21 
24 


21 
21 
21 
21 
21 
21 
21 


235 
235 
235 
235 
235 
235 
235 


256 
256 
256 
256 
256 
256 
256 


91.79 
91.79 
91.40 
91.00 
91.00 
91.79 
90.62 




Average, 
















• 


91.34 



The above does not include band of 24 pieces. 



130 ADJUTANT GENERALS REPORT. [Jan. 



Headquarters Second Corps Cadets, M. V. M., 
Salem, Sept. 1, 1907. 

To the Adjutant General of Massachttsetts. 

Sir : — I have the honor to report that, in accordance with 
General Orders, No. 13, A. G. 0., June 18, 1907, and General 
Orders, No. 9, July 11, 1907, these headquarters, this command 
performed its tour of camp duty at East Boxford, July 20 to 27, 
the first day being voluntary, and at the corps' expense. The 
corps left Salem Saturday, July 20, at 2.10 p.m., and arrived at 
East Boxford soon after 3 o'clock. Camp was pitched in a very 
short time, and guard mounted. Maj. Thomas D. Banoll as in- 
specting officer and Capt. A. C. Edson, paymaster, Second In- 
fantry, M. V. M., were with the corps during this tour of duty, 
("apt. R. C. Davis, Seventeenth United States Infant^, arrived 
in the afternoon. The routine of this encampment had been 
laid out under the supervision and according to the wishes of 
Captain Davis, who was to be the instructing officer. All drills 
were held in the forenoon, schools and ceremonies in the after- 
noon. I regard this as a much better plan than that of drilling 
both forenoon and afternoon, as the men are fresher, both men- 
tally and physically. Close order drills by companies and bat- 
talions were held from 8 to 9.30 a.m., after which the time until 
12 o'clock was devoted to field exercises. Advance and rear 
guard, outposts, normal attack, and attack and defence of camp 
were the subjects exemplified. Schools for officers were held 
each afternoon from 2 to 3 o'clock, and for noncommissioned 
officers from 3 to 3.30 o'clock. At these schools the morning's 
work and the ceremonies of the preceding afternoon were re- 
viewed, errors noted, and full opportunity given for discussion 
and questions. The work for the next day was also outlined. 
"While the usual review by the Commander-in-Chief was omitted, 
reviews were held on different days by Maj. Gen. "William 
Stopford (retired), Maj. Thomas D. Barroll and the command- 
ing officer. A lecture by Maj. J. William Voss, surgeon, on 
military hygiene, was delivered in the afternoon of July 22. 

The weather during the week was good, and all work was 
done according to routine with the exception of the drills of 
July 26, which were omitted on account of heavy rain. 

I cannot sa} r too much in praise of Captain Davis and his 
work with this corps. No such tour of duty has ever been per- 
formed, or so much knowledge and proficiency acquired in so 



1908.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 131 

short a time by the officers and men of this command. I hope 
that the plan will be resumed at the summer tours of duty of 
next year, and that Captain Davis will be with the troops of 
Massachusetts to carry still further the excellent work begun 
this year. 

Respectfully submitted, ■ 

Andrew Fitz, 

Lieutenant Colonel. 



Headquarters Second Corps Cadets, M. V. M., 
Salem, Sept. 1, 1907. 

To the Adjutant General of Massachusetts. 

Sir : — I have the honor to report that, in accordance with 
General Orders, No. 13, A. G. 0., June 18, 1907, and General 
Orders, No. 11, July 29, 1907, these headquarters, the annual 
drill of this command was performed in Boston, Aug. 3, 1907, 
at the mobilization of the Massachusetts militia. The corps 
assembled at the armory at 9.15 a.al, embarked on special train 
and reported in Boston at 10.30 o'clock, taking position on 
Commonwealth Avenue in rear of the Coast Artillery Corps. 
Although the heat was excessive and all benefits of anv halts 
were lost by reason of distance having to be regained at points 
in the column in advance of the Coast Artillery, every member 
of this command marched the entire route and remained with 
the corps until dismissed at the armory in Salem. 

Respectfully submitted, 

Andrew Fitz, 

Lieutenant Colonel. 



Headquarters First Battalion Field Artillery, M. V. M., 
State Armory, Lawrence, Aug. 20, 1907. 

To the Adjutant General, State House, Boston. 

Sir : — I have the honor to make the following report of the 
tour of State duty made by this battalion, August 3 to 10, in- 
clusive. 

The battalion formed on Marlborough Street, Boston, at 10 
a.m. of August 3, Battery B coming in from Worcester by special 
train, Battery A marching from its armory in Boston, while 
Battery C marched in from Medford, where it had made camp 
after a route march from Lawrence the day before. The bat- 
teries were well horsed, and both men and equipment in good 



132 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

order. The battalion kept well closed up during the entire 
parade, although it was very difficult, owing to the necessity of 
breaking the formation to pass obstacles and to go through nar- 
row streets along the line of march. After being reviewed by 
His Excellency the Governor in front of the State House, the 
battalion commenced its route march to Ipswich, stopping the 
first night at Medf ord ; the next day in a pouring rain the camp 
was broken, and the march of twenty miles made to Beverly, 
where camp was made in good time and a good night's rest 
secured. Early the next morning all were ready for the fifteen 
miles to be made before reaching Ipswich, the site of our perma- 
nent camp, and the roads being most perfect, little fatigue was 
experienced, halts being made, to rest the horses, at regular in- 
tervals, as recommended by Capt. Fred C. Doyle, the Regular 
Army officer who was specially detailed to the battalion for this 
tour of duty. The battalion reached camp at the Town Farm, 
Ipswich, at 1 p.m. Here the experience gained by the batteries 
showed itself, for the camp was quickly and neatly pitched, 
without the least commotion. The First Battalion Field Artil- 
lery Band, of which Mr. Benjamin F. Teel of Boston is leader, 
added greatly to make all feel at home, and the excellent musi- 
cal program presented by the band during the week materially 
helped the officers to keep the men in camp. 

First Lieut. John H. Sherborne of Batterv A having been 
appointed range officer for the tour, the targets were built under 
his supervision at four different ranges, this very difficult work 
being done before the arrival of the battalion at Ipswich, so that 
no time would be lost, and all was in readiness for the first day 
in camp. 

On Tuesday, August 6, Battery C commenced the target prac- 
tice, and did some very good work with its 3-2-inch guns. On 
Wednesday Battery A took its turn at the butts, and, firing at 
all four ranges, showed its ability to handle the new 3-inch guns 
with good effect. On Thursday morning Battery B went to the 
firing grounds, and although having had the new 3-inch guns but 
six weeks, under the efficient instruction of Capt. Fred C. Doyle 
of the United States Army, it, too, made a good showing, and 
should feel proud that such good work was done. In the after- 
noon Battery C again used the firing point, and expended all 
the ammunition issued to it with telling effect on the first three 
ranges. 

The firing developed the fact that the man targets were 1,700 



1908.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 133 

yards, and the three large targets 1,900 yards, 4,050 yards and 
5,000 yards distant. Each of the batteries had an opportunity 
for mounted drills, which all used to the uttermost, showing 
great improvement as the clays passed. The spirit of rivalry 
was kept at its height, and one section of each battery was pre- 
sented with a silver cup on Thursday night, as a reward for 
having done the best work during the tour. 

Inspection of quarters each morning at 9 o'clock showed the 
battalion to be very much interested in its duties, and the polic- 
ing excellent. 

On Monday, July 29, and Tuesday, July 30, First Lieut. 
Nicholas J. Skerrett, quartermaster, assisted by the quarter- 
master sergeant, Wallace L. Darling, and a detail, visited the 
temporary and permanent camps, and completed arrangements 
for the comfort of the battalion. At Ipswich Town Farm the 
wells and pumps were put in working order, watering troughs 
hired, and separate places provided to water each battery; but 
after a day's trial it was found more convenient to water all the 
horses at the main pump in the field, and the fifteen-foot troughs 
were placed on low ground about one hundred feet from the 
well, and there kept filled by means of a fire hose connected 
with the force pump, the supply of water being sufficient. By 
this arrangement the well and its surroundings were kept in 
perfectly sanitary condition. 

Brig. Gen. James P. Parker, Adjutant General, visited the 
camp officially Thursday, August 8. A mounted detail from 
the staff met the distinguished visitor and escorted him to head- 
quarters, where he was received by the battalion commander, 
and a salute of eleven guns fired by Battery C. 

On Friday morning batteries B and A marched to East 
Saugus, where they encamped for the night, while Battery C 
marched to Boxford and made camp, the headquarters remain- 
ing at Ipswich, excepting the necessary staff officers detailed to 
accompany the different batteries. 

It was noticeable that the policing of the parks had been done 
in a most thorough manner, and it reflected credit upon each of 
the batteries. 

Saturday morning all broke camp and marched to home sta- 
tions, excepting Battery B, which entrained at Boston for 
Worcester, its home station. 

The tour, although the hardest ever attempted by this bat- 
talion, was very well performed; each officer and man seemed to 



134 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

realize that his work either made or marred the total result, 
and all worked with a will to do his share to make the greatest 
success out of the tour, and I feel very deeply thankful for their 
faithful services. 

The report of the State Board of Health, recommending that 
all water used for drinking purposes should be boiled, was the 
most serious problem confronting the stay at Ipswich Farm; 
but the order of the medical department was strictly complied 
with. 

This being the third year in succession that this battalion 
has been on route marches and where target practice was its 
chief aim, I would most respectfully recommend that the bat- 
talion spend its entire time next year at South Framingham, 
giving special attention to mounted drill, guard and camp 
duties, which have to some extent been sacrificed for the other 
important object, and that each battery be allowed an extra day 
in the early fall to go to some suitable range and have the neces- 
sary practice. 

I would also recommend that Sibley tents be purchased for 
the battalion, they being more suitable for the batteries, and 
would greatly reduce the baggage train. 

I am, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

Charles F. Sargext, 

Major. 

Headquarters First Squadron Cavalry, M. V. M., 
Boston, Aug. 30, 1907. 

The Adjutant General, Massachusetts Volunteer Militia. 

Sir : — I have the honor to report that, in compliance with 
General Orders, No. 10, and Special Orders, No. 109, A. G. 0., 
current series, and General Orders, No. 8, these headquarters, 
this command performed its annual tour of camp duty August 
IT to 23 inclusive. 

The command was ordered to report at the freight yard of the 
New York, New Haven & Hartford Railroad at 6.30 a.m., 
August 17. Troop D reported at 6.35 a.m. and Troop A at 
6.55 a.m. The horses and baggage were loaded without incident, 
in good order and without delay, and the train pulled out at 
8.05 a.m., arriving at Duxbury at 10.10 a.m. The unloading 
of the train at Duxbury was delaved by lack of facilities for 
unloading the horses, and the necessity of pulling the train away 
from the freight station and bringing it back again to allow the 



1908.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 135 

regular passenger trains to pass, so that the work of pitching 
camp was delayed, and the regular schedule of work could not 
be followed until 4 p.m., when the evening parade was held. 
The camp was pitched on the John Alden farm, owned by Mr. 
Wm. J. Wright. 

On Sunday, August 18, horses were exercised by troops under 
command of first sergeants, the men riding on blankets, from 
8.30 to 9.30 a.m. The officers of the squadron received instruc- 
tion in " extended order " at this time by Maj. John Bigelow, 
Jr., II. S. A., retired. At 3 p.m. squadron line was formed, and 
the squadron rode through the town of Duxbury, returning to 
the drill field for evening parade at the regular time, 4 p.m. 

On Monday, August 19, the troops were drilled in close and 
extended order, by troops, at the morning drill period, and at 
1.15 p.m. a shelter tent drill was held. The afternoon drill 
period was utilized for instruction in troop and squadron ex- 
tended order. A squad of men was given instruction in first 
aid to the injured by First Lieut. A. G. Scoboria, assistant sur- 
geon, and these men were given practical instruction by means 
of men in the skirmish line who were detailed to fall out to be 
picked up and brought in by this squad to a hospital station. 
The treatment of the supposed injured men was then described 
to the whole squadron by Maj. G. W. Mills, surgeon. 

On Tuesday, August 20, tents were struck at 7.45 a.m., bag- 
gage packed in the wagon train, and " boots and saddles " 
sounded at 9.30 a.m., and the command left the camp at 10.18 
a.m. for Scituate, arriving at the Third Cliff, on ground owned 
by Mr. Geo. F. Welch, at 1.50 p.m., where camp was pitched; 
distance travelled, fourteen miles. A camp detail, consisting of 
First Lieut. J. C. Kerrison, quartermaster, First Lieut. A. G. 
Scoboria, assistant surgeon, Acting Sergeant Major Sanborn, 
and a detail of the guard had been sent out an hour in advance 
of the squadron, and the camp was pitched as laid out by this 
detail. This same detail was sent forward from Scituate and 
from South Hingham to Hingham and Houghton's Pond. At 
5 p.m. the squadron was reviewed by Maj. John Bigelow, Jr., 
the review being followed by evening parade, the command pass- 
ing in review at both ceremonies at the three gaits, and being 
drilled in the saber exercise at evening parade. 

On Wednesday, August 21, the general was sounded at 7.55 
a.m. and "boots and saddles" at 8.28 a.m., the march to South 
Hingham being taken up at 9.10 a.m., arriving there at 11.52 



136 



ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 



a.m. ; distance travelled, eleven miles. Camp was pitched on 
ground owned by Mr. Tbos. F. Keenan. By request of the 
squadron commander, Major Bigelow took command of the 
squadron and gave a practical lesson in the attack and defence 
of a position. This drill occupied the time from 3 to 5 p.m. The 
evening parade was omitted. During the march from Scituate 
to South Hingham the horse ridden by Private R. A. McLeod, 
Troop D, stumbled and broke one of his fore legs, and was shot 
by Capt. A. W. May, veterinary Second Brigade. 

On Thursday, August 22, the schedule of calls commenced at 
4.15 a.m., the general was sounded at 7.15 a.m., "boots and sad- 
dle- "' at 7.55 a.m., and the march taken up at 8.20 a.m., arriv- 
ing at the Blue Hills reservation at 12.38 p.m. ; distance trav- 
elled, sixteen miles. Owing to some of the roads being steep, 
the wagon train did not arrive until 1.43 p.m., this being the 
only day on which the train did not arrive within a half hour of 
the squadron. A dismounted squadron inspection was made by 
Major Bigelow at 4.15 p.m., all other ceremonies except guard 
mounting being omitted. 

On Friday, August 23, the general was sounded at 8.30 A.M. 
and " boots and saddles " at 8.45 a.m., the march taken up at 
9.58 a.m., arriving at Warren Street and Harrison A venue, R ox- 
bury, where the squadron was dismissed at 12.10 p.m.; distance 
travelled, ten miles. 

The health of the command was good throughout the tour. 
The horses were generally in good condition throughout the tour. 

Very respectfully, 

William A. Perrins, 

Major. 






1908.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 



137 



GENERAL ORDERS AND CIRCULARS. 



Commonwealth of Massachusetts, 
Adjutant General's Office, Boston, Jan. 5, 1907. 

General Orders, No. 1. 

Whole number of series of 1906, 16. 

I. The Commander-in-Chief heartily commends the excellent 
work of the student officers of the Service School year 1905-06. 

II. During the school year 1905-06, one hundred and eighty- 
four student officers filed reports with the secretary, showing that 
they had followed in a systematic manner the work of the school; 
one hundred and seven officers completed the school work of both 
terms ; and one hundred out of the one hundred and seven success- 
fully passed the required examinations. 

III. The work of the Second Infantry and the First Corps 
Cadets is especially to be commended. Thirty-seven officers of the 
former took the complete course, thirty-six receiving qualifying 
marks; in the First Corps Cadets twenty officers completed the 
work, not one having failed, the average percentage being high. 

IV. The names of all officers who qualified by passing the written 
tests as required by orders are published herewith. These officers 
will be carried on a special efficiency roster, to be kept at the Ad- 
jutant General's office, as officers specially qualified for commissions 
in volunteer forces, provided they finish the prescribed course of 
three years. 

The Service School, M. V. M. 

The names of officers finishing the first year's course with high 
credit are as follows : — 



1. Capt. E. Dwight Fullerton, . 

2. Col. Frederick E. Pierce, 

3. Capt. Charles H. Rollins, 

4. Lieut. Col. Walter L. Sanborn, 



Corps Coast Artillery, 
Second Infantry, 
First Corps Cadets, 
First Brigade Staff, 



.963 
.960 
.952 
.952 



The names of officers concluding the first year's work with credit 
are as follows : — 



5. Gen. Fred B. Carpenter, 

6. Maj. Ernest A. Gates, . 

7. Capt. Paul J. Norton, . 

8. Maj. William C. Hayes, 

9. Lieut. Ambrose Clogher, 



Staff of Commander-in-Chief, . 944 

Second Infantry, . . .942 

Second Infantry, . . .941 

Second Infantry, . . .935 

Second Infantry, . . .932 



138 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 



10. Lieut. William S. Simmons, 

11. Capt. Abram C. Williams, . 

12. Maj. Edwin R. Gray, . 

13. Lieut. Charles W. Richards, 

14. Capt. Archibald C. Edson, . 

15. Lieut. Col. Thomas Talbot, . 

16. Capt. Percival M. Churchill, 

17. Lieut. Harry L. Doane, 

18. Lieut. Edward Harrison Hoyt, 

19. Capt. Ira Vaughn, 

20. Lieut. Eugene T. Redmond, 

21. Capt. Fred A. Jenks, . 

22. Lieut. Forrest Grant Brackett, 

23. Capt, Harry C. Young, 

24. Capt. John A. Blanchard, 

25. Lieut. John Lavalle, . 

20. Capt. Herbert H. Warren, . 

27. Lieut, William L. Swan, 

28. Capt. Hugh E. Adams, 

29. Lieut. Holten B. Perkins, . 

30. Capt. F. Elliott Cabot, 

31. Lieut. Herbert N. Kelley, . 

32. Lieut, Col. Edward H. Eldredge, 

33. Lieut. Moses H. Tisdell, 

34. Lieut, John C. Kerrison, 

35. Lieut. Jesse Fenno Stevens, . 

36. Lieut. William Everett Hoyt, 

37. Lieut. William B. Stearns, . 
3S. Lieut. Boylston L. Williams, 

39. Lieut. Nathaniel T. Very, . 

40. Lieut. Lewis M. McCallum, . 

41. Capt. John Nicholson, 

42. Lieut. William A. Hayes, 2d, 

43. Lieut. John W. Hall, . 

44. Capt. Howard L. Rogers, 



First Corps Cadets, 
Second Infantry, 
Second Infantry, 
Second Infantry, 
Second Infantry, 
First Corps Cadets, 
Eligible list, U. S. V., 
Second Infantry, 
First Corps Cadets, 
Second Corps Cadets, 
Second Corps Cadets, 
Second Infantry, 
First Corps Cadets, 
Second Infantry, 
First Corps Cadets, 
First Corps Cadets, 
Second Infantry, 
Troop D, . 
Second Infantry, 
First Corps Cadets, 
First Corps Cadets, 
Second Infantry, 
Eighth Infantry, 
Second Infantry, 
First Squadron Cavalry, 
First Corps Cadets, 
Second Corps Cadets, 
First Corps Cadets, 
First Corps Cadets, 
Second Corps Cadets, 
Second Infantry, 
Second Infantry, 
First Corps Cadets, 
First Squadron Cavalry, 
Field Battery A, 



.929 
.927 
.917 
.910 
.910 
.908 
.901 
.899 
.899 
.899 
.888 
.888 
.886 
.882 
.880 
.880 
.S74 
.871 
.870 
.S68 
.867 
.866 
.865 
.865 
.S63 
.860 
.860 
.S59 
.S57 
.854 
.854 
.852 
.852 
.852 
.851 



The names of officers marked proficient in the first year's course 
are as follows : — 



45. Capt. Franklin L. Joy, 

46. Capt. Frank S. Perkins, 

47. Lieut. Matthew J. Casey, 

48. Lieut. Clarence N. Grey, 

49. Lieut. Freeman Hinckley, 

50. Capt. Charles F. Ropes, 

51. Maj. David Cheever, . 

52. Lieut. William A. Mann, 

53. Lieut. Frank A. D. Bullard, 

54. Capt. William J. Curtis, 

55. Lieut, John S. Barrows, 

56. Capt. P. Frank Packard, 

57. Capt. Edward T. Graham, 

58. Lieut. James N. Clark, 

59. Lieut. Thomas J. Cobey, 

60. Capt. George A. Kyle, 

61. Lieut. Charles A. Schmitz, 

62. Lieut. Alfred M. Blinn, 

63. Lieut. George E. Easton, 



First Corps Cadets, 


. .844 


Second Corps Cadets, . 


. .844 


Eighth Infantry, 


. .842 


Second Corps Cadets, . 


.841 


First Corps Cadets, 


.841 


Second Corps Cadets, . 


.840 


First Corps Cadets, 


.836 


Second Corps Cadets, . 


.836 


Corps Coast Artillery, 


.835 


Eighth Infantrj', 


.831 


Troop A, . 


.830 


Eighth Infantry, 


.830 


Second Corps Cadets, . 


.825 


Second Corps Cadets, . 


.824 


Eighth Infantry, 


.822 


Eighth Infantry, 


.821 


Troop D, . 


.821 


First Squadron Cavalry, 


.821 


Second Infantry, 


.820 



1908.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT — Xo. 7. 



139 



64. 


Lieut. 


Col. George H. Doty,.. 


Staff of Commander-in-Chiei 


? , .817 


65. 


Capt. 


Alfred F. Foote, 


Second Infantry, 


.815 


66. 


Lieut. 


Harry James Kane, . 


Corps Coast Artillery, 


.812 


67. 


Lieut. 


Clarence E. Smith, 


Second Infantry, 


.810 


68. 


Lieut. 


Charles A. Dawson, . 


Eighth Infantry, 


.809 


69. 


Lieut. 


Harry R. Peach, 


Second Corps Cadets, . 


.807 


70. 


Lieut. 


William O'Brien, 


Second Infantry, 


.805 


71. 


Lieut. 


Charles Herbert Cross, 2d, 


First Corps Cadets, 


.805 


72. 


Capt. 


Edward J. Leyden, 


Second Infantry, 


.804 


73. 


Lieut. 


S. Parker Bremer, 


First Corps Cadets, 


.804 


74. 


Lieut. 


Alexander Macdonald, 


Second Infantry, 


.802 


75. 


Lieut. 


Jeremiah Scully, 


Second Infantry, 


.800 



The names of officers who received marks that were satisfactory 
in the first year's course are as follows : — 

76. Lieut. Harry S. Perkins, 

77. Lieut. Alfred J. Rowan, 

78. Lieut. Horace Binney, 

79. Capt. Eugene A. Coburn, . 

80. Capt. David A. Turner, 

81. Lieut. Frederick H. Lucke, 

82. Capt, Theodor R. Geisel, . 

83. Lieut. Olin D. Dickerman, 

84. Lieut. Walter H. Brown, . 

85. Lieut, Frank P. Hall,. 

86. Lieut. James J. Ingoldsby, . 

87. Capt, Albert G. Beckman, . 

88. Lieut. Thomas J. Hammond, 

89. Lieut. Joseph E. Wiley, 

90. Capt. Fred S. Weymouth, . 

91. Lieut, George E. B. Strople, 

92. Lieut, David H. Fogg, 

93. Capt. John J. O'Connell, . 

94. Capt, Harry B. Campbell, . 

95. Capt, Walter L. Pratt, 

96. Lieut. Ralph D. Hood, 

97. Lieut. William Renfrew, 

98. Capt. Joseph H. Frothingham, 

99. Lieut. William H. Klein, . 
100. Lieut. Chester W. French, . 

By order of the Commander-in-Chief, 

James A. Frye, 
Adjutant General, Chief of Staff. 



Second Corps Cadets, . 


.799 


First Corps Cadets, 


.794 


First Corps Cadets, 


.792 


Troop D, . 


.791 


Second Infantry, 


.791 


Second Infantry, 


.781 


Second Infantry, 


.769 


Corps Coast Artillery, 


.768 


Second Infantry, 


. 765 


Second Infantry, 


. 765 


Eighth Infantry, 


.761 


Second Infantry, 


.759 


Second Infantry, 


.753 


Eighth Infantry, 


.751 


Second Infantry, 


.746 


Eighth Infantry, 


.740 


Corps Coast Artillery, 


.738 


Second Infantry, 


.732 


Eighth Infantry, 


. .731 


Corps Coast Artillery, 


. .730 


Eighth Infantry, 


. .724 


Corps Coast Artillery, 


. .722 


Corps Coast Artillery, 


. .720 


Second Infantry, 


. .711 


Second Infantry, 


. .700 



Commonwealth of Massachusetts, 
Adjutant General's Office, Boston, Feb. 1, 1907. 

General Orders, Xo. 2. 

I. In accordance with section 64 of chapter 465 of the Acts of 
1905, the following schedule of books and parts thereof adopted by 
the Military Examining Board as the basis of examination for of- 
ficers is hereby published for the information of the Volunteer Mili- 
tia. 



140 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

II. The Quartermaster General will provide the necessary copies 
of the books and pamphlets stated, and furnish them, upon requisi- 
tion, to officers accountable for public property, for the use of such 
officers and of those belonging to their commands. 

III. On the election of any officer in any regiment, battalion, 
squadron or the Naval Brigade, the commanding officer of such or- 
ganization shall forward through channels to the Military Examin- 
ing Board a report giving such information as he officially possesses 
as to the military, moral and general qualifications of the officer 
elected; and this report shall be filed with the records of the Board 
as part of the records of the examination. Commanding officers 
may delegate this duty to a board appointed by a regimental order. 

By order of the Commander-in-Chief, 

James A. Frye, 

Adjutant General. 

Company of Infantry. 



Second lieutenants 


Infantry Drill Regulations, . 


All except par. 348-436. 


and fir 


st lieuten- 


Militia Law, .... 


All chap. 465, Acts of 


ants. 






1905, and amendments. 






Field Service Regulations, 


All. 






Guard Manual, .... 


All. 






U.S. Small Arms Firing Regulations, 


Parts 1-3,5 (Chap. 1), 9. 






l". S. Pamphlet on Correspondence, 


All. 






Regulations M. V. M., . 


All. 






Notes on Military Hygiene, by Col. 


All. 






A. A. Woodhull. 




Captain, 


• 


All that is required for lieutenants 
of infantry and 








Infantrv Drill Regulations, . 


Par. 348-436. 






Wagner's Security and Information, 


All. 






Manual of Array Cooks, 


All. 



Regiment of Infantry, Battalion of Corps of Cadets. 



Field officers, 



Adjutant, 
Quartermaster, 



Commissary, 



Paymaster, 



All that is required of captains of 
infantry, and 

Wagner's Organization and Tactics, 

Beach's Manual of Field Engineer- 
ing. 

U. S. A. Regulations, 

All that is required of captains of 
Infantry, except Manual of Army 
Cooks. 

Quartermaster's Manual, U. S. A., . 
Militia Law, .... 

U. S. Pamphlet on Correspondence, 
Regulations M. V. M., . 
U. S. A. regulations, 



Manual for the Subsistence Depart- 
ment, U. S. A., 1902. 
Militia Law, .... 

U. S. Pamphlet on Correspondence, 
Regulations M. V. M., . 
U. S. A. Regulations, 



All that is required of lieutenants of 
infantry. 



All. 
All. 

All. 



All. 

All chap. 465, Acts of 
1905, and amendments. 
All. 
All. 

Those parts that pertain 
to their duties. 

All. 

All chap. 465, Acts of 
1905, and amendments. 

All. 

All. 

Those parts that pertain 
to their duties. 



1908.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 



141 



Regiment of Infantry, Battalion of Corps of Cadets — Concluded. 



Inspector Small 
Arms Practice. 



Battalion a d j u - 
tants. 

Battalion com- 
missary and 
quartermaster. 



All that is required of lieutenants of 
infantry, and whole of U. S. A. 
Small Arms Firing Regulations. 

All that is required of lieutenants of 
infantry. 

All that is required of commissaries 
and quartermasters. 



Battery of Field Artillery. 



Second lieutenants 


Light Artillery Drill Regulations, . 


All. 


and first lieuten- 


Militia Law, 


All. 


ants. 


Regulations M. V. M., . 


All. 




Dyer's Boots and Saddles, 


All. 




U. S. Pamphlet on Correspondence, 


All. 




Dyer's Handbook of Light Artillery, 


All. 


Captain, 


All that is required for lieutenants of 
light artillery, and 






Field Service Regulations, 


All. 




Wagner's Security and Information, 


All. 




U. S. A. Regulations, 


All. 




Manual of Army Cooks, 


All. 



Battalion of Field Artillery. 



Field officers, 

Adjutant, 

Quartermaster, 

Commissary, 

Paymaster, 



Same as captain of light artillery. 
All that is required of lieutenants of light artillery. 
All that is required of quartermasters of infantry. 
All that is required of commissary of infantry. 
All that is required of lieutenants of light artillery. 



Troop of Cavalry. 



Second lieutenants, 



First lieutenants, 



Captain, 



Cavalry Drill Regulations, 1902, 

Manual of Guard Duty, 1902, 
Regulations M. V. M., . 
Field Service Regulations, 
Firing Regulations for Small Arms, 

1904. 
Militia Law, .... 



All that is required of second lieu- 
tenants, and 
Cavalry Drill Regulations, 
Regulations M. V. M., . 
Militia Law, . . . . 



All that is required of first lieuten- 
ants, and 
Cavalry Drill Regulations, 

Regulations M. V. M., . 

Field Service Regulations, 

Militia Law, . . . . 



Page 5 to par. 559, par. 

995-1001. 
Entire book. 
Arts. 2, 3, 6, 13. 
Arts. 3, 4. 
Parts 1-3, 9. 

Sects. 16, 37, 38, 69, 
124-131, 138, 146-153. 



Par. 559-697, 973-981. 

Par. 20. 

Sects. 95-105, 120, 121, 

139-141, 143-146, 179, 

181. 



Par. 1001-1004, 1058- 
1094, 1097-1101, 1107. 

Arts. 4, 5, 7, 14 (Sects. 
3, 4), 17. 

Arts. 5-8, 10. 

Sects. 70-76, 87, 106, 
107. 



142 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 



Squadron of Cavalry. 



Field officers, 



Adjutant, 



Inspector Small 
Arms Practice. 



Quartermaster, 



Commissary, 



All that is required of captains, and 
Cavalry Drill Regulations, 



Regulations M. V. M., . 
Field Service Regulations, 
Militia Law, 

Cavalry Drill Regulations, 

Field Service Regulations, 
Manual of Guard Duty, 
Militia Law, 

Regulations M. V. M., . 

U. S. Pamphlet on Correspondence 

Firing Regulations for Small Arms 

1904. 
Regulations M. V. M., 1900, . 

Militia Law, 

Cavalry Drill Regulations, U. S. A. 

1902. 
Manual of Guard Duty, U. S. A. 

1902. 

Quartermaster's Manual, 1904, 
Regulations M. Y. M., 1900, . 
Militia Law, 

Drill Regulations, Cavalry, 1902, 

Guard Manual U. S. A., 1902, 
Firing Regulations, Small Arms 
1904. 

Manual of Subsistence Department 

U. S. A., 1902. 
Regulations M. V. M., 1900, . 
Militia Law, 

Cavalry Drill Regulations, U. S. A. 

1902. 
Manual of Guard Duty, U. S. A. 

1902. 
Firing regulations for Small Arms 

1904. 



Par. 697-942, 94S-973, 
981-995, 1016-1043, 
1102, 1103, 1108, 1109. 

All. 

Arts. 2, 9 (to par. 441). 

Sects. 131-133, 138-141, 
143-153, 179, 181. 

Par. 8, 697-842, 1013- 
1111. 

Art. 11. 

All. 

All chap. 465, Acts of 

1905, and amendments. 

All. 

All. 

Parts 1-4,8 (chap. 2), 9. 

Arts. 7 (sect. 9), 13 and 

20. 
Sects. 16, 37, 38, 69, 

124-131, 138,146-153. 
Par. 213-218, 272-2S7, 

311-361, 995-1001. 
Par. 214-295. 



Arts. 1-3, 13, 18, 20. 
Arts. 7 (sect. 9), 13. 20. 
Sects. 16, 37, 38, 69, 

124-131, 138, 146-153. 
Par. 213-218, 272, 311- 

361, 995-1001. 
Par. 214-295. 
Part 9. 



Par. 61-79, 115-145, 
428-444, 713-752. 

Arts. 7 (sect. 9), 13, 20. 

Sects. 16, 37, 38, 69, 
124-131, 138, 146-153. 

Par. 213-218, 272-287, 
311-361, 995-1001. 

Par. 214-295. 

Part 9. 



Signal Corps. 



First lieutenants, . 


Cavalry Drill Regulations, U. S. A., 
1902. 


All. 




Manual of Visual Signalling, U. S. 


All. 




Signal Corps, 1905. 






Field Service Regulations, 1905, 


All. 




Land Forces of U. S., Elements of, 


All. 




1905. 






Catechism of Outpost Duty, Wagner, 


All. 




Military Map-reading, Field, Out- 






post and Road Sketching. 




Captain, 


Same as lieutenants. 





1908.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 



143 



Brigade. 



Brigadier General, 


All that is required of field officers 
of infantry. 




Assistant Adjutant 


All that is required of captains of 




General. 


infantry, except Manual of Army 
Cooks. 




Inspector, . 


All that is required of field officers 
of infantry. 




Judge Advocate, . 


Militia Law, .... 


All. 




Regulations M. V. M., . 


Par. 622-627, 823-1063. 




Articles of War (Rev. Stat., par. 


General knowledge. 




1342). 






U. S. A. Regulations, 1904, . 


Par. 922-1008. 




Winthrop's Abridgement of Military 


General knowledge. 




Law, 4th edition. 




Quartermaster, 


All that is required of regimental 
quartermaster. 




Commissary, 


All that is required of regimental 
commissary. 




Ordnance officer, . 


All that is required of captains of 
infantry (except Manual of Army 
Cooks), and whole of U. S. Small 
Arms Firing Regulations. 




Engineer, 


All that is required of captains of 
infantry (except Manual of Army 
Cooks), and Beach's Manual of 
Field Engineering. 




Aide-de-camp, 


All that is required of captains of 
infantry, except Manual of Army 
Cooks. 





Company of Coast Artillery. 

Text Books. 

1 . Drill Regulations for Coast Artillery, U. S. A. 

2. Infantry Drill Regulations, U. S. A. 

3. Manual of Guard Duty, U. S. A. 

4. Firing Regulations for Small Arms, U. S. A. 

5. Regulations, U. S. A. 

6. The Land Forces of the United States (A. G. O., Massachu- 
setts, 1905). 

7. Regulations M. V. M. 

8. The Tactics of Coast Defence, Wisser. 

9. The Gunner's Manual, Best. 

10. The Gunner's Catechism, Hamilton. 

11. Ordnance and Gunnery, Bruff. 

12. Lectures on Explosives, Walke. 

13. Mahan's Permanent Fortifications, Merour. 

14. Manual of Field Engineering, Beach. 

15. Handbook of Light Artillery, Dyer. 



Scope and Standard. 

1. Lieutenants. — (a) Infantry: school of the soldier, squad, and 
company, in close order; ceremonies, (b) Guard: duties of pri- 
vates, N. C. O., and commander of guard, (c) Small arms: descrip- 
tion of U. S. magazine rifle, calibre 0.30, and ammunition for same; 
possibilities of the weapon in range and penetration, (d) Artillery : 



144 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

duties of gun commander, gunner, gun detachment, and ammunition 
detail at types of heavy and rapid-firing guns last served by com- 
mand to which candidate is to be attached, (e) Ordnance : descrip- 
tion of guns, sights, mounts, and ammunitions as noted in preceding 
clause. (/) Fortification: description in full of emplacements at 
which command of candidate last was stationed, {g) Range-find- 
ing: general description of vertical and horizontal base systems; 
general description of plotting board and its use. (/i) Signalling: 
ability to send and receive flag message by use of code card, (i) 
In general: Massachusetts Militia Law and Regulations. 

2. Captains. — Same as for lieutenants, and in addition: (/) In- 
fantry drill in close order through school of battalion, (k) Duties 
as officer of the day. (/) Company administration and book-keep- 
ing. (/??) Duties of the battery commander in a sea-coast work. 
(/?) Forms of naval attack on sea-coast works, and methods of de- 
fence against same. 

Corps of Coast Artillery. 



Field officer, 



Adjutant, 

Quartermaster, 

Commissary, 

Paymaster, 

Inspector Small Arms 
Practice. 

Battalion adjutant, . 

Battalion commissary 
and quartermaster. 



Same as for lieutenants and captains and in addition: (o) 
Regimental administration and headquarters book-keep- 
ing, (p) Duties of the fire-commander, (g) Infantry 
drill in close order, through school of the regiment, (r) 
Duties as field officer of the day. (s) Duties as officer 
of regimental court. (0 The tactics of coast defence. 

ired of captains of Infantry, except Manual 
Irs 



of Army Cooks. 

red of quartermaster of infantry. 



All that is requi 

of Army Cool 

All that is requi 

All that is required of commissary of infantry. 

All that is required of lieutenants of infantry. 

All that is required of lieutenants of infantry, and whole of 
U. S. Small Arms Firing Regulations. 

All that is required of lieutenants of infantry. 

All that is required of battalion commissary and quarter- 
master of infantry. 



Naval Brigade. 



Ensigns, 



Elements of Navigation, Henderson, 

Bowditch's Navigator, . 

Navy Regulations, 

Militia Law, .... 

Regulations M. V. M., . 
Landing Force U. S. N., 1905. 



Ship and Gun Drills, U. S. N., 1905, 

Boat Book, TJ. S. N., 1905, . 
Bluejackets' Manual, U. S. N., 



Pages 1-70, 185-189, 
198. 

Pages 1, 6-25, 38-53, 
61-64. 

Chaps. 2, 4, 13, 35. 

Chap. 465, Acts of 1905, 
and amendments. 

All. 

All except Part V. The 
School of Battalion 
and Brigade not re- 
quired in examination 
for ensigns. 

All except pages 130- 
200. 

All. 

All except pages 202- 
206, 214-234. Where 
this book conflicts 
with above, the new- 
est book will be au- 
thority. 



1908.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 



145 



Naval Brigade — Continued. 



Lieutenants, J. G., 


All that is required of ensigns, and 






Elements of Navigation, Henderson, 


Pages 70-102, 133-144, 
178-185, 189-199. 




Bowditch's Navigator, . 


Pages 65-73, 80-100, 
111-113, 127-130, 
148-154, 167 (par. 
378). 




Nautical Almanac, 


Familiarize yourself 
with tables. 




Luce's Seamanship, 


Chaps. 6, 14, 17, 18, 26 
(pages 444-447), 29 
(pages 476-479), 35. 




Navy Regulations, 


Chaps. 3, 12. 




Company Record Books, 


Knowledge of. 


Lieutenants, 


All that is required of lieutenants, 
J. G., and 






Luce's Seamanship, 


Chaps. 11-13, 16, 28, 
33 (pages 518-519, 
525, 526), 34, 36 
(pages 582, 583), Ap- 
pendix F, G, K, N. 




Navy Regulations, 


Chaps. 9-11. 


Lieutenant c o m - 


All that is required of lieutenants, 




manders and 


and 




captains. 


Elements of Navigation, Henderson, 


Pages 102-133, 144-178, 
202, 203. 




Bowditch's Navigator, . 


Pages 53-60, 100-110, 
113-118, 142-147, 
155-162, 169-172. 




Sturdy's Navigator, 


Whole book. 




Diehl's Compensation of Compass, . 


Whole book. 


Books of Reference 


Ingersoll's Gunnery. 




for Naval Bri- 


Knight's Seamanship. 




gade line officers. 






Adjutant, . 


Landing Force U. S. N., 1905, 


Whole book except Part 
V. 

All. 








Ship and Gun Drills U. S. N., 1905, 


Part VII. 




Bluejackets' Manual U. S. N., 


All except chaps. 5, 6. 




Navy Regulations, 


Chaps. 2, 4, 13, 35. 




Militia Law, .... 


Chap. 465, Acts of 1905, 
and amendments. 




Regulations M. V. M., . 


All. 


Ordnance officer, . 


Bluejackets' Manual U. S. N., 


All except pages 202- 
206, 214-234. 




Ship and Gun Drills U. S. N., 1905, . 


All except pages 130- 
200. 




Boat Book U. S. N., 1905, . 


All. 




Landing Force U. S. N., 1905, 


Part I. 




Navy Regulations, 


Chaps. 2, 4, 13, 35. 




Militia Law, .... 


Chap. 465, Acts of 1905, 
and amendments. 




Regulations M. V. M., . 


All. 




U. S. Small Arms Firing Regula- 


All. 




tions, 1904. 




Equipment officer, 


Navy Regulations, 


Chaps. 2, 4, 13, 35. 




Militia Law, .... 


Chap. 465, Acts of 1905, 
and amendments. 




Boat Book U. S. N., 1905, . 


All. 




Regulations M. V. M., . 


All. 




Landing Force U. S. N., 1905, 


Part I. 




Bluejackets' Manual U. S. N., 


All except chaps. 5, 6. 




Quartermasters' Manual U. S. A., . 


All. 


Paymaster, . 


Navy Regulations, 


Chaps. 2, 4, 13, 16, 35. 




Militia Law, .... 


Chap. 465, Acts of 1905, 
and amendments. 




Regulations M. V. M., . 


All. 




Bluejackets' Manual U. S. N., 


All except chaps. 5, 6. 



146 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan 



Naval Brigade — Concluded. 



Engineer and as- 


Barton's "Naval Engines and Ma- 


Chaps. 1, 2 (except pages 


sistant engineer. 


chinery." 




20-34), 3, 4 (except 
pages 59-84), 5 (ex- 
cept pages 96, 98, 107, 
108),7-9(except pages 
227-246), 14 (except 
pages 362-381), 17-19. 




Bieg's "Naval Boilers," 


* 


Chaps. 1, 2, 5, 6, 8-11, 
13-15, 16 (except 
pages 255-266), 17. 




Navy Regulations, 




Chapters and Appendix 
relating to engineers 
and engines and boil- 
ers. Also chaps. 2, 4, 
13, 35. 




"The Marine Steam Engine," 


by 


All. 




Richard Sennett and Henry 


J. 






Oram, fifth edition, 1900. 








Militia Law, 




Chap. 465, Acts of 1905, 
and amendments. 




Regulations M. V. M., . 




All. 




Bluejackets' Manual U. S. N., 




All except chaps. 5, 6. 


Signal officer, 


Landing Force U. S. N., 1905, 




Part VI, except pages 
424-484. 




Navy Regulations, 




Chaps. 2-4, 13, 35. 




Militia Law, 




Chap. 465, Acts of 1905, 
and amendments. 




Regulations M. V. M.. . 




All. 




Boat Book U. S. N., 1905, . 




All. 




Bluejackets' Manual U. S. N., 




All except chap. 5. 


Assistant pay- 


Same as paymaster, and, in addi- 




master. 


tion. Manual for the Subsistence 






Department, U. S. A., 1902. 







Summary of Text Books. 

Infantry Drill Regulations, U. S. A. 

Militia Law, chap. 465, Acts of 1905. 

Field Service Regulations, 1905. 

Guard Manual, 1902. 

U. S. Small Arms Firing Regulations, 1904. 

U. S. Pamphlet on Correspondence. 

Regulations M. V. M. 

Security and Information, Wagner. 

Manual of Army Cooks. 

Organization of Tactics, Wagner. 

Manual of Field Engineering, Beach. 

U. S. A. Regulations, 1904. 

Quartermasters' Manual, U. S. A. 

Manual for Subsistence Department, U. S. A., 1902. 

Light Artillery Drill Regulations. 

Dyer's Boots and Saddles. 

Dyer's Handbook of Light Artillery. 

Cavalry Drill Regulations, 1902. 

Manual of Visual Signalling, U. S. Signal Corps, 1905. 

Land Forces of U. S., Elements of, 1905, A. G. 0., Massachusetts. 

Catechism of Outpost Duty, Wagner. 

Articles of War, Rev. Stat. par. 1342. 



1908.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — Xo. 7. 147 

Winthrop's Abridgement of Military Law, 4th Edition. 
Drill Regulations for Coast Artillery, U. S. A. 
Tactics of Coast Defence, Wisser. 
The Gunner's Manual, Best. 
The Gunner's Catechism, Hamilton. 
Ordnance and Gunnery, Bruff . 
Lectures on Explosives, Walke. 
Mahan's Permanent Fortifications, Merour. 
Elements of Navigation, Henderson. 
Bowditch's Navigator. 
Navy Regulations, 1905. 
Landing Force, U. S. N., 1905. 
Ship and Gun Drills, U. S. N., 1905. 
Boat Book, U. S. N., 1905. 
Bluejackets' Manual, U. S. N. 
Nautical Almanac, 1906. 
Luce's Seamanship. 
Sturdy's Navigator. 
Diehl's Compensation of the Compass. 
Ingersoll's Gunnery. 
Knight's Seamanship. 
Barton's "Naval Engines and Machinery." 
Bieg's" Naval Boilers." 

"The Marine Steam Engine," by R. Sennett and H. J. Oram, 5th 
Edition, 1900. 

Notes on Military Hygiene, by Col. Alfred A. Woodhull. 



Commonwealth of Massachusetts, 
Adjutant Gexehal's Office, Boston, Feb. 19, 1907. 

General Orders, No. 3. 

United States Inspections, 1907. 

I. On the recommendation of the Inspector General, and in 
accordance with the assignment of inspecting officers made by 
the commanding general, Division of the Atlantic, United States 
Army, and to-day received at this office, the inspections of the 
Massachusetts Volunteer Militia for the year current, by officers 
of the regular establishment, will be made by the officers, on the 
dates and at the stations below noted : — 

Maj. John Bigei.ow, Jr., U. S. A., retired. 

Headquarters First Brigade, . . . Boston, February 25. 

Headquarters Squadron Cavalry, . . Boston, February 25. 

Hospital Corps, ..... Boston, February 25. 

Headquarters Second Brigade, . . Boston, February 26. 

Signal Corps, ..... Boston, February 26. 

Headquarters Field Artillery, . . . Boston, February 27. 



148 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 



Battery A, Field Artillery, 

Battery B, Field Artillery, 

Battery C, Field Artillery, 

Troop F, Cavalry, . 

Troop D, Cavalrj^, . 

Troop A, Cavalry, . 

State General Headquarters (2 p.m.), 

Headquarters, companies A, B, C and D, 

First Corps Cadets, .... 
Headquarters, companies A, B, C and D, 

Second Corps Cadets, .... 



Boston, February 27. 
Worcester, February 28. 
Lawrence, March 4. 
Chelmsford, March 5. 
Roxbun r , March 6. 
Boston, March 7. 1 
Boston, March 12. 

Boston, March 12. 

Salem, March 13. 



Capt. J. F. Howell, Artillery Corps, U. S. A. 



Headquarters, First, Second and Seventh 

companies, Corps Coast Artillery, 
Third, Eighth and Eleventh companies, 

Corps Coast Artillery, . 
Fourth Company, Coast Artillery, 
Ninth Company, Coast Artillery, 
Tenth Company, Coast Artillery, 
Twelfth Company, Coast Artillery, 
Fifth Company, Coast Artillery, 
Sixth Company, Coast Artillery, 



Capt. H. Hammond, Twenty- 

Headquarters, companies B, G and 

Second Infantry, 
Company D, Second Infantry, 
Company I, Second Infantry, . 
Company F, Second Infantry, . 
Companies A, C and H, Second Infantry, 
Company E, Second Infantry, 
Company L, Second Infantry, 
Company M, Second Infantry, 



Boston, February 25. 

Boston, February 26. 
New Bedford, February 27. 
Taunton, February 28. 
Brockton, March 4. 
Fall River, March 5. 
Chelsea, March 6. 
Cambridge, March 7. 



S. A. 



third Infantry, U. 

K, 

Springfield, February 25. 

Holyoke, February 26. 

Northampton, February 27. 
. Pittsfield, February 28. 

Worcester, March 4. 

Orange, March 5. 
. Greenfield, March 6. 

Adams, March 7. 



First Lietjt. W. W. McCammon, 

Headquarters Fifth Infantry, 
Company B, Fifth Infantry, 
Company A, Fifth Infantry, 
Company C, Fifth Infantry, 
Company D, Fifth Infantry, 
Company E, Fifth Infantry, 
Company F, Fifth Infantry, 
Company G, Fifth Infantry, 
Company H, Fifth Infantry, 
Company I, Fifth Infantry, 
Company K, Fifth Infantry, 
Company L, Fifth Infantry, 
Company M, Fifth Infantry, 



Jr., Twenty-third Infantry, U. S. A. 

Boston, February 25. 

Cambridge, February 25. 

Charlestown, February 26. 

Newton, February 27. 

Plymouth, February 28. 
. Medford, March 4. 

Waltham, March 5. 

Woburn, March 6. 
. Charlestown, March 7. 
. Attleborough, March 11. 

Hingham, March 12. 
. Maiden, March 13. 
. Hudson, March 14. 






First Lieut. G. Van S. Quackenbush, Twenty-third Infantry, U. S. A. 

Headquarters, companies B and D, Sixth 

Infantry, . . . . . Fitchburg, February 25. 

Company A, Sixth Infantry, . . . Wakefield, February 26. 

Companies C, G and K, Sixth Infantry, . Lowell, February 27. 



1 Date changed to March 14. 



1908.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 



149 



Company E, Sixth Infantry, 
Company F, Sixth Infantry, 
Company H, Sixth Infantry, 
Company I, Sixth Infantry, 
Company L, Sixth Infantry, 
Company M, Sixth Infantry, 



S. Framingham, February 28. 
Marlborough, March 4. 
Stoneham, March 5. 
Concord, March 6. 
Boston, March 7. 
Milford, March 8. 



Capt. H. A. Drum, Twenty-third Infantry, U. S. A. 



Headquarters, companies C and E, Eighth 
Infantry, ...... 

Company A, Eighth Infantry, . 

Company B, Eighth Infantry, . 

Companies D and I, Eighth Infantry, 

Company L and field music, Eighth In- 
fantry, ...... 

Company F, Eighth Infantry, . 

Company G, Eighth Infantry, . 

Company H, Eighth Infantry, . 

Companies K and M, Eighth Infantry, 

First Lieut. J. R. Brewer, Twenty 

Headquarters, companies A, C and D, 
Ninth Infantry, ..... 
Companies B, E, H and I, Ninth Infantry, 
Company F, Ninth Infantry, 
Company M, Ninth Infantry, 
Company G, Ninth Infantry, 
Company K, Ninth Infantry, 
Company L, Ninth Infantry, 



Cambridge, February 25. 
Charlestown, February 26. 
Everett, February 27. 
Lynn, February 28. 

Lawrence, March 1. 
Haverhill, March 4. 
Gloucester, March 5. 
Salem, March 6. 
Somerville, March 7. 

■third Infantry, U. S. A. 

Boston, February 25. 
Boston, February 26. 
Lawrence, February 27. 
Lowell, February 28. 
Worcester, March 4. 
Clinton, March 5. 
Natick, March 6. 



, II. All correspondence relative to the series of inspections 
hereby ordered will be addressed directly to Brig. Gen. William 
H. Brigham, Inspector General, 93 Lincoln Street, Boston. The 
provisions of paragraphs V., VI., VII. and IX., General Orders, 
No. 3, series 1906, to which the most careful attention will be 
given by all officers concerned, will govern these inspections. 

By order of the Commander-in-Chief, 

James A. Frye, 
Adjutant General, Chief of Staff. 



Commonwealth op Massachusetts, 
Adjutant General's Office, Boston, Feb. 25, 1907. 

General Orders, No. 4. . 

I. The several headquarters and commands of the Massachusetts 
Volunteer Militia will be inspected at their respective home stations 
by officers of the Inspector General's department of the Common- 
wealth during the period March 15 to May 31, 1907, inclusive. 
The Inspector General is charged with the details necessary to the 
execution of this order. 

II. Col. Henry L. Kincaide, retired, Col. Edward J. Gihon, re- 



150 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S KEPORT. [Jan. 

tired, and Maj. George H. Benyon, A. I. G., staff First Brigade, are 
assigned to duty in connection with the series of inspections hereby 
ordered, and will report to the Inspector General for further in- 
structions. 

III. The following requirements relative to inspections, as de- 
termined by the Inspector General, are published for the information 
of all officers therein concerned : — 

{a) Inspections will be held, so far as may be practicable, on 
regularly scheduled drill-nights, ten days' notice thereof being given 
in writing by the inspecting officer to the commanding officer im- 
mediately concerned, as well as to his immediate superior. 

(6) All headquarters will be rigidly inspected, with a view to de- 
termining the efficiency of the personnel, the adequacy of the ad- 
ministrative measures employed and the condition of military prop- 
erty. Such inspections will include corps of field musicians and any 
enlisted and mustered bands. 

(c) The troops will parade for inspection in dress uniform, with 
leggings. White gloves will not be worn. Enlisted men will be 
equipped with canteen, haversack and mess kit, excepting the tin 
cup. Commissioned officers will be equipped with the haversack 
and canteen. 

(d) All military property, both United States and State, will be 
presented for inspection, the several articles not worn by the troops 
paraded for inspection being systematically assembled for rapid 
examination. Property badly worn or seriously damaged will be 
collected in a separate spot, for especial consideration by the in- 
specting officer. All property presented for inspection will be ver- 
ified by careful comparison with the property book, and full reports 
on missing, worn or damaged articles of arms, uniforms and equip- 
ments will be made, with a view to enabling the Quartermaster 
General's department to make prompt requisition for whatever 
may be requisite to complete the equipment of the entire service. 

(e) Company commanders will submit to the inspecting officer a 
roll book corrected as of the date of the inspection. Company funds 
in bank will be accounted for by the presentation of a pass book 
balanced to the date of the last previous auditing of the fund. 

(/) Inspecting officers will give the most careful consideration to 
commands showing indications of lack of efficiency, and will imme- 
diately forward special reports thereon. They will also forward 
confidential reports covering the cases of such commissioned officers 
as they may consider unfitted for the performance of the duties re- 
quired by their respective grades. They will confer freely with 
brigade, regimental and unattached battalion commanders, who 
will unreservedly place at their disposal such confidential informa- 
tion as may be required by them. 

(g) Special or confidential reports will be forwarded to the In- 



1908.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 151 

spector General on the day following the inspection; regular reports 
will be forwarded within ten days of the close of the tour of inspec- 
tion duty. 

IV. On receipt of this order, company commanders will cause to 
be read to their commands, at the next ensuing parade under arms, 
the full text of General Orders, No. 3, current series, from the War 
Department, relating to the amendment of Article XLV., Regula- 
tions, U. S. A. Inspecting officers will report any instance of non- 
compliance with this order. 

V. The appointment of First Lieut. Ira Vaughn, staff Second 
Corps Cadets, as aide-de-camp, with rank as major, on the staff of 
the Commander-in-Chief, vice Maj. Joseph J. Kelley, retired with 
rank as lieutenant-colonel, is hereby announced, the appointment 
and retirement noted bearing date as of Feb. 4, 1907. 

By order of the Commander-in-Chief, 

James A. Frye, 
Adjutant General, Chief of Staff. 



Commonwealth of Massachusetts, 
Adjutant General's Office, Boston, March 15, 1907. 

General Orders, No. 5. 

I. Under the provisions of chapter 465, Acts of 1905, and upon 
his own request, Brig. Gen. James A. Frye hereby is relieved from 
duty as Adjutant General and Chief of Staff, and placed upon the 
retired list with rank as major general, on the completion of sixteen 
years' commissioned service, including service in war. The Com- 
mander-in-Chief takes this opportunity to record his appreciation 
of the service rendered to the Commonwealth by General Frye dur- 
ing the period noted. 

II. The following is published for the information of the Massa- 
chusetts Volunteer Militia : — 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts, 
Executive Department, Boston, March 15, 1907. 

The following appointments to the staff of the Commander-in-Chief are 
announced, as of this date: — 

Brig. Gen. James P. Parker of Boston, Adjutant General, Chief of Staff. 
Commander William B. Edgar of Fall River, Assistant Inspector General. 

(Signed) Curtis Guild, Jr., 

Governor and Commander-in-Chief. 

III. The above-named officers, having been duly qualified and 
assigned to duty under their respective commissions, will be obeyed 
and respected accordingly. 

By order of the Commander-in-Chief, 

James P. Parker, 
Adjutant General, Chief of Staff. 



152 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 



Commonwealth of Massachusetts, 
Adjutant General's Office, Boston, March 28, 1907. 

General Orders, No. 6. 

I. Col. James G. White, Inspector General of Small Arms Prac- 
tice and Acting Chief of Ordnance, will select teams from the Mas- 
sachusetts Volunteer Militia to represent the Commonwealth in the 
annual competition of the New England Military Rifle Association 
for 1907, and in the competitions for national and other trophies to 
be held at Camp Perry, near Port Clinton, Ottawa County, Ohio, 
August, 1907. 

II. He will act as team captain, and make the necessary arrange- 
ments for transportation and subsistence, forwarding to this office 
for approval a list of officers and men to be detailed. 

III. Upon completion of the tours of duty, he will make report 
to this office. 

By order of the Commander-in-Chief, 

James P. Parker, 
Adjutant General, Chief of Staff. 



Commonwealth of Massachusetts, 
Adjutant General's Office, Boston, April 2, 1907. 

General Orders, No. 7. 

I. A school for medical instruction will be held at the South 
Armory, Irvington Street, Boston, at 3 p. m., Wednesday, April 17, 
1907. The medical officers of the militia will report at that time 
and place to Brig. Gen. William H. Devine, Surgeon General, or to 
such other medical officer as he may detail to preside. Uniform: 
dress, dismounted, without sidearms. Transportation will be al- 
lowed, and the presiding officer will make a return, of those attend- 
ing, to this office. 

II. Maj. Charles Lynch, General Staff, U. S. A., will address the 
officers present on the subject "Medical Officers of the Organized 
Militia: their Duties in War." 

III. The privilege of voluntarily attending this school is, on the 
suggestion of the Surgeon General, extended to all officers other 
than those of the medical department. 

IV. New property books, arranged to suit the needs of the 
various arms of the service, have been issued by the Quartermaster 
General, and all company, troop, battery and division commanders, 
not supplied with same, will at once make requisition for this new 
book, as the returns on July 1 must be on blanks corresponding 
thereto. 

V. Organizations not supplied with shelter tents will at once 
require for same. 



1908.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT — Xo. 7. 



153 



VI. The uniform for officers of the Naval Brigade and for the 
Naval Assistant Inspector General on the staff of the Commander- 
in-Chief will conform to the bill of dress of the U. S. Navy, with the 
exception of : ■ — 

1. State buttons in place of Navy buttons. 

2. State cap device in place of Navy cap device. 

3. On collar, epaulet and shoulder straps, the devices to be made as 
follows: — 

(a) Gold foul anchor in place of silver foul anchor. 

(6) Captain's eagle and bars for lieutenants and lieutenants (J. G.) to 
be gold in place of silver. Paymaster's oak sprig to be gold instead of 
silver. 

4. The brigade adjutant shall wear black cord aiguillettes, as per pattern. 

VII. The above officers are required to provide themselves 
with : — 



1. 


Service dress (and w 


aistcoat). 


9. 


Sword and scabbard. 


2. 


White service dress. 




10. 


Undress belt. 


3. 


Evening dress "B ; 


' (blue and 


11. 


White gloves. 




white waistcoats). 




12. 


Blue cap. 


4. 


Frock coat. 




13. 


White cap. 


5. 


Mess dress. 




14. 


Shoulder marks. 


6. 


Overcoats. 




15. 


Black tie. 


7. 


Shoulder straps. 




16. 


Revolver, holster and cartridge 


8. 


Leggins. 






box. 



VIII. The above officers are permitted to wear on occasions of 
ceremony, when other uniform is not specially ordered : — 



1. Special full dress. 

2. Full dress. 



3. Dress. 

4. Evening dress "A." 



IX. The Assistant Quartermaster General, Maj. Edward Glines, 
will, in addition to his other duties, act as assistant to the Adjutant 
General in all matters pertaining to the care and maintenance of 
armories. He will, as soon as practicable, inspect every armory in 
the State, and report to this office its condition, and what is a proper 
allowance for rent. Any orders or directions given by him in the 
performance of this duty will be obeyed as if given direct by the 
Adjutant General. 

By order of the Commander-in-Chief, 

James P. Parker, 
Adjutant General, Chief of Staff. 



Notk. — State cap device : an embroidered silver shield, charged with 
the arms and surmounted by the crest of the Commonwealth of Massa- 
chusetts, the whole being placed upon two crossed foul anchors, embroidered 
in gold, as per sample. 



154 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 



Commonwealth of Massachusetts, 
Adjutant General's Office, Boston, April 2, 1907. 

General Orders, No. 8. 

I. The following regulations governing small arms practice for 
the range season of 1907, as determined by Col. James G. White, 
the Inspector General of Small Arms Practice, are published for the 
information of the service. They will be strictly observed. 

II. The season for range firing will close on Thursday, Oct. 31, 
1907. Annual returns of range work will be forwarded through 
regimental and battalion headquarters to the Inspector General of 
Small Arms Practice, at his office, Room 108, State House, Boston, 
in time to reach him on or before Nov. 15, 1907. Returns received 
later than November 20 will not be considered. 

III. Medical officers, chaplains, officers and enlisted men of the 
Hospital Corps, hospital stewards, apothecaries, drum majors, chief 
buglers, baymen and enlisted musicians are relieved from small 
arms qualification. All other officers and enlisted men will be re- 
quired to qualify as herein prescribed, and will be awarded decora- 
tions in accordance with their respective classes: — 

(a) With the Service Pistol. — All officers, non-commissioned staff 
officers, color sergeants, headquarters orderlies, petty officers of the 
Naval Brigade and enlisted men of the signal corps attached thereto 
and enlisted men of the cavalry, field artillery and Signal Corps. 

(b) With the Service Rifle. — All officers and enlisted men of the 
infantry, coast artillery and Naval Brigade. 

(c) With the Service Carbine. — All officers and enlisted men of 
the cavalry. 

IV. Any member of the militia not required by orders to qualify 
with the rifle may do so at his own expense, and under a like condi- 
tion any retired officer of the militia may qualify with the rifle, car- 
bine or pistol. For qualifications so recorded, the regulation deco- 
rations will be issued. 

V. The arms authorized for qualification will be the United 
States magazine rifle or carbine, caliber .30, as issued by the Ord- 
nance Department for the service of this Commonwealth, and the 
Colt or Smith and Wesson service pistol, caliber .38 or caliber .45. 
The minimum trigger-pull for the rifle and carbine will be three 
pounds; for the pistol, four pounds. No alterations will be made 
in arms as issued, save that the blackening of sights will be allowed. 
Pistols with movable sights are not allowed, and private arms must 
conform, in all respects, to the above rules. 

VI. Ammunition in the following allowances will be issued, 
without charge, for the range practice of 1907, on the receipt of 
requisitions therefor, w T hich should be forwarded direct to the In- 
spector General of Small Arms Practice (ball cartridge, caliber .30), 

.approved by regimental or battalion commanders. 



1908.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 155 

To each brigade headquarters, .... 2,400 rounds. 

To each regimental headquarters, . . . 6,000 rounds. 

To headquarters, Naval Brigade, . . . 6,000 rounds. 

To each battalion headquarters, .... 3,600 rounds. 

The allowance of rifle or carbine ammunition will be 6,000 rounds 
to each company or troop, to be issued in the discretion of regi- 
mental or battalion commanders. Pistol ammunition will be issued 
on requisition, in like manner, at the rate of 100 rounds for each 
officer or man entitled to qualify with the pistol. Commanding 
officers desiring to purchase rifle ball ammunition in addition to the 
allowances herein made, may do so by forwarding with their requi- 
sitions checks at the rate of the U. S. government price per 1,000 
rounds. Such checks will be made payable to the order of the 
Quartermaster General, and must be certified. No fractional part 
of 1,200 rounds can be thus purchased. 

VII. Squads or individuals reporting at the range for qualifica- 
tion practice will be paraded in uniform, and under the command of 
an officer or noncommissioned officer, who will be held to strict ac- 
countability for the discipline of his men and the proper use and 
care by them of their arms and ammunition. Unqualified men will 
be thoroughly instructed in the principles of the sighting, aiming 
and position drills before being permitted to practice with ball cart- 
ridge. 

VIII. Before leaving the armory for the range, all rifles, car- 
bines and pistols will be inspected, and they again will be inspected 
prior to leaving the range for home stations. Arms will be loaded 
at the firing point only. Under no circumstances will a soldier be 
allowed to leave the firing point with a loaded rifle or carbine, or to 
permit a loaded weapon to pass out of his hands. Except at the 
firing points, the carrying of a loaded pistol, either in the holster or 
hand, is prohibited. Magazines will be cut off in all slow fire prac- 
tice. 

IX. Any accidents occurring in practice will be made the subject 
of rigid official inquiry, with a view to action by court-martial in 
any cases of negligence or recklessness which may be developed. 
Every officer and noncommissioned officer will act promptly in each 
case of the careless use of arms which may come under his observa- 
tion, whether or not the man so offending is a member of his imme- 
diate detachment. 

X. The qualification requirements for rifle and carbine, as pre- 
scribed in Firing Regulations for Small Arms, U. S. A., 1904, para- 
graphs 182-184, inclusive, as amended by paragraphs 160-162, in- 
clusive, Small Arms Firing Regulations, 1906, and designated 
Special Course C, hereby are adopted, as follows : — 

Fourth Class. — All who have not fired. 

Third Class. — All who report for practice and are unable to 



156 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

score 10 out of a possible 25 at 200 yards in any score, or who have 
fired two or more full scores at 200, 300 and 500 yards, and from the 
best two have made an aggregate of less than 67, or who have fired 
and have failed to complete the marksman's record course. 

Second Class. — All who have fired two or more scores at 200, 
300 and 500 yards, and from the best two have made a total of 67 
out of a possible 150. 

First Class. — All who have fired two or more full scores at 200, 
300 and 500 yards, and from the best two have made a total of 83 
out of a possible 150. 

Marksmen. — All who have fired two or more full scores at 200, 
300 and 500 yards, and from the best two have made a total of 98 
out of a possible 150. 

Sharpshooters. — All who have fired two or more full scores at 
200, 300 and 500 yards, and from the best two in each range have 
made a total of at least 120, and have further fired two or more full 
scores at 600 yards, and from the best two scores at that range have 
made a total of at least 40, and have fired two or more full scores, 
timed fire, at 200 yards (30 seconds firing interval in each score), 
and in the best two have made a total of 25; and have made one 
skirmish run of 20 shots, advancing from 600 to 200 yards; the 
total of all scores being not less than 235. 

Experts. — All who have made the necessary total to qualify as 
sharpshooter, and have fired two or more full scores at 800 and 1,000 
yards, and from the best two have made a total of 40 at 800 yards 
and 35 at 1,000 yards. 

XI. Skirmish runs, until further orders, will be held only under 
the supervision of officers detailed for the purpose, and on ranges 
duly authorized. Scores shot under such official supervision only 
will be accepted for record. Only those members of the militia who 
qualified as sharpshooters in 1906, or who have completed their 
slow fire qualifications for 1907, will be allowed to take up skirmish 
firing. 

XII. In slow, timed and skirmish fire the rules prescribed in 
Firing Regulations for Small Arms, U. S. A., 1904, will be followed, 
viz.: slow fire, page 90, paragraph 160, and page 94, paragraph 168; 
timed fire, page 94, paragraph 169; skirmish fire, page 90, para- 
graph 162. 

XIII. Firing positions are prescribed as follows: at 200 yards, 
standing, off-hand; at 300 yards, sitting or kneeling- at 500, 600, 
800 and 1,000 yards, prone, with head towards the target. 

XIV. The targets authorized for rifle and carbine practice will 
be those prescribed in Firing Regulations for Small Arms, U. S. A., 
1904, pages 20-21, plates I. and IV., viz.: slow or timed fire; at 200 
and 300 yards, Target A; at 500 and 600 yards, Target B; at 800 
and 1,000 yards, Target C. Skirmish fire;- Target G. The dimen- 



1908.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 157 

sions, method of marking and value of hits prescribed in the use of 
these targets will be strictly adhered to. 

XV. Qualifications with the service pistol will be recorded in 
the following classes : — 

Second Class. — Slow fire : two scores of 20 out of a possible 25 ; 
distance, 50 yards. 

First Class. — Slow fire : two scores of 22 out of a possible 25 ; 
distance, 50 yards. Timed fire: two scores of 18 out of a possible 
25, 20 seconds to a score; distance, 50 yards. 

Experts. — Slow fire : two scores of 25 out of a possible 25 ; dis- 
tance, 50 yards. Timed fire: two scores of 21 out of a possible 25, 
20 seconds to a score; distance, 50 yards. Rapid fire: two scores 
of 20 out of a possible 25, 10 seconds to a score; distance, 50 yards. 

XVI. The targets prescribed for pistol qualifications are those 
described in Firing Regulations for Small Arms, U. S. A., viz. : for 
slow and timed fire, Target A, already herein noted; and for rapid 
fire, Target F, as indicated on page 21 and by plate IV. The posi- 
tion prescribed is standing, with arm extended and elbow free from 
body. 

XVII. In pistol firing, the weapon will be loaded with five cart- 
ridges only, the hammer being located over the empty chamber. 
Either the single or double action may be used in firing. While at 
the firing point, the pistol will be returned to the position of "raise 
pistol " after each shot is fired, and will not be lowered except to 
eject the cartridges or empty shells. 

XVIII. Any five consecutive shots with the rifle, carbine or pis- 
tol constitute a score in slow fire; in timed fire with the rifle and 
carbine, and in timed and rapid fire with the pistol, any five shots 
fired within the time limit prescribed in each case. 

XIX. Marksmanship decorations will be issued as follows: — 
{a) Rifle and Carbine. — Medals for original qualifications and 

bars for requalifications in the expert, sharpshooter, marksman, 
first and second classes only. Marksmen of record failing to re- 
qualify will be returned and carried as fourth class. 

(b) Pistol. — Medals and bars will be issued for original qualifica- 
tions and requalifications. 

No decoration will be issued for a qualification or requalification 
in a class lower than that previously attained. 

XX. Marksmanship decorations become the property of the of- 
ficers and men to whom they are awarded, the Commonwealth re- 
serving no rights therein save to prescribe the number allowed to 
be worn when on duty in uniform, and the manner of wearing the 
same. Decorations will be issued for qualifications recorded by of- 
ficers resigning or retiring, and by enlisted men receiving honorable 
discharges by reason of expiration of service prior to the close of the 
season for range practice. 



158 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

XXI. Inspectors of Small Arms Practice, when required so to 
do, will verify expenditures of ammunition issued by the depart- 
ment to their respective commands ; and in view of this requirement 
company and troop commanders will keep on file all scores, both 
complete and incomplete, fired for qualification by their men during 
the season current, in books to be furnished from the office of the 
department of small arms practice. An officer or noncommissioned 
officer in command of a detachment for practice firing will certify 
in writing, and on honor, to the correctness of the scores turned in 
as made during his tour. Scores signed by a noncommissioned 
officer will be countersigned at home stations by the company com- 
mander, provided he be satisfied of their regularity. 

XXII. Inspectors of Small Arms Practice will report, direct to 
the Inspector General of Small Arms Practice, on or before May 15, 
1907, any cases of negligence on the part of city or town authorities 
in providing necessary facilities for rifle practice under section 110, 
chapter 465, Acts of 1905. They also will inspect such ranges as 
may be provided for the several companies or troops of their re- 
spective commands, and, on or before the date above noted, will 
report any range which may be found unsafe for practice, together 
with their recommendations thereon. 

XXIII. An ordance officer or Inspector of Small Arms Practice 
detailed for duty at any range during practice thereon by troops 
shall act as range officer. He will satisfy himself, before giving the 
order to commence firing, that all conditions required in the direc- 
tion of safety have been complied with. 

XXIV. The State general competitions — rifle, carbine and 
pistol — will be held under conditions, on dates and at ranges to be 
announced in later orders. 

XXV. Regimental, Naval Brigade and battalion competitions 
will be held, prior to the close of the season for range firing, on dates 
and at ranges to be determined by the commanding officers con- 
cerned, who will report to the Inspector General of Small Arms 
Practice, at least one week prior to the competition, the date and 
place selected, and at the same time submit for his approval such 
details of officers and enlisted men as they may desire to make for 
the performance of special duty at the competition. 

XXVI. In regimental, Naval Brigade and battalion competi- 
tions, teams shall consist of ten officers or enlisted men and one 
substitute. One team may be entered from each company or troop 
and from each headquarters, excepting the headquarters of a bat- 
talion. Scores shall consist of five shots each at 200, 300 and 500 
yards, preceded by one sighting shot at each range. 

XXVII. A trophy will be awarded by the Commonwealth to the 
winning team in each organization. Such trophies, already issued 
or hereafter to be awarded to headquarters, companies or troops, 



1908.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 159< 

will not be borne on property accounts. They will, however, on 
the disbandment of the organization for any cause, be turned in to- 
the Inspector General of Small Arms Practice by the officer in com- 
mand at the time of such, disbandment. 

XXVIII. Special duty pay and transportation will be allowed 
to officers and enlisted men competing in State, regimental, Naval 
Brigade and battalion competitions, or on other duty thereat under 
orders issued by competent authority. 

XXIX. Reports on regimental, Naval Brigade and battalion 
competitions, in shot-for-shot detail, will be forwarded by com- 
manding officers direct to the Inspector General of Small Arms 
Practice within one week after the date on which the competition 
was held. Blanks for shot-for-shot detail will be furnished from 
the office of the department of small arms practice. 

XXX. Attention is called to paragraphs 283, 284 and 285 r 
United States Army Regulations, 1904, relating to the care of small 
arms, and prohibiting : — 

(a) The taking apart of arms by enlisted men, except with the 
permission of a commissioned officer, and then only under proper 
supervision and in the manner prescribed in the descriptive pam- 
phlet of the arm issued by the Ordnance Department. 

{b) All polishing of blued or browned parts, or re-bluing or re- 
browning such parts, or the putting of any portion of an arm in the 
fire. 

(c) The removing of a barrel from the receiver. 

(d) The mutilation of any part by filing or otherwise, and any 
attempts at beautifying or changing the finish of an arm, other than 
by the application of raw linseed oil to the wooden parts. 

XXXI. Commanding officers are enjoined to give their close 
personal attention during the range season current to the qualifica- 
tion work in their respective commands. They will require monthly 
reports from their company commanders regarding the progress 
made towards qualifying their several enrolments, and will take 
such action as may be required in cases where lack of interest or of 
capacity becomes apparent. 

XXXII. A camp of instruction in small arms practice will be 
established at the range of the Bay State Military Rifle Association, 
Wakefield, to be opened on May 1, continuing until Nov. 1, 1907. 
The Inspector General of Small Arms Practice, in addition to his 
other duties, is detailed as commanding officer of this camp. He 
will establish such regulations for its government as he may deem 
necessary, and will make requisition on the Quartermaster General 
for the required tentage and other camp equipage. Officers and 
men reporting for duty at this camp will volunteer such services as 
they may render. 

XXXIII. From this date, "distinguished marksmen" will be 



160 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

expert marksmen of record (1) who have been authorized to rep- 
resent the State in rifle competitions as captain, coach or as firing 
members or substitutes of a team in such competitions, or (2) who 
may be mentioned in orders as of the "first fifteen" in a State rifle 
competition. 

By order of the Commander-in-Chief, 

James P. Parker, 
Adjutant General, Chief of Staff. 



Commonwealth of Massachusetts, 
Adjutant General's Office, Boston, April 5, 1907. 

General Orders, No. 9. 

I. The discharges of the following-named commissioned officers 
are hereby rescinded, their discharge certificates recalled, and said 
officers are placed on the retired list of the Massachusetts Volunteer 
Militia, as provided in section 6, chapter 504, Acts of the year 1906, 
with the rank and of the date set against the names of each : — 

Lieut. Louis E. Felton, Company C, Naval Brigade, Aug. 9, 1905, as 
lieutenant commander. 

Lieut. Com. Arthur B. Denny, Naval Brigade, March 20, 1906, as com- 
mander. 

First. Lieut. Charles E. Stearns, Company F, Fifth Infantry, July 2, 
1906, as captain. 

Lieut. Charles H. Parker, Company C, Naval Brigade, Sept. 12, 1906, as 
lieutenant commander. 

First Lieut. George W. Langdon, Company A, Eighth Infantry, Oct. 22, 
1906, as captain. 

Lieut. George N. Gardner, Company G, Naval Brigade, Dec. 4, 1906, as 
lieutenant commander. 

Lieut. Com. George S. Selfridge, staff, Naval Brigade, Dec. 5, 1906, as 
commander. 

Lieut. Com. Gardner W. Allen, surgeon, Naval Brigade, Dec. 11, 1906, 
as commander. 

Capt. Walter Sohier, Company I, 6th Infantry, March 2, 1907, as major. 

Capt. Arthur E. Lewis, Company D, Fifth Infantry, March 15, 1907, as 
major. 

Capt. William J. Crosier, Company D, Second Infantry, March 27, 1907, 
as major. 

Capt. Frank D. Phillips, Company D, Second Infantry, April 3, 1907, 
as major. 

II. The discharge certificates issued to the above officers, trans- 
ferred to the retired list, will be returned for cancellation. On the 
receipt of such certificates, a certificate of retirement will issue. 

By order of the Commander-in-Chief, 

James P. Parker, 
Adjutant General, Chief of Staff. 



1908.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 161 



Commonwealth of Massachusetts, 
Adjutant General's Office, Boston, May 1, 1907. 

General Orders, No. 10. 

I. The troops comprising the Massachusetts Volunteer Militia 
will hold their annual encampments for the year 1907 as follows : — 

(a) First Brigade, Brig. Gen. Embury P. Clark commanding, at 
the State camp grounds, South Framingham. Camp, July 27 to 
August 2, inclusive. Annual drill at Boston, Aug. 3, 1907. 

(b) Second Brigade, Brig. Gen. J. H. Whitney commanding 
(with the exception of the Fifth Regiment), at the State camp 
grounds, South Framingham. Camp, August 4 to 10, inclusive. 
Annual drill at Boston, Aug. 3, 1907. 

(c) Corps Coast Artillery, Col. Charles P. Nutter commanding, 
and Fifth Regiment Infantry, Col. William H. Oakes commanding, 
will perform their camp duty in connection with the coast defence 
manceuvers in Boston harbor, July 27 to August 2, inclusive. 
Annual drill at Boston, Aug. 3, 1907. The commanding officers of 
these two organizations will at once confer with the commanding 
officer, artillery district of Boston, Fort Banks, Mass., in regard to 
the disposition of their commands. They will issue such orders as 
may be necessary to properly comply with the plans of the War 
Department. They will arrange with the quartermaster of the ar- 
tillery district of Boston for their transportation from home sta- 
tions and return. They will be subsisted by the government, but 
will arrange with the Commissary General for any needed subsist- 
ence for the annual drill. They will require on the Quartermaster 
General for tentage, camp equipment and cooking utensils, and will 
report under arms in heavy marching order. 

(d) The Ambulance Company, at State camp grounds, South 
Framingham, August 4 to 10 inclusive, in connection with the 
Second Brigade, to which it is hereby assigned for the period of the 
encampment. The commanding officer, Ambulance Company, will 
report to commanding officer, Second Brigade, for duty and in- 
structions. Annual drill at Boston, Aug. 3, 1907. 

(e) The Signal Corps, at State camp grounds, South Framingham, 
July 27 to August 2, inclusive, in connection with the First Brigade, 
to which it is hereby assigned for the period of the encampment. 
The commanding officer, Signal Corps, will report to commanding 
officer, First Brigade, for duty and instructions. Annual drill at 
Boston, Aug. 3, 1907. 

(/) Naval Brigade, Capt. G. R. H. Buffinton commanding, will 
perform its camp duty in accordance with orders later to be issued. 
Annual drill at Boston, Aug. 3, 1907. 

(g) First Corps Cadets, Lieut. Col. Thomas Talbot commanding, 
and Second Corps Cadets, Lieut. Col. Andrew Fitz commanding, 



162 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

will perform their camp duty in accordance with orders later to be 
issued. Annual drill at Boston, Aug. 3, 1907. 

(h) First Squadron Cavalry, Maj. W. A. Perrins commanding, 
will perform its camp duty by marches and camps, Aug. 17 to 23, 
1907, inclusive. Annual drill at Boston, Aug. 3, 1907. 

(i) First Battalion Field Artillery, Maj. Charles S. Sargent com- 
manding, will perform its camp duty in accordance with orders 
later to be issued. Annual drill at Boston, Aug. 3, 1907. 

(/) All organizations of the Massachusetts Volunteer Militia will 
perform their annual drill at Boston, Aug. 3, 1907, on which date 
they will be mobilized and reviewed by the Commander-in-Chief. 
The details for the mobilization will be issued in later orders. 

(k) Commanding officer, First Brigade, will issue orders making 
necessary details from the organizations under his command, for 
the proper care and guarding of property, on August 3, which 
details will proceed to the home stations with all property, and are 
excused from the mobilization. Commanding officer, Second 
Brigade, will issue orders making necessary details from the organi- 
zations under his command, for the proper care and guarding of all 
property, going from home stations to camp on August 3, which 
details are excused from the mobilization. On reaching Boston, 
August 3, the First Brigade will proceed to South Armory, Irving- 
ton Street, where personal baggage and equipments not necessary 
for the parade will be stacked and guarded, to be regained after the 
parade. Similarly, the Second Brigade will assemble at East Ar- 
mory, East Newton Street, returning there after the parade to re- 
gain equipments, and from there proceed to South Framingham. 

II. Commanding officer, First Brigade, is hereby ordered to as- 
sume control of the State camp grounds (excepting the arsenal and 
buildings immediately adjoining) on July 26. Proper details will 
be made for guarding all property and the performance of necessary 
work; and for this purpose one day's extra pay will be allowed to 
the following details, which will report on July 26 to the brigade 
commander: from First Brigade headquarters and headquarters 
Second and Sixth Regiments Infantry, the quartermaster, com- 
missary, quartermaster sergeant and commissary sergeant; from 
each company of Second and Sixth Regiments Infantry, and from 
the Signal Corps, the quartermaster sergeant and three privates. 
A staff officer will be detailed by each brigade commander to observe 
the entraining and detraining of troops at Framingham station on 
the first and last days of the encampments, who will report on same 
through channels to this office. Brigade commanders will issue 
orders regulating the use of extra and unnecessary camp fittings. 
The Judge Advocate of each brigade is hereby ordered, during the 
encampments, to exercise jurisdiction, as provided in the militia 
laws of the Commonwealth. Commanding officer, First Brigade, 
before leaving camp, August 3, will have all tents looped up and tent 



1908.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 163 

floors propped up at one end, turning over the control of the camp 
ground to the quartermaster, First Brigade, who in turn will turn 
it over to the quartermaster, Second Brigade, on his arrival in camp, 
who will retain control until arrival of commanding officer, Second 
Brigade. The quartermaster, commissary, quartermaster sergeant 
and commissary sergeant of Second Brigade and Eighth and Ninth 
Regiments Infantry, and the quartermaster sergeant and three 
privates from each company of Eighth and Ninth Regiments and 
the Ambulance Company will report at camp at 10 a.m., Aug. 3, 
1907. The First Brigade will pitch its camp on arriving, but will 
not strike camp on leaving. The Second Brigade will strike camp 
on the completion of its encampment. 

III. All organizations will be provided with all uniforms, and 
strict compliance with the bill of dress will be required. When 
under arms in camp, officers wearing service uniform will wear the 
campaign hat. 

IY. Commanding officers will arrange through their respective 
quartermasters for the transportation of their commands required 
in complying with this order, at rates not exceeding those pre- 
scribed in section 157, chapter 465, Acts of 1905. Bills for trans- 
portation of horses, approved by the commanding officer, with ac- 
companying vouchers, will be forwarded immediately upon the 
completion of duty. 

V. The veterinary surgeon of each brigade will thoroughly in- 
spect all horses reported for duty, and he is authorized to reject 
horses unfit for service, and order that they shall not be returned 
for allowance on bills or pay rolls. Brigade commanders are es- 
pecially directed to issue and enforce regulations for the proper use 
and care of horses, in view of the claims constantly appearing for 
injuries to horses received in camp. 

VI. The duties of the officers of the guard, in relation to the 
safeguarding of the property of the guard, will be strictly performed, 
the name of each man and an inventory of his clothing and equip- 
ments being entered in the guard book. All cases of loss of property 
by members of the guard will be investigated by brigade commander, 
and report made to this office. Brigade commanders will give 
special attention to the performance of guard duty and the obser- 
vance of military courtesy. They will confer together before the 
encampment, for the adoption of a uniform system of passes and 
for the proper cancellation thereof after use. All enlisted men 
found outside the camp without authority will be arrested and 
court-martialed. 

VII. Returns of absentees, which must be properly filled out 
with recommendations for action in full, will be forwarded with 
pay rolls to this office. Reports of absentees will be handed pay- 
masters on the last day of camp. 

VIII. The Inspector General will detail officers of his depart- 



164 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

ment to attend all camps and the annual drill, and to report on same. 
Such officers detailed will report at the camp for duty at 10 a.m. on 
the first day of the encampment, unless otherwise instructed by the 
Inspector General. 

IX. The Commissary General is hereby authorized to purchase, 
or arrange for the purchase of, commissary supplies, and to issue 
the same to troops on duty under this order, charging against their 
pay the actual cost thereof, and settling all accounts therefor. 
Paymasters will honor assignments of pay, as presented by him, on 
arrival at the camp. He may, in his discretion, authorize com- 
mands to ration themselves. He will assume direction of the affairs 
of his department at such encampments as the interests of the ser- 
vice may require, and will issue a circular for the information of all 
concerned, the requirements of which will be strictly observed. 

X. Commanding officers will at once make requisition on the 
quartermaster general for the tentage required for their respective 
commands, basing their requirements on an allowance of one tent 
for each commissioned officer, one for each four bandsmen or head- 
quarters drummers, twenty for the enlisted men of each company of 
infantry or coast artillery, twenty-four for the enlisted men of each 
troop of cavalry, thirty for the enlisted men of each battery of field 
artillery using 3.2-inch guns, and forty for the enlisted men of 
each battery of field artillery using 3-inch guns. Requisition for all 
other quartermasters' supplies will be forwarded so that the articles 
desired can be delivered before the date of the encampment. Fuel 
for cooking will be furnished by each organization. 

XL So far as it may be practicable, the employment of dock- 
tail horses, either saddle or draft, will be avoided. The unmilitary 
appearance of such animals, and the inhumanity accompanying 
their use under service conditions, alike tend to explain this re- 
quirement. 

XII. The surgeon of each brigade, under the direction of the 
Surgeon General, will establish a provisional hospital, using the 
hospital sergeants and hospital corps privates of the organizations 
at the encampment; and regimental and signal corps commanders 
will order such sergeants and privates attached to their organiza- 
tions to report to the surgeon for this duty on arrival in camp. 

XIII. On recommendation of the Surgeon General, commanding 
officers are advised to direct the purchase and use of spring water 
or boiled water for the headquarters and company messes, at South 
Framingham. Recent reports would indicate that the water supply 
at that station, while not dangerous to health, yet is unpalatable 
and liable to aggravate the minor ailments incident to camp life. 

XIV. Commanding officers of the Naval Brigade, Squadron of 
Cavalry and Battalion of Field Artillery will issue such orders for 
their respective tours of duty as may be necessary to secure the 



1908.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 165 

greatest efficiency. Commanding officers of Squadron of Cavalry 
and Battalion of Field Artillery may, in their discretion, allow one 
day's extra duty pay to the squadron and battalion quartermasters, 
commissaries, quartermaster sergeants, commissary sergeants, and 
the quartermaster sergeant and three privates from each troop or 
battery, such details, if ordered, to report at their stations the day 
prior to encampment. 

XV. Commanding officers at encampments will prescribe such 
general camp regulations and hours of service as may be necessary 
to properly carry on the work and drills. Special attention will be 
given to guard duty in all its forms. Commanding officers will be 
held t© accountability for the strict maintenance of discipline, the 
observance of military courtesy, and the thorough policing of their 
encampments. 

XVI. In view of the many channels through which requests for 
the use of armories, by companies, have been reaching this office, 
custodians of armories are hereby notified that, after approval or 
disapproval by them, such requests should be forwarded through 
the regimental headquarters of the company making the request, 
and not of the regiment to which the custodian is attached. 

XVII. Attention is called to a typographical error in General 
Orders, No. 8, A. G. 0., current series, page 6, paragraph 19. The 
intention of the last three lines of that paragraph is that, "No 
decoration will be issued for a qualification or requalification in a 
class lower than that previously attained," and applies to the rifle 
and carbine as well as pistol decorations. 

XVIII. Owing to the fact that the United States Ordnance 
Department will not allow loss certificates covering broken and worn 
parts of ordnance supplies until a Board of Survey has seen such 
parts, all officers responsible for property are warned and directed 
to save and turn in to the arsenal all spare parts that have become 
worn or broken, and the Quartermaster General is directed to hold 
such parts, ready for survey. 

XIX. The following is issued for the information of those or- 
ganizations and detachments who are contemplating a visit to the 
Jamestown Exposition. No troops belonging to the Massachusetts 
Volunteer Militia will be permitted to visit the Exposition in uni- 
form and under arms without permission obtained from this office; 
and such permission will be given only with the understanding that 
all detachments must be formed into provisional companies, regi- 
ments or brigades, and go under proper military authority during 
the week of August 11 to 17 (Massachusetts Day is August 13), 
and must conform to a prearranged schedule of drills and exercises. 
The transportation and subsistence must be arranged through the 
Quartermaster General, all organizations placing in his hands before 
starting the necessary funds to cover all expenses. Officers of the 



166 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

Inspector General's department will be detailed to report on the 
conduct and discipline of such organizations. 

XX. Company commanders will at once make requisition on 
the Quartermaster General for 1,000 rounds of riot ammunition. 
This ammunition will be carried on property returns, and will in no 
case be used except by authority of Commander-in-Chief or other 
competent authority. Inspectors will state in their reports any 
shortage of riot ammunition at each inspection after its issue. 

XXI. Requisition should be forwarded at once for such books 
of instruction as are needed, so that the books may be obtained and 
issued before the tours of duty. 

XXII. All organizations of the Massachusetts Volunteer Militia 
are permitted to parade in.public on May 30, 1907, in recognition of 
the services performed by, and the respect due to, the soldiers and 
sailors of Massachusetts. Commanding officers will issue the neces- 
sary orders to authorize the performance of this duty under arms, 
and national flags will be displayed on the State arsenal and on all 
State armories from sunrise until noon, at half staff; from noon 
until sunset, at full staff. 

Officers and men of the active force, who are also members in 
their own right of any of the several service associations of the 
civil war or of the war with Spain, are permitted to parade, if they 
so desire, with their former comrades. 

By order of the Commander-in-Chief, 

James P. Parker, 
Adjutant General, Chief of Staff. 



Commonwealth of Massachusetts, 
Adjutant General's Office, Boston, June 5, 1907. 

General Orders, No. 11. 

I. The following-named commissioned officers of the Volunteer 
Militia, having rendered continuous service in commission, as pro- 
vided by law, have, at their own request, been placed on the retired 
list, in accordance with section 6, chapter 504, Acts of the year 

1906, with the rank and of the date set against the name of each: — 

First Lieut. Henry B. Clapp, adjutant, Field Artillery, May 8, 1907, as 
captain. 

Capt. William N. Decker, assistant surgeon, Sixth Infantry, May 17> 

1907, as major. 

Capt. Andrew J. Whelan, Companj' D, Sixth Infantry, May 17, 1907, as 
major. 

Capt. William S. Warriner, Company K, Second Infantry, May 17, 1907^ 
as major. 

Second Lieut. Alton R. Sedgley, Company A, Sixth Infantry, May 20 > 
1907, as first lieutenant. 



1908.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 167 

II. All officers having in their possession and responsible for 
property, will turn into the arsenal all long leggins in their com- 
mands, and will make requisition for new short leggins, on separate 
requisition, forwarding invoices in duplicate to this office of the 
property turned in. 

III. In accordance with the provisions of chapter 465, Acts of 
the year 1905, of chapter 305, Acts of the year 1907, and of chapter 
356, Acts of the year 1907, the following changes in the number, 
ranks and duties of noncommissioned officers and enlisted men are 
issued for the information of the militia, and all organizations will 
conform to the organization herein provided. 

Companies of infantry to be allowed 1 additional cook, 1 addi- 
tional musician and 1 artificer. The noncommissioned officers and 
enlisted men of a company to be 1 first sergeant, 1 quartermaster 
sergeant, 4 sergeants, 6 corporals, 2 cooks (with pay of chief cook), 
2 musicians, 1 artificer and 43 privates ; the total enlisted strength 
to be 60 and the minimum enlisted strength to be 41. 

Companies of coast artillery to be allowed 1 additional cook, 1 
additional mechanic and 1 additional private. The noncommis- 
sioned officers and enlisted men of a company of coast artillery to be 

1 first sergeant, 1 quartermaster sergeant, 4 sergeants, 6 corporals, 

2 cooks (with pay of chief cook), 2 mechanics, 2 musicians and 45 
privates; the total enlisted strength to be 63 and the minimum 
enlisted strength to be 41. 

Troops of cavalry to be allowed 1 additional cook, 2 farriers and 
blacksmiths, 1 wagoner, 1 saddler. The noncommissioned officers 
and enlisted men to be 1 first sergeant, 1 quartermaster sergeant, 5 
sergeants, 7 corporals, 2 trumpeters, 2 cooks (with pay of chief 
cook), 2 farriers and blacksmiths, 1 wagoner, 1 saddler and 56 
privates ; the total enlisted strength to be 78 and the minimum en- 
listed strength to be 56. 

Batteries of field artillery, armed with 3.2-inch guns, to be al- 
lowed 1 additional cook, 2 mechanics (in place of 2 artificers). The 
noncommissioned officers and enlisted men to be 1 first sergeant, 1 
quartermaster sergeant, 1 stable sergeant, 4 sergeants, 9 corporals, 
2 mechanics, 2 musicians, 2 cooks (with pay of chief cook) and 63 
privates ; the total enlisted strength to be 85 and the minimum 
enlisted strength to be 57. Batteries of field artillery, armed with 
five sections of the 3-inch gun battery, to have the following non- 
commissioned officers and enlisted men : 1 first sergeant, 1 quarter- 
master sergeant, 1 stable sergeant, 5 sergeants, 10 corporals, 1 chief 
mechanic, 4 mechanics, 2 musicians, 2 cooks (with pay of chief 
cook) and 85 privates; the total enlisted strength to be 112 and the 
minimum enlisted strength to be 80. Batteries of field artillery, 
armed with six sections of the 3-inch gun battery, to have the fol- 
lowing noncommissioned officers and enlisted men: 1 first sergeant, 



168 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

1 quartermaster sergeant, 1 stable sergeant, 6 sergeants, 12 corpo- 
rals, 1 chief mechanic, 4 mechanics, 2 musicians, 3 cooks (with pay 
of chief cook) and 102 privates; the total enlisted strength to be 
133 and the minimum enlisted strength to be 90. The officers of 
batteries, armed with the 3-inch guns, to be 1 captain, 2 first lieu- 
tenants and 1 second lieutenant. These officers, the sergeants, 
including the stable sergeant, the caisson corporals, the musicians, 
to be mounted, and 6 draft horses to be allowed to each carriage. 

The Signal Corps to be allowed 2 additional sergeants, first class, 

2 additional corporals and 1 additional cook. The noncommissioned 
officers and enlisted men to be 5 sergeants, first class, 5 sergeants, 
10 corporals, 2 cooks (with pay of chief cook) and 36 privates, first 
class, and privates, second class; the total enlisted strength to be 
58. No quartermaster sergeant, bugler or artificer are allowed, but 
enlisted men may be detailed to perform these duties. 

The Ambulance Company to be allowed 1 additional sergeant, 
first class, in place of 1 sergeant. The noncommissioned officers 
and enlisted men to be 2 sergeants, first class, 7 sergeants and 68 
privates, first class, and privates; the total enlisted strength to be 
77. 

The squadron of cavalry to be allowed 1 hospital sergeant, in 
place of 1 hospital steward, and in addition to other noncommis- 
sioned staff officers, 2 hospital privates, first class, and 1 hospital 
private. 

The battalion of field artillery to be allowed 1 hospital sergeant, 
in place of 1 hospital steward, and, in addition to other noncom- 
missioned staff officers, 2 hospital privates, first class, and 1 hospital 
private. 

Regiments of infantry to be allowed 1 hospital sergeant, first 
class, in place of 1 hospital steward, and in addition to other non- 
commissioned staff officers, 3 hospital sergeants, 6 hospital privates, 
first class, and 3 hospital privates. 

Regiments of coast artillery to be allowed 1 hospital sergeant, 
first class, 3 hospital sergeants, in place of 3 hospital stewards, 6 
hospital privates, first class, and 3 hospital privates, in addition to 
other noncommissioned staff officers. 

Corps of cadets to be allowed 1 hospital sergeant, in place of 1 
hospital steward, 2 hospital privates, first class, 1 hospital private, 
in addition to other noncommissioned staff officers. 

The organization of the Naval Brigade, as provided in section 31 
of chapter 465 of the Acts of 1905, to remain the same, with the 
following exceptions: the petty officers, attached to the brigade 
staff, to have 1 hospital steward, in place of 1 apothecary; the en- 
gineer's force, attached to the headquarters of the brigade, to have 
4 chief machinist's mates, in place of 4 machinists, with rank and 
pay corresponding to those of noncommissioned staff of infantry. 



1908.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 169 

The petty officers and seamen of each company of the Naval 
Brigade to be 1 chief petty officer, with rank and pay of sergeant 
major, not more than 6 petty officers, first class, with rank and pay 
of sergeants, not more than 12 petty officers, first and second class, 
the petty officers, second class, to have rank and pay of corporals, 
and not more than 15 petty officers, first, second and third class, 
combined; petty officers, third class, to have rank and pay of cor- 
porals; the ratings to correspond with those of the United States 
Navy, and to be confined to the boatswain's mate service, gunner's 
mate service, quartermaster's service, with the exception that 1 
master-at-arms and 1 yeoman for each company may be appointed 
at discretion of company commander. The title of the bayman to 
be changed to that of hospital apprentice, who, with one bugler and 
one cook, first class, shall be in addition to above, and shall rank as 
seamen. The total enlisted strength of a company to be 56 and the 
minimum 41. In appointing petty officers of the different ratings 
in the classes above provided, there shall be not less than 5 in the 
boatswain's mate service (including coxswains) ; not less than 2 in 
the quartermaster's service; not less than 2 in the gunner's mate 
service. Company and battery musicians and troop trumpeters to 
have the pay of buglers. 

Commanding officers will warrant, appoint, enlist or keep war- 
ranted, appointed or enlisted, the number of noncommissioned staff 
officers, noncommissioned officers and other enlisted men required 
by this order. The organization of the Massachusetts Volunteer 
Militia will remain as at present constituted, with the exception of 
the changes provided in this order. 

IV. The retirement of the following-named commissioned offi- 
cer, April 10, 1900, as captain, is hereby rescinded, his retirement 
certificate recalled, and he is placed on the retired list of the Massa- 
chusetts Volunteer Militia with the rank of rear admiral, under the 
provisions of chapter 504, Acts of 1906, amending chapter 231, Acts 
of 1904: Capt. John W. Weeks, Naval Brigade; date, April 10, 
1900. 

V. Owing to the fact that adequate camp grounds are not 
available, section XIX., General Orders, No. 10, current series, is 
hereby revoked. 

VI. Commanding officers, and others having official communi- 
cation with the military departments, are reminded that the Com- 
monwealth by law provides for the payment of postage by annual 
allowance to headquarters and companies. The custom which has 
prevailed largely in the past, in some commands, of affixing one 
stamp sufficient to carry a communication to its destination and 
requiring the Commonwealth to supply the deficiency, will cease, 
and the postage on all communications will be fully prepaid in the 
future. 



170 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

VII. The provisional Hospital Corps provided for in paragraphs 
III., and IV., General Orders, No. 4, A. G. O., series of 1906, is hereby 
dissolved, noncommissioned officers and privates having been 
attached to organizations. 

By order of the Commander-in-Chief, 

James P. Parker, 
Adjutant General, Chief of Staff. 



Commonwealth of Massachusetts, 
Adjutant General's Office, Boston, June 8, 1907. 

General Orders, No. 12. 

I. Under the provisions of section 83, chapter 465, Acts of 1905, 
as amended by chapter 504, Acts of 1906, Brig. Gen. Frederick B. 
Carpenter, Commissary General, is hereby retired with the rank of 
brigadier general, a Medical Board having reported in favor thereof. 

The Commander-in-Chief desires at this time to express his appre- 
ciation of the long and faithful service of General Carpenter, which 
has been a credit to the Commonwealth and an incentive to other 
officers who appreciate efficiency and loyalty. 

II. The following changes in the staff of the Commander-in- 
Chief are issued for the information of the militia : — 

Col. James G. White, Inspector General of Small Arms Practice, 
to be Commissary General, with the rank of brigadier general, vice 
Carpenter, retired. 

III. Brigadier General White will continue to perform the duties 
of Inspector General of Small Arms Practice until his successor is 
approved and qualified. 

By order of the Commander-in-Chief, 

James P. Parker, 
Adjutant General, Chief of Staff. 



Commonwealth of Massachusetts, 
Adjutant General's Office, Boston, June 18, 1907. 

General Orders, No. 13. 

I. In connection with General Orders, No. 10, current series, A. 
G. O., covering the annual encampments for the year 1907, the 
following dates for encampments are issued : — 

(a) First Corps Cadets, Lieut. Col. Thomas Talbot commanding, 
will perform its camp duty at Hingham, August 10 to 17, inclusive, 
the first day being voluntary on the part of the corps. 

(b) The Naval Brigade, Capt. George R. H. Bufhnton command- 
ing, will perform its tour of duty afloat, August 10 to 17, under 



1908.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 171 

detailed orders later to be issued, the last day being voluntary on 
the part of the organization. 

(c) The First Battalion of Field Artillery, Maj. Charles F. Sargent 
commanding, will perform its camp duty by marches and camps, 
August 4 to 10, inclusive. 

(d) Second Corps of Cadets, Lieut. Col. Andrew Fitz commanding,, 
will perform its camp duty at Boxford, July 20-27, inclusive, the 
first day being voluntary on the part of the corps. 

(e) Commanding officers of the above-named organizations will 
issue such orders as may be necessary to properly carry out the 
encampments outlined. 

II. Maj. Franklin G. Burnham, commissary, Second Brigade, is 
hereby detailed as Acting Assistant Commissary General, and will 
report to the Commissary General for such duties as he may assign 
him. He will be obeyed and respected accordingly; this duty to- 
be in addition to his other duties. 

III. In accordance with the suggestions of a special board of 
officers, the following changes in the Service School, provided for in 
General Orders, No. 26, A. G. 0., series of 1905, are published for 
the information and guidance of all concerned : — 

(a) The length of the course shall be three years, divided into 
three terms of one year each; but, by special arrangement with the 
secretary, any officer who so desires may complete the course in two 
years. 

(b) The method of instruction will be modified, and the time spent 
upon study will not be made a part of a student's credit; but the 
requirements of the course will be such that a man of average ability 
may be able to satisfactorily pass with an expenditure of not more 
than forty hours of time of study in any one term. 

(c) One examination shall be held at the end of each term, and 
shall -be taken without the aid of text books, notes or other assist- 
ance, and in the presence of a field officer or the secretary. All 
examination papers will be marked by the secretary. 

(d) Commencing with the next school term, the taking of the 
school course will be compulsory for all second lieutenants, and for 
all first lieutenants who have not taken the course as second lieu- 
tenants, provided that no officer shall be required to take again any 
full year's course, or its equivalent, in which he has satisfactorily 
passed. It is intended that the taking of the course will be com- 
pulsory in future during the first three years of a line officer's com- 
missioned service, provided he does not reach the grade of captain 
during that period. All other line and staff officers are permitted 
to take the course, and if they volunteer for this duty will be 
marked and recorded as provided in the next paragraph. No 
officer shall be required to take the three years' course, or any part 
of it, more than once; but an officer who has failed in a course may 



172 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

volunteer to take it again, in order to clear his record. An officer 
if commissioned on or before January 1 of any year shall take the 
course that year, making up the back work; if commissioned after 
January 1, he may postpone starting on the course until the next 
term. The commanding officer of an organization may require any 
or all of his officers to take the course, provided they are not es- 
pecially exempted by the provisions of this order. 

(e) The names of officers taking the course, with their respective 
standing each year, will be published in General Orders as at 
present; and on the completion of the full three years' course, the 
secretary will transmit each student's record and marks to the 
Adjutant General, to be made part of the officers' official record. 
On or before Jan. 1, 1908, a new roster will be kept at the Adjutant 
General's office, of such a form as to provide for keeping a complete 
Tecord of an officer's service. If any officer has received a certificate 
of proficiency or graduation in any subject from a United States 
Army school, the fact will be entered on his record, and he will be 
excused from taking a course covering the same subject in the Ser- 
vice School, on application approved by the Adjutant General. 
Officers having passed any examination by a United States Army 
board for a commission in volunteers will have the fact so entered on 
their record, showing the position for which they have been cer- 
tified. 

(/) The Corps Coast Artillery and Naval Brigade, having a special 
school in their own branches of the service, are not required to con- 
form to the compulsory requirements of this order. 

(g) The school year for theoretical study will comprise a period, 
approximately twenty-five weeks, between November 1 and May 1, 
unless otherwise ordered by the commandant. 

{h) All the requirements of General Orders, No. 26, A. G. O., 
series of 1905, which are not inconsistent herewith, will remain in 
force. 

(i) On Jan. 1, 1908, and annually thereafter on January 1 of each 
year, efficiency reports will be made as follows, and forwarded 
through channels to the Adjutant General, to be made part of each 
officer's official record: (a) by the commanding officer of each 
brigade, covering each officer on his staff, and each regimental com- 
mander in his brigade; (6) by the commanding officer of each 
regiment, corps, battalion, squadron or unattached organization, 
and the Naval Brigade, covering each officer serving with or* in such 
organization; (c) by the chief of each staff department or corps, 
covering each officer of his department not otherwise reported on. 

IV. The following regulations, governing the mobilization of the 
Massachusetts Volunteer Militia on August 3, are promulgated for 
the information of all concerned : — 

(a) His Excellency the Commander-in-Chief will personally com- 



1908.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 17S 

mand the troops, and will establish his headquarters at Common- 
wealth Avenue, south side, corner of Arlington Street, at 10.15 a.m. 

(b) Brig. Gen. Jophanus H. Whitney, commanding Second 
Brigade, will report with his command not later than 10.30 a.m.,. 
on Commonwealth Avenue, south side, right resting in rear of State 
headquarters. 

(c) Brig. Gen. Embury P. Clark, commanding First Brigade, will 
report with his command on Commonwealth Avenue, north side, 
not later than 10.30 a.m., right resting on Arlington Street. 

(d) The commanding officer, Second Brigade, will detail a color 
bearer to report, mounted, to the Adjutant General at the State 
House at 9 a.m. 

(e) The commanding officer, First Brigade, will detail a bugler to re- 
port, mounted, to the Adjutant General at the State House at 9 a.m.. 

(/) Capt. G. R. H. Buffinton, commanding Naval Brigade, will 
report with his command not later than 10.30 a.m., on Common- 
wealth Avenue, north side, forming immediately in rear of the col- 
umn of the First Brigade. 

(g) Col. Charles P. Nutter, commanding Corps Coast Artillery y 
will report with his command not later than 10.30 a.m., on Common- 
wealth Avenue, north side, forming immediately in rear of the 
column of the Naval Brigade. 

(h) Col. Wilham H. Oakes, commanding Fifth Infantry, will re- 
port with his command to the commanding officer, Second Brigade,, 
on his return from duty in the harbor, and will march with that 
brigade in this manceuver. 

{i) Lieut. Col. Andrew Fitz, commanding Second Corps Cadets,, 
will report with his command not later than 10.30 a.m., on Common- 
wealth Avenue, north side, forming immediately in rear of the 
column of the Corps Coast Artillery. 

(/) Lieut. Col. Thomas Talbot, commanding First Corps Cadets,, 
will report with his command not later than 10.30 a.m., on Common- 
wealth Avenue, north side, forming immediately in rear of the 
column of the Second Corps Cadets. 

(k) Maj. Charles F. Sargent, commanding First Battalion Field 
Artillery, will report with his command not later than 10.30 a.m.,. 
on Marlborough Street, right resting on Arlington Street. 

(I) Maj. William A. Perrins, commanding First Squadron Cav- 
alry, will report with his command not later than 10.30 a.m., on 
Marlborough Street, forming immediately in rear of the column of 
the Battalion of Field Artillery. 

(m) All organizations will report through an aide to the Adjutant 
General their arrival at their assigned posts. 

(n) All troops will parade in blue uniform, with caps, leggins,. 
haversacks, mess kits and canteens. Officers' uniform, dress,, 
mounted. 



174 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

(o) Troops will provide a ration for each enlisted man, and they 
will be rationed at the hour named by brigade, battalion and sepa- 
rate commanders. 

(p) All mounted men will attach haversacks to left side of saddle 
and canteens to right side. 

(q) If the new full-dress uniform is received in time to be worn, it 
will be used in place of the old blue uniform above required. 

(r) All commanding officers will be held personally responsible 
for their commands, and no enlisted man will be allowed to leave 
the ranks or be excused except for most urgent reasons. 

(s) All troops will be in readiness to move promptly at 11 o'clock 
a.m., over the following route: — 

Arlington to Beacon, to Charles, to Park Square, to Columbus 
Avenue, to Berkeley, to Tremont, to Winter, to Summer, to High, 
to Pearl, to Milk, to Broad, to State, to Washington, to School, to 
Beacon. 

(0 The parade will be reviewed at the State House by His Ex- 
cellency the Governor and Commander-in-Chief, who will be accom- 
panied by the staff, mounted. 

(u) The Inspector General and his assistants on duty in camp 
with the First Brigade will arrange with the brigade quartermaster 
for transportation, including horses of the Governor's staff at camp. 
He will order such assistants as are not on duty at camp to report to 
him on arrival of the brigade in Boston. The Inspector General 
will make the assignments of the assistant inspectors covering the 
inspection duty of this parade. 

{v) In case of accident to artilley teams, the column will continue 
the march, leaving out the broken or balky teams. All balky horses 
will be taken out of the line. 

(w) The Surgeon General will make such arrangements for the 
sanitary care of troops at point of formation and on the march as he 
may deem necessary, and have ambulance and appliances forwarded 
to Boston. He is authorized to detail officers or enlisted men from 
the Ambulance Company, or from the surgeons, and Hospital Corps 
men of the various organizations to properly carry on the work of 
his department. 

(x) Distances between organizations will be strictly maintained, 
as will also the cadence. 

(y) After passing in review at the State House, the Second 
Brigade will march through Charles Street and Columbus Avenue to 
the East Armory. 

The First Brigade will continue the march to Exeter Street and 
through that street to the South Armory. 

The Naval Brigade will proceed through Charles Street to the 
South Station. 

The Corps Coast Artillery will follow the First Brigade to the 
South Armory. 



1908.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 175 

The Second Corps Cadets will proceed by way of Charles Street to 
the North Station. 

The First Corps Cadets will proceed direct to its armory. 

The First Battalion Field Artillery will proceed out Beacon 
Street, leaving the street vacant for the First Squadron Cavalry, 
which will be dismissed at Beacon Street opposite the Common. 

(z) The Ambulance Company and the Signal Corps will remain 
attached to the brigades with which they have been doing camp 
duty. 

Immediately on the arrival of the Corps of Coast Artillery and the 
Fifth Regiment Infantry from the manceuvers, the Fifth Regiment 
will proceed to the East Armory to leave its extra equipments, and 
the Corps Coast Artillery will proceed direct to the South Armory 
for a similar purpose. Commanding officers of these two organiza- 
tions are authorized to detail guards to accompany property direct 
to home stations, and these guards will be excused from the parade. 

All troops will move rapidly after passing in review, in order that 
the streets may be clear for the succeeding organizations. 

All staff officers of the Commander-in-Chief, not otherwise or- 
dered, will report at the State House in dress uniform, mounted, for 
duty at 9 a.m. 

By order of the Commander-in-Chief, 

James P. Parker, 
Adjutant General, Chief of Staff. 



Commonwealth of Massachusetts, 
Adjutant General's Office, Boston, July 1, 1907. 

General Orders, No. 14. 

I. The following is published for the information of the militia : — 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts, 
Executive Department, Boston, June 26, 1907. 

In consideration of the report of the Inspector General concerning Troop 
F, First Squadron Cavalry, it appears that Troop F has fallen below the 
standard of efficiency. Let an order be issued disbanding said troop, and 
arrangements made at once for the proper care of United States and State 
property of the troop. 

(Signed) Curtis Guild, Jr., 

Governor and Commander-in-Chief. 

II. Troop F, First Squadron Cavalry, is hereby disbanded. 
Maj. William A. Perrins, commanding First Squadron Cavalry, will 
at once make arrangements for the proper care of United States and 
State property, detailing an officer to receipt for the property and 
forward the same by freight to the State arsenal, sending invoices, 
of same to this office. 

By order of the Commander-in-Chief, 

James P. Parker, 
Adjutant General, Chief of Staff. 



176 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 



COMMOXWEALTH OF MASSACHUSETTS, 

Adjutant General's Office, Boston, July 3, 1907. 
General Orders, No. 15. 

I. The Court of Inquiry, convened under Special Orders, No. 
40, current series, A. G. 0., for the purpose of considering certain 
official statements made by First Lieut. Charles F. Wonson, staff 
Eighth Infantry, late Lieutenant Colonel and Assistant Inspector 
General, general staff, which statements were alleged to affect the 
service standing of First Lieut. Charles E. Akeley, Company B, 
Sixth Infantry, having made its report and this report having been 
approved by the Commander-in-Chief, the finding is published for 
the information of all concerned. 

II. The court finds and reports that on or about Sept. 30, 1905, 
First Lieut. Charles F. Wonson, staff Eighth Infantry, M. V. M., 
then lieutenant colonel on the staff of the Commander-in-Chief, filed 
his report as acting division quartermaster on the work of his de- 
partment at the Westfield camp, July 5 to 12 inclusive, 1905. In 
this report the following appears: — 

Lieut. Chas. E. Akeley of Company B, Sixth Regiment, deserves to be 
severely reprimanded for complete failure to either understand or carry out 
orders. He allowed his baggage detail to leave the car at Westfield station, 
and his baggage cars came to the quartermaster's siding with no detail to 
unload them. This officer's failure to follow orders caused the baggage train 
to be delayed on July 12, while his handling of working details showed him 
to be thoroughly inefficient in department work. 

Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

Chas. F. Wonson, 
Lieutenant Colonel and Division Quartermaster. 

III. (Lieutenant Akeley denies the statement of fact contained 
in this report, and objects to the comments made therein concerning 
his manner of performing duty on the occasion referred to. He 
particularly objects to the impression given by the words italicized 
in the above extract.) 

The court finds that the above criticism was called forth by his 
conduct on two occasions, viz.: first, his management of the bag- 
gage train upon its arrival at Westfield on July 5, 1905 ; and second, 
his management of the baggage train upon the departure of the 
troops from Westfield on July 12, 1905, upon both of which dates 
he was acting as train quartermaster, under detail in General 
Orders, No. 22, A. G. O., series 1905. 

The court finds that arrangements had been made for the unload- 
ing of such baggage as was brought in the baggage cars attached to 
the troop trains at Springdale siding, about one-half way between 
the town of Westfield and Camp Bartlett, on the branch railroad 
running to Holyoke ; that it was necessary to handle these cars with 
the greatest possible haste, in order to prevent this siding from 



1908.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT— No. 7. 177 

becoming blocked. The baggage cars were detached from the 
train at Westfield and taken by a shifting engine to the Springdale 
siding. The shifting engine then took away the empty baggage 
cars of the preceding train, taking them back to Westfield at once, 
so that the engine might meet the troop train next arriving, and it 
was therefore very important that the baggage cars on the siding 
should be handled in the interval while the shifting engine was 
going to Westfield and return. 

General Orders, Xo. 22, cited above, contained, among its other 
directions to train quartermasters, specific instructions to have 
their baggage details go on board the baggage car at Westfield and 
to proceed with it to the point of unloading. 

The court finds that Lieutenant Akeley did cause a detail to ac- 
company the car containing the baggage of Company B and Com- 
pany D of the Sixth Infantry to Springdale siding, and that in addi- 
tion there were two men from Company E of the Second Infantry 
on the car containing the baggage of that company, which was a 
part of Lieutenant Akeley 's train. 

We find that Colonel Wonson was in error in stating that Lieu- 
tenant Akeley ''allowed his detail to leave the car at the Westfield 
station," and that the statement by Colonel Wonson that "he 
[Lieutenant Akeley] came to the Springdale siding with no detail 
to unload" was not correct. The court finds, however, that the 
detail accompanying these cars to the Springdale siding was not 
sufficient to handle the baggage expeditiously, and that it was 
diminished from time to time, as the unloading progressed, by the 
sending away of a man with each load of baggage. 

It does not appear that Colonel Wonson personally saw the un- 
loading of this car until just before the unloading was finished, and 
when Lieutenant Akeley had had the assistance of a special detail 
summoned by Colonel Wonson from Major Smith's battalion of the 
Sixth Regiment, and that Colonel Wonson's statement in his report 
was based upon the reports of his assistants. The court finds that 
Lieutenant Akeley had to handle one hundred and nine pieces of 
baggage, requiring six of the ten wagons which had been assigned 
him to transport his baggage to the camp, and that the time con- 
sumed by him in unloading his cars was forty minutes. Lieutenant 
Akeley testified that this amount of time was necessary in order to 
check each piece of baggage and make out delivery slips for the 
wagon drivers. Colonel Wonson and others testified that no such 
amount of time was required in the unloading of any other train on 
that occasion, and this testimony was not contradicted. 

The court finds that Lieutenant Akeley was at fault in this : first, 
that he did not secure a sufficient detail to handle the baggage of 
his train with the promptness necessary in an extensive and com- 
plicated movement of troops; second, that he sent away his men 



178 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

one by one with the wagons, instead of keeping them all at work 
until the unloading was completed; third, that he failed to grasp 
the spirit of the orders, in that he consumed valuable time in at- 
tending to minute details, although he was obviously causing a de- 
lay, apparently failing to see that the prompt unloading of his cars 
was more important than the checking and listing of the baggage; 
and fourth, that his management of the situation would have re- 
sulted in a serious delay except for the timely arrival of the detail 
secured by Colonel Wonson. 

The court finds that on July 12, 1905, arrangements had been 
made to load all of the baggage of the division at the Springdale 
siding, and that the baggage cars of all the troop trains were at this 
point at an early hour in the morning. The orders fixed the time of 
departure of the baggage cars at 9.30 o'clock a.m. The court finds 
that at this hour, 9.30 a.m., Lieutenant Akeley was engaged in load- 
ing his car, and that the train was held for about ten minutes to 
allow him to place aboard the baggage on the particular wagon at 
the siding, when the train moved out, compelling him to send a re- 
maining wagon to Westfield for loading. This was the delay men- 
tioned in Colonel Wonson 's report. The court finds, however, that 
there were a number of train quartermasters who did not succeed 
in getting any of their baggage on the cars at the Springdale siding, 
but were tardy, and that all their wagons had to be sent on to West- 
field. It seems as if the mention of Lieutenant Akeley in this con- 
nection is due to the fact that he was actually seen by the division 
quartermaster, while other quartermasters, far more deserving of 
criticism, escaped Colonel Wonson's notice. The court does not 
find that Lieutenant Akeley was conspicuously derelict in his duty 
on this occasion. In the opinion of the court, Lieutenant Akeley is 
a careful and painstaking officer, but one who does not put the proper 
valuation on the relative importance of military details. He ap- 
parently does not always readily grasp the essentials of an order, 
but sometimes errs in giving too much attention to trifling details, 
thus failing to carry out the spirit of the order as a whole. The 
court feels that on both July 5 and July 12 he was really doing his 
best, but that he was wasting time on secondary details, when his 
chief idea should have been promptness. This class of work was 
undoubtedly new to him; Lieutenant Akeley's regiment had not 
had an opportunity to travel and gain experience in problems of 
military transportation since 1898; and the court is of the opinion 
that some allowance should have been made for his lack of practical 
experience in these matters. The court rates him as far from in- 
efficient, and believes that he is capable of doing as good work as any 
officer of like experience. On the other hand, Colonel Wonson was 
in charge of an extremely complicated movement of -troops and 
their impedimenta, was thoroughly imbued with the orders which 



1908.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 179 

he had himself originated, and was viewing matters from a stand- 
point of long experience in the active service. The court cannot 
censure him for criticising as reprehensible anything which tended 
to disarrange the general plan of the arrival and departure of the 
troops. The court is of the opinion that he went further in his com- 
ments on Lieutenant Akeley's conduct than the facts justified, but 
in so far as this involved misstatement of fact, he was honestly mis- 
led by the exaggerated reports of his assistants. Colonel Wonson 
did not know that his official report was to be made public, and he 
states that if he had known or suspected that such publicity was to 
be given his criticism of Lieutenant Akeley, he would not have said 
what he did without giving the officer a chance to explain. Suppos- 
ing that the report was confidential, he did not hesitate to state the 
case as it appeared to him, leaving it to his superiors to make further 
investigations. The court believes that Lieutenant Akeley was 
criticised properly, though rather too severely, but that Colonel 
Wonson should have gone further and criticised by name other 
officers who have been shown in the evidence adduced at these 
hearings to have been more deserving of criticism than Lieutenant 
Akeley. One of the principal advantages gained from a tour of 
duty of the character of the camp at Westfield is to be derived from 
just criticism, and the pointing out of those defects which appear to 
exist, in order that they may be remedied on future occasions, and 
honest criticism should be encouraged, even if mistakes are fre- 
quently made. 

The court recommends : — 

First. — That, while the performance of the duty assigned to 
Lieutenant Akeley as train quartermaster at the Westfield camp 
cannot be said to be beyond criticism, he be exonerated from any 
lack of intention to carry out his orders and from any imputation of 
inefficiency. 

Second. — In view of the fact that the statements complained of 
were contained in a confidential report, the court recommends that 
Colonel Wonson be exonerated from any blame for undue criticism 
of another officer. His remarks are to be taken as a suggestion of 
facts which might be investigated, rather than as a positive state- 
ment of facts within his knowledge. 

Third. — That no further action be taken in reference to this 
matter. 

By order of the Commander-in-Chief, 

James P. Parker, 
Adjutant General, Chief of Staff. 



180 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 



Commonwealth of Massachusetts, 
Adjutant General's Office, Boston, July 15, 1907. 

General Orders, No. 16. 

I. The requirements for the examination and qualification of 
gunners of field batteries equipped with the 3-inch field guns, pub- 
lished in General Orders, No. 27, War Department, Feb. 6, 1906, 
are hereby adopted as the requirements for the examination and 
classification of first and second class gunners in the field batteries 
of this State, and the above-mentioned General Orders of the War 
Department are printed below for the information and guidance of 
all concerned : — 

War Department, Washington, Feb. 6, 1906. 

General Orders, No. 27. 

The following scheme for the examination and classification of gunners 
of field batteries equipped with the 3-inch field gun is substituted for the 
one published in General Orders, No. 126, Headquarters of the Army, 
Adjutant General's Office, Washington, Dec. 16, 1902. 

The examination and classification of gunners of the siege and mountain 
batteries will continue to be conducted according to the provisions of ex- 
isting orders. 

I. The object of this examination is to ascertain in each battery the 
qualified gunners by their absolute and relative proficiency in compre- 
hending and mastering the prescribed instruction. Examinations wall 
take place at the posts where the respective batteries may be serving, and 
will be separate for each battery. They will be held each year, beginning in 
the month of May, on such dates as may be designated by the division com- 
manders. 

II. The board for examination in each division shall be designated by 
the division commander, and shall consist of three officers of field artillery, 
preferably not below the rank of captain; provided, that when a member 
of the board is a battery commander, he shall, during the examination of 
candidates of his battery, be replaced by another officer. 

III. The examination will include: (a) use of the sights and the quad- 
rant; (6) setting fuzes; (c) use of authorized range finder; (d) instruction 
of the gun squad and knowledge of the materiel. It will be conducted as 
specified in each case. 

GENERAL RULES. 

1. Settings of sight or other scales are considered correct if any part of 
the index is coincident with any part of the line of graduation of the reading 
ordered. 

2. Readings given will always be even divisions of the scale and not 
fractions thereof. 

3. The conditions of the examination will be made as nearly the same 
for each of the candidates as possible. 

A. Use of the Sights and the Quadrant. 

1. The candidate may select an assistant to aid at the trail handspike in 
pointing the piece in direction. 

2. The candidate is permitted to traverse the piece to the middle point 
of traverse before each trial. 



1908.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 181 

3. The sights and quadrant are in position for use before the command 
for any trial is given; the scales set at any readings except those to be 
ordered. 

4. The trials with the sights will be at different targets with different 
ranges and deflections. Targets will be so selected as to involve shifting 
the trail for each trial. 

5. Changes in the setting of scales required of the candidate will not 
exceed the following: deflection scale of the peep sight, 30 mils; range 
scales of sight and quadrant, 1,000 yards; angle of site scale, 50 mils. 

The Sights. 

Direct Laying. — Four trials: two with the peep sight at ranges between 
1,000 and 2,500 yards; two with the panorama sight at ranges between 
1,000 and 4,000 yards. 

Well-defined targets should be selected, and the exact part of the target 
to be aimed at should be clearly pointed out. 

The candidate being seated on the gunner's seat, the examiner commands, 
for example: — 

1. Target, the top of that church steeple. 

2. Deflection, 10. 

3. Range, 2,400. 

4. Lay. 

At the command Lay, the candidate causes the assistant at the trail to 
point the piece at the target, sets off the range and deflection ordered, 
corrects for difference of level of wheels, operates the elevating and trav- 
ersing apparatus so as to bring the line of sight upon the target, and calls 
Ready. The cross level is then examined to see if it is centered, after which 
the candidate steps clear. 

Time is taken from Lay to Ready. 

No credits are given in the following cases: — 

1. If the sight is incorrectly set for range or deflection. 

2. If, when the bubble of the cross level is accurately centered, there is 
found to be an error of more than 1 mil in laying for direction. 

3. If there is found to be an error of more than 25 yards in laying for 
range. 

4. If the time taken in laying is more than 45 seconds. 

If the piece is found to be correctly laid within the limits prescribed, 
credits are given as follows: — 

Time in seconds, exactly or less than, . 45 40 35 30 25 20 15 
Credits, 1234567 

Indirect Laying. — Three trials, at ranges between 1,000 and 5,000 yards 
using the panorama sight. 

Aiming points should be well defined and clearly pointed out, and, if 
practicable, be not less than 1,500 yards distant. 

Two are selected: one toward the front for one of the trials; the other 
toward the rear for the remaining trials. 

In the case of the trials with aiming point in rear the candidate will be 
allowed an additional assistant, who, from a position in front of the axle, 
signals to the man at the end of the trail to move it so as to bring the aiming 
point within the field of view of the sight. 

The candidate being seated on the gunner's seat, the examiner com- 
mands, for example: — 

1. Aiming point, the left edge of that hous.e. 

2. Deflection, 240. 



182 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

3. Range, 3,300. 

4. Lay. 

Before commanding Lay the examiner requires an assistant to set the 
quadrant at the range announced; he also requires the assistant to center 
the bubble of the range level of the quadrant as soon as the trail is shifted. 

At the command Lay, the candidate sets off the deflection, and sets the 
range scale at the range ordered, causes the trail to be shifted until the sight 
is directed upon the aiming point, corrects for difference of level of wheels, 
traverses the piece until the vertical cross hair is on the aiming point, and 
calls Ready. The cross level is then examined to see if it is centered, after 
which the candidate steps clear. 

No credits are given in the following cases: — 

1. If the sight is incorrectly set for range or deflection. 

2. If when the bubble of the cross level is accurately centered there is 
found to be an error of more than 1 mil in laying for direction. 

3. If at any time during the trial the candidate has operated the elevating 
device. 

4. If the time taken in laying is more than 50 seconds. 

If the piece is found to be correctly laid within the limits prescribed, 
credits are given as follows: — 

Time in seconds, exactly or less than, . 50 45 40 35 30 25 20 15 
Credits, 12345678 

Note. — The candidate is required to set the range scale at the range 
announced in order to issue an accurate laying in direction. 

The height of the aiming point selected will be such that it will appear in 
the field of view when the sight is properly set and the bubble of the cross 
level centered. 

The Quadrant. 

To lay the Piece for Range. — Three trials. 

The quadrant being in its socket and the candidate seated on the seat on 
the right side of the trail, the examiner commands, for example: — 

1. Angle of site, 280. 

2. Range, 3,400. 

3. Lay. 

At the command Lay, the candidate sets off the angle of site, sets the 
quadrant for range, corrects for difference of level of wheels, turns the 
elevating crank so as to center the bubble of the range level, and calls Set. 
The cross level is then examined to see if it is centered, after which the 
candidate steps clear. 

Time is taken from Lay to Set. 

No credits are given in the following cases: — 

1. If the quadrant is incorrectly set for range or angle of site. 

2. If no part of the bubble of the quadrant cross level is between the 
two middle lines on the glass tube. 

3. If there is found to be an error of more than 50 yards in laying for 
range. 

4. If the time taken in laying is more than 40 seconds. 

If the piece is found to be correctly laid within the limits prescribed, 
credits are given as follows: — 

Time in seconds, exactly or less than, 
Credits, ...... 



40 


35 


30 


25 


20 


15 


10 


1 


2 


3 


4 


5 


6 


7 



1908.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 183 



B. Setting Fuzes. 

Five trials, using cartridges of service weight. 

The fuze setter is in the operating position. Cartridges for the different 
trials, with fuzes set at Safety, are placed in the caisson chest above the 
fuze setter. 

The examiner commands, for example: — 

1. Corrector, 24. 

2. Range, 2,700. 

3. Set. 

At the command Set, the candidate sets the fuze setter at the corrector 
and range announced, removes a cartridge from the chest, inserts its head in 
the instrument, sets the fuze, and calls Set. 

Time is taken from Set to Set. 

No credits are given in the following cases: — 

1. If the fuze setter is incorrectly set for corrector or range. 

2. If the candidate fails to obtain a fuze setting by operating the instru- 
ment. 

3. If the time taken in setting the fuze is more than 40 seconds. 

If the fuze setter is found to be correctly set and is properly operated, 
credits are given as follows: — 

Time in seconds, exactly or less than, . 40 35 30 25 20 15 10 
Credits, 1234567 

The range and corrector scales may be set at any readings except those 
to be given for the trial. The change in range from one trial to the next 
will not exceed 400 yards, and the change in the corrector readings will not 
exceed 10 points. 

C. Use of the Authorized Range Finder. 

Five trials, at ranges from 1,000 to 3,000 yards. 

The candidate may select an assistant to plant a directing stake and to 
measure the base. 

A tapeline or cord, reading ranges direct, may be used in measuring the 
base line if so desired. 

No preparation for taking the range will be made by the candidate or his 
assistant until the object is indicated to him and the command Take is 
given. 

At the command Take the candidate proceeds to measure the range; on 
the completion of the measurement he announces, "Range, yards." 

Time is taken from Take to Range. 

If within three minutes of time the candidate obtains the range with an 
error no greater than 10 per cent, of the true range, he receives a credit 
of 3 for the trial; if within five minutes, a credit of 2. 

D. Instruction of the Gun Squad and Knowledge of the Materiel. 

The purpose of this portion of the examination is to determine the can- 
didate's practical acquaintance with the materiel in use in the battery and 
his familiarity with the duties of individuals in the service of the piece. 
One test under each of the five heads given below will be allotted to each 
candidate, the desirability of covering the ground as fully as possible and of 
equalizing the difficulty of the examination as among the various candidates 
being kept in view. 

A slip of paper will be given the candidate showing the five tests assigned 



184 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

hini. For the test under the fifth heading a well-instructed squad, consisting 
of a gunner and five cannoneers, will be provided; the candidate will explain 
the maneuvers designated and cause them to be executed. 

1. Gun, Carriage, Caisson, Limber, etc. 

(a) Nomenclature of such principal parts of the materiel as may be in- 
dicated to the candidate by the examining board. 
(6) Explain how the recoil cylinders are filled. 

(c) Explain how to remove and replace a wheel. 

(d) Explain how to remove and replace the counter recoil springs. 

2. Projectiles and Powder. 

(a) The different kinds of projectiles in use and the purpose for which 
each is usually employed. 

(6) Characteristics of the shrapnel as to weight, contents and mode of 
action as against the target. 

(c) Characteristics of the shell as to weight, contents and mode of action 
as against the target. 

(d) Kind of powder in use and weight of the propelling charge. 

• 

3. Fuzes. 

(a) Purpose of a fuze and kinds in use. 

(b) Mode of operation of one kind (to be indicated by the examining 
board). 

4- Sights and Quadrants. 

(a) Explain when, in general, elevation is given by the sights and when 
b} r the quadrant. 

(6) What is the angle of site and how may it be determined by means of 
the sights and quadrant (paragraph 165, "Provisional Drill Regulations' )? 

(c) Explain how deflection is given, both by the peep and the panorama 
sight. 

5. Instruction and Drill of a Gun Squad. 

(a) Composition of the gun squad (paragraphs 179, 180, 181, "Provi- 
sional Drill Regulations"); formation of the gun and caisson squad (j:>ara- 
graphs 182, 1S3); to form the gun squad (paragraphs 186, 187, 188); to 
tell off the gun squad (paragraphs 189, 190, 191); to post the gun squad 
(paragraph 195). 

(6) Posts of the cannoneers, carriages limbered (paragraph 196); to 
post the cannoneers (paragraph 197) ; to mount the cannoneers (paragraphs 
198, 199, 200); to dismount the cannoneers (paragraphs 201, 202). 

(c) Posts of the cannoneers, carriages unlimbered (paragraphs 205, 206); 
preparation for action (paragraph 216). 

(d) To load and lay: (1) direct laying and (2) indirect laj-ing (paragraphs 
232, 233). 

(e) To fire the piece (paragraphs 235, 237); to shift the trail (para- 
graph 240); to change target (paragraph 241); to discontinue and to 
resume the fire (paragraphs 242, 243). 

(/) Volley fire (paragraphs 244, 245); fire at will (paragraphs 246, 247). 
IV. Values are assigned to each of the foregoing subjects as follows: — 

(a) Use of the sights and the quadrant, . . . . .50 

(6) Setting fuzes, ......... 20 

(c) Use of the authorized range finder, . . . . . .15 

(d) Instruction of the gun squad and knowledge of the materiel, . 15 



1908.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 185 

The candidate is given the full credit which he is able to make at any one 
trial, but the total credit allowed him in any one subject will not exceed 
the maximum shown in the foregoing table. 

Enlisted men who obtain an average of 85 per cent, of the total maximum 
mark at the examination will be classed as first-class gunners, and those who 
obtain an average of 65 per cent, and less than 85 per cent, will be classed 
as second-class gunners. 

V. A second-class gunner on his own application may be permitted to 
compete at any annual examination for classification as first-class gunner. 

VI. Each battery commander will, previous to the arrival of the mem- 
bers of the board at the post, submit to the adjutant a list, duly signed, 
of the names of all the men in his battery who may be designated for ex- 
amination, with the statement that he believes that each man so presented 
is capable of qualifying as first or second class gunner. This list will be given 
to the senior member of the board. 

VII. The board will keep a record of its marks during the examination 
and at the conclusion thereof will forward to division headquarters a tabular 
list of the candidates of each organization arranged in order of merit, as 
first and second class gunners, respectively. The marks received in each 
subject will appear opposite the respective candidates' names and appro- 
priate totals carried out. This tabular list, with the date of the report of 
the board, will be published in orders by the division commander. 

[1096762, M. S. O.] 

By order of the Secretary of War, 

J. C. Bates, 
Major General, Chief of Staff. 

Official : 

F. C. Ains WORTH, 

The Military Secretary. 

II. The battalion and battery commanders, whose gunners are 
not candidates for qualification, are constituted a board of officers 
to hold these examinations at intervals of three months. 

III. The following-named commissioned officers of the Volun- 
teer Militia, having rendered continuous service in commission as 
provided by law, have, at their own request, been placed on the 
retired list, in accordance with section 6, chapter 504 of the Acts of 
the year 1906, with the rank and of the date set against the names 
of each : — 

Capt. Marshall Underwood, 6th Company, Corps Coast Artillery, 
June 7, 1907, as major. 

First Lieut. James C. D. Clark, battalion adjutant, Fifth In- 
fantry, May 8, 1907, restored to the list as major. 

Capt. Alexander G. Perkins, Company A, Eighth Infantry, June 
8, 1907, as major. 

Capt. Charles W. Facey, Company B, Fifth Infantry, June 19, 
1907, as major. 

Capt. William A. Rolfe, assistant surgeon, Corps Coast Artillery, 
June 20, 1907, as major. 

Capt. Daniel J. Murphy, quartermaster, Ninth Infantry, June 22, 
1907, as major. 



186 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

First Lieut. Charles E. Green, Company L, Ninth Infantry, June 
22, 1907, as captain. 

Lieut. Col. Henry B. Fairbanks, Second Infantry, June 25, 1907, 
as colonel. 

By order of the Commander-in-Chief, 

James P. Parker, 
Adjutant General, Chief of Staff. 



Commonwealth of Massachusetts, 
Adjutant General's Office, Boston,. July 16, 1907. 

General Orders, No. 17. 

The following officers and enlisted men will represent the Com- 
monwealth of Massachusetts in the competitions to be held under 
the auspices of the New England Military Rifle Association, at 
Wakefield, Mass., July 22-27, 1907: — 

Team captain, Brig. Gen. James G. White, Acting Inspector General of 
Small Arms Practice. 

Team quartermaster, Maj. Franklin J. Burnham, staff, Second Brigade. 
Team adjutant, Lieut. William S. Simmons, First Corps Cadets. 

Members of Team and Alternates. 

Capt. Stuart W. Wise, Sixth Infantry. 

Sergt. Maj. W. D. Huddleson, Corps of Coast Artillery. 

Color Sergt. F. P. Simonds, First Corps Cadets. 

Color Sergt. M. W. Parker, Sixth Infantry. 

First Sergt. Charles J. Jeffers, Eighth Infantry. 

Q M Sergt. C. D. Berg, Fifth Infantry. 

Sergt. E. A. Cox, Sixth Infantry. 

Musician J. E. Parker, Eighth Infantry. 

Musician C. E. Burt, Fifth Infantry. 

Corp. P. J. Doneski, Eighth Infantry. 

Priv. F. W. Allen, First Corps Cadets. 

Priv. J. E. Burns, Sixth Infantry. 

Priv. C. P. Shillaber, Jr., First Corps Cadets. 

Priv. C. F. Sweeney, Sixth Infantry. 

Priv. J. D. Upton, Sixth Infantry. 

By order of the Commander-in-Chief, 

James P. Parker, 
Adjutant General, Chief of Staff. 



Commonwealth of Massachusetts, 
Adjutant General's Office, Boston, July 23, 1907. 

General Orders, No. 18. 

I. The commandant of the Service School makes the following 
report on work of the student officers of the Service School year 
1906-07: — 



1908.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7, 



187 



II. During the school year 1906-07, one hundred and fourteen 
student officers filed reports with the secretary, showing that they 
had followed the work of the school ; forty-two completed the school 
work of both terms of this year, having completed last year's course; 
fifteen completed both terms of the first-year course, and three com- 
pleted both terms of second year, who have not completed the first 
year's work; sixty have passed the required examinations. 

III. The names of all officers who have qualified, by passing the 
written tests, as required by orders, are published herewith. 



The Service School, M. 

The names of officers finishing both years' 
with credit are as follows : — 



1. Maj. William C. Hayes, Second Infantry, 

2. Lieut. Ambrose Clogher, Second Infantry, 

3. Capt. Charles H. Rollins, First Corps Cadets, 

4. Lieut. Charles B. Appleton, First Squadron 

Cavalry, ...... 

5. Capt. Edward H. Hoyt, First Corps Cadets, 

6. Maj. George H. Benyon, First Brigade staff, 

7. Maj. Edwin A. Gates, Second Infantry, . 

8. Capt. Archibald C. Edson, Second Infantry, 

9. Lieut. Col. Thomas Talbot, First Corps Cadets 

10. Capt. Hugh E. Adams, Second Infantry, 

11. Lieut. John Lavalle, First Corps Cadets, 

12. Capt. Paul J. Norton, Second Infantry, . 

13. Capt. Herbert H. Warren, Second Infantry, 

14. Lieut. John H. Sherburne, Jr., Battalion A 

Field Artillery, .... 

15. Lieut. Holten B. Perkins, First Corps Cadets, 

16. Lieut. Herbert N. Kelley, Second Infantry, 

17. Capt. Harry C. Young, Second Infantry, 

18. Lieut. Harry L. Doane, Second Infantry, 

19. Capt. John Nicholson, Second Infantry, . 

20. Lieut. Freeman Hinckley, First Corps Cadets 

21. Maj. Edwin R. Gray, Second Infantry, . 

22. Maj. Jesse F. Stevens, First Corps Cadets, 

23. Lieut. William L. Swan, First Squadron Cav- 

alry, 

24. Capt. Abram C. Williams, Second Infantry, 

25. Lieut. Charles W. Richards, Second Infantry, 

26. Lieut. William B. Stearns, First Corps Cadets, 

27. Lieut. John W. Hall, First Squadron Cavalry, 

28. Capt. Percival M. Churchill, Eligible List, 

u. s. v., 

29. Lieut. Col. George H. Doty, staff of Com- 

mander-in-Chief, . 

30. Lieut. Alfred M. Blinn, First Squadron Cav- 

alry, . ...-_. 

31. Lieut. Harry J. Kane, Corps Coast Artillery, . 

32. Lieut. Alfred J. Rowan, First Corps Cadets, 

33. Capt. Franklin L. Joy, First Corps Cadets, 

34. Lieut. Robert E. Belcher, Signal Corps, . 



V. M. 

courses who average 



1st Yr. 
.935 
.932 
.952 

.918 
.899 
.885 
.942 
.910 
.908 
.870 
.880 
.941 
.874 

.855 
,868 

866 

882 

899 

852 
,841 
.917 
,860 

871 
927 
910 

,859 
,852 

,906 

,817 



2dYr. 
.960 
.956 
.912 

.933 
.944 
.953 
.883 
.914 
.912 
.946 
.937 
.872 
.938 

.955 
.936 
.928 
.911 
.890 
.933 
.939 
.862 
.919 

.903 
.841 

.854 
.892 
.898 

.841 

.928 



Aver. 
.947 
.944 
.932 

.925 
.921 
.919 
.912 
.912 
.910 
.908 
.908 
.906 
.906 

.905 
.902 
.902 

.897 
.895 
.892 
.890 

.889 
.889 

.887 
.884 
.882 
.875 
.875 

.873 

.873 



821 


.920 


.870 


812 


.919 


.865 


794 


.928 


.861 


844 


.864 


.854 


861 


.847 


.854 



188 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 



1st Yr. 2d Yr. Aver. 

35. Capt. Ralph B. Petersen, Sixth Infantry, . . 856 . 848 . 852 

36. Lieut. Charles Herbert Cross, First Corps 

Cadets, .805 .897 .851 

The names of officers who average proficient in both years' courses 
are as follows : — 



1st Yr. 



2d Yr. 



Aver. 



37. Lieut. John S. Barrows, First Squadron Cav- 

alry, 

38. Capt. David A. Turner, Second Infantry, 

39. Lieut. Thomas J. Hammond, Second Infantry, 

40. Lieut. Winfred A. Sabin, Second Infantry, 

41. Lieut. William H. Klein, Second Infantry, 

One officer passed with an average of satisfactory: — 

42. Lieut. Olin D. Dickerman, Corps Coast Artil- 

lery, ....... 

The names of officers finishing the first-year course with credit are 
as follows : — 



.830 


.837 


.833 


.791 


.876 


.833 


.753 


.865 


.809 


.707 


.906 


.807 


.711 


.900 


.805 


'tory: 

1st Yr. 


2d Yr. 


Aver. 


.768 


.824 


.796 



1. Lieut. Walter E. Warren, Second Infantry, 

2. Lieut. Joshua Atwood, 3d, First Corps Cadets, 

3. Capt. Curtis D. Noyes, First Brigade Staff, 

4. Capt. Charles H. Cole, First Corps Cadets, 

5. Lieut. Harry W. Soule, Eighth Infantry, . 

6. Lieut. Ernest G. Adams, First Corps Cadets, 

7. Lieut. Bert Foss Nichols, Second Infantry, 

8. Lieut. Frederick A. Quigley, Second Infantry, 

9. Lieut. George F. Flagg, First Squadron Cavalry 

10. Lieut. Porter B. Chase, First Corps Cadets, 

11. Lieut. William G. Pond, Sixth Infantry, . 

12. Capt. Frank S. Wilson, Corps Coast Artillery, 



.931 
.917 
.913 

.908 
.904 
.899 
.881 
.880 
.875 
.873 
.856 
.850 



The names of officers marked proficient in the first year's work are 
as follows : — 



13. Lieut. Frank A. Wakefield, Second Infantry, 

14. Lieut. William H. Wilson, First Squadron Cavalry, 



839 

837 



One officer was marked satisfactory for the first year's work : — 
15. Capt. Christopher Harrison, First Brigade staff, . . . .778 

The following officers have passed the second-year examinations 
with credit, the first-year work not having yet been completed by 
them : — 

1. Lieut. Albert C. Whittier, Battalion A, Field Artillery, . . .930 

2. Lieut. Delevan Ray Nichols, Second Infantry, . . . . 897 

3. Lieut. William S. Patten, Battalion A, Field Artillery, . . .875 

By order of the Commander-in-Chief, 

James P. Parker, 

Adjutant General, Chief of Staff. 



1908.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 189 



Commonwealth of Massachusetts, 
Adjutant General's Office, Boston, Aug. 10, 1907. 

General Orders, No. 19. 

Before a general court-martial, which convened at Boston, Mass., 
pursuant to Special Orders, No. 150, Oct. 15, 1906, A. G. O., Boston, 
of which Col. Charles P. Nutter, Corps Coast Artillery, was presi- 
dent, and Maj. William C. Rogers, Second Brigade, M. V. M., Judge 
Advocate, was arraigned and tried Capt. Walter C. Stevens, com- 
manding Signal Corps, M. V. M. 

Charge I. Disobedience of orders in violation of the provisions of the 
regulations for the government of the Massachusetts Volunteer Militia. 

Specification 1. In that Capt. Walter C. Stevens, commanding Signal 
Corps, M. V. M., at Camp Framingham, Mass., having been ordered, per 
paragraph X., General Orders, No. 9, A. G. O., dated Boston, Mass., May 21, 
1906, to submit to the post commander for approval his orders for securing 
the maximum of efficiency of the Signal Corps, M. V. M., during its tour of 
duty, did wilfully disobey the said orders. 

This at Boston, Mass., and Camp Framingham, Mass., during the period 
from July 8, 1906, to July 18, 1906, at 2 p.m. 

Specification 2. In that Capt. Walter C. Stevens, Signal Corps, M. V. M., 
having received from his commanding officer, Brig. Gen. E. P. Clark, First 
Brigade, M. V. M., commanding post Camp Framingham, Mass., a certain 
communication in writing, in the following words, to wit: — 

Camp Framingham, Mass., Post Headquarters, July 16, 1906. 

The Commanding Officer, Signal Corps, M. V. M., Camp Framingham, Mass. 

Sir: — The general commanding directs that you will forward to post head- 
quarters, without further delay, an explanation of your failure to comply with 
paragraph X., General Orders, No. 9, current series, A. G. O., dated Boston, Mass., 
May 21, 1906. 

The general commanding further directs that you immediately cause to be in- 
stalled telephone communication between post headquarters and the headquarters 
of the several commands encamped at Camp Framingham. 

Very respectfully, 

Walter L. Sanborn, 
Lieutenant Colonel, M. V. M., Post Adjutant. 

did wilfully disobey the order as contained in the first paragraph of said 
order. 

This at Camp Framingham, Mass., between the sixteenth day of July 
and the night of July 17, 1906. 

Specification 3. In that Capt. Walter C. Stevens, Signal Corps, M. V. M., 
having received a lawful command in writing from his superior officer, 
Brig. Gen. E. P. Clark, M. V. M., commanding post Camp Framingham, 
Mass., to report to Maj. William A. Perrins, commanding First Squadron 
Cavalry, M. V. M., with the Signal Corps, M. V. M., at 4 o'clock p.m., to 
participate in a practice review, did wilfully disobey the same. 

This at Camp Framingham, Mass., on the seventeenth day of July, 1906. 

Specification 4- In that Capt. Walter C. Stevens, Signal Corps, M. V. M. , 
having received a lawful command, at or about 7.30 p.m., July 17, 1906, 
from his superior officer, Brig. Gen. E. P. Clark, M. V. M., commanding post 
Camp Framingham, Mass., to comply with the provisions o L ' paragraph X., 



190 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

General Orders, No. 9, current series, A. G. O., dated Boston, Mass., May 
21, 1906, by morning the following da}', did wilfully disobey the same. 

This at Camp Framingham, Mass., on the eighteenth day of July, 1906. 

Charge II. Conduct unbecoming an officer and a gentleman, in violation 
of the provisions of the regulations for the government of the Massachusetts 
Volunteer Militia. 

Specification 1. In that Capt. Walter C. Stevens, commanding Signal 
Corps, M. V. M., upon being asked by Brig. Gen. E. P. Clark, post com- 
mander, his (Captain Stevens's) reasons for not complying with his (General 
Clark's) order to report to Major Perrins with the Signal Corps for practice 
review at 4 p.m., July 17, he, Captain Stevens, did state to General Clark, 
"My command was sent from the camp grounds under First Lieutenant 
Edwards previous to my receiving your orders, and they did not return 
until about 5 p.m.; for this reason I was unable to comply with said order," 
or words to this effect, which statement was false, and known by Captain 
Stevens to be false, and was made with intent to deceive his commanding 
officer, Brig. Gen. E. P. Clark, post commander. 

This on the seventeenth day of July, 1906, at or about 7.30 p.m. 

To all of which charges and specifications the accused pleaded 
"Not Guilty." 

Findings. 

The court, having maturely considered the evidence adduced, 
finds the accused, Capt. Walter C. Stevens, Signal Corps, M. V. M., — 
Of the first specification to the first charge: ''Not guilty." 
Of the second specification to the first charge: "Guilty." 
Of the third specification to the first charge: "Guilty." 
Of the fourth specification to the first charge: "Guilty." 
Of the first charge: "Guilty." 

Of the first specification to the second charge: "Guilty," except- 
ing the words, "which statement was false, and known by Captain 
Stevens to be false, and was made with intent to deceive," and sub- 
stituting therefor the words " which statement was carelessly made 
and misleading;" of the excepted words, "Not guilty," and of the 
substituted word "Guilty." 

Of the second charge: "Guilty." 

Sentence. 

And the court therefore sentences him, the said Capt. Walter C. 
Stevens, to be dismissed from the service. 

The record of the proceedings of the general court-martial in this 
case having been submitted to the Governor and Commander-in- 
Chief, the following are his orders thereon : — 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts, 

Headquarters, Commander-in-Chief, 

State House, Boston, May 24, 1907. 

The recommendation of the court in regard to Captain Stevens is ap- 
proved, and will be carried into execution. 

Curtis Guild, Jr., 
Governor and Commander-in-Chief. 



1908.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 191 

An appeal having been taken from the decision of the court- 
martial, a hearing on said appeal was held on Aug. 5, 1907, and the 
following is the action of the Governor and Commander-in-Chief on 

said appeal : — 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts, 
Executive Chamber, State House, Boston, Aug. 8, 1907. 

A hearing on this appeal having been held, and it appearing to the Com- 
mander-in-Chief that the sentence of the court was legal and proper and in 
accordance with the evidence, the sentence is approved, and will be at once 
carried into effect. 

Curtis Guild, Jr., 
Governor and Commander-in-Chief. 

Capt. Walter C. Stevens, Signal Corps, M. V. M., is on this date 
dismissed from the Massachusetts Volunteer Militia. 

II. The court convened under Special Orders, No. 150, Oct. 15, 
1906, of which Col. Charles P. Nutter, Corps Coast Artillery, is 
president, is hereby dissolved. 

By order of the Commander-in-Chief, 

James P. Parker, 
Adjutant General, Chief of Staff. 



Commonwealth of Massachusetts, 
Adjutant General's Office, Boston, Aug. 12, 1907. 

General Orders, No. 20. 

The following officers and enlisted men will represent the Com- 
monwealth of Massachusetts in the competitions, for the national 
and other trophies, to be held under the auspices of the National 
Board for the Promotion of Rifle Practice and the National Rifle 
Association, in accordance with General Orders, No. 47, War De- 
partment, current series, at Camp Perry, Port Clinton, Ohio, August 
17 to 30, inclusive : — 

Team captain, Brig. Gen. James G. White, Acting Inspector General of 
Small Arms Practice. 

Team surgeon, Lieut. Col. John F. Harvey, retired. 

Range officer, Lieut. Col. Thomas Talbot, First Corps Cadets. 

Team quartermaster, Maj. Franklin J. Burnham, staff, Second Brigade 

Team coach, Capt. John M. Portal, Inspector Small Arms Practice, Corps 
of Coast Artillery. 

Team adjutant, Lieut. William S. Simmons, First Corps Cadets. 

Members of Team and Alternates. 
Capt. Stuart W. Wise, Sixth Infantry. 

Sergt. Maj. William D. Huddleson, Corps of Coast Artillery. 
Color Sergt. Frederic P. Simonds, First Corps Cadets. 
Color Sergt. Maurice W. Parker, Sixth Infantry. 
First Sergt. Charles J. Jeffers, Eighth Infantry. 
Q. M. Sergt. C. David Berg, Fifth Infantry. 



192 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan, 

Sergt. Edwin A. Cox, Sixth Infantry. 
Musician John E. Parker, Eighth Infantry. 
Musician Charles E. Burt, Fifth Infantry. 
Corp. Peter J. Doneski, Eighth Infantry. 
Priv. Fred W. Allen, First Corps Cadets. 
Priv. James E. Burns, Sixth Infantry. 
Priv. C. P. Shillaber, Jr., First Corps Cadets. 
Priv. Charles F. Sweeney, Sixth Infantry. 
Priv. Joshua D. Upton, Sixth Infantry. 

By order of the Commander-in-Chief, 

James P. Parker, 
Adjutant General, Chief of Staff. 



Commonwealth of Massachusetts, 
Adjutant General's Office, Boston, Aug. 22, 1907. 

General Orders, No. 21. 

I. The State general rifle competition will be held on the 
range of the Bay State Military Rifle Association, at Wakefield, 
September 20 and 21, under the following conditions: — 

Open to one team from each of the following organizations: 
Corps of Coast Artillery; Second, Fifth, Sixth, Eighth and Ninth 
Infantry; First and Second Corps of Cadets; Naval Brigade; First 
Squadron Cavalry. 

Kinds of Fire. — Slow, rapid and skirmish. 

Distances. — State match: 200, 600, 800 and 1,000 yards, slow 
fire. Douglas trophy match: 200 yards, rapid fire; one skirmish 
run. 

Number of Shots. — Two sighting and ten shots for record at each 
range, slow fire ; two scores of five shots each at rapid fire and one 
skirmish run of 20 shots. 

Positions. — Standing at 200 yards, slow and rapid fire; prone, 
with head towards target, at all other ranges, slow fire, and at all 
ranges in skirmish fire. 

Arms. — The United States service rifle, model 1898, for infantry 
and artillery; United States service carbine, model 1898, for cavalry, 
with not less than three pounds trigger pull. 

Two Days' Contest. — First day, 200, 600, 800 and 1,000 yards; 
second day, rapid fire and skirmish. 

Ammunition. — Any factory loaded, save that United States 
Government will be supplied by the State at the range to those 
teams desiring it, notice of which must be given one week before the 
match. 

Shooting will be done in service or authorized uniform, with belts. 
Officers will not wear side-arms. 

Teams. — In both the State and Douglas trophy matches, teams 



1908.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 193 

will consist of twelve firing members, either commissioned officers 
or enlisted men. 

In addition to the twelve shooting members, there will be allowed 
to each team the following: one team captain; one team coach; 
one team spotter; two substitutes. 

Prizes. — To the team making the highest aggregate score in the 
State match (200, 600, 800 and 1,000 yards, slow fire), the "Tri- 
color;" to the second team, a trophy. To the team making the 
highest aggregate score in the Douglas trophy match (rapid fire and 
skirmish), the "Douglas trophy," a silver cup, presented by the 
Hon. William L. Douglas, to be shot for annually for ten years. 
Trophy to be held by the winner till the next competition, and finally 
to become the property of the team winning it the most times. 

To the twelve competitors making the highest aggregate scores 
in the State match, each a cup. To the twelve sharp-shooters of 
record, who have never won a medal in a State competition, making 
the highest aggregate scores in the State match, each a gold medal. 

General Orders, No. 47, War Department, current series, will 
govern this competition as far as applicable. Team captains, 
coaches and competitors will familiarize themselves with said order. 

No coaching will be allowed except in skirmish firing, and then 
only by the team captains or coaches on the run. 

The competition will be in charge of the Inspector General of 
Small Arms Practice, who is hereby appointed executive officer, 
and to whom all communications in regard to said competition will 
be addressed. 

He will arrange all details, and be held responsible for the proper 
execution of this order. 

II. Inasmuch as the cavalry will be equipped in the future with 
the same arm as the other branches of the service, it has been 
thought better to include them in the State shoot this year. A 
handicap of one point for each score at 600 yards will be allowed, 
and of two points at 800 and 1,000 yards. This year it will be 
optional with the cavalry to enter or not for the rapid fire and skir- 
mish for the Douglas trophy. 

The tri-color known as the Guidon trophy is discontinued as a 
prize, and will not be carried in future. 

III. On recommendation of the Inspector General of Small 
Arms Practice, details of officers and enlisted men for duty at the 
State competitions are made as follows : — 

State Rifle Competition, September 20 and 21. 

Maj . Joseph S. Hart, staff, Sixth Infantry, with hospital sergeant 
from the same organization, in charge of the medical department. 

Maj. Leon W. Ham, First Brigade staff, as chief range officer at 
200 yards on September 20. 



194 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

Maj. Ira Vaughn, general staff, as chief range officer at 600 yards 
on September 20. 

Com. William B. Edgar, general staff, as chief range officer at 800 
yards on September 20. 

Lieut. Col. Morton E. Cobb, Second Brigade staff, as chief range 
officer at 1,000 yards on September 20. 

Lieut. Col. E. W. M. Bailey, general staff, as chief range officer at 
200 yards (rapid fire) on September 21. 

Lieut. Holten B. Perkins, First Corps Cadets, as statistical officer. 
He will consult with the Inspector General of Small Arms Practice 
in regard to score cards, score sheets and the supplies necessary for 
his duties. 

Lieut. Harry D. Comerais, staff Fifth Infantry, and Lieut. Wil- 
liam J. Keville, Eighth Infantry, as assistant statistical officers. 

Brig. Gen. E. P. Clark, First Brigade, will detail one sergeant clerk 
from his noncommissioned staff for duty in the statistical depart- 
ment. 

Maj. Charles H. Cutler, Eighth Infantry, in charge of pit at 200 
yards on September 20. 

Lieut. Col. Murray D. Clement, Fifth Infantry, in charge of pit at 
600 yards on September 20. 

Capt. Charles S. Clark, staff Eighth Infantry, in charge of pit at 
800 yards on September 20. 

Maj. Elon F. Tandy, Second Brigade staff, in charge of pit at 1,000 
yards on September 20. 

Maj. Franklin J. Burnham, Second Brigade staff, in charge of pit 
at 200 yards (rapid fire) on September 21. 

The commanding officer of the Signal Corps, with two sergeants 
and eight enlisted men in charge of telephone communications on 
September 20. He will arrange telephonic communications for the 
skirmish runs on September 21, and will detail the noncommissioned 
officers and enlisted men necessary to the service. 

Capt. John P. Kane, Ninth Infantry, with regimental paymaster 
sergeant, in charge of muster and pay rolls. 

Col. William A. Pew, Jr., Eighth Infantry, will detail one bugler 
from his command for duty on September 20. 

Col. William H. Oakes, Fifth Infantry, will detail one bugler from 
his command for duty on September 21. 

IV. Regimental and corps commanders, including the Naval 
Brigade, will detail officers and noncommissioned officers to act as 
range officers and scorers as follows : — 

For Duty on September 20. 

Corps of Coast Artillery, ...... four of each. 

Second Infantry, ........ two of each. 

Fifth Infant^, . . . . ... . . three of each. 

Sixth Infantry, ........ four of each. 



1908.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 



195 



Eighth Infantry, 
Ninth Infantry, 
First Corps Cadets, 
Second Corps Cadets, 
Naval Brigade, 
First Squadron Cavalry, 



three of each, 
three of each, 
two of each, 
one of each, 
two of each, 
one of each. 



For 



Corps of Coast Artillery, 
Second Infantry, 
Fifth Infantry, 
Sixth Infantry, 
Eighth Infantry, 
Ninth Infantry, 
First Corps Cadets, 
Second Corps Cadets, 
Naval Brigade, 
First Squadron Cavalry, 



Duty ox September 21. 

one officer and four noncommissioned officers. 
one officer and two noncommissioned officers, 
one officer and four noncommissioned officers. 
one officer and three noncommissioned officers. 
one officer and three noncommissioned officers. 
one officer and three noncommissioned officers. 
one officer and two noncommissioned officers, 
one officer and one noncommissioned officer, 
one officer and two noncommissioned officers, 
one officer and one noncommissioned officer. 



Capt. Charles H. Cole, First Corps Cadets, will command the 
skirmish firing. 

Capt. A. P. Chase, staff Eighth Infantry, with regimental quarter- 
master sergeant, is detailed as quartermaster. 

Lieut. Harry Q. Brown, staff Eighth Infantry, is detailed as adju- 
tant to the executive officer, Col. John Caswell, Inspector General of 
Small Arms Practice. 

Assignments of teams, supervisors and scorers are as follows : — 



September 20 — 200 Yards. 



Teams. 

Corps of Coast Artillery, 
Second Infantry, 
Fifth Infantry, 
Sixth Infantry, 
Eighth Infantry, 
Ninth Infantry, 
First Corps Cadets, 
Second Corps Cadets, 
Naval Brigade, 
First Squadron Cavalry, 



Supervisors and Scorers. 

Second Infantry. 

Sixth Infantry. 

Eighth Infantry. 

First Corps Cadets. 

Naval Brigade. 

Second Corps Cadets. 

Ninth Infantry. 

First Squadron Cavalry. 

Fifth Infantry. 

Corps of Coast Artillery. 



600 Yards. 



Corps of Coast Artillery, 
Second Infantry, 
Fifth Infantry, 
Sixth Infantry, 
Eighth Infantry, 
Ninth Infantry, 
First Corps Cadets, 
Second Corps Cadets, 
Naval Brigade, 
First Squadron Cavalry, 



Eighth Infantry. 
Fifth Infantry. 
Ninth Infantry. 
Second Infantry. 
Sixth Infantry. 
Second Corps Cadets. 
Corps of Coast Artillery. 
Naval Brigade. 
First Squadron Cavalry. 
First Corps Cadets. 



196 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S KPEORT. [Jan, 



800 Yards. 



Corps of Coast Artillery, 
Second Infantry, 
Fifth Infantry, 
Sixth Infantry, 
Eighth Infantry, 
Ninth Infantry, 
First Corps Cadets, 
Second Corps Cadets, 
Naval Brigade, 
First Squadron Cavalry, 



Corps of Coast Artillerj', 
Second Infantry, 
Fifth Infantry, 
Sixth Infantry, 
Eighth Infantry, 
Ninth Infantry, 
First Corps Cadets, 
Second Corps Cadets, 
Naval Brigade, 
First Squadron Cavalry, 



1,000 Yards. 



First Corps Cadets. 
First Squadron Cavalry. 
Naval Brigade. 
Corps of Coast Artillery. 
Second Corps Cadets. 
Sixth Infantry. 
Second Infantry. 
Ninth Infantry. 
Fifth Infantry. 
Eighth Infantry. 



Ninth Infantry. 
First Corps Cadets. 
Eighth Infantry. 
Naval Brigade. 
Second Infantry. 
First Squadron Cavalry. 
Fifth Infantry. 
Sixth Infantry. 
Second Corps Cadets. 
Corps of Coast Artillery. 



State Pistol Competition. 

V. The State pistol competition will be held at Wakefield on 
Saturday, September 14, under the following conditions: — 

Open to any member of the militia entitled to qualify with the 
pistol under the provisions of General Orders, No. 8, current series, 
and having already qualified as either expert or first-class. 

Distance : 50 yards. 

Number of shots: 20. 

Arms: for this competition, only .38 cal. Colt or Smith & Wes- 
son pistols, with either six or six and a half inch barrels and not less 
than four pounds trigger pull. 

Position: arm extended, elbow free from the body. 

Prizes : cups to the five competitors making the highest aggregate 
scores. 

Ammunition will be furnished at the range, but any factory 
loaded will be allowed. 

The commanding officers of the organizations named below will 
detail officers and noncommissioned officers to act as supervisors, 
as follows : — 

Corps of Coast Artillery, one officer and three noncommissioned officers. 
Fifth Infantry, one officer and three noncommissioned officers. 
Sixth Infantry, one officer and three noncommissioned officers. 
Eighth Infantry, one officer and three noncommissioned officers. 
Ninth Infantry, one officer and three noncommissioned officers. 
First Corps Cadets, one officer and two noncommissioned officers. 
Second Corps Cadets, one officer and two noncommissioned officers. 



1908.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 197 

Maj. Leon W. Ham, staff First Brigade, and Maj. Elon F. Tandy, 
staff Second Brigade, will report to the executive officer for special 
duty in connection with the pistol competition. 

Capt. David Hansen, Inspector Small Arms Practice, Fifth In- 
fantry, is detailed in charge of pit. 

Capt. Horace B. Parker, paymaster, Corps of Coast Artillery, 
with paymaster sergeant, is detailed in charge of muster and pay 
rolls. Capt. C. S. Butler, staff Eighth Infantry, with hospital ser- 
geant from the same organization, in charge of medical department. 

Special duty pay and transportation will be allowed. 

No entry received after 12 o'clock, unless target accommodations 
permit. 

By order of the Commander-in-Chief, 

James P. Parker, 
Adjutant General, Chief of Staff. 



Commonwealth of Massachusetts, 
Adjutant General's Office, Boston, Sept. 16, 1907. 

General Orders, No. 22. 

The following report of Brig. Gen. James G. White, Acting In- 
spector General of Small Arms Practice, covering the work of the 
Massachusetts rifle teams during the past summer, is published for 
the information of all : — 

Commissary General's Office, Boston, Sept. 12, 1907. 

Brig. Gen. James P. Parker, Adjutant General, State House, Boston, Mass. 

General: — I have the honor to make the following report in regard to 
the work of the Massachusetts State rifle team for the current year, also 
the records of teams representing the Sixth Regiment Infantry and one 
made up from members of the State rifle team to compete for the Drj r den 
trophy at Sea Girt, N. J. 

The principal matches were the interstate competition, held at Wake- 
field, July 25 and 26, and the national match, held at Camp Perry, Port 
Clinton, O., August 28 and 29. 

The Massachusetts team won the New England interstate trophy for the 
third time, with a score of 3,222, — 245 points ahead of its nearest competi- 
tor, Maine. The standing of the teams at the close of the match was as 
follows: — 

Massachusetts, ...... 3,222 

Maine, 2,977 

Connecticut, ...... 2,967 

New Hampshire, ..... 2,885 

Vermont and Rhode Island did not enter this year. 

The notable feature of the interstate match was the marvelous record 
made by Color Sergt. Maurice W. Parker of the Sixth Infantry, who scored 
the possible 100 points at skirmish fire. The team for 'the New England 
competition consisted of the following members: — 



198 



ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 



Capt. Stuart W. Wise, staff Sixth Infantry. 

Sergt. Maj. W. D. Huddleson, Corps of Coast Artillery. 

Color Sergt. F. P. Simonds, First Corps Cadets. 

Color Sergt. M. W. Parker, Sixth Infantry. 

First Sergt. C. J. Jeffers, Eighth Infantry. 

Q. M. Sergt, C. D. Berg, Fifth Infantry. 

Sergt. E. A. Cox, Sixth Infantry. 

Musician J. W. Parker, Eighth Infantry. 

Musician C. E. Burt, Fifth Infantry. 

Priv. F. W. Allen, First Corps Cadets. 

Priv. C. P. Shillaber, Jr., First Corps Cadets. 

Priv. C. F. Sweeney, Sixth Infantry. 



The alternates were: — 



Corp. P. J. Doneski, Eighth Infantry. 
Priv. J. E. Burns, Sixth Infantry. 
Priv. J. D. Upton, Sixth Infantry. 



The result of the competitions for the national trophies at Camp Perry, 
Ohio, was as follows: — 



Teams. 




Order. 


Teams. 




Order 


U. S. Navy, . 


3,421 


1 


Montana, 


. 3,018 


25 


Massachusetts, 


3,418 


2 


Maine, . 


. 3,003 


26 


Ohio, 


3,368 


3 


Florida, 


. 2,996 


27 


U. S. Cavalry, 


3,366 


4 


Kansas, 


. 2,920 


28 


Washington, . 


3,361 


5 


Indiana, 


. 2,849 


29 


U.S. Naval Academy, 


3,347 


6 


Texas, . 


. 2,835 


30 


Pennsylvania, 


3,346 


7 


Missouri, 


. 2,824 


31 


U. S. Infantry, 


3,339 


8 


Oklahoma, 


. 2,770 


32 


New York, 


3,323 


9 


Kentucky, 


. 2,699 


33 


New Jersey, . 


3,317 


10 


Hawaii, 


. 2,686 


34 


Minnesota, 


3,249 


11 


Wyoming, 


. 2,684 


35 


Illinois, 


3,242 


12 


West Virginia 


. 2,679 


36 


Wisconsin, 


3,218 


13 


New Mexico, 


. 2,579 


37 


U. S. Marine Corps, . 


3,184 


14 


Arizona, 


. 2,500 


38 


District of Columbia, 


3,179 


15 


Mississippi, 


. 2,401 


39 


Michigan, 


3,161 


16 


South Carolin; 


i, . 2,394 


40 


Oregon, 


3,117 


17 


Nebraska, 


. 2,306 


41 


Maryland, 


3,102 


18 


Alabama, 


. 2,301 


42 


Georgia, 


3,101 


19 


Tennessee, 


. 2,296 


43 


New Hampshire, 


3,088 


20 


North Dakota 


. 2,253 


44 


Iowa, 


3,082 


21 


Louisiana, 


. 2,183 


45 


Connecticut, . 


3,068 


22 


Vermont, 


. 2,093 


46 


Colorado, 


3,060 


23 . 


North Carolin 


a, . 2,025 


47 


California, 


3,034 


24 


Virginia, 


. 1,909 


48 



Massachusetts won the Hilton trophy, a cash prize of $200, and second 
place in the closest contest that has ever been waged for the national trophy. 
The score made bj^ the Massachusetts team was 242 points higher than the 
score made by Massachusetts at Sea Girt last year, when the team won the 
third place and the "Soldier of Marathon" trophy, with a cash prize of $150. 
It was 196 points better than the score in the interstate match at Wake- 
field, and 167 points higher than the score of the U. S. Infantry (which won 
the first place) last year at Sea Girt. In this competition the team was 
constituted as follows: — 



1908.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 



199 



Sergt. Maj. William D. Huddleson, Corps of Coast Artillery. 

Color Sergt. Frederic P. Simonds, First Corps Cadets. 

Color Sergt. Maurice W. Parker, Sixth Infantry. 

First Sergt. Charles J. Jeffers, Eighth Infantry. 

Q. M. Sergt. C. D. Berg, Fifth Infantry. 

Sergt. Edwin A. Cox, Sixth Infantry. 

Musician John E. Parker, Eighth Infantry. 

Musician Charles E. Burt, Fifth Infantry. 

Priv. Fred W. Allen, First Corps Cadets. 

Priv. James E. Burns, Sixth Infantry. 

Priv. Charles F. Sweeney, Sixth Infantry. 

Alternates. 

Capt. Stuart W. Wise, staff Sixth Infantry.' 
Corp. Peter J. Doneski, Eighth Infantry. 
Priv. C. P. Shillaber, Jr., First Corps Cadets. 



The kinds of fire were: skirmish, rapid, and slow. The distances: skir- 
mish fire, one run; rapid fire, 200 yards; slow fire, 200, 600, 800 and 1,000 
yards. Number of shots: skirmish fire, 20; rapid fire, 10; slow fire, two 
sighting shots and ten shots for record at each range. 

As permission has been given by the National Board for the Promotion of 
Rifle Practice to use any machine-loaded ammunition manufactured in the 
United States (provided requisition was made before March 15, 1907), this 
privilege was availed of, and the ammunition manufactured by the U. S. 
Cartridge Company of Lowell, Mass., was selected for the use of the Massa- 
chusetts team. It is an interesting fact that a team armed with rifles 
manufactured at Springfield, Mass., firing ammunition manufactured at 
Lowell, Mass., and consisting entirely of enlisted men, came within three 
points of winning the national trophy, although opposed by 47 other teams 
composed largely of officers; this being particularly the case in the teams 
of the U. S. Service, — the U. S. Infantry, U. S. Cavalry, U. S. Navy and 
Marines. 

The highest score was made by Sergt. Maj. William D. Huddleson, Corps 
of Coast Artillery, 303. The individual scores follows: — 

Sergt. Maj. W. D. Huddleson, 303 out of possible 350 points. 



Color Sergt. M. W. Parker, 


302 " ' 


tut 


( it 


Priv. J. E. Burns, 


301 " ' 


t u i 


( a 


Priv. F. W. Allen, 


294 " ' 


i n i 


( ii 


Color Sergt. F. P. Simonds, 


288 " ' 


tut 


( (i 


Musician J. E. Parker, . 


285 " ' 


( it ( 


( it 


Sergt. E. A. Cox, . 




282 " ' 


i a i 


( it 


Priv. J. D. Upton, 




277 " ' 


lilt 


( it 


Q. M. Sergt. C. D. Berg, 




277 " ' 


(ill 


( (( 


1st Sergt. C. J. Jeffers, 




274 " ' 


t it i 


( it 


Musician C. E. Burt, 




271 " ' 


(ill 


l it 


Priv. C. F. Sweeney, 




264 " ' 


(ill 


( it 



Total, 



3,418 



4,200 



The regimental team match of the National Rifle Association was won at 
Ohio by members of the Massachusetts State team, who were also members 
of the Sixth Infantry, with the addition of Sergt. Henry Baptist, with a 
score of 740 out of a possible 900 points. 

The team consisted of the following members: — 



200 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

Capt. Stuart W. Wise, regimental staff. 
Color Sergt. Maurice W. Parker. 
Sergt. Henry Baptist. 
Sergt. Edwin A. Cox. 
Priv. James E. Burns. 
Priv. Joshua D. Upton. 

The Sixth Regiment has thus won for the second time the regimental 
trophy offered by the National Rifle Association of America, and this year 
against a field of 48 other teams from nearly all the States and Territories, 
as well as the Army, Navy and Marine Corps. 

Eight men from the Massachusetts team also won third place in the 
Herrick trophy match, being beaten only by the first and second Ohio 
teams. This match consisted of 15 shots at 800, 900 and 1,000 }-ards. 
The 900-yard range is one which none of the members of the team have 
practised over during the past season. In this match, Massachusetts, by 
taking third place, beat out the U. S. Army, U. S. Navy and U. S. Marine 
Corps. 

On the return of the State team from Ohio, eight of its members received 
permission to go to Sea Girt to enter in the competitions of the New Jersey 
State Rifle Association, where again the Sixth Massachusetts team out-shot 
every other, and won the regimental championship, beating five teams of 
the regular service and also the crack teams of New York, New Jersey and 
the District of Columbia. The conditions were the same as the regimental 
match in Ohio, — ten shots at 200, 600 and 1,000 yards; possible score, 
900. The regimental total was 757 points. The members of the team 
were: — 

l 

Capt. Stuart W. Wise, team captain. 

Sergt. E. A. Cox. 

Sergt. Henry Baptist. 

Priv. C. F. Sweeney. 

Color Sergt. M. W. Parker. 

Priv. J. E. Burns. 

These six men, with Sergt. C. J. Jeffers, Eighth Infantry, and Priv. F. W. 
Allen, First Corps Cadets, were entered in the Dryden trophy match, for the 
trophy offered by Senator Dryden of New Jersey, but unfortunately the 
night before the match Private Burns received a telegram announcing that 
his brother had been accidentally shot at the works of the Lowell Cartridge 
Company, and he immediately left for home. Private Sweeney was taken 
suddenly ill with acute indigestion. In spite of these discouraging condi- 
tions, however, the team was made up by the addition of Col. John Caswell, 
who had arrived on the range, and entered the match. The Dryden trophy 
was won by the U. S. Cavalry, with a score of 1,001. Massachusetts took 
second place, with 977, beating Maryland, U. S. Infantry, New Jersey, the 
U. S. Marine Corps and District of Columbia. 

I can only speak of the work of members of these teams in the highest 
terms. The team spirit has been admirable from the start; the discipline 
excellent. Each man seemed to be striving to put forth his best efforts 
for the honor of the Commonwealth. In my judgment, no better or more 
harmonious body of men has ever represented this state in rifle competitions. 
I am proud of the work that has been done, and earnestly recommend that 
each individual member of the team, as well as Sergt. Henry Baptist, Com- 
pany H, Sixth Infantry, should receive special commendation. 

I was most ably supported in the administration of the team by the fol- 
lowing-named officers: — 



1908.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 201 

Lieut. Col. John F. Harvey, retired, team surgeon; 

Maj. Franklin J. Burnham, staff Second Brigade, team quartermaster; 
Capt. John M. Portal, I. S. A. P., Corps of Coast Artillery, team, coach; 
Lieut. William S. Simmons, First Corps Cadets, team adjutant; 
all of whom performed hard and conscientious work. 

Very respectfully, 

Jas. G. White, 
Brigadier General and Commissary General, Mass., 

Captain, Massachusetts State Rifle Team. 

The work of the Acting Inspector General of Small Arms Practice 
and of every man on the team is heartily commended by the Com- 
mander-in-Chief. The shooting of all was so good that comparisons 
or special mention are unnecessary, and, in a sense, improper, in 
that the team was essentially a team, rather than an aggregation of 
individual shots. 

The position of Massachusetts in the national match at Camp 
Perry, leading, as it did last year, the team of every State in the 
country, and bettering last year's record by following, this year, 
only one regular service team, is a matter of pride to the Common- 
wealth at large, as it must be a source of great gratification to those 
more intimately connected with the team. It should be especially 
noted that the score made this year by the Massachusetts team was 
167 points higher than the winning score of last year. The work of 
the Sixth Regiment in again winning the regimental trophy of the 
United States cannot be too highly commended, and should be a 
cause for increased work by the other regiments of the Massachusetts 
Volunteer Militia. 

The Commander-in-Chief takes this occasion to congratulate the 
team captain, Brig. Gen. James G. "White, on the success of his efforts 
in the rifle department which he is just leaving, — a success which 
has made Massachusetts first among all the States in rifle practice, 
amply proving the ability and faithfulness of General White in the 
performance of his duty, and the zeal and efficiency of the citizen 
soldiers of the Commonwealth in maintaining the military reputa- 
tion of Massachusetts. 

Bv order of the Commander-in-Chief, 

James P. Parker, 
Adjutant General, Chief of Staff. 



Commonwealth of Massachusetts, 
Adjutant General's Office, Boston, Oct. 11, 1907. 

General Orders, No. 23. 

I. The arms and equipments of the Volunteer Militia are pre- 
scribed as follows, on and after Nov. 15, 1907: — 

1. Arms and equipments of first sergeants, company quarter- 



202 



ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 



master sergeants, sergeants, corporals and privates (including cooks 
and artificers or mechanics) of infantry and coast artillery: — 



1 U. S. magazine rifle, cal. 30. 

1 bayonet. 

1 baj-onet scabbard. 

1 gun sling. 

1 rifle cartridge belt. 

1 first-aid packet (Med. Dept.). 

1 waist belt. 

1 cartridge box (McKeever). 

1 canteen. 

2 canteen haversack straps. 



1 set blanket roll straps. 

1 haversack. 

1 meat can. 

1 cup. 

1 knife. 

1 fork. 

1 spoon. 

1 shelter tent half (Qra. Dept.). 

1 shelter tent pole (Qm. Dept.). 

5 shelter tent pins (Qm. Dept.). 



Also there will be kept on hand by company commanders, for use 
when necessary on provost guard and like occasions, for each ser- 
geant : — 



1 revolver. 

1 revolver holster. 



1 revolver cartridge box. 



Note. — Revolvers do not constitute part of the habitual equipment of 
sergeants, either in garrison or in the field, but are kept on hand in the 
company for issue when required. 

Each company of infantry will be equipped with intrenching 
tools, as follows : — 



1 two-foot rule. 

3 wire cutters. 

4 hand axes, with carriers. 



1 pick mattock, with carrier, for 

each squad. 
3 shovels, with carriers, for each 

squad. 



Note. — Ordinary picks and shovels will be used until the War Depart- 
ment has adopted a standard pattern. 

2. Arms and equipments of sergeants major, regimental quarter- 
master sergeants, regimental commissary sergeants and color ser- 
geants of all foot troops, and noncommissioned officers attached to 
brigade headquarters : — 



1 noncommissioned officer's sword. 

1 revolver. 

1 revolver holster. 

1 revolver cartridge box for garrison 

service. 
1 revolver cartridge belt. 
1 first-aid packet (Med. Dept.). 
1 waist belt for garrison service. 
1 frog. 

1 canteen. 

2 canteen haversack straps. 



1 set blanket roll straps. 

1 haversack. 

1 meat can. 

1 cup. 

1 knife. 

1 fork. 

1 spoon. 

1 shelter tent half (Qm. Dept,). 

1 shelter tent pole (Qm. Dept.). 

5 shelter tent pins (Qm. Dept.). 



Sergeants major of the Artillery Corps will have, instead of the 
noncommissioned officer's sword and frog: — 



1908.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7 



203 



1 light artillery saber and scabbard. 
1 saber attachment and slide. 



1 saber knot. 



The revolver cartridge belt will be provided with loop for saber 
attachment. 

3. Arms and equipment of all enlisted men of cavalry (except 
trumpeters and members of bands) : — 



1 U. S. magazine carbine, cal. 30. 

1 revolver. 

1 cavalry saber and scabbard. 

1 gun sling. 

1 rifle cartridge belt. 

1 first-aid packet (Med. Dept.). 

1 saber belt, complete (waist belt, 

slide, and saber attachment). 
1 saber knot. 

1 cartridge box (McKeever). 
1 revolver holster. 
1 revolver cartridge box. 
1 revolver lanyard. 

1 canteen. 

2 canteen haversack straps. 



1 canteen strap, cavalry. 
1 haversack. 

1 set blanket roll straps. 

2 spurs. 

2 spur straps. 

2 saber straps. 

1 carbine scabbard. 

1 meat can. 

1 cup. 

1 knife. 

1 fork. 

1 spoon. 

1 shelter tent half (Qm. Dept.). 

1 shelter tent pole (Qm. Dept.). 

5 shelter tent pins (Qm. Dept.). 



Note. — For horse equipments, see section 8 of this paragraph. 

The foregoing are also the arms and equipments of a sergeant, a 
corporal, and a private of the Signal Corps, excepting : — 



1 cavalry saber and scabbard. 
1 saber attachment and slide. 
1 loop for saber attachment on rifle 
cartridge belt. 



2 saber straps. 
1 saber knot. 



4. Arms and equipments of the enlisted men of field artillery: — 



(a) For each enlisted man: — 

1 revolver, 
1 revolver holster. 

1 revolver cartridge belt and fast- 
ener. 
1 first-aid packet (Med. Dept.). 
1 waist belt. 

1 revolver cartridge box. 
1 artillery knapsack. 
1 canteen. 



1 meat can. 

1 cup. 

1 knife. 

1 fork. 

1 spoon. 

1 shelter tent half (Qm. Dept.). 

1 shelter tent pole (Qm. Dept.). 

5 shelter tent pins (Qm. Dept.). 



(b) For each enlisted man individually mounted, in addition to (a) : — 



1 saddle, cavalry, complete. 
1 saddle cover. 

1 saddle bag. 

2 spurs. 

2 spur straps. 



1 curb bridle, complete. 
1 currycomb. 
1 horse brush. 
1 canteen strap. 
1 link. 



204 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan, 



(c) For each driver, in addition to (a) : 



1 currycomb. 

1 horse brush. 

2 spurs. 

2 spur straps. 



1 canteen strap. 

1 haversack. 

1 haversack strap. 



(d) For each cannoneer, in addition to (a) : — 

1 haversack. 2 canteen haversack straps. 

(e) The following horse equipment is prescribed for each horse of the 

field artillerj': — 



1 saddle blanket. 

1 watering bridle, complete. 

1 halter, complete. 



1 nose bag. 
1 surcingle. 
1 horse cover. 



5. Arms and equipments of master electricians, master signal 
electricians, ordnance, post commissary, post quartermaster elec- 
trician and signal sergeants, first class, master gunners, engineers 
and firemen (Coast Artillery Corps): — 



1 noncommissioned officer's sword. 

1 waist belt, for garrison service. 

1 frog. 

1 revolver. 

1 revolver holster. 

1 revolver cartridge box, for garri- 
son service. 

1 revolver cartridge belt, with fast- 
ener. 

1 first-aid packet (Med. Dept.). 

1 canteen. 



1 set blanket roll straps. 

1 haversack. 

2 canteen haversack straps. 
1 meat can. 

1 cup. 

1 knife. 

1 fork. 

1 spoon. 

1 shelter tent half (Qm. Dept.). 

1 shelter tent pole (Qm. Dept.). 

5 shelter tent pins (Qm. Dept.) 



6. Arms and equipments of noncommissioned officers and pri- 
vates of bands for all arms of the service and (excepting enameled 
leather waist belt) of trumpeters and musicians: — 



1 revolver. 

1 revolver holster. 

1 revolver cartridge box, for garri- 
son service. 

1 revolver cartridge belt, with fast- 
ener. 

1 revolver lanyard (if mounted). 

1 first-aid packet (Med. Dept.). 

1 waist belt, for garrison service. 

1 waist belt, enameled leather of 

color of arm of service, for gar- 
rison service. 

2 spurs (if mounted). 

2 spur straps (if mounted). 
1 canteen. 



1 haversack (if dismounted). 

2 canteen haversack straps (if dis- 

mounted) . 

1 canteen strap (if mounted). 

1 set blanket roll straps (if dis- 
mounted). 

1 meat can. 

1 cup. 

1 knife. 

1 fork. 

1 spoon. 

1 shelter tent half (Qm. Dept.). 

1 shelter tent pole (Qm. Dept.). 

5 shelter tent pins (Qm. Dept.). 



1908.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 



205 



Trumpeters and musicians will have, in addition to the above : — 
1 bugle or 1 trumpet, and 2 bugle cords. 

Revolvers and revolver equipment will not be issued to bandsmen 
except in case of war, riot, invasion, etc. 

7. Arms and equipments for enlisted men of the Hospital Corps: — 



(a) For each enlisted man: 



waist belt. 

haversack (if dismounted). 

set blanket roll straps (if 
mounted) . 

first-aid packet (Med. Dept.). 

canteen. 

canteen strap (if mounted). 
2 spurs (if mounted). 
2 spur straps (if mounted). 
2 canteen haversack straps (if 
mounted). 



dis- 



dis- 



1 meat can. 

1 cup. 

1 knife. 

1 fork. 

1 spoon. 

1 Hospital Corps knife. 

1 Hospital Corps knife scabbard. 

1 shelter tent half (Qm. Dept.). 

1 shelter tent pole (Qm. Dept.). 

5 shelter tent pins (Qm. Dept.). 



(b) For each private in addition to (a) : — 
1 Hospital Corps or orderly pouch (Med. Dept.). 



8. Horse equipments for each enlisted man individually mounted,, 
except for field artillery : — 



1 curb bridle, complete. 

1 watering bridle, complete. 

1 currycomb. 

1 horse brush. 

1 halter, complete. 

1 link. 

1 lariat. 

And when specially required: — 

1 horse cover, or horse cover blanket 
lined, according to climate. 



1 lariat strap. 

1 nose bag. 

1 picket pin. 

1 saddle, cavalry, complete. 

1 saddle bag. 

1 saddle blanket. 

1 surcingle. 



1 stirrup, with socket for guidon. 



9. The first-aid packets will be kept by company and organization 
commanders, and served out only when needed for ordered duty. 
II. The following kits are prescribed for service in the field: — 
1. The field kit for infantry, in addition to the clothing worn on 
the person, is composed of the following articles : — 



1 blanket. 

1 comb. 

1 poncho, rubber. 

1 soap, cake. 



Clothing, etc. 

1 stockings, pair. } 

1 toothbrush. [ See Note. 

1 towel. J 



206 



ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 



Arms and Equipments. 
As prescribed in paragraph I., section 1, of this order, excepting: — 

1 waist belt. 1 cartridge box (McKeever). 

Ammunition. 
90 ball cartridges, cal. .30. See Note. 



Intrenching Tools. 



Two-foot folding rule (1 per com- 
pany), carried by first sergeant. 
Hand axe (4 per company). 
Pick mattock (1 per squad). 



Shovel, intrenching 
(3 per squad). 

Wire cutter (3 per 
company). 



See Note to 
paragraph I., 
section 1. 



The two-foot rule, hand axes and wire cutters are constant per 
company, and are carried by the sergeants and musicians. The 
pick mattocks and intrenching shovels are carried alternately by 
the members of the squads. 

The foregoing field kit, which is carried on the person, is supple- 
mented by the surplus kit, the two together making up the service 
kit. The surplus kit consists of: — 




1 drawers, pair. 

1 shoes, marching, pair. 



2 stockings, pair. 
1 undershirt. 



See Note. 



It is, for the infantry, habitually packed in suitable receptacles, 
one package for each squad, and one for the sergeants and musi- 
cians, plainly marked, and carried on the company wagon. 

When in time of war or field training weather conditions do not 
require the infantry to wear overcoats, they are to be packed in 
boxes properly marked, one box for each two squads, and left under 
charge of the Quartermaster's department at the nearest convenient 
station, to be brought up when needed. 

2. The field kit for cavalry, in addition to the clothing worn on 
the person, is composed of the following articles : — 

Clothing, etc. 
The same as for infantry, and including the overcoat. 



Arms and Equipments. 
As prescribed in paragraph I., section 3, of this order, excepting: 



1 saber belt, complete. 

1 cartridge box (McKeever). 

1 revolver cartridge box. 

And adding thereto: — 
1 fore and 1 hind shoe, fitted. 



1 haversack. 

1 set blanket roll straps. 



12 horseshoe nails, pointed. See Note. 



1908.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 207 



Ammunition. 
80 ball cartridges, cal. .30. | 24 revolver ball cartridges. See Note. 

The surplus kit is the same as for the infantry, and is carried on 
the horse or in the troop wagons, according to the circumstances of 
service. 

3. The field kit for field artillery, in addition to the clothing worn 
on the person, is composed of the following articles : — 

Clothing, etc. 
The same as for cavalry. 

Arms and Equipments. 
As prescribed in paragraph. I., section 4, of this order, excepting: — 

1 waist belt. 1 revolver cartridge box. 

Ammuxition. 
20 revolver ball cartridges. See Note. 

The revolver, holster, cartridge belt and ammunition are carried 
on the person. In the case of men individually mounted, the re- 
mainder of the field kit is carried ordinarily on the horse. In the 
case of cannoneers, the haversack and its contents are carried on the 
person. The surplus kit is the same as for infantry, and is packed, 
as is the field kit, with the exceptions just named, in the artillery 
knapsack, and carried upon the escort wagons assigned to the 
battery. 

4. The field kit for special arms and special grades of noncom- 
missioned officers, if mounted, will consist of clothing, ammunition 
and rations, as prescribed for cavalry; if dismounted, as prescribed 
for infantry; with the arms and equipments in each case as pre- 
scribed for the special arm or grade in paragraph I. of this order. 
When armed with the revolver only, the ammunition prescribed 
will be 20 revolver ball cartridges. 

Note. — Combs, soap, stockings, toothbrushes, towels, drawers, shoes 
and undershirts are not furnished by the State except in case of war, riot, 
invasion, etc. The extra fitted horseshoes and nails for cavalry and field 
artillery will be issued only when ordered by the Commander-in-Chief. Am- 
munition will be kept at the State arsenal, for issue when needed, each 
organization having on hand the supply of riot ammunition required by 
orders. 



208 



ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan, 



III. Equipment of tentage: — 





Conical 
Wall 
Tents 
for — 


Wall Tents 
for — 


Common 
Tents 

FOR — 


-2 

c 

o 
H 

<a 
03 

o 


CD 

c 

Eh 
"o3 

'5. 

TO 

o 


TO 

03 

TO 

o> 

C3 






to 

M 

O 
-^ 
M 
A 


o 
u 

O 


TO 

o 


o 

SE 
O 


TO 

TO 

O 

s 


a> 

W) 
e3 

o 

02 


TO 

o 

F-l 

o3 

- 

a 


o 

M 
e3 

O 

02 


TO 

o 


A general officer, . . . 

Field officers and staff officers 
above rank of captain, 

Other staff officers or cap- 
tains, .... 

Subalterns of companies, to 
every 2. . 

Officers of each troop, bat- 
tery, or company. 

To every 4 foot or 4 mounted 
men or 

To every 8 foot or 8 mounted 
men. .... 

For each first sergeant for use 
as troop, battery or com- 
pany office, in addition to 
allowance for other men. 

For each battery, troop, com- 
pany or noncommissioned 
staff and band. 

For each squadron or battal- 
ion headquarters. 

For each regimental head- 
quarters. .... 

For each regimental commis- 
sary 'Manual for the Sub- 
sistence Department), 

For each regimental quarter- 
master. .... 

For eacli brigade headquar- 
ters. .... 

For each regimental hospital 
(Manual for the Medical 
Department 1, . 


1 


1 


2 
1 

1 
1 

1 
2 


1 
1 

1 

2 
2 


1 

1 
1 

1 


- 


1 


1 
1 


1 

2 

1 


6 


2 
8 


1 
1 
1 

2 

1 
14 



Hospital tents and flies require 18 large and 28 small pins. Wall tents and flies 
require 10 large and 18 small pins. Conical wall tents require 48 small pins. Com- 
mon tents require 24 small pins. Shelter tents require 10 pins. Storage tents and 
flies require 44 large and 38 small pins. 



When specially required, there will be a tent stove, with a suit- 
able number of stove pipe joints, for each hospital tent and for each 
conical wall tent or wall tent used for quarters or for office. The 
number of stove pipe joints suitable for the several kinds of tents 
is as follows: hospital tent, 6; wall tent, 5; conical wall tent, 5; 
but no stoves or stove pipe joints will be issued to the militia except 
by order of the Commander-in-Chief. 

IV. Equipment of tools and utensils for camp and garrison pur- 
poses: — 



1908.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 



209 











CQ 










O 




















-^> 


















ca 


e» 


m 
o 

< 


09 

o 

-^> 

« 


09 

-a 

C3 

ft 

CQ 


09 

X 
e3 

o 


— 
p, 

o 



CQ 

c 

S3 

— 

CQ 

CQ 
U 

a 



A general officer, ....... 

Field and staff officer above the rank of captain, . 
Other staff officers or captains, ..... 

Subalterns of troops, batteries or companies, to every 2, 
To every 15 foot or thirteen mounted men, . 



1 


1 








1 


1 


- 


- 


- 


1 


1 


- 


- 


- 


1 


1 


- 


- 


- 


2 


2 


2 


2 


1 



V. Equipment of tableware and kitchen utensils, based on 
General Orders, No. 7, headquarters of the army, Adjutant Gen- 
eral's office, Jan. 29, 1895, and under provisions of paragraph 292, 
Army Regulations : — 





Allowance for Organizations of 










Various Strengths. 






Articles. 






a 


c 


e 


c 


e 







a 


09 


09 


09 


C9 


09 




09 

a 


09 

a 


a 


a 


a 


a 


a 








o 


■<* 


OS 


o 


o 




oo 


lO 


o 


o 


o 


CM 


o 


- 


CM 


5© 


T-l 


,—1 


1-1 


1—1 


r-H 


Bowls, chopping, .... 


2 


4 


7 


7 


7 


8 


11 


Cleavers, .... 




1 


1 


2 


2 


2 


2 


3 


Cutters, meat (sausage machines), oi 


















meat choppers, as desired, 




1 


2 


3 


4 


4 


5 


5 


Dippers, ..... 




3 


6 


10 


10 


11 


12 


16 


Forks, meat, 








3 


6 


10 


10 


11 


12 


16 


Forks, table, 








28 


65 


100 


104 


109 


120 


160 


Graters, . 








1 


2 


3 


4 


4 


5 


5 


Knives, bread, 








2 


4 


7 


7 


7 


8 


11 


Knives, butcher, 








2 


4 


7 


7 


7 


8 


11 


Knives, table, . 








28 


65 


100 


104 


109 


120 


160 


Ladles, soup, . 








3 


6 


10 


10 


11 


12 


16 


Mills, coffee, 








1 


1 


1 


1 


1 


1 


1 


Openers, can, . 








1 


2 


3 


4 


4 


5 


5 


Pans, dish, 








2 


4 


7 


7 


7 


8 


11 


Pans, frying, . 








2 


4 


7 


7 


7 


8 


11 


Saws, meat, 








1 


2 


3 


4 


4 


5 


5 


Scales and weights, 








1 


1 


1 


1 


1 


1 


1 


Sets, carving, . 








1 


2 


3 


4 


4 


5 


5 


Sieves, flour, 








1 


1 


2 


2 


2 


2 


3 


Skimmers, 








1 


2 


3 


4 


4 


5 


5 


Spoons, basting, 








3 


6 


10 


10 


11 


12 


16 


Spoons, mustard, 








6 


12 


20 


21 


22 


24 


32 


Spoons, table, . 








28 


65 


100 


104 


109 


120 


160 


Spoons, tea, 








28 


65 


100 


104 


109 


120 


160 



Interpolations. 

For any number of men not given in the foregoing tables, calcu- 
late the allowance by simple proportion, taking the allowance of 
100 men as a basis. When such proportion results in a fraction 
of an article, £ or less is disregarded, more than \ is counted as 1, 
except that a final \ is counted as 1 in cases where only 1 article is 
allowed 30 or 60 men; i.e., skimmers, meat saws, meat choppers or 
cutters, carving sets, cleavers, sieves and graters. 

In time of peace, only such of the above articles shall be issued as 
the Commander-in-Chief may from time to time direct. 



210 ADJUTANT GEXEKAL'S KEPORT. [Jan. 



VI. 1. The field allowance of tentage, wagons and personal 
baggage, etc., of the volunteer militia, is as follows: — 



co 
to 




CO 

a 








-^ 


o 








£ 5 


£dd 


e3 


,li 


CO 

c 


9 


Wall Ten 
for Qi 


c c 
c *«— 

B 

a 

o 

o 


-•-3 

M 

C 
u 

CO 

w 


CO 

3 

R 

o 

E 


> 

o 

o 


O 

CO 

CO 

o 



Personal Allowances. 
Brigadier general. ..... 

Field officers, ...... 

Captain, ....... 

Below the grade of captain, for each 2 officers, 

Veterinarian, for each 2, . . . . 

Organization and Headquarter Allowances. 
Company, ..... 

Troop, 

Battery, ..... 

Band and regimental noncommissioned staff, 

Battalion or squadron headquarters, 

Regimental headquarters, 

Brigade headquarters, 

Signal Corps company, 

Ambulance company section, 



2 1 
li 
li 
li 
li 

2 
2 
3 

2 
5 
7 
2 
2 



1 

2 
3 
1 
1 
1 
2 
1 
1 



li 



1 
1 

1 

4 

7 
7 
1 

1 



li 



li 



i Included in organization and headquarters allowance. 

2. Attention of all organization commanders is called to para- 
graph 460 (a) of General Orders, No. 3, current series, War Depart- 
ment, and supplies of equipment in each organization or company 
will be constantly kept up to the required standard. 

VII. The personal baggage of officers when taking the field will 
be packed in boxes or bundles conforming to descriptions as fol- 
lows : — 

1. A box made of three-ply veneer, covered with vulcanized fiber, 
32 inches by 19 inches by 13 inches over all. Handles to be of 
leather, and all hinges, locks and handles to be as flat as possible, 
so as not to interfere with proper packing in wagons. The weight 
of the box when packed will not exceed 100 pounds. Any suitable 
equivalent, such as a telescope or leather trunk, conforming to the 
prescribed dimensions and weight, and free from projecting parts, 
is authorized. 

2. A canvas roll, the bundle not to exceed 39 inches in length 
and 21 inches in diameter. 

VIII. All officers will provide themselves with arms and the 



1908.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 211 

articles of personal equipment or of horse equipments pertaining to 
their rank and duty, and maintain them in efficient order and' con- 
dition. 

Commanding officers will inspect and verify the arms and equip- 
ments of officers and enlisted men as often as they may deem 
necessary to assure themselves that all members of their commands 
are able to take the field fully equipped upon short notice, and will 
report whether each officer is fully uniformed and equipped. 

Only those so reported as fully uniformed and equipped will re- 
ceive the annual uniform allowance. 

IX. List of arms and equipments to be in the possession of 
officers : — 

Mounted Officers. 

Horse Equipments. 

Saddle, complete; saddle blanket; blue saddle-cloth; service 
saddle-cloth; bridle, halter; watering bridle; nose bag; saddle- 
bag; lariat; picket pin; currycomb; horse brush; surcingle. 

Personal Equipments. 

Packing box or, roll; blanket; poncho; canteen; haversack; 
meat can; knife; fork; spoon; tin cup; saber belt; spurs; field 
glass, watch and compass; note-book and pencils; 1 shelter tent 
half; 1 pole and 5 shelter tent pins; revolver holster and revolver 
cartridge box. 

Arms. 

Saber, revolver and ammunition. 

Staff officers and those acting as such will carry a dispatch case. 
Medical officers will carry a surgical case. 

Mounted chaplains will be equipped as staff officers, but without 
arms. 

Dismounted Officers. 

Personal Equipment. 

Packing box or roll; blanket; poncho; canteen; tin cup; meat 
can; knife; fork; spoon; haversack; saber belt; field glass, watch 
and compass; 1 shelter tent half; 1 pole and 5 shelter tent pins; 
revolver holster and revolver cartridge box. 

Arms. 

Saber, revolver and ammunition. 

The nature of the occasion will indicate the proper equipment of 
officers, which will conform to that of the men as prescribed by the 
commanding officer. For purpose of inspection, the whole equip- 
ment may be required. 



212 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan, 



Officers will be permitted to draw from the Quartermaster Gen- 
eral, on memorandum receipt : — 



1 haversack. 

1 canteen. 

2 canteen haversack straps. 
1 knife. 

1 fork. 
1 spoon. 
1 tin cup. 
1 meat can. 
1 poncho. 



1 blanket. 
1 shelter tent half. 
1 shelter tent pole. 
5 shelter tent pins. 
1 dispatch case. 1 
1 revolver cartridge box. 
1 surgical case (from Surgeon Gen- 
eral). 2 



1 For staff. 



2 Medical officers. 



All other articles of equipment must be furnished by the officers 
themselves. 

By order of the Commander-in-Chief, 

James P. Parker, 
Adjutant General, Chief of Staff. 



Commonwealth of Massachusetts, 
Adjutant General's Office, Boston, Oct. 12, 1907. 

General Orders, No. 24. 

I. In accordance with the authority granted him under chapters 
305 and 356, Acts of 1907, and in accordance with the provisions 
of chapter 465, Acts of 1905, the Commander-in-Chief has directed 
that the organization of the Massachusetts Volunteer Militia shall 
be that prescribed in this order on and after the date of Nov. 15, 
1907. 

II. (a) For the purposes of administration and convenience, 
the Massachusetts Volunteer Militia will be divided into the Staff 
of the Commander-in-Chief, the National Guard, the Naval Militia, 
and the Retired List. The Naval Militia will comprise the Naval 
Brigade, or such other naval organization or organizations as may 
be allowed by law. The National Guard will comprise all other 
organizations of the Massachusetts Volunteer Militia. 

(b) The Staff of the Commander-in-Chief shall consist of: — 

1 Adjutant General, with the rank of brigadier general, who shall, ex-officio, 
be Chief of Staff; 

1 Assistant Adjutant General, with the rank of colonel; 

1 Assistant Inspector General, with the naval rank of commander; 

4 Aides-de-camp, each with the rank of major; 

6 Aides-de-camp, to be selected from the commissioned officers of the Massa- 
chusetts Volunteer Militia, but not to be relieved from duty with their 
organizations while serving in this capacity. 



1908.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 213 

(c) The National Guard shall consist of: — 

The Adjutant General's department; The Signal Corps; 

The Inspector General's department; The Coast Artillery Corps; 

The Judge Advocate General's de- 2 brigades of infantry (comprising 

partment; a total of 5 regiments); 

The Quartermaster's department; 1 squadron of cavalry (comprising a 



The subsistence department; 
The medical department; 
The pay department; 
The ordnance department; 
The Corps of Engineers; 



total of 3 troops) ; 

1 battalion of field artillery (com- 

prising a total of 3 batteries); 

2 Corps of Cadets. 



(d) The Naval Militia shall consist of : — 
The Naval Brigade. 

(e) The Adjutant General's department shall consist of: — 

The Adjutant General and Assistant Adjutant General on the staff of the 
Commander-in-Chief (ex-officio); and 

1 Assistant Adjutant General, with the rank of lieutenant colonel; 

2 Assistant Adjutants General, with the rank of major. 

The Commander-in-Chief will by order detail an Assistant Ad- 
jutant General to duty with each brigade. 

The Inspector General's department shall consist of: — 

1 Inspector General, with the rank of brigadier general; 

5 Inspectors General, with the rank of lieutenant colonel; 

2 Inspectors General, with the rank of major. 

The Commander-in-Chief will, at the request of a brigade com- 
mander, and if he deems it expedient, detail a member of the In- 
spector General's department to duty with each brigade. 

The Judge Advocate General's department shall consist of : — 

1 Judge Advocate General, with the rank of brigadier general; 

2 Judge Advocates, with the rank of major. 

The quartermaster's department shall consist of : — 

1 Quartermaster General, with the rank of brigadier general; 

1 Deputy Quartermaster General, with the rank of lieutenant colonel; 

2 quartermasters, with the rank of major; 
2 quartermasters, with the rank of captain; 

6 post quartermaster sergeants. 

The Commander-in-Chief will, by order, detail officers or enlisted 
men of the Quartermaster's department, to duty with each brigade, 
and with the Ambulance Company section, and as superintendent 
of the State arsenal. 



214 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 



The subsistence department shall consist of : — 

1 Commissary General, with the rank of brigadier general; 

2 commissaries, with the rank of major; 

3 post commissary sergeants. 

The Commander-in-Chief will, by order, detail a commissary to 
duty with each brigade, or to duty with any organization or body 
of troops, as he may deem expedient. 

The pay department shall consist of : — 

1 Assistant Paymaster General, with the rank of colonel, who, under the 
direction of the Adjutant General, shall act as Paymaster General; 

10 paymasters, with the rank of captain. 

The Commander-in-Chief will, by order, detail paymasters to 
duty with the regiments, squadrons, battalions, Corps of Cadets 
and Coast Artillery Corps. 

The medical department shall consist of : — 

1 Surgeon General, with the rank of brigadier general; 

11 surgeons, with the rank of major; 

9 assistant surgeons, with the rank of captain; 

12 assistant surgeons, with the rank of first lieutenant; and a Hospital Corps. 

The Commander-in-Chief will, by order, detail officers of the 
medical department to duty with organizations as follows: to each 
regiment, and the Coast Artillery Corps, — 1 surgeon, major, 1 as- 
sistant surgeon, captain, 1 assistant surgeon, first lieutenant; to 
the Hospital Corps, — 1 surgeon, major; to the squadron of cavalry 
and battalion of field artillery, each, — 1 assistant surgeon, captain, 
1 assistant surgeon, first lieutenant; to the Ambulance Company 
section, — 1 assistant surgeon, captain, 2 assistant surgeons, first 
lieutenants; to the Corps of Cadets, each, — 1 surgeon, major, 1 
assistant surgeon, first lieutenant. 

The Hospital Corps shall consist of : — 



8 sergeants, 1st class; 
26 sergeants; 
72 privates, 1st class; 



60 privates, — who, by order of the 
Commander-in-Chief, will be 
detailed to the following or- 
ganizations: — 





Sergeants 
1st Class. 


Sergeants. 


Privates 
1st Class. 


Privates. 


2 brigades, 

5 regiments, 

1 Coast Artillery Corps, 

1 Signal Corps company, 

1 squadron cavalry, 

1 battalion field artillery, 

2 Corps Cadets, . 

1 Ambulance company secti< 


:>n, 




5 

1 

2 


2 

10 
2 

1 
1 
1 
2 

7 


2 
30 
6 
1 
2 
2 
4 
25 


2 

15 

3 

1 
1 
2 

36 


Totals, 






8 


26 


72 


60 



1908.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 



215 



The ordnance department shall consist of : — 



1 colonel, acting chief of ordnance; 

2 majors; 
6 captains; 



4 first lieutenants; 
1 ordnance sergeant. 



The officers of the ordnance department shall act as inspectors of 
small arms practice, and will be detailed by the Commander-in- 
Chief to such organizations as he deems advisable for that duty. 
The chief of ordnance shall perform all the duties required by law 
of the Inspector General of Small Arms Practice, and the officers 
of the ordnance department on duty with organizations will have 
all the rights, duties and obligations given by law to inspectors of 
small arms practice. 

The Corps of Engineers shall consist of : — 



1 major, acting chief of engineers; 



1 captain. 



The Coast Artillery Corps shall consist of : — 



1 colonel, chief of Coast Artillery; 

1 lieutenant colonel; 

3 majors; 

3 captains; 

3 first lieutenants; 

3 second lieutenants; 

1 chaplain; 

1 sergeant major, senior grade; 

2 master electricians; 



3 engineers; 

5 electrician sergeants, first class; 

5 electrician sergeants, second 

class; 
3 master gunners; 
3 sergeants major, junior grade; 
3 firemen, — a band of 28 total 

enlisted; and 
12 companies of Coast Artillery. 



The colonel, lieutenant colonel and majors shall be elected by the 
officers of the companies, as vacancies occur, under elections ordered 
by the Commander-in-Chief. The captains, first lieutenants, second 
lieutenants and chaplain of the corps, and corps noncommissioned 
officers and enlisted men, shall be appointed, warranted or enlisted 
by the chief of Coast Artillery. Company officers shall be elected 
as prescribed by law for companies. 

A Coast Artillery Corps band shall consist of : — 



1 chief musician; 
1 chief trumpeter; 
1 principal musician; 
1 drum major; 
4 sergeants; 



8 corporals; 
1 cook; 
11 privates; 

28 total enlisted. 



A Coast Artillery Corps company shall consist of : — 



1 captain; 

1 first lieutenant; 

1 second lieutenant; 

1 first sergeant; 

1 quartermaster sergeant; 

4 sergeants; 

6 corporals; 



2 cooks; 
2 mechanics; 
2 musicians; 
45 privates; 

63 total enlisted. 



216 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

The minimum enlisted strength shall be 41. 
To each brigade of infantry there shall be : — 

1 brigadier general; his staff shall consist of 2 aides-de-camp, with the rank 
of first lieutenant. 

To the headquarters of each brigade there shall be attached such 
staff department officers and enlisted men as the Commander-in- 
Chief may deem necessary. The brigade commander may detail 
from the troops under his command such number of noncommis- 
sioned officers and enlisted men as may be necessary to act as 
noncommissioned staff, clerks, orderlies, etc. All officers, non- 
commissioned officers and enlisted men attached to brigade head- 
quarters are entitled to be mounted. A brigade shall contain 2 
or 3 regiments. 

To each regiment of infantry there shall be : — 



1 colonel; 

1 lieutenant colonel; 

3 majors; and a staff consisting of: — 

1 captain, regimental adjutant; 

1 captain, quartermaster; 

1 captain, commissary; 

3 first lieutenants, battalion adju- 
tants; 

3 second lieutenants, battalion 
quartermasters and commis- 
saries; 



1 chaplain; 

1 sergeant major; 

1 quartermaster sergeant; 

1 commissary sergeant; 

3 battalion sergeants, major; 

2 color sergeants, — a band of 28 

total enlisted; and 
12 companies of infantry. 



An infantry band shall consist of : — 



1 chief musician; 

1 principal musician; 

1 drum major; 

4 sergeants; 

8 corporals; 



1 cook; 
12 privates; 

28 total enlisted. 



An infantry company shall consist of : — 



1 captain; 

1 first lieutenant; 

1 second lieutenant; 

1 first sergeant; 

1 quartermaster sergeant; 

4 sergeants; 

6 corporals; 



2 cooks; 

1 artificer; 

2 musicians; 
43 privates; 

60 total enlisted. 



The minimum enlisted strength shall be 41. 
The squadron of cavalry shall consist of : — 



1908.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 



217 



1 major; and a staff consisting of: — 
1 first lieutenant, squadron adju- 
tant; 
1 second lieutenant, squadron quar- 
termaster and commissary; 



1 veterinarian; 

1 sergeant major; and 

3 troops of cavalry. 



Under the requirements of the War Department, 4 troops are 
necessary to entitle a State to the squadron headquarters. Should 
the next Legislature add a fourth troop before June 1, 1908, this 
organization can remain. If not, the squadron headquarters will, 
on June 1, 1908, be discontinued, and the three troops be separated 
or attached, as the Commander-in-Chief directs. 

A troop of cavalry shall consist of : — 



1 captain; 
1 first lieutenant; 
1 second lieutenant; 
1 first sergeant; 

1 quartermaster sergeant; 
6 sergeants; 

6 corporals; 

2 cooks; 



2 farriers and blacksmiths; 
1 saddler; 

1 wagoner; 

2 trumpeters; 
43 privates; 

65 total enlisted. 



The minimum enlisted strength shall be 43. 
The battalion of field artillery shall consist of : — 



1 major; and a staff consisting of: — 
1 captain, battalion adjutant; 
1 second lieutenant, battalion quar- 
termaster and commissary; 



1 veterinarian; 

1 sergeant major; 

1 quartermaster sergeant; and 

3 batteries of field artillery. 



A battery of field artillery shall consist of : — 



1 captain; 

2 first lieutenants; 

2 second lieutenants; 
1 first sergeant; 
1 quartermaster sergeant; 
1 stable sergeant; 
6 sergeants; 
12 corporals; 



3 cooks; 

1 chief mechanic; 

4 mechanics; 

2 musicians; 
102 privates; 



133 total enlisted. 



The minimum enlisted strength shall be 90. 

This is the organization for a battery armed with six sections of 
the 3-inch gun battery; batteries which have only received five 
sections will not enlist more than 112, total enlisted, which con- 
templates 5 sergeants, 10 corporals, 2 cooks, and 85 privates and 
a minimum enlisted strength of 80, until the sixth section has been 
received. 

To each corps of cadets there shall be : — 



218 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 



1 lieutenant colonel; 

1 major; and a staff consisting of: — 

1 first lieutenant, corps adjutant; 

1 second lieutenant, corps quarter- 
master and commissary; and, 
in addition thereto: — 

4 captains; 

4 first lieutenants; 

4 second lieutenants; a noncom- 
missioned staff consisting of: — 

1 corps sergeant major; and in each 
so-called company or subdivi- 
sion: — 



1 first sergeant; 

1 quartermaster sergeant; 
6 sergeants; 

6 corporals; 

2 cooks; 

1 artificer; 

2 musicians; 
61 privates; 

80 total enlisted. 



The Signal Corps shall consist of: — 



1 captain; 
3 first lieutenants; 
5 sergeants, first class; 
5 sergeants; 
10 corporals; 



2 cooks; 

18 privates, first class; 
18 privates; 

58 total enlisted. 



The organization of the Naval Brigade shall be as provided by 
General Orders, No. 11, current series, A. G. 0., except that petty 
officers, first class, will rank as first sergeants ; petty officers, second 
class, will rank as sergeants. 



Recapitulation. 





Officers. 


Enlisted 


Total 




Men. 


Number. 


Staff of the Commander-in-Chief (excluding de- 








tails), ........ 


7 


— 


7 


Adjutant General's department (excluding staff of 








Commander-in-Chief), .... 


3 


— 


3 


Inspector General's department, 






8 


— 


8 


Judge Advocate General's department, 






3 


— 


3 


Quartermaster's department, 






6 


6 


12 


Subsistence department, . 






3 


3 


6 


Pay department, .... 






11 


- 


11 


Medical department, 






33 


166 


199 


Ordnance department, 






13 


1 


14 


Corps of Engineers, .... 






2 


— * 


2 


Coast Artillery Corps (headquarters), 






15 


25 


40 


Coast Artillery Corps band, 






- 


28 


28 


Coast Artillery Corps 12 companies of 63 + 1 


J. 




36 


756 


792 


2 brigade headquarters, 






6 


— 


6 


5 regimental headquarters, 






75 


40 


115 


5 regimental bands of 28, . 






— 


140 


140 


60 companies of infantry of 3 + 60, 






180 


3,600 


3,780 


1 squadron headquarters, . 






4 


1 


5 


3 troops of 3 + 65, .... 






9 


195 


204 


1 battalion of field artillery, headquarters, 






4 


2 


6 


3 batteries of 5 + 133, 






15 


399 


414 


2 Corps of Cadets, .... 






32 


642 


674 


1 Signal Corps, .... 






4 


58 


62 


1 Naval Brigade, .... 






39 


504 


543 


Total, 






508 


6,566 


7,074 



III. The provisions of this order abolish the following offices, 
and the present incumbents will be honorably discharged under 
date of Nov. 15, 1907, unless otherwise provided for: — 



1908.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 



219 



Squadron of cavalry, 



Battalion of field artillery, 



Corps of Cadets, 



Brigade, . 



Brigade, 



All organizations, 



Staff of Commander-in-Chief, 



1 quartermaster. 
1 commissary. 
1 chaplain. 
f 1 quartermaster. 
< 1 commissary. 
[ 1 chaplain. 
1 quartermaster. 
1 commissary. 
1 chaplain. 

1 Assistant Adjutant General. 
1 surgeon. 
1 inspector. 
1 judge advocate. 
1 quartermaster. 
1 commissary. 
1 ordnance officer. 
1 engineer. 
1 veterinary surgeon. 
All surgeons, assistant surgeons, 

paymasters and inspectors of 

small arms practice. 
All except those stated as allowed 

by this order. 



The following new offices are created, and the necessary appoint- 
ments should be made by organization commanders : — 



Squadron of cavalry, 



Battalion of field artillery, 



Corps of Cadets, 



f 1 squadron quartermaster and 
< commissary, second lieutenant. 

[ 1 veterinarian. 

[ 1 battalion quartermaster and 
commissary, second lieutenant. 
1 veterinarian. 

1 corps quartermaster and com- 
missary, second lieutenant. 
Signal corps, . . . . .1 first lieutenant. 

Staff departments, ..... All officers. 

Also, the following line officers are added: batteries of field artillery, 1 second 
lieutenant; and they will be elected as required by law. 

IV. The changes required under this order will be reduced to a 
minimum, and where it is simply a change of name or increase or 
decrease in rank, without change of position, a new commission will 
be given, or an endorsement placed on old commission, without 
requiring a new appointment or election. As an example of this: — 

All officers of the new Coast Artillery Corps, formerly the Corps 
Coast Artillery, may have their commissions properly endorsed, 
showing the change of name. The Coast Artillery Corps is to be 
considered a regiment in all matters of administration and law, 
unless especially excepted in law or orders. 

The aides-de-camp on brigade staff may have their commissions 
endorsed, showing change in rank, from Nov. 15, 1907. 

The adjutant, first Battalion Field Artillery, may have his com- 
mission endorsed, showing change in rank from Nov. 15, 1907. 



220 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 



The Hospital Corps sergeants, first class, sergeants, privates, first 
class, and privates, of all organizations, and all members of the 
Ambulance Company, will be transferred to the Hospital Corps, 
if proper application is made, and approved by present commander 
and Surgeon General, within two months from the date this order 
takes effect. At the expiration of the two months those not trans- 
ferred will be discharged. 

The uniforms and equipments of the above enlisted men will be 
transferred with them. 

The medical officers, pay officers and the ordnance officer of the 
Naval Brigade will be considered, ex-officio, as members of the 
medical department, pay department and ordnance department, 
respectively, and will obey such orders as they may receive from 
the chiefs of each department. In dealing with the Naval Brigade, 
the Commissary General will communicate with the paymaster. 

V. Officers or enlisted men of staff departments, detailed to duty 
with organizations of which they were formerly members, may have 
and wear the distinctive uniforms of that organization while on 
such duty, in addition to the regularly prescribed uniforms of their 
positions. 

VI. Chiefs of all staff departments and of the Coast Artillery 
Corps shall annually make a report to the Adjutant General on 
December 15. 

VII. Veterinarians, although not commissioned officers, have 
the pay and allowances of a second lieutenant, mounted, and will 
be considered part of the battalion or squadron commissioned staff, 
to be appointed by the Commander-in-Chief on the recommendation 
of the permanent battalion or squadron commander. They will 
be subject to the provisions of section 171, chapter 465, Acts of 
1905, and will have all the duties, obligations and privileges given 
to veterinary surgeons by law, except commissions. 

All officers in the staff departments shall be appointed by the 
Commander-in-Chief, and shall be examined as required for staff 
officers, other than the staff of the Commander-in-Chief. Enlisted 
men of staff departments shall be enlisted and warranted by depart- 
ment chiefs. 

VIII. Every organization of the Massachusetts Volunteer Militia 
shall drill at least twenty-four times during the year, as required 
by the act of Congress approved Jan. 21, 1903, and known as the 
Dick bill. 

IX. Infantry regiments will remain assigned to brigades as at 
present. 

X. The squadron of cavalry, battalion of field artillery and 
Corps of Cadets are not permitted to have a regularly enlisted and 
mustered band, as provided for a regiment, but may employ or 
raise a band, as provided in section 35, chapter 465, Acts of 1905. 



1908.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 221 

XI. Each officer of the pay department shall give bond, as re- 
quired in section 185, chapter 465, Acts of 1905. 

All musicians and trumpeters shall have the pay of buglers, all 
chief musicians and chief trumpeters that of chief bugler, and all 
cooks that of chief cooks. 

XII. The following supernumerary officers, provided for in 
section 188, chapter 465, Acts of 1905, are hereby attached to duty 
with the organizations placed after their names : — 

John B. Hanscom, first lieutenant and aide, Corps Coast Artillery, to Coast, 

Artillery Corps. 
John Mason Little, Jr., first lieutenant, assistant surgeon, field artillery, to 

medical department. 
Geo. W. Mills, major and surgeon, cavalry, to medical department. 
Arthur G. Scoboria, first lieutenant, assistant surgeon, cavalry, to medical 

department. 

XIII. Owing to the fact that on November 15 one of the mem- 
bers of the Military Examining Board, and all the members of the 
Medical Examining Board, either are discharged or are required to- 
take new examinations, special boards of examiners are hereby 
appointed, to examine officers affected by this order. On the com- 
pletion of this duty they will turn over books and records to the- 
regular examining boards. 

Medical Board (physical examination), to meet Nov. 15, 1907,. 
at 10 a.m. : — 

Maj. Gen. Robert A. Blood, retired. 
Lieut. Col. Chas. M. Green, retired. 
Lieut. Comdr. D. F. Sughrue, retired. 

Medical Board (mental examination for surgeons), to meet Nov.. 
16, 1907, at 10 a.m. : — 

Lieut. Col. Wm. L. Richardson, retired. 
Capt. Myles Standish, retired. 
Capt. H. Lincoln Chase, retired. 

Military Examining Board (mental examination), to meet Nov.. 
16, 1907, at 10 a.m.: — 

Maj. Gen. Wm. A. Bancroft, retired. 

Maj. Gen. Thos. F. Matthews, retired. 

Maj. Gen. Wm. Stopford, retired. 

Brig. Gen. Henry Parsons, retired. 

Brig. Gen. Chas. Pfaff, retired. 

Brig. Gen. Chas. K. Darling, retired. 

Brig. Gen. Lawrence N. Duchesney, retired. 

The above three boards will meet at the call of the senior officer 
of each board, prior to the above dates, in order to be properly organ- 
ized to examine on the 16th. 



222 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

All officers receiving appointments to the staff departments or 
as quartermaster and commissary of squadron, battalion, or Corps 
of Cadets, as veterinarian, or as captain, Coast Artillery Corps, or 
lieutenant, Signal Corps, between the date of this order and No- 
vember 15, will come up for examination on that date and the day 
following; and the Commander-in-Chief will, and organization 
commanders may, make appointments to fill those vacancies during 
the thirty days prior to November 15, but the date of commission 
for all such officers shall be the date on which this order becomes 
effective, namely, Nov. 15, 1907. All officers later appointed to 
these positions will be examined by the regular examining boards. 

XIV. Sergeants, first class, and 8 sergeants of the Hospital 
Corps, must have the qualifications prescribed for a medical officer, 
or be duly registered as a pharmacist. 

XV. Commanding officers will warrant, appoint, enlist, or keep 
warranted, appointed or enlisted, the number of noncommissioned 
staff officers, noncommissioned officers and other enlisted men re- 
quired by this order, and will discharge all others by making appli- 
cation therefor to the Adjutant General. 

XVI. The following are the grades of rank of noncommissioned 
officers: — 

1. (a) Sergeant major, regimental; sergeant major, senior grade, 
Coast Artillery Corps; (6) master electrician, Coast Artillery Corps; 
master signal electrician; (c) engineer, Coast Artillery Corps; {d) 
electrician sergeant, first class, Coast Artillery Corps. 

2. Ordnance sergeant; post commissary sergeant; post quarter- 
master sergeant; sergeant, first class, Hospital Corps; first class 
signal sergeant; electrician sergeant, second class, Coast Artillery 
Corps; master gunner, Coast Artillery Corps. 

3. Quartermaster sergeant and commissary sergeant, regimental; 
chief musician. 

4. Sergeant major, squadron and battalion; sergeant major, 
junior grade, Coast Artillery Corps ; color sergeant ; chief trumpeter; 
principal musician ; battalion quartermaster sergeant, field artillery. 

5. First sergeant; drum major. 

6. Sergeant; quartermaster sergeant, company; stable sergeant. 

7. (a) Corporal; (6) fireman, Coast Artillery Corps. 

In each grade and subgrade, date of commission, appointment or 
warrant determines the order of precedence. 

XVII. 1. The veterinarian will instruct company farriers in the 
proper care of the horse. In this he will give especial importance 
to the anatomy and pathology of the foot, showing the nature and 
uses of all its parts, illustrating the subject by dissections and 
specimens. He will also teach the principles and practice of horse- 
shoeing. For the purpose indicated he will make such visits of 
Instruction to companies not at his station as may be deemed 
necessary by the squadron or battalion commander. 



1908.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — Xo. 7. 223 

2. Company noncommissioned officers are appointed by regi- 
mental commanders, or by separate battalion commanders, on the 
recommendation of their company commanders ; but in no case will 
any company organization have an excess of noncommissioned 
officers above that allowed by law, or orders. The noncommissioned 
officers of Coast Artillery Corps companies will, upon the recom- 
mendation of the company commanders, be appointed by the chief 
of the Coast Artillery Corps. 

3. Chief mechanics, cooks, farriers and blacksmiths, mechanics, 
artificers, saddlers, wagoners, musicians, trumpeters, and first class 
privates are enlisted as privates, and after joining their companies 
are appointed by their respective company commanders. For in- 
efficiency or misconduct they are subject to reduction by the same 
authority. 

4. The Coast Artillery Corps noncommissioned staff officers con- 
sist of sergeants major, senior grade; master electricians, engineers, 
electrician sergeants, first class; electrician sergeants, second class; 
master gunners, sergeants major, junior grade, and firemen. They 
are appointed by the chief of Coast Artillery, after due examination 
under rules announced from time to time. They will be furnished 
with warrants signed by the chief of Coast Artillery. The appoint- 
ment takes effect on the day upon which it is made, and the warrant 
may be continued in force upon discharge and re-enlistment, if re- 

• enlistment be made within thirty days following that of discharge ; 
each re-enlistment and continuance will be noted on the warrant. 
Master electricians, engineers, electrician sergeants, first and second 
class, and master gunners, though liable to discharge for inefficiency 
or misconduct, will not be reduced. Any other Coast Artillery 
Corps noncommissioned staff officer may be reduced to the ranks 
by the sentence of a court-martial. 

5. Appointments of company noncommissioned officers will take 
effect on the day of appointment by the authorized commander, 
and of first sergeants, quartermaster sergeants, stable sergeants, 
chief mechanics, cooks, artificers, farriers and blacksmiths, me- 
chanics, saddlers, wagoners, musicians, trumpeters, and first class 
privates on the day of appointment by the company commander. 

XVIII. The following changes in the Regulations of the Massa- 
chusetts Volunteer Militia are published for the information of the 
Militia : — 

Section 22 is amended by omitting the words "medical officers 
and paymasters," and adding at the end of the section the follow- 
ing: "Officers of the medical and pay departments are assigned to 
regiments for duties in connection with those departments." 

Section 29^: General Orders, No. 7, issued by the War Depart- 
ment, under date of Jan. 24, 1903, and publishing the act of Con- 
gress, approved Jan. 21, 1903, commonly known as the "Dick bill," 
and Circular of the War Department, issued June 25, 1906, concern- 



224 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

ing the relations of the militia to the War Department and to the 
appropriations made by the United States government, are to be 
considered part of the Regulations, M. V. M., and will be printed 
therein in the next issue. 

Section 31 is amended in accordance with paragraph XVI. of 
this order. 

Section 77 is amended to require adjutants to record enlistments 
and re-enlistments, instead of paymasters, as required therein. 

Section 82 is omitted, and the following is substituted therefor: 
" Every recruit, after muster, will be provided by the mustering 
officer with a certificate of muster in the prescribed form." 

Section 83 is amended by omitting the words "company com- 
manders," in the first line, and inserting in place thereof the words 
"mustering officers. " 

Section 86 is amended by omitting the word "paymaster's," in 
the sixth line. 

Section 99 is amended by omitting all after the words "proper 
channels," in the second line. 

Section 155 to be omitted. 

Section 190 to be amended by adding: "The following provisions, 
applying to regiments, also apply to separate battalions, squad- 
rons, corps of cadets and other organizations not attached to larger 
units." 

Section 230 will be amended by striking out the following words : 
" Surgeon, paymaster, assistant surgeon (captain), assistant surgeon 
(first lieutenant), inspector of rifle practice," and inserting after 
"battalion adjutants" the words "battalion quartermasters and 
commissaries." 

Section 252 to be omitted. 

Section 255: omit, in the first and second lines, the words "com- 
manding officers of their regiments," and insert the words "Surgeon 
General." 

Section 264: in the second line, omit the words "under those of 
the colonel." 

Section 265: in the fifth line, omit the word "paymaster." 

Section 267: omit the word "paymasters," in the first line, and 
insert in place thereof the word "adjutants." 

Sections 269 and 270 to be omitted, and to be replaced by the 
following: "Ordnance officers, on duty with regiments as inspectors 
of small arms practice, shall perform such duties as may be assigned 
them by the chief of ordnance. Regimental battalion, squadron 
and corps commanders may confer with the chief of ordnance con- 
cerning the instruction work which they desire the ordnance officers 
to carry on." 

Section 282 to be omitted. 

Section 283 to be omitted. 



1908.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — Xo. 7. 225 

Section 343 to be omitted, bands being provided for elsewhere in 
this order. 

Section 347: omit the word "paymaster," in the third line, and 
insert in place thereof the words "an officer elected by the council." 

Section 568: in the first and second lines, omit the words "an 
Assistant Inspector General on the staff of the Commander-in- 
Chief," and insert in place thereof the words "an officer of the In- 
spector General's department." 

Sections 569 and 570 to be omitted. 

Section 585 to be omitted. 

Section 599 to be omitted. 

Section 621 to be omitted, and the following inserted in place 
thereof: "Sergeants and privates of the Hospital Corps, assigned 
to organizations, will be subject to the orders and instructions of the 
medical officers assigned to those organizations while so attached." 

Sections 651 and 652 to be omitted. 

Section 699 to be amended by omitting the requirement that the 
enlistment and muster book be kept by the Assistant Inspector 
General, and by omitting the requirements for the provost guard 
report book to be kept by the provost marshal. All books and 
records will be kept by the Assistant Adjutant General, unless 
otherwise specifically provided for. 

Section 701 to be amended by adding to the books to be kept by 
the adjutant the enlistment and muster books. 

Section 776 is amended in the sixth line, by requiring only four 
muster rolls of commanders of companies, instead of five, as pre- 
viously required. 

Section 783 is amended by requiring that the oath of the pay- 
master be made before the Paymaster General or Adjutant General, 
instead of before the commanding officer of the organization. Also, 
the same section is amended in that, after the payment of troops, 
the Adjutant General retains one roll, the auditor one, the pay- 
master one and the company or organization commander one. The 
rolls containing assignments of pay are retained by the auditor and 
paymaster respectively. 

Section 784 is amended by omitting the entire section, and 
putting in place thereof: "Muster rolls for brigade commanders, 
their staffs and enlisted men attached to brigade headquarters will 
be prepared by the Assistant Adjutant General on rolls furnished 
by the Adjutant General, in a manner similar to headquarters rolls 
for a regiment. The Assistant Adjutant General will swear to the 
roll call, as required of adjutants of regiments, the payment of 
brigade headquarters being through a regularly appointed pay- 
master." 

Section 785 to be omitted. 

Section 786 is amended by omitting the paragraph, and inserting 



226 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

in place thereof the following: "Paymasters will make requisition, 
approved by either the Adjutant General or Paymaster General, 
for four-fifths of the pay and mileage due for tours of ordered duty, 
such moneys to be advanced to companies at the close of such tours 
of duty. When such requisition is approved by the Treasurer of 
the Commonwealth, the money will be paid to the paymaster, who 
will give his receipt therefor, and on the final payment upon the 
pay and assignment rolls the paymaster shall receive back his 
advance receipts. Paymasters are authorized to turn over to the 
officer to whom the pay has been assigned, at the completion of the 
tour of duty, four-fifths of the pay and transportation due them on 
pay rolls, less such amounts for food and expenses as may have 
been paid out by order or assignments prior thereto, taking the 
proper receipts therefor." 

These changes have been made in the Regulations at this time, 
in order to properly carry out the provisions of this order. In 
future, the muster and enlistment books at a regimental head- 
quarters will be merely a record for the information of the com- 
manding officer thereof, the books at the Adjutant General's office 
being the official records in all matters of pay and enlistment. In 
order that company records may be properly kept, company com- 
manders are warned that the provisions of the regulations, requiring 
that a name be not dropped from the rolls until the discharge is 
received, will be strictly complied with, and officers mustering en- 
listed men, for which there are no vacancies, will be held strictly 
to account for same. Paymasters will in future receive information 
as to the organizations which they are to pay from the Adjutant 
General's books, rather than from the regimental books, and com- 
pany commanders, prior to an ordered tour of duty, should satisfy 
themselves that their rolls are correct. 

XIX. The provisions of the Regulations, M. V. M., will, in all 
cases, be construed in the fight of the new organization, and will, 
as soon as that organization is perfected, be re-written. For that 
purpose a Board is hereby constituted, consisting of the Lieutenant 
Colonel in the Adjutant General's Department, the Inspector Gen- 
eral, the Judge Advocate General, the Quartermaster General, the 
Surgeon General, the Chief of Coast Artillery, and the Commanding 
Officer, Eighth Regiment Infantry. This Board will meet not 
later than Jan. 10, 1908, at the call of the Inspector General, and 
will organize with the senior officer as president thereof. 

In re-writing the Regulations, careful attention will be paid to 
all General Orders issued since May 26, 1900, to all War Department 
General Orders issued since Jan. 21, 1903, and to the Regulations 
for the Government of the Army, with a view to providing a book 
of Regulations which will permit the National Guard to work in 
harmony with the requirements of United States law. The field 



1908.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 227 

officers of the Naval Militia will be consulted as to those paragraphs 
which affect that organization. 

Upon the completion of its labors, the Board will report in full, 
submitting a revised copy of the Regulations for the approval of 
the Commander-in-Chief. 

XX. In accordance with the provisions of section 186, chapter 
465, Acts of 1905, all regimental, separate battalion, squadron, 
Corps of Cadets, Coast Artillery Corps, Naval Brigade, unattached 
company and other company commanders, will be required to 
furnish bonds in the sum of $500 on blanks which can be obtained 
at the Adjutant General's office, or of the secretary of the Gov- 
ernor's Council. All officers as above, required to give bonds, will 
file them through channels with the secretary of the Governor's 
Council on or before Dec. 1, 1907. 

XXI. Owing to the requirements of United States law, which 
make it impossible to combine the land and naval forces of the 
State, it is found that the Naval Assistant Inspector General must 
remain for the present on the Governor's staff. The Commander- 
in-Chief directs, however, that, in addition to his duties with the 
National Guard, the Inspector General shall also act as Inspector 
General for the naval forces of the State, and the Naval Assistant 
Inspector General on the Governor's staff is hereby attached to 
duty with the Inspector General's department, in addition to such 
duties as he may perform on the Governor's staff. He will report 
to the Inspector General as soon as that officer has been ordered to 
duty. 

XXII. The provisions of this order will not in any way affect 
the retired list or the laws and regulations in relation thereto. 

By order of the Commander-in-Chief, 

James P. Parker, 
Adjutant General, Chief of Staff. 



Commonwealth of Massachusetts, 
Adjutant General's Office, Boston, Nov. 23, 1907. 

General Orders, No. 25. 

I. The following is published for the information of the militia : — 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts, 
Executive Department, Boston, Nov. 20, 1907. 

Ordered, That the petition of John P. Bowditch and others to form, a com- 
pany, to be attached to the Massachusetts Volunteer Militia, is granted, 
and arrangements will be made for muster into service of the new company. 

(Signed) Curtis Guild, Jr., 

Governor and Commander-in-Chief . 



228 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

II. Maj. William A. Perrins, commanding First Squadron 
Cavalry, M. V. M., will arrange to muster in the new company 
at Boston as a troop of cavalry. Elections may be held for officers 
on the same evening, if legal notice is waived. Major Perrins will 
detail an officer to preside. Details for muster-in and medical ex- 
amination will also be made by Major Perrins. 

III. When the troop is mustered in and officers elected, the 
captain will report to Maj. William A. Perrins, commanding First 
Squadron Cavalry, and the troop will be known as "Troop B" of 
that command. 

IV. The following-named commissioned officers of the Volunteer 
Militia have been placed on the retired list, in conformity with law, 
with the rank and of the date set against the name of each : — 

Capt. John C. DeWolfe, Fourth Company, Corps Coast Artillery, Nov. 6, 
1907, as major. 

First Lieut. William A. Hayes, 2d, Inspector Small Arms Practice, First 
Corps Cadets, Nov. 7, 1907, as lieutenant colonel. 

Capt. Frederick Spenceley, Commissary, Corps Coast Artillery, Nov. 12, 
1907, as major. 

Brig. Gen. Hugh Bancroft, Judge Advocate General, general staff, Nov. 
15, 1907, as major general. 

Lieut. Col. Charles C. Foster, brigade surgeon, Second Brigade, Nov. 15, 
1907, as colonel. 

Lieut. Col. Henry L. Williams, Assistant Inspector General, general staff, 
Nov. 15, 1907, as colonel. 

Capt. Frederick H. Osgood, Veterinary Surgeon, First Brigade, Nov. 21, 
1907, as major. 

By order of the Commander-in-Chief, 

James P. Parker, 

Adjutant General, Chief of Staff. 



Commonwealth of Massachusetts, 
Adjutant General's Office, Boston, Nov. 30, 1907. 

General Orders, No. 26. 

United States Inspections, 1908. 

I. On the recommendation of the Inspector General, approved 
by the commanding officer, Department of the East, U. S. A., the 
inspections of the Massachusetts Volunteer Militia for 1908 by 
officers of the Regular Army will be made on the dates and at the 
stations below noted. Organization commanders will make an 
especial effort to secure a full attendance, and, unless otherwise 
stated, the hour for the inspection will be 8 p.m. The troops will 
be paraded at the hour named in dress uniform, light marching 
order, without leggins. Haversacks and canteens will be worn. 
The military property will be suitably arranged for rapid inspection. 



1908.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 229 

Company books, records and accounts will also be ready, and 
balanced to date. The company commander may be directed by 
the inspecting officer to have books and property inspected at an 
earlier hour. 

II. It is noted that at past inspections the question has been 
asked company commanders, by the inspectors, as to how many 
men would report in case of trouble, and the reply given by some 
company commanders has been, 80 per cent., 85 per cent., 90 per 
cent., etc. This office does not understand why such a reply is 
given to this question. If 10 per cent., 15 per cent, or 20 per cent, 
of the men are not available when wanted, then their discharge 
should be immediately applied for. The equipping and training 
•of a militiaman are somewhat expensive, and no money should be 
spent upon a man who would not be available when needed. If 
company commanders have the interests of the service at heart, 
and it is presumed that they have, they will see that no man is 
kept in the service who has no intention of being present when 
his service is required. It should not be necessary to call atten- 
tion to this subject; but the answer given by company commanders 
to inspecting officers prompts the reference. In many cases, un- 
doubtedly, the answer has been given under a misapprehension 
or misunderstanding, yet it does not seem possible that this is so; 
but to remedy it, company commanders are directed to make 
immediate and constant investigations, so that, at all times, they 
will be able to say 100 per cent. ; that every man in their company 
will respond for duty at duty's call, whatever the occasion may be. 

Attention is also invited to the fact that company commanders 
have not reported to the inspecting officers their full equipment, 
and when the attention of the War Department has been called 
to the seeming omission on the part of the inspector, the reply has 
invariably been that the company commander did not report it; 
and as the inspecting officer had no means of knowing that the 
property was in the hands of the company commander, that com- 
pany has been marked "Not fully equipped," and so scheduled by 
the War Department, which is, of course, incorrect, as the articles 
are shown by the books of this office to have been in the hands of 
the company commander. When asked as to their equipment, 
company commanders should show the inspecting officer General 
Orders, No. 23, current series, as well as the uniform order, simply 
explaining to the inspector the reasons for their not having any of 
the equipment shown therein ; that is, either that the same has not 
been required for, or has been required for and is not yet furnished 
by the Quartermaster General. 

The inspections this year are of especial moment, in order to 
determine whether the militia of Massachusetts is, at the expira- 
tion of the five years from the passage of the Dick bill, sufficiently 



230 



ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 



uniformed, armed and equipped and properly organized. The 
provisions of General Orders, Nos. 23 and 24, current series, A. G. 0., 
together with the uniform order, which is now in press, constitute a 
compliance with all the requirements of the Dick bill, and all organ- 
ization commanders should make a special effort to be thoroughly 
equipped, and to so report to the inspectors. 
III. Inspection dates: — 



Staff, Commander-in-Chief, . 
Adjutant General's department, 
Quartermaster's department, 
Medical department, 
Inspector General's department, 
Judge Advocate General's depart- 
ment, .... 
Subsistence department, 
Ordnance department, . 
Pay department, 
Corps of Engineers, 
Headquarters, First Brigade, 
Headquarters, First Squadron Cav- 
alry, .... 
Ambulance Company Section, Med 

ical department, 
Headquarters, Second Brigade, 
Troop A, First Squadron Cavalry, 
Troop D, First Squadron Cavalry, 
Troop B, First Squadron Cavalry, 
Headquarters, Field Artillery, 
Battery A, Field Artillery, . 
Battery B, Field Artillery, . 
Battery C, Field Artillery, . 



Boston, Monday, Jan. 27, 4 p.m. 
Boston, Monday, Jan. 27, 2 p.m. 
Boston, Monday, Jan. 27, 3 p.m. 
Boston, Monday, Jan. 27, 3.30 p.m. 
Boston, Tuesda3 r , Jan. 28, 2 p.m. 

Boston, Tuesday, Jan. 28, 2.30 p.m. 
Boston, Tuesday, Jan. 28, 3 p.m. 
Boston, Wednesday, Jan. 29, 2 p.m. 
Boston, Wednesday, Jan. 29, 3.30 p.m. 
Boston, Wednesday, Jan. 29, 4 p.m. 
Boston, Monday, Jan. 13. 

Boston, Monday, Jan. 13. 

Boston, Tuesday, Jan. 14. 
Boston, Tuesday, Jan. 14. 
Boston, Wednesdaj r , Jan. 15. 
Boston, Thursday, Jan. 16. 
Boston, Friday, Jan. 17. 
Boston, Tuesday, Jan. 21. 
Boston, Tuesday, Jan. 21. 
Worcester, Wednesday, Jan. 22. 
Lawrence, Thursday, Jan. 23. 



Coast Artillery Corps. 

Headquarters, and first, second and seventh companies, Boston, Monday, 

Jan. 13. 
Third, eighth and eleventh companies, Boston, Tuesday, Jan. 14. 
Fourth Company, New Bedford, Wednesday, Jan. 15. 
Ninth Company, Taunton, Thursday, Jan. 16. 
Tenth Company, Brockton, Monday, Jan. 20. 
Twelfth Company, Fall River, Tuesday, Jan. 21. 
Fifth Company, Chelsea, Wednesday, Jan. 22. 
Sixth Company, Cambridge, Thursday, Jan. 23. 



Second Infantry. 

Headquarters, and companies B, G and K, Springfield, Monday, Jan. 13. 

Company D, Holyoke, Tuesday, Jan. 14. 

Company I, Northampton, Wednesday, Jan. 15. 

Company F, Pittsfield, Thursday, Jan. 16. 

Companies A, C and H, Worcester, Monday, Jan. 20. 

Company E, Orange, Tuesday, Jan. 21. 

Company L, Greenfield, Wednesday, Jan. 22. 

Company M, Adams, Thursday, Jan. 23. 



1908.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 231 



Fifth Infantry. 

Headquarters, Boston, Monday, Jan. 13. 
Company B, Cambridge, Monday, Jan. 13. 
Company A, Charlestown, Tuesday, Jan. 14. 
Company C, Newton, Wednesday, Jan. 15. 
Company D, Plymouth, Thursday, Jan. 16. 
Company E, Medforcl, Monday, Jan. 20. 
Company F, Waltham, Tuesday, Jan. 21. 
Company G, Woburn, Wednesday, Jan. 22. 
Company H, Charlestown, Thursday, Jan. 23. 
Company I, Attleborough, Monday, Jan. 27. 
Company K, Hingham, Tuesday, Jan. 28. 
Company L, Maiden, Wednesday, Jan. 29. 
Company M, Hudson, Thursday, Jan. 30. 

Sixth Infantry. 

Headquarters, and companies B and D, Fitchburg, Monday, Jan. 13. 

Company A, Wakefield, Tuesday, Jan. 14. 

Companies C, G and K, Lowell, Wednesday, Jan. 15. 

Company E, South Framingham, Thursday, Jan. 16. 

Company F, Marlborough, Monday, Jan. 20. 

Company H, Stoneham, Tuesday, Jan. 21. 

Company I, Concord, Wednesday, Jan. 22. 

Company L, Boston, Thursday, Jan. 23. 

Company M, Milford, Friday, Jan. 24. 

Eighth Infantry. 

Headquarters, and companies C and E, Cambridge, Monday, Jan. 13. 

Company A, Charlestown, Tuesday, Jan. 14. 

Company B, Everett, Wednesday, Jan. 15. 

Companies D and I, Lynn, Thursday, Jan. 16. 

Company L and Field Music, Lawrence, Monday, Jan. 20. 

Company F, Haverhill, Tuesday, Jan. 21. 

Company G, Gloucester, Wednesday, Jan. 22. 

Company H, Salem, Thursday, Jan. 23. 

Companies K and M, Somerville, Friday, Jan. 24. 

Ninth Infantry. 

Headquarters, and companies A, C and D, Boston, Monday, Jan. 13. 

Companies B, E, H and I, Boston, Tuesday, Jan. 14. 

Company F, Lawrence, Wednesday, Jan. 15. 

Company M, Lowell, Thursday, Jan. 16. 

Company G, Worcester, Monday, Jan. 20. 

Company K, Clinton, Tuesday, Jan. 21. 

Company L, Natick, Wednesday, Jan. 22. 

First Corps Cadets. 
Headquarters, and companies A, B, C and D, Boston, Wednesday, Jan. 29. 

Second Corps Cadets. 
Headquarters, and companies A, B, C and D, Salem, Monday, Jan. 27. 

Signal Corps. 
Boston, Tuesday, Jan. 28. 



232 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

IV. Section II., General Orders, No. 24, current series, A. G. 0., 
providing that all musicians and trumpeters shall have the pay of 
buglers, and all chief musicians and chief trumpeters shall have the 
pay of chief buglers, applies only to those buglers and trumpeters 
and musicians attached to organizations, and does not apply to 
bands. According to the militia law, all bandsmen are paid alike. 

V. The Commander-in-Chief having filled by appointment or 
detail all vacancies on his staff, as provided in General Orders, 
No. 24, current series, A. G. 0., the officers so appointed or detailed 
will be obeyed and respected accordingly. 

The staff of the Commander-in-Chief is as follows: — 

Brig. Gen. James P. Parker, Adjutant General, Chief of Staff. 

Col. William C. Capelle, Assistant Adjutant General. 

Com. William B. Edgar, Assistant Inspector General. 

Maj. John A. Curtin, Aid-de-Camp. 

Maj. Ira Vaughn, Aid-de-Camp. 

Maj. Walter S. Hale, Aid-de-Camp. 

Maj. Philip S. Sears, Aid-de-Camp. 

Detailed from the Line. 

Capt. John F. Kenealy, Company L, Ninth Infantry, Aid-de-Camp. 
Capt. Daniel H. Morgan, Commissary, Second Infantry, Aid-de-Camp. 
Capt. Fred R. Robinson, Troop A, First Squadron Cavalry, Aid-de-Camp. 
Capt. Guy Murchie, Coast Artillery Corps, Aid-de-Camp. 
First Lieut. Holton B. Perkins, First Corps Cadets, Aid-de-Camp. 
First Lieut. William S. Patten, Battery A, First Battalion Field Artillery, 
Aid-de-Camp. 

Officers detailed as aids on the staff of the Commander-in-Chief, 
and at all times while on any military duty in staff or line, will wear 
the uniform of their own organization, with the following additions. 
The} T will wear the aid's shield, five-eighths of an inch from the 
insignia of the arm of the service on the collar, and immediately 
over the insignia of the arm of the service on the sleeve. They 
will wear the aiguillettes with the full-dress uniform. 
By order of the Commander-in-Chief, 

James P. Parker, 
Adjutant General, Chief of Staff. 



Commonwealth of Massachusetts, 
Adjutant General's Office, Boston, Dec. 2, 1907. 

General Orders, No. 27. 

General Orders, No. 6, A. G. 0., April 1, 1903, publishing the 
regulations for the uniform of the Massachusetts Volunteer Militia, 
are hereby rescinded, and the following regulations are substituted 
therefor : — 



1908.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 233 

The Naval Brigade and the Cadet Corps will continue to wear 
their distinctive uniforms, and the staff of the Commander-in-Chief 
will conform to the regulations governing the uniforms of their 
respective departments, unless otherwise provided. The naval 
officer on the staff of the Commander-in-Chief will conform to the 
regulations governing the uniform of his branch of the service. All 
officers will, within three months, equip themselves as required in 
this order, in addition to the articles called for in General Orders, 
No. 23, paragraph IX., current series, A. G. 0. Officers are not 
required to have the cotton khaki service uniform or cap, but are 
permitted to have them; the olive-drab wool service uniform is 
required. 

Until the olive-drab uniform and cap are issued to the enlisted 
men, the old blue uniform and cap will be retained for armory use 
and such uses as the olive-drab may subsequently be put to. Such 
parts of this uniform as are needed will be requisitioned for. The 
new dress uniform and cap when issued will be carefully preserved, 
and used only on occasions of ceremony. 

By order of the Commander-in-Chief, 

James P. Parker, 
Adjutant General, Chief of Staff. 



GENERAL REGULATIONS. 

1. The garments, head gear, foot gear, ornaments, insignia, 
buttons, decorations, and other articles herein specified grouped 
in the manner prescribed, will constitute the uniforms of the Massa- 
chusetts Volunteer Militia, and will be worn on the occasions pre- 
scribed (see Table of Occasions), unless otherwise directed by 
proper authority. 

The various articles will conform in quality, design and color to 
the standard patterns deposited in the War Department. 

2. The proper dress will be determined by the commanding 
officer, with due regard to prescribed regulations (see Table of 
Occasions), the season of the year and the state of the weather. 

Officers serving with troops will wear the prescribed uniform, 
and will, by their appearance, set an example of neatness and strict 
conformity to regulations in uniform and equipment. 

3. When officers or enlisted men wear civilian dress, it will not 
be accompanied by any mark or part of the uniform. Enlisted 
men on duty will not wear civilian dress without permission of 
their commanding officer. 

4. The medal of honor may be worn by officers and enlisted men 
entitled thereto on all occasions of ceremony. When worn with 



234 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

the full-dress uniform the medal will be worn pendant from the 
neck, the ribbon passing between the upper and lower hooks of the 
coat collar, so that the medal proper shall hang about 1 inch below 
the opening of the collar. When worn with the dress uniform the 
medal will be worn on the left breast, in the manner prescribed for 
campaign badges, and preceding them. When worn with the 
special full-dress uniform the medal will be worn pendant from the 
neck, the ribbon passing around the neck under the collar, so that 
the medal proper shall hang about 1 inch below the tie. 

5. The various distinctive marks for excellence in small arms 
practice may be worn on the breasts of officers and enlisted men 
entitled to them on all occasions, except on active duty in the field 
in time of war, in the manner prescribed in paragraph 8; they will 
precede all badges of military societies (from the wearer's right to 
left), and will be preceded by badges of campaigns and the State 
long-service medal. 

6. On the full-dress coat the badges will be worn in the manner 
prescribed for badges of military societies in paragraph 8 of this 
order. 

With the dress coat and olive-drab wool service uniform a section 
of ribbon of the prescribed badges § inch long and of the full width 
of the ribbon will be worn in lieu of the badge by those entitled 
thereto; these ribbons to be sewed on the coat in a horizontal line, 
without space between and without overlapping. 

7. With the cotton khaki service and white uniform the section 
of ribbon, instead of being sewed on the coat, as prescribed herein 
for the olive-drab wool service uniform, will be sewed on the bar of 
the pattern in the office of the Quartermaster General, the bar to 
be secured to the coat by shanks on the bar passing through eyelets 
in the coat, in the same manner as the buttons are secured to the 
service coat. 

Neither badges nor ribbons will be worn by officers suspended 
from rank and command or by enlisted men serving sentence of 
confinement for more than five days. 

8. Badges of Military Societies. — Officers and enlisted men who, 
in their own right or by right of inheritance, are members of military 
societies of men who served in the armies and navies of the United 
States in the war of the revolution, the war of 1812, the Mexican 
war, the war of the rebellion, or the Indian wars of the United 
States, the Spanish-American war and the incidental insurrection 
in the Philippines, or the China relief expedition, or are members 
of the Regular Army and Navy Union of the United States, or of 
the Army and Navy Union of the United States, may wear on all 
occasions of ceremony the distinctive badges adopted by such 
societies, or such other medals as may be authorized by proper 
authority. Officers and enlisted men who served as officers, non- 



1908.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 235 

commissioned officers, privates or other enlisted men in the Regular 
Army, volunteer or militia forces of the United States, during the 
war of the rebellion, and have been honorably discharged from 
the service, or still remain in the same, may wear on occasions of 
ceremony the distinctive army badge ordered for or adopted by the 
army corps or divisions, repectively, in which they served. 

Badges to be worn on the left breast of the coat, suspended by a. 
ribbon from a bar of metal passed through the upper ends and tops 
of the ribbons, forming a horizontal line, the outer ends of which 
will be from 3 to 4 inches below the top of the shoulder, according 
to the height of the wearer. 

Officers who are commanders or past commanders of the above- 
mentioned military societies may wear the badge in the same manner 
as prescribed for the medal of honor (paragraph 4), provided they 
are not entitled to wear a medal of honor. In any case, not more 
than six medals and badges are to be worn at any one time. 

9. Shoulder knots and shoulder straps will be worn by com- 
missioned officers only. Shoulder straps will always be placed on 
the dress coat, as herein prescribed; their use on the full-dress coat 
is forbidden. 

10. The uniform of general officers on the retired list is that 
prescribed for general officers of corresponding grade on the active 
list. If retired while serving as general officer in a corps or depart- 
ment, the insignia of such corps or department will be omitted. 
The uniform of an officer below the grade of brigadier general on 
the retired list is that prescribed for an officer of his rank in the 
corps, department or arm of service in which he last served, except 
that the number of the regiment or insignia of corps or department 
will not be worn. A retired officer with brevet commission, either 
in the regular or volunteer service of the Army of the United States,. 
may wear the uniform of his highest brevet grade, and a retired 
officer who has held a commission, not brevet, in the volunteer 
service, may wear the uniform of his highest grade in that service, 
except that the number of the regiment or insignia of corps or de- 
partment will not be worn. Retired officers may, at their option, 
wear the pattern of uniform which was prescribed at the date of 
their retirement, or as prescribed herein, but the two uniforms will 
not be mixed. 

11. In case of inclement weather, when capes, waterproofs or 
overcoats are worn, shoulder knots may take the place of epaulets 
for general officers. 

12. When a particular coat or vestment is required by the church 
to which a chaplain belongs, he may wear such coat or vestment 
while conducting services. 

The officers of the Coast Artillery Corps will wear the uniform 
prescribed for artillery, not that of the staff departments. 



236 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

13. In foreign countries, on occasions of review, public balls, 
entertainments given by military or naval authorities, or messes, 
or by civil officials, during official visits of ceremony, and at social 
functions partaking of an official character, officers will appear in 
uniform suitable for the occasion. 

14. The saber will be habitually worn hooked up when dis- 
mounted, guard to the rear; when worn with the overcoat, the belt 
will be inside and the saber outside of the overcoat. The proper 
saber knot will always be worn with the saber. 

15. Enlisted men will wear uniform in camp or garrison, and will 
not be permitted to keep other clothing in their possession. When 
on fatigue they will wear suitable fatigue dress. 

16. The service uniforms are made of wool or cotton. Except 
when otherwise ordered, the woolen uniform is prescribed for winter 
wear in the United States proper. The cotton uniform is prescribed 
for summer wear in the United States. It is also authorized for use 
at emplacements, as provided in paragraph 106. 

17. It is not permitted to combine outer garments of wool with 
others of cotton in the service uniform of officers or enlisted men. 
This does not apply to the service hat. 



DESCRIPTION OF GARMENTS AND OTHER ARTICLES OF 
UNIFORM FOR OFFICERS OF THE MASSACHUSETTS 
VOLUNTEER MILITIA. 

Full-dress Coat. 

18. For All Officers, except Chaplains. — - A double-breasted frock 
coat of dark-blue cloth, with standing collar; the skirt to extend 
from one-half to three-quarters the distance from the point of the 
hip to the bend of the knee; the lining to be black, with pockets 
on the inside of skirt, and the coat to conform, in material and cut, 
to the pattern in the office of the Quartermaster General. 

For general officers, the collar will be made of blue-black velvet; 
the sleeve will have a cuff of blue-black velvet 4 inches wide. For 
other officers, the collar will be made of the same material as the 
coat, and the cuffs will simply be a continuation of the material of 
the sleeves. 

Shoulder Ornaments. — For general officers, epaulets (see para- 
graph 38). 

For all other officers, shoulder knots of gold-wire cord, as here- 
after described under Shoulder Knots (paragraph 39). To be se- 
curely fastened to the coat, and to be made detachable for all offi- 
-cers. 

Collar Ornament. — For general officers, the collar will be orna- 



1908.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 237 

merited with a band of oak leaves embroidered in gold, and extend- 
ing all the way round. 

For all other officers, the ornament will consist of two bands of 
■§• inch gold-wire lace, two vellums, passing all around the collar and 
parallel with its edge, the upper edge of the upper band being J- 
inch from the edge of the collar, the lower edge of the lower band- 
resting on the collar seam; the upper band to be brought down 
parallel to the front edge of the collar and distant \ inch therefrom, 
and to be joined to the lower band. The two bands of gold- wire 
lace to be on a ground of silk or cloth of the color of the facings 
of the corps, department or arm of the service, with an interval of 
not less than \ inch nor more than f inch between the bands. 

Sleeve Ornament. — For general officers, the velvet cuff of the 
sleeve will be ornamented with a band of oak leaves embroidered 
in gold, passing around the cuff; the top of the band of oak leaves 
to be 1 inch below the upper edge of the velvet cuff; insignia of 
rank as per paragraph 57 (d). 

For general officers of the staff departments see paragraph 
57 (d). . 

For all other officers, the sleeve will be ornamented with a band 
of \ inch gold-wire lace, two vellums, passing around the cuff 2%- 
inches from the end of the sleeve ; to be surmounted by the insignia 
of rank, indicated by flat gold-wire lace ^ inch in width (see Insignia, 
paragraph 57). The insignia of the corps, department or arm of 
service, in gold or silver metal or embroidery (see Insignia, para- 
graph 57), will be placed in the center of the open space under the 
lace insignia. 

Buttons. — Two regulation gilt buttons will be placed at the back 
of the waist, and one regulation gilt button near the end of each 
skirt, making four buttons on the back of the coat, for all officers. 

Three small regulation gilt buttons will be placed on the cuff at 
sleeve, for general officers only. 

For officers of the various grades, regulation gilt buttons will be 
placed on the breast of the coat, as follows : — 

For major general, two rows, nine in each row, placed by threes,, 
distance between rows being from 8 to 10 inches at the top and 
from 4 to 5 inches at the bottom, rows and groups to be symmetri- 
cally disposed. 

For brigadier general, the same as for the major general, except 
that there will be eight buttons in each row, placed in pairs. 

For all officers below the rank of brigadier general, two rows of 
nine buttons each, the buttons to be placed at equal intervals. 

Officers who now have full-dress coats with seven buttons are 
authorized to wear the coats until they become unserviceable. 

For all officers of the Corps of Engineers, the same as for other 
officers, with the following exceptions : — 



238 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

Piping: A piping of scarlet cloth, £ inch wide, to be placed 
around the base of the neck, the edge of collar lace along top, and 
down the front edge of lapel, stopping at the bottom, and from top 
of back flap in the middle of the back to the bottom of skirt. 

Skirt facings : To be of scarlet cloth, with one row of £ inch gold- 
wire two-vellum lace placed upon white braid, showing A inch of 
braid on each side, \ inch from the outer edge of the scarlet cloth, 
following the vertical and horizontal lines, with a regulation gilt 
button placed in the lower corner of the scarlet cloth just inside the 
gold lace. 

For chaplains, a black frock coat, without ornamentation, with 
standing collar, one row of nine black silk buttons on the breast; 
of same length as for other officers. 

Dress Coat. 

19. For General Officers. — A sack coat of dark-blue cloth or 
serge; three small regulation gilt buttons will be placed on the 
cuff at sleeve; high rolling collar; double-breasted, with two rows 
of regulation gilt buttons grouped as on the full-dress coat; the 
skirt to extend one-third the distance from the point of the hip to 
the bend of the knee; a slit extending from 2 inches above to 2 
inches below the hip, so as to permit hooking up saber. A shoulder 
strap, as hereafter described (paragraph 40), will be placed on each 
shoulder, adjacent to the seam, and collar ornaments (see Insignia, 
paragraph 57 (a) ) on the collar. Inside pockets. 

For All Other Officers. — A single-breasted sack coat of dark-blue 
cloth or serge, with standing collar varying from 1^ inches to 2 
inches in height and fastened with two hooks and eyes; coat to 
close with flap containing suitable concealed fastenings; slit not 
exceeding 3 inches for hooking up saber; the skirt to extend from 
one-third to two-thirds the distance from the point of the hip to 
the bend of the knee, according to the height of the wearer; cut 
to fit the figure easily; a vertical opening at each side of the hip, 
according to pattern. The coat to be trimmed with lustrous flat 
black mohair braid 1^ inches wide, as follows: edged all around the 
bottom, the front edges and for 6 inches upward from the bottom 
along both side openings of the skirt. The collar to be faced with 
mohair braid of same width as height of collar. 

Shoulder straps, as hereafter described (paragraph 40), and 
collar ornaments (see Insignia, paragraph 57 (a) ) will be worn 
with this garment. 

Service Coat. 

20. For All Officers. — A single-breasted sack coat of olive-drab 
woolen material or khaki-colored cotton material, made with two 
outside breast choked-bellows pockets and two outside pockets of 



1908.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 239 

same pattern below the waist; pockets to be without plaits and 
covered by flaps, rounded at edges, buttoned by a small regulation 
button; the coat to have falling collar, from 1 to If inches in width, 
depending on the wearer; on each shoulder a loop of the same 
material as the coat, let in at shoulder seam and reaching from the 
sleeve seam to the edge of the collar, and buttoning at the upper end 
with a small regulation button; loops to be 2 inches wide at the 
shoulder end and 1 inch wide at the collar end. The coat to fit 
closely at the waist and loosely at the chest, at least 5 inches in 
excess of the chest measurement; buttoned down the front with 
five regulation buttons. The skirt to extend one-third the distance 
from the point of the hip to the bend of the knee. Sleeves to be 
without cuffs. All buttons for this coat to be of dull-finish bronze 
metal. 

Collar ornaments (see Insignia, paragraph 57 (a) and (6) ) will be 
worn with this garment. The insignia of rank, as prescribed in 
paragraph 57 (c), will be placed on the shoulder loop, near the 
sleeve seam. Chaplains will wear a plain Latin cross of dull-finish 
bronze metal in lieu of the insignia of rank. 

All officers except the permanent staff of the Commander-in- 
Chief will wear a band of brown braid \ inch wide on the sleeves of 
the service coat, the lower edge of the braid 3 inches from the end of 
the sleeves. For officers on the permanent staff of the Commander- 
in-Chief the braid will be black, except for detailed aids. 

White Coat. 

21. For All Officers. — A single-breasted sack coat of white ma- 
terial, with standing collar varying from 1\ inches to 2 inches in 
height and fastened with two hooks and eyes, white metal, or with 
two plain gold collar buttons; coat to close with a flap containing 
suitable concealed fastenings; the skirt to extend from one-third 
to two-thirds the distance from the point of the hip to the bend of 
the knee, according to the height of the wearer ; cut to fit the figure 
easily; a vertical opening at each side of the hip, according to 
pattern. The coat to be trimmed with white flat braid 1\ inches 
wide, as follows: edged all around the bottom, the front edges and 
for 6 inches upward from the bottom along both side openings of 
the skirt. The collar to be faced with mohair braid if the material 
of the coat be serge or flannel, and with linen or cotton if the ma- 
terial of the coat be linen or cotton. White shoulder loops of the 
same material as the coat, let in at shoulder seam, and of the 
pattern prescribed for the service coat. 

Insignia on the collar to be the same as prescribed for the dress 
coat; insignia of rank to be placed on the shoulder loop, as pre- 
scribed for the service coat. Chaplains will wear a plain Latin 
cross of silver in lieu of insignia of rank. This garment is permitted. 



240 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 



Overcoat. 

22. For All Officers. — A double-breasted ulster of olive-drab 
woolen material, according to pattern in the office of the Quarter- 
master General, suitably lined and closing by means of five large 
buttons 45 lines diameter; a standing rolling collar, the "stand" to 
be not less than f nor more than If inches, and the turn down 
(falling) part not less than 4 nor more than 5 inches in width; 
collar in front to be closed by two hooks and eyes; a flap of same 
material as the coat 5 inches in length and 2 inches in width, pro- 
vided with one buttonhole at each end, made detachable, so as to 
close the falling part of the collar when worn closed. 

A pocket on each side, placed vertically, lower end of pocket 2 
inches below the hip bone, extending from 8 to 10 inches upward. 
Over the pockets a flap of same length, rounded at edges and closed 
by a small button at middle of flaps. Slits of pockets to be cut 
through linings, thus permitting the slings to come through left 
pocket hole for hooking up saber. The back to be slit up from the 
bottom 20 to 25 inches, and closed by small buttons under con- 
cealed flap, the latter buttoning from right to left. 

Coat to extend down the legs from 8 to 10 inches below the knee, 
according to the height of the wearer. Sleeves loose, without cuffs 
or slit. Back straps placed at waist line, let in at the side seams, 
and to button together by two large buttons. 

A hood of same material as coat, lined with suitable material of 
same color; made to button around the neck under the collar by 
means of five small buttons; hood to be large enough to cover the 
head and cap. When in garrison the hood will ordinarily be worn 
only at night or in inclement weather. Under arms, only when 
prescribed by the commanding officer. 

All buttons to be of horn, conforming in color to the material of 
the coat. 

The front corners of the skirt to be provided with buttons or 
hooks, so that said corners may be turned back when it is necessary 
to facilitate marching. The overcoat will be worn over any uni- 
form, without change of head gear. 

Insignia on sleeve, see paragraph 57 (e). 

Capes. 

23. For All Officers. — To be of dark-blue cloth, without braid 
binding, reaching at least to the tips of the fingers with the arm 
dropped at the side, and not below the knee; with a rolling collar 
of black velvet 3 inches broad, and closing at the throat with a 
long loop. It may be worn with the full-dress or dress uniform by 
all officers when not on duty with troops under arms. To be lined 
as follows : — 



1908.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 241 

For General Officers and Officers of the Staff Departments, including 
Permanent Staff of Commander-in-Chief. — Dark blue. 
For Officers of Infantry. — Light blue. 
For Officers of Artillery. — Scarlet. 
For Officers of Cavalry. — Yellow. 

Full-dress Trousers. 

24. For General Officers. — Of dark-blue cloth, with two stripes 
of gold-wire lace \ inch wide with \ inch interval between them, 
mounted upon light-weight velvet of color of cuffs and collar of 
coat, and placed alongside the outside seam of the trousers. 

For Officers holding Permanent Appointments in the Staff Depart- 
ments, except Engineers. — Of dark-blue cloth, with one stripe of 
gold-wire lace |- inch wide along each outside seam. 

For Officers of Cavalry, Artillery and Infantry. — Of sky-blue 
cloth, with stripes 1^ inches wide, welted at the edges; the color 
of the stripes to be that of the facings of the respective corps or 
arms, except that for officers of infantry the stripes shall be white. 

For All Officers of the Corps of Engineers. — Of dark-blue cloth, 
with stripes of scarlet cloth 1£ inches in width, with a piping of 
white cloth ■§■ inch in width. 

For Chaplains. — Of plain black or blue-black cloth, without 
stripe, welt or cord. 

Dress Trousers. 

25. For General Officers, Officers holding Permanent Appointments 
in the Staff Departments, except Engineers. — Of dark-blue cloth, 
without stripe, welt or cord. 

For All Other Officers. — The same as for full dress. 

White Trousers. 

26. For All Officers. — Of plain white material to match the white 
coat without stripe, welt or cord, are permitted. 

Service Trousers. 

27. For All Officers. — Of olive-drab woolen or khaki-colored 
cotton material, to match the coat, without tripe, welt or cord, 
are permitted. 

Dress Breeches. 

28. For All Officers. — Of same material and wit same stripes 
as dress trousers, cut in the prescribed pattern and fastened from 
the knee down with dark bone buttons of appropriate size or with 
laces. 

Service Breeches. 

29. For All Officers. — Of olive-drab woolen or khaki-colored 
cotton material, to match the service coat, without stripe, welt or 
cord. To be made loose about the seat and above the knees; to 



242 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

fit closely below the knee, extending to the tops of the shoes, and 
to be fastened with tapes or laces or buttons. To have a reenforce 
or saddle piece of the same material on the seat and legs for officers 
required to be mounted. 

Chape au. 

30. For General Officers, for Full Dress, Dismounted. — According 
to pattern in the office of the Quartermaster General; to be worn 
with the front peak turned slightly to the left, showing the gilt 
ornaments upon the right side. 

Full-dress Cap. 

31. (a) For General Officers, Mounted. — A full-dress cap, to be 
of the same pattern and material as the full-dress cap for other 
officers, except that it will have a blue-black velvet band between 
the two lower welts If inches wide, and midway thereon an em- 
broidered design of oak leaves in gold 1 inch wide surrounding the 
cap; and on the visor an ornament of oak leaves embroidered in 
gold on the upper surface, as described herein. This cap may also 
be worn, instead of the chapeau, dismounted, at the discretion of 
the wearer. 

For All Other Officers, except Chaplains. — To be of dark-blue 
cloth, with three cloth welts; total depth, 3£ inches; diameter 
across the top, 8f inches for a cap of size 7, the top to be I inch 
larger or smaller for every size above or below above-named size. 
The sides to be made in four pieces, to be 1£ inches between upper 
welts and stiffened with haircloth and wire around crown. Between 
the two lower welts a band If inches in width, to be arranged as 
follows: gold lace, % inch wide; background, f inch wide; gold 
lace, % inch wide. The background between the bands of gold lace 
will be as follows : of silk, the color being that of the facings of the 
corps, department or arm of service (see paragraph 55). Visor to 
be of black patent leather, If inches deep at the center, and of green 
color underneath; to droop at an angle of 45 degrees; to be orna- 
mented with oak leaves embroidered in gold on the upper surface 
for all officers above the rank of captain. Cap to be provided with 
flat gold cap strap, f inch wide, to be held at the sides by two small 
regulation gilt buttons. The cap badge shall be the coat of arms 
of the United States, embroidered in gold, as per pattern, and so 
placed that the tip of the eagle wings shall be f inch below the top 
welt of the cap. All the details to be in accordance with pattern 
in the office of the Quartermaster General. 

Aigrettes and Pompons. 

31. (b) To be worn with the full-dress cap (except when same 
is worn with evening uniform), immediately over the device, slant- 
ing forward at an angle of about 70 degrees. 



1908.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 243 

For General Officers and All Other Officers entitled to be mounted, 
except Chaplains. — A horse-hair aigrette, evened at the top, wound 
at the base with heavy silk and finished at the base with a silk 
Turk's head, set in a gilt embossed socket, all to be in accordance 
with pattern in the office of the Quartermaster General, the color 
of the hair and silk being that of the facings of the corps, depart- 
ment or arm of service (see paragraph 55), with the exception that 
the hair portion of the aigrette worn by infantry officers may be 
of a distinctive color, as hereinafter provided. When the facing 
provides for a piping of a different color (see paragraph 55), the 
hair part of the aigrette will conform with the color of the piping. 

For All Officers not entitled to be mounted. — A pompon with a gilt 
embossed socket, in accordance with pattern in the office of the 
Quartermaster General, to be worn as prescribed for the aigrette, 
the color of the pompon being that of the facing of the corps, de- 
partment or arm of service (see paragraph 55), with the exception 
that the upper portion of the pompon worn by infantry officers 
may be of a distinctive color, as provided hereinafter. 

Regiments of infantry are authorized to adopt a color distinctive 
of their regiment, subject to the approval of the Commander-in- 
Chief, said color to constitute the hair portion of the aigrette and 
the upper portion of the pompon, but, when once adopted, the 
distinctive color for any particular regiment shall not be changed 
without authority of the Commander-in-Chief. 

Dress Cap. 

32. To be the same as the full-dress cap, except that instead of 
the gold lace and colored background the space between the lower 
welts shall be covered as follows : for general officers, by a band of 
blue-black velvet ; for all other officers, by a band of lustrous black 
mohair braid. The visor ornament of gold oak leaves as also ex- 
cepted. 

Chaplain's Hat. 

33. Chaplains will wear with the full-dress and dress uniform a 
black hat, similar in shape to the service hat; to be ornamented 
with a cord of gold bullion and black silk intermixed, according to 
pattern in the office of the Quartermaster General. 

Service Cap (Olive-drab). 

34. For All Officers. — Of olive-drab serge, conforming to pattern 
in the office of the Quartermaster General; without wire in top; 
to be made with three welts: total depth, 3£ inches; diameter 
across the top, 8f inches for a cap of size 7; the top to be \ inch 
larger or smaller for every size above or below size above named; 
the sides or bell to be made in four pieces, seams equidistant; to be 



244 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

1% inches between welt joining top pieces to bell and top welt of 
band. 

To have a band of lustrous mohair braid of olive-drab color If 
inches wide between the two lower welts. 

To have a visor of black enameled leather, lined on under side 
with dark-green embossed leather, securely cemented to body of 
visor with the best rubber cement. The visor to be bound with 
black enameled leather to a depth of about A inch, upper edge of 
binding to be neatly turned in and stitched; the width of visor at 
its widest part to be If inches, to be molded to shape at an angle of 
45 degrees. 

Trimmings: Chin strap to be made of best enameled black 
leather in two parts, with the necessary keepers of the same ma- 
terial;- to be held in place by two small regulation buttons of dull- 
finish bronze. Lining to be of best quality olive-drab cotton and 
worsted serge, cut and shaped to the inner body of the cap, crown 
to be joined at the seam of the crownpiece of the cap, stitched 
therewith and to the band to hold lining securely in place. No 
stiffening of any kind to be used in crown or bell of cap. The 
inside band to be of a strong, flexible material, protected by a 
sweat leather of best quality; leather properly sewed in, turned on 
upper edge and securely cemented. 

Each cap to have four enameled metal eyelets, as near color of 
serge as possible; to be placed above the band, two on each side of 
cap, the center of each eyelet to be halfway between upper welt 
of band and crown seam and 11 inches apart. 

The cap badge shall be the coat of arms of the United States, of 
dull-finish bronze metal, detachable. 

To be worn with the olive-drab service uniform as prescribed. 

Service Cap (Cotton Khaki). 

35. For All Officers. — Of cotton khaki, United States Army 
standard. To conform in pattern to the service cap of olive-drab 
serge. Tops to be detachable and without bands. Each cap to 
be provided with two covers. Cap badge, visor and strap to be 
same as specified for olive-drab service caps. To be worn with the 
cotton khaki service uniform as prescribed. This cap is permitted. 

White Cap. 

36. For All Officers. — Of white linen or cotton duck, with re- 
movable top, conforming to the pattern of the service cap; the 
band between the two lower welts to be of white braid; the visor, 
cap strap and buttons to be as prescribed for the dress cap. The 
cap badge shall be the coat of arms of the United States, of gold or 
gilt metal, detachable. This cap is permitted. 



1908.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 245 



Service Hat. 

37. Of felt, of color of the service uniform, as nearly as prac- 
ticable, according to pattern in the office of the Quartermaster 
General. To be ornamented with a double cord, \ inch in diameter, 
as follows: for general officers, to be of gold bullion; for all other 
officers, of gold bullion and black silk intermixed. (See Table of 
Occasions.) 

Epaulets. 

38. For General Officers. — Of gold, with solid crescent, according 
to pattern in the office of the Quartermaster General. The only 
device will be the coat of arms of Massachusetts, embroidered in 
gold, placed in the center of the crescent. 

Shoulder Knots. 

39. For All Officers, except Chaplains. — Of gold-wire cord, \ inch 
in diameter, formed of three cords in four plaits and rounded top, 
finished with small gilt regulation button; about 5J inches long, 
extending from the seam of the sleeve to the seam of the collar; 
slightly stiffened with a flexible backing, which is to be covered 
with cloth of the color of the coat; to be made detachable. 

Shoulder Straps. 

40. Major General. — Dark-blue cloth, If inches wide and 4 
inches long, bordered with an embroidery of gold \ inch wide; 
two silver embroidered stars of five rays each, the center of each 
star to be 1 inch from the outer edge of gold embroidery on end of 
straps; both stars of same size. 

Brigadier General. — The same as for a major general, except 
that there will be one star at the center of the strap instead of two 
stars. 

Colonel. — The same as for a brigadier general, omitting the 
star, with a silver embroidered spread eagle on the center of the 
strap, 2 inches between the tips of the wings, having in the right 
talon an olive branch and in the left a bundle of arrows: an es- 
cutcheon on the breast as represented in the Arms of the United 
States. Color of the cloth of the straps to be as stated under 
Colors of Facings (paragraph 55). 

Lieutenant Colonel. — The same as for a colonel, according to 
corps, department or arm of service, omitting the eagle, with a 
silver embroidered leaf at each end, each leaf extending £ inch from 
the end of the strap. 

Major. — The same as for a lieutenant colonel, with a gold em- 
broidered leaf at each end instead of the silver leaf; each leaf ex- 
tending £ inch from the end of the strap. 



246 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

Captain. — The same as for a major, omitting the leaves; at 
each end two silver embroidered bars of the same width as the 
border, placed parallel to the ends of the strap; the distance be- 
tween them and the border equal to the width of the border. 

First Lieutenant. — The same as for a captain; at each end one 
silver embroidered bar of the same width as the border, placed 
parallel to the ends of the strap, at a distance from the border equal 
to the width of the border. 

Second Lieutenant or Additional Second Lieutenant. — The same 
as for a first lieutenant, omitting the bars. 

Chaplain. — The same as for a second lieutenant, with a plain 
Latin cross of silver in the center; cloth of strap to be dark blue. 

AlGUILLETTES. 

41. For Officers of the Staff of the Commander-in-Chief, Officers 
of the Adjutant General's Department, Officers of the Inspector Gen- 
eral's Department, Aids to General Officers and Regimental Adju- 
tants. — Of gold-wire cord, according to pattern in the office of the 
Quartermaster General. 

Aiguillettes will be worn attached to the right shoulder knot, 
longer pencil cord to the rear, loops crossing on top of the right 
arm above the elbow, the front pencil cord to be hung to the top 
button on right side, and the rear pencil cord, passing under the 
right arm, to be hung on the second button, both cords to be so 

hung before the coat is buttoned. 

Sashes. 

42. For General Officers. — Buff silk ribbon 3 to 4 inches wide, or 
buff silk net, or buff silk and gold thread or webbing with silk 
bullion fringe edges, according to pattern in the office of the Quar- 
termaster General; general officers above the grade of brigadier 
general will wear the sash across the body from the right shoulder 
to the left side, and not extending around the waist. 

For Brigadier Generals. — The sash shall be made up and fastened 
with a flat catch, knot arranged ready for adjustment, according 
to pattern in the office of the Quartermaster General. Sash to be 
worn only in one thickness around the waist, so as to fit snugly 
over the belt. 

Cravats. 

43. For All Officers, except Chaplains. — Of black silk, the tie not 
to be worn outside the opening of the collar. 

For Chaplains. — A white or black tie. 



1908.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 247 



Gloves. 

44. According to pattern in the office of the Quartermaster Gen- 
eral. For officers on mounted duty, leather gauntlets; for officers 
on dismounted duty, white gloves of cotton, wool or leather. 

Sabers. 

45. For All Officers, except Chaplains. — According to pattern in 
the office of the Quartermaster General. 

Saber Knots. 

46. For General Officers. — Heavy gold cord, with acorn ends, 
according to pattern in the office of the Quartermaster General. 

For All Other Officers, except Chaplains. — Strap and acorn, to be 
of gold bullion and black silk interwoven. 

The gold lace saber knots will be worn on full-dress and dress 
occasions; on other occasions officers will wear a saber knot of 
plaited russet leather, according to pattern. 

Full-dress Saber Belts. 

47. For All Officers, except Chaplains. — A waist belt not less 
than 1^ inches nor more than 2 inches wide, with detachable slings, 
to be worn outside of the full-dress coat. To be made of the fol- 
lowing materials and facings : — 

For General Officers, except Brigadier Generals. — Of red Russia 
leather, with three stripes of gold embroidery, having detachable 
embroidered Russia leather slings, as per pattern in the office of 
the Quartermaster General. 

For Brigadier Generals. — A black webbing belt, according to 
pattern in the office of the Quartermaster General, with detachable 
Russia leather slings, same as the slings for other general officers. 
The belt to be fastened with a flat, smooth brass buckle, and to be 
worn on the outside of the coat under the sash. 

For All Field Officers. — One broad stripe of gold lace on black 
enameled leather, according to pattern in the office of the Quarter- 
master General. 

For All Officers holding Permanent Appointments in the Staff 
Departments, except Engineers, below the Rank of Field Officer. — 
Four stripes of gold lace, interwoven with black silk, on black 
enameled leather, according to pattern in the office of the Quarter- 
master General. 

For Officers of Cavalry, Artillery and Infantry below the Rank of 
Field Officer. — Four stripes of gold-wire lace, interwoven with silk 
of the color of arm of service, according to pattern in the office of 
the Quartermaster General. 

For Officers of Engineers. — Same as for officers of artillery. 



248 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 



Full-dress Belt Plate. 

48. For All Officers, except Chaplains. — Gilt, rectangular, 2 
inches wide, with bright raised rim, according to pattern in the office 
of the Quartermaster General; a silver wreath of laurel encircling 
the Arms of the United States; stars also of silver; eagle, shield, 
scroll, edge of cloud and rays, bright. The motto "E pluribus 
unum" upon the scroll. 

Dress and Service Belt. 

49. For All Officers, except Chaplains. — Of russet leather or pig- 
skin, with detachable slings of the same material, provided with 
a buckle of dull-finish bronze, according to pattern in the office of 
the Quartermaster General. To be worn under the dress coat and 
overcoat, and outside the service coat. 

In the field the use of a belt made with cross belts over the 
shoulders and adapted to carry saber and pistol, according to 
pattern in the office of the Quartermaster General, is authorized. 

A belt of black webbing, with detachable slings of russet leather 
or pigskin, may be worn under the dress coat. Full-dress slings 
will be worn with the full-dress uniform and the russet leather or 
pigskin slings with all other uniforms, except as prescribed for 
visits to the White House (page 274). 

Shoulder Belts. 

50. For All Officers of the Signal Corps. — For full dress, a 
shoulder belt corresponding to their waist belt, with field-glass case 
attached, as per pattern in the office of the Quartermaster General. 

Boots. 

51. For All Mounted Officers. — To be of russet leather or of pol- 
ished black, black enamel or patent leather, according to pattern 
in the office of the Quartermaster General. The spur rest to be 
If inches above bottom of heel. 

Shoes. 

52. For All Officers. — High shoes of russet leather or of polished 
black, black enamel or patent leather. 

Spurs. 

53. For All Mounted Officers. — Of white metal, without chains, 
according to pattern in the office of the Quartermaster General. 
The projecting stud to be of only sufficient length to prevent the 
strap slipping; to have a half-concealed rowel, showing on the 



1908.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 249 

upper side only; buckle to be plain; to be worn with black straps 
with full-dress and dress uniform, and with russet leather straps 
with the leggins and russet leather boots. 

Leggins. 

54. For All Officers. — Russet leather leggins of the pattern 
known as the " strap puttee." Mounted officers may substitute 
russet leather boots. In the field, a canvas leggin, as furnished 
by the Quartermaster's Department, may be worn. 

Colors of Facings. 

55. For General Officers and Officers holding Permanent Appoint- 
ments in the Staff Departments, including the Permanent Aids of the 
Commander-in-Chief, except as herein mentioned. — Dark blue. 

For Officers of Engineers. — Scarlet, piped with white. 
For Officers of the Signal Corps. — Orange, piped with white. 
For Officers of the Ordnance Department. — Black, piped with 
scarlet. 
For Officers of the Medical Corps. — Maroon. 
For Officers of the Quartermaster's Department. — Buff. 
For Officers of Cavalry. — Yellow. 
For Officers of Artillery. — Scarlet. 
For Officers of Infantry. — Light blue. 

Buttons. 

56. For All Officers. — Circular, slightly convex; device, coat of 
arms of Massachusetts. To be of two sizes: (1) the regulation 
button, exterior diameter f inch; (2) the small regulation button, 
exterior diameter ve inch, according to pattern in the office of the 
Quartermaster General. 

Insignia. 

57. To conform to patterns in the office of the Quartermaster 
General. 

(a) Collar Ornaments. 

A coat of arms of Massachusetts, made of gold or gilt metal or 
dull-finish bronze, as may be prescribed, according to specifications 
or pattern in the office of the Quartermaster General: to be worn 
on the collar of the dress, service or white coat, placed at a distance 
of 1 inch from each end of the collar. When worn upon the dress 
or white uniform, the coat of arms will be of gold or gilt metal: 
when worn upon the service coat, it will be of dull bronze metal. 

(b) Insignia of Corps, Department or Arm of Service. 

To be placed on the sleeves of the full-dress coat and overcoat, 
as prescribed in sections (d) and (e) of this paragraph: and on the 
collar of the dress, service and white coats, at a distance of f inch 



250 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

from the coat of arms of Massachusetts; to be of metal or em- 
broidery for the full-dress coat, and of metal, as hereinafter pre- 
scribed, for the dress and the white coats, and of dull-finish bronze 
metal for the service coat and overcoat. 

Collar devices indicating proficiency in rifle practice may be worn 
on collars of dress and service coats, f inch from insignia of arm of 
service; but one such device will be permitted. 

Adjutant General's Department. — A shield of gold or gilt metal. 

Inspector General's Department. — Gold or gilt sword and fasces, 
crossed and wreathed. 

Judge Advocate General's Department. — Sword and pen in gold 
or gilt metal, crossed and wreathed. 

Quartermaster's Department. — Sword and key crossed on a 
wheel, surmounted by a spread eagle, of gold or gilt metal, plati- 
num and enamel. 

Subsistence Department. — A silver crescent, ^ inch between 
cusps, cusps to the rear. 

Pay Department. — A diamond, with diagonals § inch and 1 inch 
in length, in gold or gilt metal, placed with shorter diagonal ver- 
tical. 

Medical Department. — A caduceus, of gold or gilt metal. 

Corps of Engineers. — A silver turreted castle. 

Ordnance Department. — Shell and flame, of gold or gilt metal. 

Signal Corps. — Two crossed signal flags and a burning torch, in 
gold and silver. 

Cavalry. — Two crossed sabers, 1 inch high, with number of 
squadron above intersection, of gold or gilt metal. 

Field Artillery. — Two crossed field guns 1 inch high, with 
number of battalion above the intersection, of gold or gilt metal. 

Coast Artillery Corps. — Two crossed cannons 1 inch high, of 
gold or gilt metal, with oval at the intersection, having a scarlet 
center exhibiting an oblong projectile in gilt outline. 

Infantry. — Two crossed rifles, design to be 1 inch high, with 
number of regiment above intersection, of gold or gilt metal. 

Aids. — A device, 1£ inches high, consisting of a shield of the 
United States, of property colored enamel, f inch high and f inch 
wide at top, surmounted by a gold or gilt eagle, with wings dis- 
played. On the blue field of the shield a star or stars, according 
to the rank of the general on whose staff the officer is serving ; aids 
to the Commander-in-Chief shall display two stars on the blue 
field. Tliis device is to be worn on the collar of the dress coat and 
on the sleeves of the full-dress coat and overcoat, in lieu of corps 
or line device. 

Regimental Staff Officers. — Regimental adjutants, quarter- 
masters, commissaries, adjutants of artillery districts and squadron 
and battalion adjutants will wear in the lower angles of their in- 



1908.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — Xo. 7. 251 

signia the devices (of gold or gilt metal) of the respective depart- 
ments to which their duties correspond. Battalion and squadron 
quartermasters and commissaries will wear the quartermaster de- 
vices. 

Chaplains. — The same as for regimental staff officers, except 
that the pendant design shall be a Latin cross, of gold or gilt metal. 

(c) Insignia of Rank for Shoulder Loops. 

Major General. — Two silver stars. 
Brigadier General. — One silver star. 
Colonel. — One silver spread eagle. 
Lieutenant Colonel. — One silver leaf. 
Major. — One gold leaf. 
Captain. — Two silver bars. 
First Lieutenant. — One silver bar. 

(d) Sleeve Insignia of Rank for Full-dress Coat. 

Major General. — Two silver stars, one point up, to be placed 
1 inch above the velvet cuff. 

Brigadier General. — One silver star, one point up, to be placed 
1 inch above the velvet cuff. 

For general officers of the staff departments the proper corps or 
department insignia will be placed 1 inch above the cuff and the 
star or stars 1 inch above that insignia. 

Colonel. — A single knot, composed of five strands of gold-wire 
lace, not exceeding ^ inch in width. To be applied to the sleeve 
of the full-dress coat below the elbow, the base resting on the gold 
band of the sleeve. 

Lieutenant Colonel. — Four strands, single knot. 

Major. — Three strands, single knot. 

Captain. — Two strands, single knot. 

First Lieutenant. — One strand, single knot. 

Second Lieutenant. — Without gold lace. 

Chaplain. — Without gold lace. 

The outside dimensions of the gold lace insignia will be the same 
for all officers, the diminution being made by omitting strands from 
the interior. 

(e) Sleeve Insignia of Rank for Overcoats. 

Major General. — A band of lustrous black mohair braid 1J inches 
wide, placed with its lower edge 2\ inches above end of sleeve, 
surmounted by two stars, 1 inch in diameter, of dull-finish bronze 
metal, placed \ inch above the braid. The stars to be surmounted 
by a band of lustrous black mohair braid \ inch wide, \ inch above 
the stars. 

Brigadier General. — Same as for major general, with one star. 



252 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

For general officers of the staff departments the proper insignia 
will be placed 1 inch above the upper band. 

For other officers the insignia of rank will be as prescribed for the 
full-dress coat, made of flat black mohair soutache braid, £ inch in 
width, applied with the base resting at the lower end of the sleeve. 
The insignia of corps, department or arm of the service, of dull-finish 
bronze metal, will be placed in the middle of the lower loop, or, if 
no loop is worn, 1^ inches above end of the sleeve. 

Overcoats of chaplains to be without insignia of rank. 

Officers of the permanent staff of Commander-in-Chief, except 
general officers, will wear a band of black mohair braid J inch 
wide on the sleeve, the lower edge of the braid to be 2\ inches 
above the end of the sleeve, the lower end of the prescribed insignia 
of rank to rest upon the upper edge of the band. 

Uniform for Evening Wear. 

58. The commanding officer will designate the uniform for even- 
ing wear on all occasions of a general or official character occurring 
within the limits of his command. 

For occasions of special formality, the uniform for evening func- 
tions shall be the prescribed full-dress dismounted uniform. 

For other occasions of ceremony to which officers are invited in 
their official capacity, such as balls, official dinners, official recep- 
tions, etc., and formal mess dinners, the following special full-dress 
uniform is authorized, and officers are at liberty to wear it or the 
full-dress dismounted uniform : — 

An evening dress coat of dark-blue cloth, cut on the lines of the 
civilian dress coat, with the regulation gilt buttons of same number 
and placed as on pattern in Quartermaster General's office; the 
sleeves of this coat to be ornamented for all officers in the same 
manner as the sleeves of their full-dress uniform coats. 

A waistcoat of dark-blue or white, cut low, with full open bosom, 
fastened with three small gilt regulation buttons; conventional 
black or white tie; also full-dress trousers by all officers except 
those of engineers, cavalry, artillery and infantry, who will wear 
dark-blue trousers without stripes; patent leather shoes and full- 
dress cap. Shoulder ornaments for general officers will be epaulets 
or shoulder knots; for other officers, except chaplains, shoulder 
knots. 

This uniform is permitted but not required. 

Mess Jacket. 

59. Officers of the staff departments, the Coast Artillery Corps 
and the regiments of cavalry, field artillery and infantry are au- 
thorized to adopt a mess jacket distinctive of their corps, depart- 
ment or regiment, which must conform- in cut to the pattern in the 
Quartermaster General's office. 



1908.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 253 

To be made of dark-blue cloth; body of jacket to be cut like 
evening dress coat, to descend to point of hips, slightly curved to 
a peak behind and in front; five buttonholes on lapels, three buttons 
of regulation coat size on each side, placed 1^- inches from bottom 
and spaced 2 to 3£ inches apart. Sleeves to be ornamented same 
as full-dress coat. Such further distinctive ornamentation of this 
jacket as may be desired by the organizations named is authorized, 
but when once adopted the mess jacket for any particular organiza- 
tion shall not be changed without authority of the Commander-in- 
Chief, on the recommendation of a majority of the officers inter- 
ested. 

With this jacket may be worn the detachable shoulder knot pro- 
vided for full-dress coat ; also vests of the color of the coat, or white, 
as prescribed in paragraph 57. 

Commanding officers may, in the tropics or in the warm season, 
authorize the white trousers to be worn with this jacket. 

Black shoes will always be worn with this jacket. 

This uniform is permitted but not required. 

Uniforms of Officers detailed for Duty on the Staff of the 

Commander-in-Chief as Aids. 

60. Officers detailed as aids on the staff of the Commander-in- 
Chief, at all times while on any military duty in staff or line, will 
wear the uniform of their own organization, with the following 
additions: they will wear the aid's shield (paragraph 57 (6) ) f 
inch from the insignia of the arm of the service on the collar, and 
immediately over the insignia of the arm of the service on the sleeve. 
They will wear the aiguillettes with the full-dress uniform. 

Uniforms of Veterinarians of Cavalry and Field Artillery. 

61. No full-dress uniform is authorized for veterinarians; their 
dress, service and white uniforms and overcoat will conform to 
those of second lieutenants of cavalry or artillery, according to the 
arm of service, omitting the shoulder straps and the coat of arms 
of Massachusetts; collar ornaments to consist of the device of arm 
of service, with number of regiment or battalion in upper angle, of 
gold or gilt metal, and the foot of a horse, shod, with wings on 
sides, of white metal in lower angle, placed at a distance of 1 inch 
from each end of collar. For their service uniform, the collar or- 
naments will be of dull-finish bronze metal. 

Miscellaneous. 

62. With the full-dress and dress uniforms, and with the service 
uniform when worn in garrison, unless otherwise authorized by 
the commanding officer, officers will wear a plain white standing 



254 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

collar and plain white cuffs ; the collar to show not to exceed £ inch 
above the collar of the coat. 

63. Officers are permitted to wear waterproof capes or overcoats, 
as nearly as practicable the color of the service uniform, when on 
duty involving exposure to rainy or other inclement weather. En- 
listed men under similar conditions may wear the poncho or slicker 
issued by the Quartermaster's department. 

64. The badge of military mourning is a knot of black crape 
upon the saber hilt for a period not to exceed thirty days. (Para- 
graph 435, Army Regulations.) 

65. All officers pertaining to a garrison or camp will, whenever 
within the limits of a post to which they belong, appear in some one 
of the prescribed uniforms. The wearing of civilian clothing will 
be restricted within the post to the necessary time required in 
entering and leaving same. 



DESCRIPTION OF GARMENTS AND OTHER ARTICLES 
OF UNIFORM FOR ENLISTED MEN. 

Dress Coat. 

66. A single-breasted sack coat of dark-blue cloth, according to 
pattern in the office of the Quartermaster General, fastened with 
six regulation buttons down the front; standing collar; shoulder 
loops, of the same material and color, let in at the shoulder seam 
and to button to the collar with a small regulation button; the 
sleeves to have a cuff, made according to pattern in the office of 
the Quartermaster General, and ornamented with three small regu- 
lation buttons. The collar, shoulder loops and cuffs to be piped 
with "cord edge braid," of the color of corps, department or arm of 
service. The color of the braid for Ordnance, Hospital Corps and 
Signal Corps to be mixed in alternate stripes. 

Collar ornaments for enlisted men to be of yellow metal, similar 
to those for officers, except that in the lower angle of their insignia 
the letters "MASS." will be worn according to pattern in the 
office of the Quartermaster General; they will be placed on the 
collar at a distance of 1 inch from each end of the collar. Marks- 
man's buttons, if worn, will be placed £ inch in the rear of the 
insignia, and but one set of buttons will be permitted. 

Musicians and trumpeters will wear the insignia of regiment or 
corps on their coat collars. Band musicians a lyre, same as worn 
on cap. 

Breast Cord. 

67. Cords and tassels of mohair, of the color of the corps, de- 
partment or arm of the service, according to pattern in the office of 
the Quartermaster General; to be attached to the dress coat, be- 



1908.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 255 

ginning at the button of the left shoulder loop, one cord passing in 
rear of the neck and the other in front, under the first button of the 
coat, crossing under the right shoulder loop and brought together 
under the right arm with a slide, then passing across the breast 
between the third and fourth buttons and attached to the left 
shoulder button. 

Service Coat. 

68. A sack coat of olive-drab woolen material or khaki-colored 
cotton material, conforming in design and cut to the service coat 
for officers, except sleeve to have a pointed cuff of same material 
as coat and to be without braid, according to pattern in the office 
of the Quartermaster General. Collar ornaments to be dull-finish 
bronze metal, according to pattern in the office of the Quarter- 
master General. 

White Coat (for Hospital Corps only). 

69. A sack coat of bleached cotton duck, according to pattern in 
the office of the Quartermaster General. Collar ornaments to be 
the same as prescribed for the dress coat, to be issued only by 
order of Commander-in-Chief. 

Fatigue Coat. 

70. For All Enlisted Men. — Of brown cotton duck, according 
to pattern in the office of the Quartermaster General. 

Overcoats. 

71. For All Enlisted Men. — Of olive-drab woolen material, gen- 
eral design and cut to be that of the officers' overcoat, the buttons 
to be of dull-finish bronze metal, according to pattern in the office 
of the Quartermaster General. To be worn over any uniform, 
without change of headgear. 

The old blue overcoat will be used until supply is exhausted. 

Dress Trousers. 

72. For All Enlisted Men. — Of sky-blue kersey; to be cut and 
made in accordance with standard pattern in the office of the 
Quartermaster General. 

Stripes for Trousers. 

73. Stripes to be of cloth, of the following colors: — 
Cavalry. — Yellow. 

Artillery. — Scarlet. 

Infantry. — White. 

Ordnance. — Black, piped with scarlet. 

Post Quartermaster Sergeants. — Buff. 



256 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

Post Commissary Sergeants. — Cadet gray. 

Hospital Corps. — Maroon, piped with white. 

Signal Corps. — Orange, piped with white. 

All noncommissioned officers above the rank of corporal will wear 
stripes 1J inches in width, including pipings. All corporals will 
wear stripes \ inch wide, including pipings. 

Musicians and trumpeters will wear two stripes, each \ inch wide. 

White Trousers (for Hospital Corps only). 

74. Of bleached cotton duck, without stripes, according to 
pattern in the office of the Quartermaster General, to be issued 
only by order of the Commander-in-Chief. 

Canvas Fatigue Trousers. 

75. Of brown cotton duck, without stripes, according to pattern 
in the office of the Quartermaster General. 

Service Breeches. 

76. Of olive-drab woolen or khaki-colored cotton material, to 
match the service coat; to be worn without stripes; to be made 
loose above the knee, fitting closely below the knee, extending to 
the tops of the shoes, and fastened with tapes or laces; to be worn 
with shoes and leggins. 

For mounted use, to have*a reenforce or saddle piece of the same 
material on seat and legs. The general design of the breeches will 
conform to the pattern prescribed for officers. 

Dress Cap. 

77. (a) Of dark-blue cloth, of same pattern and shape as that 
prescribed for officers; between the two lower welts a band If 
inches wide, to be arranged as follows: a stripe of cloth of the color 
of the corps, department or arm of service at top and bottom, the 
intervening space of f inch to be of the color of the cap; a black 
enameled leather chin strap, fitted with a stout fire-gilt slide and 
a leather keeper, secured at both ends \yy small gilt regulation 
buttons, one on each side immediately back of the ends of the visor. 

Insignia of yellow metal, except where otherwise specified, and 
made according to patterns in the office of the Quartermaster Gen- 
eral, will be attached to the front of the cap, so that the top of the 
insignia will be slightly below the top of the cap. Designs as fol- 
lows: — 

Cavalry. — Crossed sabers, with number of squadron in upper 
angle and letter of troop in lower angle. 

Field Artillery. — Crossed field guns, with number of battalion 
in upper angle and letter of battery in lower angle. 



1908.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — Xo. 7. 257 

Coast Artillery Corps. — Crossed cannons, with number of com- 
pany in lower angle. 

Infantry. — Crossed rifles, with number of regiment in upper 
angle and letter of company in lower angle. 

Ordnance Sergeants. — Shell and flame in white metal, inclosed 
in a wreath of gilt metal. 

Post Commissary Sergeants. — Crescent of white metal, the points 
up, inclosed in a wreath of gilt metal. 

Post Quartermaster Sergeants. — Insignia of the Quartermaster's 
department, in white metal, inclosed in a wreath of gilt metal. 

Noncommissioned Staff, Coast Artillery Corps. — Crossed cannons, 
inclosed in wreath of gilt metal. 

Enlisted Men of the Hospital Corps. — Sergeants, first class, a 
caduceus of white metal, inclosed in a wreath of gilt metal. For 
sergeants, corporals, lance corporals, privates, first class, and pri- 
vates, a caduceus of gilt metal, without the wreath. 

Noncommissioned Officers of the Signal Corps. — Two crossed sig- 
nal flags and a burning torch of white metal, inclosed in a wreath 
of gilt metal. For all other enlisted men of the Signal Corps, two 
crossed signal flags and a burning torch of gilt metal. 

Band Musicians. — A lyre of white metal. Infantry to have the 
number of the regiment, and Coast Artillery Corps the number of 
the band, of yellow metal, in the center of the lyre. 

Musicians of Infantry and Trumpeters of Field Artillery and Cav- 
alry. — A bugle, with letter of company, battery or troop in center 
and number of regiment above the bugle. 

Musicians of Coast Artillery Corps. — A bugle, with number of 
company in the center. 

Aigrettes and Pompons. 

77. (6) To be worn with the dress cap as full dress, immediately 
over the center of the device, and slanting forward at an angle of 
about 70 degrees. 

For All Enlisted Men entitled to be permanently mounted. — A 
horsehair aigrette, tapered at the end, and finished at the base with 
a Turk's head and socket of yellow metal, in accordance with pat- 
tern in the office of the Quartermaster General, the color of the 
aigrette being that of the facings of the corps, department or arm 
of the service; color of piping will not show on the enlisted men's 
aigrette. . 

For All Other Enlisted Men. — A pompon with a socket of yellow 
metal, in accordance with pattern in the office of the Quartermaster 
General, the color of the pompon being that of the facings of the 
corps, department or arm of the service, with the exception that 
the upper portion of the pompon worn by the infantry may be of 
a distinctive color (paragraph 31 (6) ). 



258 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 



Service Cap (Olive-drab). 

78. For All Enlisted Men. — Of olive-drab serge, according to 
pattern in the office of the Quartermaster General, without wire 
in top. Pattern to conform to that of the olive-drab service cap 
for officers, omitting the band of lustrous olive-drab braid. In- 
signia to be of dull-finish bronze metal, of same pattern as prescribed 
in paragraph 77 (a) for the dress cap. Each cap to have an eye- 
let in the front seam of the flange of the cap, f inch from the edge 
of the crown, to receive the fastening of the insignia. 

To be worn as prescribed, with the olive-drab service uniform. 

Service Hat. 

79. For All Enlisted Men. — Of felt, of color of the service uni- 
form as nearly as practicable, according to pattern in the office of 
the Quartermaster General; with double hat cord tV inch in di- 
ameter, of firm material, conforming in color to that of the corps, 
department or arm of service; to be sewed fast to the hat (see 
Table of Occasions); letter of the company, troop or battery, and 
number of the regiment, made of dull-finish bronze, to be placed on 
the front part of the crown, numeral surmounting letter; to have 
eyelets on each side for fastening a strap or cord, the use of which 
is authorized; the hat to be worn creased in the middle, as issued. 

Shoes. 

80. Black calfskin shoes. 
Russet leather shoes. 

Leggins. 

81. For All Enlisted Men. — Of cotton duck or canvas, color of 
the service uniform, made in accordance with pattern in the office 
of the Quartermaster General. 

Collars. 

82. For All Enlisted Men. — Plain standing white linen collars, 
according to pattern in the office of the Quartermaster General; 
to be worn with the full-dress and dress uniforms on all occasions, 
and to show not to exceed \ inch above the collar of the coat. 

Cravats. 

83. For All Enlisted Men. — Black, according to pattern in the 
office of the Quartermaster General ; the tie not to be worn outside 
of the opening of the collar of the coat. 



1908.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 259 



Buttons. 

84. For All Enlisted Men. — Of yellow metal, fire gilt and bur- 
nished, or of dull-finish bronze, as prescribed, according to stand- 
ards in the office of the Quartermaster General. 

Chevrons and Insignia. 

85. The rank of noncommissioned officers and designation of 
enlisted men of special status will be marked on the sleeves of the 
dress coat, overcoat, service coat, fatigue coat and white coat by 
chevrons and insignia, according to patterns in the office of the 
Quartermaster General. The chevrons for the dress coat shall 
correspond in colors and pipings to those in paragraph 73, relating 
to stripes for trousers, placed upon a groundwork of dark-blue cloth. 
The bars of the embroidery of the chevrons for overcoats, service 
coats, fatigue coats and white coats shall conform in color to shade 
of olive-drab shirting flannel, placed upon a groundwork corre- 
sponding to the material of the respective garments. 

The chevrons will be worn points up, midway between the elbow 
and shoulder, unless otherwise prescribed. 

Rank will be indicated as follows : — 

Regimental Sergeant Major and Sergeant Major, Senior Grade, 
Coast Artillery Corps. — Three bars and an arc of three bars. 

Master Electrician, Coast Artillery Corps. — Gold wreath, with 
silver forked lightning within. 

Engineer, Coast Artillery Corps. — Ring, gold bullion; governor, 
silver bullion within. 

Electrician Sergeant, First Class, Coast Artillery Corps. — Three 
bars and an arc of one bar of scarlet cloth, inclosing a representa- 
tion of forked lightning embroidered in white silk. 

Electrician Sergeant, Second Class, Coast Artillery Corps. — Same 
as electrician sergeant, first class, Coast Artillery Corps, omitting 
the arc. 

Master Gunner, Coast Artillery Corps. — Gold wreath, inclosing 
silver projectile. 

Ordnance Sergeant. — Three bars and an arc of one bar, inclosing 
a shell and a flame. 

Post Commissary Sergeant. — Three bars and a crescent (points 
to the front); top of crescent to be \ inch below the inner angle 
of chevron. 

Post Quartermaster Sergeant. — Three bars and insignia of the 
Quartermaster's department. 

Sergeants, First Class, of the Hospital Corps. — Three bars and 
an arc of one bar, of maroon cloth, inclosing a caduceus l£ inches 
high, embroidered in maroon silk; the bars, arc and caduceus to 
have a narrow white border. 



260 ADJUTANT GENERALS REPORT. [Jan. 

Sergeants of the Hospital Corps. — The same as for sergeants, 
first class, omitting the are. 

Corporals of the Hospital Corps. — The same as for sergeants, 
omitting one bar. 

Lance Corporals of the Hospital Corps. — A chevron of one bar, 
of maroon cloth with white border, in addition to and placed just 
above the caduceus for a private, first class. 

Privates, First Class, of the Hospital Corps. — A device consisting 
of a caduceus 1-| inches high, embroidered in maroon silk, and 
having a white border. 

Sergeants, First Class, of the Signal Corps. — Three bars and an 
arc of one bar, color orange, piped with white, inclosing a device 
consisting of crossed signal flags, red and white, and a burning 
torch in yellow. 

Sergeant of the Signal Corps. — Same as for sergeant of the first 
class, omitting the arc. 

Corporal of the Signal Corps. — Two bars, inclosing same device 
as for sergeant of the first class. 

Private of the Signal Corps. — Device consisting of crossed signal 
flags, red and white, and a burning torch in yellow. 

Regimental Quartermaster Sergeant. — Three bars and a tie of 
three bars. 

Regimental Coinmissary Sergeant. — Three bars and a tie of three 
bars, having a crescent (points front); top of crescent \ inch below 
the inner angle and lower point of crescent \ inch above the first 
of the tiebars. 

Chief Musician. — Three bars and an arc of two bars, with a 
bugle of pattern worn on cap in the center. 

Squadron or Battalion Sergeant Major, and Sergeant Major, Junior 
Grade, Coast Artillery Corps. — Three bars and an arc of two. bars. 

Color Sergeant. — Three bars and a star. 

Chief Trumpeter. — Three bars and an arc of one bar, with a 
bugle of pattern worn on cap in the center. 

Principal Musician. — Three bars and a bugle. 

Battalion of Field Artillery, Quartermaster Sergeant. — Three bars 
and a tie of two bars. 

First Sergeant. — Three bars and a lozenge. 

Drum Major. — Three bars and two embroidered cross batons. 

Troop, Battery or Company Quartermaster Sergeant. — Three bars 
and a tie of one bar. 

Sergeant. — Three bars. 

Stable Sergeant, Field Artillery. — Three bars and a horse's head. 

Fireman, Coast Artillery Corps. — Crossed pokers and shovel in 
red, in red ring. 

Corporal. — Two bars. 

Lance Corporal. — One bar. 



1908.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — Xo. 7. 2(31 

Cook. — A cook's cap of cloth, conforming in colors to corps, de- 
partment or arm of service. 

Farrier and Blacksmith. — A horseshoe of cloth If inches long 
and H inches wide, worn toe uppermost. 

Saddler. — A saddler's round knife of cloth. 

Chief Mechanic, Field Artillery. — Two crossed hammers of cloth, 
encircled at the base by a wreath embroidered in red silk. 

Mechanic and Artificer. — Two crossed hammers of cloth. 

Mechanics of field artillery performing the duties of farrier and 
blacksmith or of saddler will wear the devices corresponding to 
those duties, instead of two crossed hammers. 

Gunner, First Class, Artillery. — Red projectile, with white 
piping. 

Gunner, Second Class, Artillery. — Red projectile. 

If in the Coast Artillery Corps a special grade is held by a non- 
commissioned officer, the insignia shall be worn in the angle of the 
chevrons when practicable; if not, below it; if not a noncom- 
missioned officer, in the same manner as the chevrons are worn. 

Service Chevrons. 
86. All enlisted men who have served faithfully for a term of 

mi 

three years, continuously or otherwise, will wear as a mark of dis- 
tinction upon both sleeves of the dress coat, below the elbows, a 
diagonal half chevron of cloth of the color of the facings of the corps, 
department or arm of service in which they served (infantry service 
chevrons, light blue), \ inch wide, stitched upon a piece of dark-blue 
cloth of the color of the dress coat, extending from seam to seam, 
the front end being the lower and about Z\ inches from the end of 
the sleeve. For each additional period of three years' faithful 
service, continuously or otherwise, an additional chevron will be 
worn, to be placed one above the other, in the order in which they 
were earned, \ inch space between them. 

To indicate service in war, a diagonal half chevron of white cloth, 
\ inch wide, with piping on each side \ inch wide of cloth of the same 
color as the facings of the corps, department or arm of service in 
which the soldier earned the right to wear it (the piping for infantry 
to be light blue); to be worn on both sleeves of the dress coat. 

The following classes of enlisted men are entitled to wear the 
service-in- war chevron : — 

(1) All enlisted men who served during the war of the rebellion 
and who were honorably discharged. 

(2) All enlisted men who served or may serve in the Army of 
the United States in war, or in such Indian campaigns approaching 
the magnitude of war, as may from time to time be so designated 
by the Secretary of War or in orders from the headquarters of the 
army. 



262 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

(3) All enlisted men who served in the regular or volunteer Army 
of the United States between April 21, 1898, and April 11, 1899, 
and all who have served since the latter date in the Philippine 
Islands, or with the China relief expedition. 

The chevrons to indicate service and service in war, if more than 
one, will be worn one above the other, in the order in which they 
were earned, I inch distance between them, and only for wars and 
such Indian campaigns as have been so designated by the Secretary 
of War in orders. 

Gloves. 

87. Leather gauntlets for mounted duty, and white cotton or 
white wool for dismounted duty, according to patterns in the office 
of the Quartermaster General. 

Spurs. 

88. Of yellow metal, plain surface, with russet leather straps, 
according to pattern in the office of the Quartermaster General. 

Belts. 

89. Saber belts and cartridge-carrying devices, when worn with 
the overcoat, will be worn outside the overcoat. 



MISCELLANEOUS ARTICLES OF UNIFORM FOR OFFI- 
CERS, ENLISTED MEN AND OTHERS, WITH REGU- 
LATIONS PERTAINING THERETO. 

90. Dispatch Case for Staff Officers. — Of pigskin, according to 
pattern in the office of the Quartermaster General. 

Saddle. 

91. To be complete, including cinch, quarter straps, coat straps, 
hooded stirrups, saddle bags, etc.; saddle and cinch straps to be of 
stuffed russet leather; trimmings to be of dull-finish brass or bronze. 

General officers, aids-de-camp, officers of the staff departments, 
field officers and regimental staff officers may use a flat type of 
saddle, similar to the Whitman or English saddle, covered with 
russet leather, open stirrups of white metal or steel finish. On 
campaigns and practice marches the regulation saddle may be used 
at the option of the officer. 

All other officers may use the same type of saddle furnished by 
the Ordnance department, United States Army. 

Bridle. — Whitman's combination halter bridle (four reins), 
with Whitman's officers' snap bit, nickel plated. Bridle to be of 






1908.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 263 

russet leather, with trimmings of dull-finish brass or bronze. Fore- 
head band to be of the same color as the trimmings of respective 
arms. Rosettes of dull brass or bronze, with the coat of arms of 
Massachusetts thereon. 

Saddlecloths for Officers. 

92. For General Officers. — Of dark-blue cloth, according to pat- 
tern in the office of the Quartermaster General, to be worn over the 
saddle blanket or pad and under the saddle; trimmed with two 
bands of gold lace 1 inch wide and 1^ inches apart, the outer band 
following the edge of the cloth; in each flank corner the coat of 
arms of Massachusetts surmounted by stars indicating the rank 
of the general officer. General officers of the staff will have the 
insignia of the corps or department, instead of the coat of arms, in 
the flank corners. 

For Officers permanently appointed in the Staff Departments. — 
Of dark-blue cloth, according to pattern in the office of the Quarter- 
master General, worn over the saddle blanket or pad and under 
the saddle, with an edging of gold lace 1 inch wide; in each flank 
corner the insignia of the staff department, made of metal, 2\ 
inches high. For officers of the Corps of Engineers the edging 
will be of enamel leather 1 inch wide, of same color as the facings 
of the uniform instead of gold lace ; the insignia in the flank corners 
to be of metal, same as prescribed for dress coats, 2 inches high. 

Permanent Aids. — Same as permanent officers of staff depart- 
ments, except that the device shall be of the same design as the 
collar device prescribed herein. Dimensions same as for other 
officers. 

For All Other Officers, except Officers of the Coast Artillery Corps 
and Chaplains. — Of dark-blue cloth, lined with canvas, according 
to pattern in the office of the Quartermaster General ; worn over the 
saddle blanket or pad and under the saddle; number of regiment 
or separate battalion or squadron in enamel leather figures 2 inches 
in length on each flank corner; edges trimmed with enamel leather 

1 inch wide; edges and figures of the same color as the facings of 
their respective arms. 

For Officers of Coast Artillery Corps. — Same as for other line 
officers, except that the insignia in each flank corner will be of metal, 
as prescribed for dress coats, 2 inches high. 

For Chaplains. — Same as for line officers, with edging conform- 
ing to color of arm of service with which they are serving. A cross, 

2 inches high, of white metal, placed diagonally in each flank 
corner. 

Service Saddlecloth for All Officers. — A saddlecloth of the color 
of the service uniform, bound with russet leather, according to 
pattern in the office of the Quartermaster General. 



264 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

For general officers the rank will be indicated by stars of dull- 
finish bronze metal. 

For staff officers, Coast Artillery Corps officers, engineer officers, 
and aids the device will be of dull-finish bronze metal. 

For regimental officers the number, and for chaplains the cross, 
will be as for the blue saddlecloth. 

On mounted duty the dark-blue saddlecloth will be used with 
the full-dress and dress uniform, and the service saddlecloth with 
the service uniform. 

93. All officers will provide themselves with the arms and articles 
of personal equipment and the horse equipments pertaining to their 
rank and duty, and maintain them in efficient order and condition. 

Commanding officers will inspect and verify the arms and equip- 
ments of officers and enlisted men as often as they may deem neces- 
sary to assure themselves that all members of their commands are 
able to take the field, fully equipped, upon short notice. 

List of Arms and Equipments to be in Possession of Officers. 

Mounted Officers. 

Horse Equipments. — Saddle, complete; saddle blanket; blue 
saddlecloth; sendee saddlecloth; bridle, halter; watering bridle; 
nose bag ; saddlebag ; lariat ; picket pin ; currycomb ; horse brush ; 
surcingle. 

Personal Equipments. — Packing box or roll; blanket; poncho; 
canteen; haversack; meat can; knife; fork; spoon; tin cup; saber 
belt; spurs; field glass, watch and compass ; note-book and pencils; 
1 shelter tent half; 1 pole and 5 shelter tent pins; revolver holster 
and revolver cartridge box. 

Arms. — Saber, revolver and ammunition. 

Staff officers and those acting as such will carry a dispatch case. 
Medical officers will carry a surgical case. 

Medical officers will not be required to provide themselves with 
field glasses, revolver or ammunition. 

Dismounted Officers. 

Personal Equipment. — Packing box or roll; blanket; poncho; 
canteen; tin cup; meat can; knife; fork; spoon; haversack; saber 
belt; field glass, watch and compass; 1 shelter tent half; 1 pole and 
5 shelter tent pins ; revolver holster and revolver cartridge box. 

Arms. — Saber, revolver and ammunition. 

(See General Orders, No. 23, current series, A. G. 0., for list of 
equipment which may be drawn from the Quartermaster General. 

All Officers. 

The nature of the occasion will indicate the proper equipment, as 
prescribed in Table of Occasions. For' purpose of inspection the 
whole equipment may be required. 



1908.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 265 



Saddlecloths for Enlisted Men. 

94. Saddlecloths of canvas, similar in design to the officer's sad- 
dlecloth, color of the service uniform, with letter of troop and 
number of regiment, battalion or squadron in the flank corners, 
to be issued at such posts as may be designated. 

Brassards. 

95. In time of war with a signatory of the Geneva convention, 
by all persons in the military service neutralized by the terms of 
said convention, such as surgeons, members of the Hospital Corps, 
nurses and chaplains, a brassard of white cloth 16 inches long and 
3 inches wide, with a Geneva cross of red cloth 2 inches high and 2 
inches wide in the center, will be worn on the left arm above the 
elbow while on duty in the field of operations. 

Shirts. 

96. Olive-drab flannel shirts, of light or heavy material, in accord- 
ance with specifications or pattern in the office of the Quarter- 
master General, may be worn. 

Whenever the coat is not worn, no overshirts except the olive- 
drab flannel or chambray shirts, like those furnished by the Quarter- 
master's department, will be worn with the service uniform. 

White Duck Clothing. 

97. This clothing will be provided for members of the Hospital 
Corps only, and is to be worn by them on ward duty when prescribed 
by the Commander-in-Chief. 

Suspenders and Waist Belts. 

98. Suspenders or russet leather waist belt may be worn; sus- 
penders, when worn, must not be visible. 

Arctic Overshoes and Woolen Gloves. 

99. For All Enlisted Men. — Arctic overshoes and white woolen 
gloves, by permission of the commanding officer, when the troops 
are exposed, may be worn on certain occasions. 

Band Uniforms. 

100. Bands will wear the general uniform of their regiments or 
corps. Commanding officers may add such ornaments to the full- 
dress and dress uniform as they may deem proper, and are not 
herein prohibited. Such ornaments will not include shoulder knots, 
shoulder straps, officer's trousers stripes or any insignia of rank. 
Upon application to the Quartermaster's department they will be 
supplied with music pouches. 



266 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

Commanding officers may requisition for either aigrettes or pom- 
pons for the dress caps. 

Black lynx-skin shakos, with plume and tassel of color of the 
corps or arm of service, and leather chin straps with brass scales 
and side buttons, will be issued for use on full-dress occasions by 
drum majors; to be made according to pattern in the office of the 
Quartermaster General. 

Saber belt of enamel leather, of color of corps or arm of service, 
and of regulation width. 

Chevrons of cloth, according to rank, of the prescribed pattern. 

Trousers of regulation patterns, with stripes prescribed for mu- 
sicians of their respective corps or arm of service. 

Batons as per pattern in the office of the Quartermaster General, 
with silken cords and tassels of the color of the corps or arm of the 
service. 

Uniform for Wear at Emplacements. 

101. Officers when on duty at emplacements may wear a uniform 
of khaki-colored cotton or brown canvas, to be worn alone or over 
the cloth uniform, according to the weather. This uniform will 
conform to the present regulations prescribing the cut, insignia, 
etc., for service uniforms. 

The saber belt will be worn outside the coat, and officers may 
lay aside the saber after arriving at the guns, if necessary for the 
work in hand. Leggins may be worn on this duty. 

Enlisted men, when at work or drill at the emplacements, may 
wear the brown fatigue uniform or the cotton service uniform, as 
the commanding officer may direct ; rank to be shown by the usual 
chevrons. 

Suitable leather gloves may be worn by the enlisted men of the 
Coast Artillery Corps and Ordnance to protect their hands while 
handling guns, machinery and other appliances. 

Alterations, Measurements, etc. 

102. Alterations will not be made in any article of the uniform 
that will result in a material change from the cut prescribed for it 
in these regulations. Company commanders will exercise personal 
supervision over the fitting of the uniforms of the men of their 
companies, and permit such changes as will injure a proper fit, 
without disturbing the general appearance of the uniform. 



1908.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 



267 



Clothing furnished Enlisted Men by the Quartermaster's 
Department, with Dimensions to determine Sizes. 

Breeches {Olive-drab and Khaki Service, Foot and Mounted). 



Sizes. 


Waist 
(Inches). 


Length to 

Garter 
(Inches). 


Sizes. 


Waist 
(Inches). 


Length to 

Garter 
(Inches). 


1, 

2, 

3, 

4, 

5, 

6, 

7, 

8, 

9, 

10, 

11, 

12, 

13, 

14, 

15, 

16, 






30 
30 
31 
31 
31 
32 
32 
32 
33 
33 
33 
33 
34 
34 
34 
34 


26 
28 
25 
27 
29 
26 
28 
30 
25 
27 
29 
31 
26 
28 
30 
32 


17, . 

18, . 

19, . 

20, . 

21, . 

22, . 

23, . 

24, . 

25, . 

26, . 

27, . 

28, . 

29, . 

30, . 

31, . 

32, . 




35 
35 
35 
36 
36 
36 
37 
37 
37 
38 
38 
38 
39 
40 
41 
42 


25 

27 
29 
26 
28 
30 
27 
29 
31 
26 
28 
30 
27 
28 
27 
28 



The measurement length to garter should be taken as follows: from the inter- 
section of the side and waist seam diagonally to the front, over the knee cap, and to 
a point 4 inches below same, which point is designated as the garter. 



Coats, Dress {Olive-drab and Khaki). 



Sizes. 


Chest 


Waist 


Length 


Sleeve 


(Inches). 


(Inches). 


(Inches). 


(Inches) . 


1, 


33 


29 


25 


29 i 


2, 












34 


30 


25* 


29! 


3, 












35 


31 


25f 


30i 


3*, 












35 


30 


26| 


31* 


4, 












36 


32 


26i 


30! 


4i, 












36 


34 


25f 


30 


4i, 












36 


31 


27| 


32 


5, 












37 


33 


26f 


31i 


5i, 












37 


35 


26i 


30* 


5£, 












37 


32 


27! 


32* 


6, 












38 


34 


27i 


31! 


6i, 












38 


36 


26f 


31 


6*, 












38 


33 


28 i 


33 


7, 












40 


36 


28 i 


32| 


7i, 












40 


38 


27! 


3U 


7*, 












40 


35 


29 i 


33* 


8, 












42 


39 


28! 


32! 


9, 












44 


41 


29 i 


33i 



Coats {White or Summer). 





Sizes. 




1 


2 


3 


4 


5 


6 


7 


Chest (inches), 
Waist (inches), 
Length of sleeve (inches), 


35 
33 
31 


36 
34 

314 


38 
36 
32! 


40 
38 
33f 


42 

40 
34* 


44 

42 
34* 


43 
43 
34 



268 



ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 



Leggins (Outside Measurements). 





Sizes. 




1 


2 


3 


4 


5 


Around calf (inches), ..... 


13| 


144 


154 


16 


16i 



Overcoats {Olive-drab). 



Sizes. 


Chest 


Waist 


Length 


Sleeve 


(Inches). 


(Inches). 


(Inches). 


(Inches). 


1 


34 


30 


47 


314 


1*, 












34 


30 


50 


33 


2 












36 


32 


48 


32* 


2£ f 












36 


32 


51 


34 


3, 












38 


34 


49 


334 


3*, 












38 


34 


52 


35 


4, 












40 


36 


50 


34 


4*, 












40 


36 


53 


354 


5, 












42 


40 


51 


344 


6, 












44 


42 


52 


35 



Shirts. 





Sizes (Neck). 




1 


2 


3 


4 


5 


6 


7 


8 


9 


10 


11 




In. 


In. 


In. 


In. 


In. 


In. 


In. 


In. 


In. 


In. 


In. 


Olive-drab, 


15 


154 


161 


17 


m 


19 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


Muslin, . 


13 


134 


14 


144 


15 


15* 


16 


164 


17 


174 


18 



Trousers. 







Canvas F. 


Dress. 


White. 


Sizes. 


Waist 
(Inches). 


Inseam 
(Inches). 


Waist 
(Inches). 


Inseam 
(Inches). 


Waist 
(Inches). 


Inseam 
(Inches). 


1, • 

2, . 

3, . 

34 long, 

4, . 
4^ stout, 
44 long, 
5. 

5i stout, 

54 long, 

6, 

6i stout, 

6* long, 

7, . 
7\ stout, 
74 long, 

8, . 

9, . 




36 

38 
42 

44 


29 

30 
31 

32 


29 

30 
31 
30 
32 
34 
31 
33 
35 
32 
34 
36 
33 
36 
38 
35 
40 
42 


30 

304 

31 

324 

32 

31 

34 

33 

32 

35 

33 

32 

36 

33 

32 

34 

33* 

34 


32 
33 
34 

35 
36 

38 

40 

42 
43 


32 
33 
34 

33 
34 
32 

324 

33 
34 



Caps and Service Hats. 



Sizes 6f, 6|, 7, 7*. 7\, 7|, 74- 



1908.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 



269 



TABLE OF OCCASIONS. 

Composition of the Uniforms of Officers of the Massachu- 
setts Volunteer Militia, and Occasions on which they 



ARE TO BE WORN. 



Full-dress Uniform. 



Officers. 



Articles. 



Occasions. 



General officers, dis- 
mounted. 



General 
mounted. 



officers, 



Officers of staff de- 
partments, dis- 
mounted. 



Officers of staff 
departments, 
mounted. 



Officers of cavalry, 
artillery, infantry 
and engineers, dis- 
mounted. 



Officers of cavalry, 
artillery, infantry 
and engineers, 
mounted. 



Chaplains, dis- 
mounted. 

Chaplains, mounted. 



Full-dress coat, full-dress 
trousers, chapeau, epau- 
lets, sash, white gloves, 
full-dress belt, saber, 
black shoes. 



Full-dress coat, dress 
breeches, full-dress cap, 
with aigrette, shoulder 
knots, sash, leather 
gauntlets, full-dress belt, 
saber, black boots, spurs. 

Full-dress coat, full-dress 
trousers, full-dress cap, 
with aigrette, white 
gloves, full-dress belt, 
saber, black shoes. Ai- 
guillettes and shoulder 
belts for those authorized 
to wear them. 

Full-dress coat, dress 
breeches, full-dress cap, 
with aigrette, leather 
gauntlets, full-dress belt, 
saber, black boots, spurs. 
Aiguillettes and shoulder 
belts for those authorized 
to wear them. 

Full-dress coat, full-dress 
trousers, full-dress cap, 
with aigrette or pompon, 
white gloves, full-dress 
belt, saber, black shoes. 
Aiguillettes for those au- 
thorized to wear them. 

Full-dress coat, dress 
breeches, full-dress cap, 
with aigrette, full-dress 
belt, saber, leather gaunt- 
lets, black boots, spurs. 
Aiguillettes for those au- 
thorized to wear them. 

Full-dress coat, full-dress 
trousers, chaplain's hat, 
white gloves, black shoes. 

Full-dress coat, dress 
breeches, chaplain's hat, 
leather gauntlets, black 
boots, spurs. 



On state occasions at home 
and abroad; when receiving 
or calling officially upon 
the President of the United 
States, or Governor of a 
State, or upon the president, 
sovereign or member of the 
royal family of other coun- 
tries; and at ceremonies and 
entertainments when it is 
desirable to do special honor 
to the occasion, or when full- 
dress is prescribed for en- 
listed men. 

On occasions as above requir- 
ing the officer to be mounted, 
or following immediately 
after mounted functions. 



Same as stated for general offi- 
cers dismounted. 



Same as stated for general offi- 
cers mounted. 



Same as stated for general offi- 
cers dismounted. 



Same as stated for general offi- 
cers mounted. 



Same as stated for general offi- 
cers dismounted. 

Same as stated for general offi- 
cers mounted. 



Courts-martial, courts of inquiry and boards of officers will hold their sessions in 
such uniform as the court or board shall decide. 

1 The regulations for minor articles of uniform will be found in the preceding 
pages, under appropriate headings. 



270 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 



Dress Uniform. 1 



Officers. 



Articles. 



Occasions. 



General officers, dis- 
mounted. 



General 

mounted. 



officers, 



Officers of staff de- 
partments, d i s - 
mounted. 

Officers of s t a ff 
departments, 
mounted. 



Officers of cavalry, 
artillery, infantry 
and engineers, dis- 
mounted. 

Officers of cavalry, 
artillery, infantry 
and engineers, 
mounted. 

Chaplains, dis- 
mounted. 



Chaplains, mounted, 



Dress coat, dress trousers, 
dress cap, black shoes. 

Under arms, add dress belt 
(worn under coat), saber, 
white gloves. 



Dress coat, dress breeches, 
dress cap, leather gaunt- 
lets, black boots, spurs. 

Under arms, add dress belt 
(worn under coat), saber. 

Dress coat, dress trousers, 
dress cap, black shoes. 

Under arms, add dress belt, 
saber, white gloves. 

Dress coat, dress breeches, 
dress cap, leather gaunt- 
lets, black boots, spurs. 

Under arms, add dress belt, 
saber. 

Dress coat, dress cap, dress 
trousers, black shoes. 

Under arms, add dress belt 
(worn under coat), saber, 
white gloves. 

Dress coat, dress breeches, 
dress cap, leather gaunt- 
lets, black boots, spurs. 

Under arms, add dress belt 
(worn under coat), saber. 

Dress coat, dress trousers, 
chaplain's hat, black 
shoes; white gloves when 
occasion requires gloves. 

Dress coat, dress breeches, 
chaplain's hat, leather 
gauntlets, black boots, 
spurs. 



At reviews, inspections, pa- 
rades and other ceremonies 
when the troops are in dress 
uniform; at such other duties 
under arms as may be pre- 
scribed. 

This uniform is also authorized 
as a mess dress, and for social 
occasions when full dress is 
not worn. 

On occasions as above, requir- 
ing officers to be mounted. 



Same as stated for general offi- 
cers dismounted. 



Same as stated for general offi- 
cers mounted. 



Same as stated for general offi- 
cers dismounted. 



Same as stated for general offi- 
cers mounted. 



Same as stated for other offi- 
cers dismounted. 



Same as stated for other offi- 
cers mounted. 



White Uniform. 



For all officers, dis- 
mounted. 



White coat, white trousers, 
white cap, white canvas 
or black leather shoes. 



When authorized by the com- 
manding officer, but not to 
be worn on occasions of duty 
with troops. 



Service Uniform (Olive-drab). 



For all officers, dis- 
mounted. 



(a) Service coat, service 
trousers, service cap, rus- 
set leather shoes. 

(b) Under arms, add serv- 
ice breeches, service belt, 
saber, white gloves, rus- 
set leather leggins, omit 
trousers. 



(a) For habitual garrison wear 
when not otherwise pre- 
scribed herein. 

(6) For habitual garrison duty 
under arms, also when chang- 
ing station with troops by 
rail or water, and when not 
otherwise prescribed herein. 



1 When troops appear in full-dress or dress uniform, as prescribed in these regu- 
lations, all officers on duty therewith or attached thereto in any capacity shall wear 
the corresponding prescribed full-dress or dress uniform for officers. 



1908.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 



271 



Service Uniform (Olive-drab) — Concluded. 



Officers. 


Articles. 


Occasions. 


For all officers, dis- 


(c) Service coat, service 


(c) For field duty. 


mounted — Con. 


breeches, russet leather 
leggins, russet leather 
shoes, service hat, serv- 
ice belt, saber, revolver, 
canteen, field glass, 
watch, compass, note- 
book and pencils. 




For all officers, 


(a) Service coat, service 


(a) For habitual garrison wear 


mounted. 


breeches, service cap, rus- 


and when not otherwise pre- 




set leather boots or russet 


scribed herein. 




leather shoes and russet 






leather leggins, spurs, 






leather gauntlets. 






(6) Under arms, add serv- 


(6) For habitual garrison duty 




ice belt, saber. 


under arms, also when chang- 
ing station by rail or water. 




(c) Service coat, service 


(c) For field duty. 




breeches, russet leather 






boots or russet leather 






shoes and russet leather 






leggins, service hat, 


- 




service belt, saber, re- 






volver, spurs, leather 






gauntlets, canteen, field 






glass, watch, compass, 






notebook and pencils. 






Officers of the Signal Corps 
will wear the shoulder 
belt on occasions (b) and 
(c), as herein prescribed, 
when on mounted or dis- 
mounted duty requiring 
its use. i 





Note. — When troops appear in service uniform (a), (b) or (c), all officers on 
duty therewith or attached thereto in any capacity will wear the corresponding 
service uniform (a), (6) or (c). 

Service uniform, khaki, same as above, when climate and weather require. 

Olive-drab uniform for habitual wear when climate or weather does not require 
khaki. 

The commanding officer may require officers on field service to be equipped with 
such additional articles of their prescribed equipment as conditions may make 
necessary. 



Composition of the Uniforms of Enlisted Men of the Mas- 
sachusetts Volunteer Militia, and Occasions on which 
they are to be worn. 

Full-dress Uniform. 



All Enlisted Men. 


Articles. 


Occasions. 


Dismounted, 


Dress coat, breast cord, 


To be worn at all ceremonies 




dress trousers, dress cap, 


(except inspection and guard 




with aigrette or pompon, 


mounting, and then if pre- 




black shoes, white gloves, 


scribed by the command- 




russet leather belt, cart- 


ing officer) when climate and 




ridge box. 


weather permit. 


Mounted, 


Dress coat, breast cord, 
dress trousers, dress cap, 
with aigrette, leggins, 
russet leather or cam- 
paign shoes, leather 
gauntlets, spurs, saber 
belt, cartridge box (when 
prescribed). 


As herein, when mounted. 



272 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 



Dress Uniform. 



All Enlisted Men. 


Articles. 


Occasions. 


Dismounted, 


Dress coat, dress cap, dress 


To be worn at retreat roll call 




trousers, black shoes. 


when on pass or prescribed 




Under arms, add white 


by commanding officer. 




gloves, russet leather 






belt, cartridge box. 




Mounted, 


Dress coat, dress cap, dress 
trousers, russet leather or 
campaign shoes, leg- 
gins, spurs, leather 
gauntlets. Under arms, 
add saber belt, cartridge 


As herein, when mounted. 




box. 





White Uniform. 



Dismounted, 



White coat, white trousers, 
russet leather or black 
leather shoes. 



For enlisted men of the Hos- 
pital Corps only, as pre- 
scribed by the surgeon, for 
ward duty. 



Service Uniform {Olive-drab). 



Dismounted, 



Mounted, 



(a) Service coat, service 
breeches, leggins, service 
cap, russet leather or 
campaign shoes. 

(6) Under arms, add white 
gloves, russet leather belt, 
cartridge box. 



(c) Service coat, service 
breeches, olive-drab shirt, 
leggins, russet leather or 
campaign shoes, service 
hat, field belt. 

(a) Service coat, service 
breeches, leggins, ser- 
vice cap, russet leather 
or campaign shoes, leather 
gauntlets, spurs. 

(b) Under arms, add russet 
leather belt, cartridge 
box. 



(c) Service coat, service 
breeches, olive-drab shirt, 
service hat, leggins, rus- 
set leather or campaign 
shoes, spurs, field belt, 
leather gauntlets. 



(a) For habitual garrison or 
armory wear when not other- 
wise prescribed herein. 

(6) For habitual garrison or 
armory duty under arms; 
also when changing station 
by rail or water and when not 
otherwise prescribed herein. 

(c) For field duty. 



(a) For habitual garrison wear 
when not otherwise pre- 
scribed herein. 



(6) For habitual garrison duty 
under arms ; also when 
changing station by rail or 
water, and when not other- 
wise prescribed herein. 

(c) For field duty. 



Note. — With dismounted service uniform (6) noncommissioned staff officers 
equipped therewith will wear belt and saber or sword in lieu of belt and cartridge 
box. 

With dismounted service uniform (c) noncommissioned staff officers equipped 
therewith will wear revolver and belt in lieu of saber or sword. 

Enlisted men of cavalry and fight artillery may, when dismounted, wear the 
canvas leggins. 

Olive-drab uniform for habitual wear when climate or weather does not require 
khaki. 



1908.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 



273 





Service Uniform {Khaki). 


All Enlisted Men. 


Articles. 


Occasions. 


Dismounted, 


(a) Service coat, service 


(a) For habitual garrison wear, 




breeches or trousers, leg- 


including retreat roll call, and 




gins (with breeches), 


on pass. 




service cap, khaki, russet 






leather or campaign 






shoes. 






(6) Under arms, add white 


(6) For habitual garrison duty 




gloves,russet leather belt, 


under arms ; also when 




cartridge box. Omit 


changing station by rail or 




trousers, but include 


water. 




service breeches and leg- 






gins, 
(c) Service coat, service 


(c) For field duty. 




breeches, olive-drab shirt, 






leggins, russet leather or 






campaign shoes, service 






hat, field belt. 




Mounted, 


(a) Service coat, service 
breeches, leggins, service 
cap, khaki, russet leather 
or campaign shoes, leather 
gauntlets, spurs. 


(a) For habitual garrison wear. 




(b) Under arms, add russet 


(6) For habitual garrison duty 




leather belt, cartridge 


under arms ; also when 




box. 


changing station by rail or 
water. 




(c) Service coat, service 


(c) For field duty. 




breeches, olive-drab shirt, 






service hat, leggins, rus- 






set leather or campaign 






shoes, spurs, field belt, 






leather gauntlets. 





Fatigue Uniform. 



Dismounted, 



Fatigue coat, fatigue trou- 
sers, service hat, russet 
leather shoes. 



On fatigue and at stables. 



Note. — With dismounted service uniform (&) noncommissioned staff officers 
equipped therewith will wear belt and saber or sword in lieu of belt and cartridge 
box. 

With dismounted service uniform (c) noncommissioned staff officers equipped 
therewith will wear revolver and belt in lieu of saber or sword. 

Enlisted men of the mounted service may wear the khaki trousers when not 
mounted and not on armed duty. 

Khaki uniform for habitual wear when olive-drab uniform is not prescribed. 



Extract from Order of the President of the United States, 

dated Dec. 30, 1902. 

Throughout the military and naval services of the United States, 
whenever on occasions of ceremony officers of both services are 
required to appear together in uniform, the following schedule shall 
govern : — 

Uniform A, 



Uniform B, 



Uniform C, 



f Army, full dress. 

< Navy, special full dress. 
I Marine Corps, special full dress, 
f Army, dress. 

< Navy, service dress. 

L Marine Corps, undress. 

f Army, full dress or evening uniform. 

< Navy, evening dress (a). 

I Marine Corps, special full dress. 



274 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 



The following uniform will be worn by officers of the Army visit- 
ing the White House on occasions stated; in each case with saber, 
full-dress slings, white gloves and the corresponding cap, except 
that side arms will not be worn with the 



State dinners, ..... 

Formal small dinner, .... 

Evening musical or dance, 

New Year's and all other State receptions, day 
time or evening, .... 

All other daytime functions (until 6 p.m.), includ 
ing afternoon tea, .... 



evening uniform:" — 



Full-dress uniform, dismounted. 
Full-dress uniform, dismounted, 

or evening uniform. 
Full-dress uniform, dismounted, 

or evening uniform. 

Full-dress uniform, dismounted. 
Dress uniform. 



CIRCULARS. 



Commonwealth of Massachusetts, 
Office of the Inspector General of Small Arms Practice, 

Boston, April 6, 1907. 
Circular, No. 1. 

Assignments for Rifle Practice. 

I. The following days are assigned the militia stationed in 
Boston, for target practice at the range of the Bay State Mili- 
tary Rifle Association, Wakefield, Mass., during the shooting 
season of 1907: — 

Tuesday. — Corps of Coast Artillery. 
Wednesday. — Companies A, B, C, and Engineer Corps, Naval Brigade. 
Companies A and H, Fifth Infantry. 
Company A, Eighth Infantry. 
Company L, Sixth Infantry. 
Thursday. — Commander-in-Chief and staff. 
Headquarters First Brigade. 
Headquarters Second Brigade. 
First Corps Cadets. 
First Squadron Cavalry. 
Friday. — Ninth Infantry. 

Shooting will begin on Tuesday, April 30. Headquarters will 
shoot on the days assigned to their commands. 



Special Assignments for Saturdays. 

II. Arrangements have been made for a limited number of 
targets on Saturday afternoons, for which assignments to com- 
panies will be made from this office monthly, 

III. If arrangements can be made for the use of targets on 
holidays, assignments will be made not less than one week in 
advance. 



1908.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 275 



General Conditions. 

Any member of the above-mentioned organizations may shoot 
on a day not assigned to his command, whenever such use of tar- 
gets does not interfere with the shooting of the organization as- 
signed to that day, and with the permission of the officer in com- 
mand; but each command is expected to use the day allotted to it 
as far as possible. 

Each squad must be in charge of an officer or competent non- 
commissioned officer, who will be held strictly accountable for the 
conduct of his men and for the observance of the rules and regu- 
lations. 

They are reminded of the necessity of exercising extreme caution 
in order to prevent accidents. 

Rifles will be loaded at the firing point only, and will be inspected 
before leaving the range. 

Magazines will be cut off in all slow-fire shooting for qualifica- 
tions. 

The rules of the Bay State Military Rifle Association in regard 
to the use of the range, and those which govern shooting, must be 
strictly observed, and officers are expected to make themselves 
familiar with all such rules. 

No intoxicating liquors allowed on the grounds. 

Officers are expected to preserve order and discipline. They 
will report any serious violation of rules to the Inspector General 
of Small Arms Practice. 

Under regulations, shooting will be done in uniform, and officers 
and noncommissioned officers in charge of detachments will set 
an example in this respect. 

Reasonable transportation will be furnished on application of 
the inspector of small arms practice of each organization to the 
Inspector General of Small Arms Practice. 

Each commander will make such arrangements as will ensure 
a good use of the time allotted to his command on Saturdays, as a 
charge is made for opening these targets whether they are used 
or not. 

The inspectors of small arms practice of the different commands 
will be notified of the days and targets assigned. 

James G. White, 
Colonel, Inspector General of Small Arms Practice. 



276 ADJUTANT GENEEAL'S KEPOKT. [Jan. 



Commonwealth of Massachusetts, 
Office of the Inspector General of Small Arms Practice, 

Boston, April 9, 1907. 

Circular, No. 2. 

In compliance with General Orders, No. 6, A. G. 0., current 
series, the following is published for the information of the Massa- 
chusetts Volunteer Militia. 

I. Competitions for places on the rifle team which will repre- 
sent the Commonwealth in the national match, to be held at Camp 
Perry, Ottawa County, Ohio, commencing Wednesday, Aug. 28, 
1907, will be held on the range of the Bay State Military Rifle 
Association, Wakefield, beginning Saturday, May 4. Shooting 
will commence at 1 o'clock p.m. 

II. Commanding officers will send at once to the Inspector 
General of Small Arms Practice, Room 108, State House, Boston, 
the names of officers and men of their commands who desire to 
compete for places on this team. 

III. It should be distinctly understood by candidates that 
team practice will be held at least once a week up to the date on 
which the team will leave for Ohio, and that the preliminary prac- 
tice on the Ohio range and the national matches will cover two 
weeks' absence from this State. It is desired that no man present 
himself as a candidate who is not prepared to devote this amount 
of time to team work. 

IV. For these preliminary competitions, competitors will re- 
port in service uniform, with rifles. Ammunition will be furnished 
on the range. 

James G. White, 
Colonel, Inspector General of Small Arms Practice. 



Commonwealth of Massachusetts, 
Office of the Inspector General of Small Arms Practice, 

Boston, June 8, 1907. 

Circular, No. 3. 

I. In accordance with paragraph XXXII., General Orders, 
No. 8, A. G. 0., current series, the Inspector General of Small 
Arms Practice has assumed command of the camp of instruction 
at the range of the Bay State Military Rifle Association, Wake- 
field, Mass. 

The following-named officers will be on duty as instructors and 
range officers : — 

Maj. Leon W. Ham, ordnance officer, First Brigade. 

Maj. Elon F. Tandy, ordnance officer, Second Brigade. 

Capt. John M. Portal, inspector of small arms practice, Corps 
of Coast Artillery. 



1908.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 277 

Capt. John Caswell, inspector of small arms practice, Eighth 
Infantry. 

Capt. John D. Drum, inspector of small arms practice, Ninth 
Infantry. 

Capt. David Hansen, inspector of small arms practice, Fifth 
Infantry. 

Capt. Stuart W. Wise, inspector of small arms practice, Sixth 
Infantry. 

Lieut. E. E. Baudoin, ordnance officer, Naval Brigade. 

Lieut. Wm. A. Hayes, inspector of small arms practice, First 
Corps Cadets. 

Lieut. R. Robertson, inspector of small arms practice, Second 
Corps Cadets. 

Lieut. Wm. H. Wilson, inspector of small arms practice, First 
Squadron Cavalry. 

II. First Lieut. William S. Simmons, Company D, First Corps 
Cadets, will act as post adjutant, and also take command of the 
skirmish field. 

III. Skirmish firing will commence on Monday, June 10, at 
1 p.m., and continue on Mondays throughout the shooting season, 
beginning at the same hour. 

IV. Only those members of the militia who qualified as sharp- 
shooters in 1906, or who have completed their slow-fire qualifica- 
tions for 1907, will be allowed to take up skirmish firing. 

V. Skirmish firing will be conducted in accordance with Small 
Arms Firing Regulations, United States Army, 1906, with any 
changes or decisions that may be made by the War Department. 

James G. White, 
Colonel, Inspector General of Small Arms Practice. 



Commonwealth of Massachusetts, 
Office of the Commissary General, Boston, June 10, 1907. 

Circular. 

The following is published for the information of commissary 
officers and acting commissaries of the Massachusetts Volunteer 
Militia, in camp at Framingham : — 

I. Rations will be provided for officers, guests and employees 
on the same basis as enlisted men. 

Form No. 12 must be filled out and forwarded to the Commis- 
sary General two weeks prior to each tour of duty, in order that 
he may hold assignments of pay to cover expenses and make the 
proper estimate of the supplies needed. 

The assignment of pay, at 75 cents per ration, should be properly 
made out and signed by the company commander or the person 
to whom the pay is assigned by company members. 



278 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

II. It is estimated that the sum of 75 cents will cover the cost 
of each ration, and paymasters are authorized to accept orders 
for, and to pay this amount to the Commissary General at camp. 
An itemized account, together with a check for any unexpended 
balance, will be given paymasters before leaving camp. 

III. All supplies for the brigades will be delivered to the bri- 
gade commissary, and by him issued to the regimental, Signal 
Corps, Hospital Company and brigade headquarters commissaries. 

IV. The different components of the ration adopted by the 
State are classified as follows : — 

Fresh components, Form No. 7, composed of meat components, 
bread components and butter, milk and eggs. 

Dry components, Form No. 8, composed of vegetable compo- 
nents, coffee and sugar components, seasoning components. 

V. Rations will be issued in following units (sugar, salt, rice, 
Indian meal, lard and butter in amounts divisible by five): — 



Flour, 


. in 24^-pound bags. 


Tea, 


1-pound packages. 


Prunes, 


. 25-pound boxes. 


Potatoes, . 


120 pounds (2 bushel bags). 


Onions, 


. 110 pounds (2 bushel bags). 


Coffee, 


. in 10-pound cans. 


Salt fish, . 


10-pound boxes. 


Bread, 


in pounds (not loaves). 


Vinegar, . 


. gallons. 


Pepper, 


one pound. 


Molasses, . 


quarts. 


Drv veast, 


. 5-pound cans. 


Eggs, 


30 dozen to a case, not less than one-half case issued 



Milk by cans, each containing eight quarts and one pint. Cans 
will not be divided. 

VI. The dry components, estimated to be sufficient in quantity 
for the tour of duty, will be issued by the brigade commissary on 
the day previous to the beginning of the tour of duty. 

The dry components issued will be delivered to each regimental 
storehouse on Friday afternoon, and be ready for distribution to 
company commissaries the following forenoon. 

VII. For theoretical instruction, commencing Sunday (second 
day of camp), a United States Army ration requisition will be 
properly filled out, and one will accompany every requisition of 
fresh components. Issues will not be made unless the United 
States blank is correct. 

VIII. Daily ration return, Form No. 7, comprising the fresh 
components sufficient for one day, covering dinner, supper and 
breakfast, will be made out daily by the company commissaries, 
commencing Friday, for supplies to be issued on the day following. 
These returns will be delivered to the regimental commissary 
officers at 9 a.m., on the day made, and by them consolidated on 



1908.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 279 

Form No. 9, and delivered to the brigade commissary at 10 o'clock 
on same day. 

IX. Each commissary and acting commissary will require a 
receipt for all components issued by him. Each regimental com- 
missary will make copy of consolidated return, Form No. 9, be- 
fore forwarding. 

X. Rations required for on Form No. 7 (fresh components), 
excepting milk, will be delivered to the post commissary at about 
8 o'clock each morning, and by him to regimental commissary at 
the regimental storehouse. The milk will be delivered at the same 
hour by separate conveyance. 

XI. Rations will be weighed by, or under the supervision of 
a commissary of subsistence, duly authorized, and all regimental, 
Signal Corps and Hospital Company commissaries will receipt 
in triplicate for all supplies received, one receipt to be forwarded 
to the brigade commissary, the second given to the contractor and 
the third retained by the commissary as his voucher. 

XII. Every brigade, regimental and company headquarters 
is charged with the duty of reporting to this office, immediately 
upon the close of the tour of camp duty, the number of extra 
rations issued during the week (whether to civilian employees 
or guests). Blanks for this purpose will be furnished to each 
headquarters. 

James G. White, 
Brigadier General and Commissary General, M. V. M* 



Commonwealth of Massachusetts, 
Office of the Acting Inspector General of Small Arms Practice, 

Boston, June 24, 1907. 
Circular, No. 4. 

The record books marked "Qualification Scores, M. V. M./* 
recently furnished from this office, are issued to the different 
organizations of the militia in accordance with paragraph XXI., 
General Orders, No. 8, A. G. O., current series, in which directions 
for their use are given as follows : " Company and troop commanders 
will keep on file all scores, both complete and incomplete, fired for 
qualification by their men during the season current, in books to 
be furnished from the office of the department of small arms 
practice." 

Company and troop commanders will therefore be expected to 
use these books in accordance with the above order, giving in the 
appropriate columns the following information : — 

First column, — date (month and day). 

Second column, — distance in yards (200, 300, 500, 600, 800 or 
1,000), or kind of fire (timed or skirmish). 



280 



ADJUTANT GENEEAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 



Fourth column, — names (surname first, then given name and 
initial). 

In column marked "shots," give the score in shot-for-shot 
detail, except in skirmish firing, which will be entered in the " total " 
column. The totals of complete scores only will be carried out. 

In column marked " scorer," give the name of the officer or non- 
commissioned officer who certified to the score, as provided in 
paragraph XXI., General Orders, No. 8, A. G. 0., current series. 

Company or troop commanders may, if they desire, divide the 
book into sections for their own convenience, giving certain pages 
to each different distance or kind of fire, but each page in each 
section must be filled before beginning a new one. 

In no case will a whole page be given to one officer or man, as 
the intent of this book is to enable the inspector of small arms 
practice to verify easily and quickly the expenditure of ammu- 
nition. 

In the back part of the book, at page 161, a section has been 
added for the convenience of company commanders, giving a 
place for the entry of the two best scores of each member of the 
command remaining in service at the end of the shooting season. 

It is supposed that the entries in this section will aid command- 
ers in filling out their annual return of small arms practice, but 
use of the section is optional. 

All entries should be made in ink. 

James G. White, 

Brigadier General, 
Acting Inspector General of Small Arms Practice. 



Commonwealth of Massachusetts, 
Office of the Inspector General of Small Arms Practice, 

Boston, Sept. 12, 1907. 

Circular, No. 5. 

The following is published for the information of the militia : — 
I. The assignments of supervisors and scorers for duty at the 
State rifle competition on September 21 are as follows: — 



September 21 — 200 Yards (Rapid Fire). 



Teams. 

Corps of Coast Artillery, 
Second Infantry, 
Fifth Infantry, 
Sixth Infantry, 
Eighth Infantry, 
Ninth Infantry, 
First Corps Cadets, 
Second Corps Cadets, 
Naval Brigade, 



Supervisors and Scorers. 

Second Infantry. 
Fifth Infantry. 
Sixth Infantry. 
Eighth Infantry. 
Ninth Infantry. 
First Corps Cadets. 
Second Corps Cadets. 
Naval Brigade. 
Corps of Coast Artillery. 



1908.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 



281 



Supervisors on Skirmish Runs. 



Teams. 






Supervisors. 


1st run — Sixth Infantry, .... Second Infantry. 


2d run — Ninth Infantry, 






Sixth Infantry. 


3d run — Second Infantry, 






Ninth Infantry. 


4th run — Fifth Infantry, 






First Corps Cadets. 


5th run — Corps Coast Artillery, 






Eighth Infantry. 


6th run — First Corps Cadets, 






Naval Brigade. 


7th run — Eighth Infantry, 






Corps of Coast Artillery 


8th run — Second Corps Cadets, 






Fifth Infantry. 


9th run — Naval Brigade, 






Second Corps Cadets. 



II. The noncommissioned officers, detailed for duty on Sep- 
tember 21, will act as scorers at skirmish, and are divided in two 
squads, who will score alternate runs. 

First Squad. — Details from Corps of @oast Artillery, Sixth 
Infantry, Eighth Infantry, First Corps Cadets. 

Second Squad. — Details from Second Infantry, Fifth Infantry, 
Ninth Infantry, Second Corps Cadets, Naval Brigade. 

III. Assignments of targets will be made on the range by lot. 
Team captains and officers and men detailed for duty under 

this order will report to the Inspector General of Small Arms 
Practice, on the range, not later than 9 o'clock a.m. each day. 

Inspectors of small arms practice, not on duty with teams, will 
report at the same time for such duties as may be assigned them. 

Muster and pay rolls will be handed to the paymaster detailed 
for duty, on arrival at the range. 

All officers and men on duty at this competition, whether on 
teams or by detail, will muster for pay each day. 

Special cars will be attached to train leaving the North Union 
Station (Causeway Street) at 8.05 a.m. each day. 

Tents and mattresses, but no blankets, will be supplied for teams 
wishing to remain on the range over nights of September 19 and 
20; but notice must be given to the Inspector General of Small 
Arms Practice, on or before September 16, in regard to the number 
needed, or no provision will be made. 

Meals can be obtained on the grounds at reasonable prices. 

IV. Shooting in the pistol competition on Saturday, September 
14, will begin at 10 a.m. 

John Caswell, 
Colonel and Inspector General of Small Arms Practice. 



282 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 1908. 



Commonwealth of Massachusetts, 
Office of the Inspectok General of Small Arms Practice, 

Boston, Oct. 1, 1907. 

Circular, No. 6. 

Arrangements having been made for the use of targets by mem- 
bers of the general staff, at the range of the Bay State Military 
Rifle Association, on Thursday, October 17, and Thursday, October 
24, the following is published for the information of its members : — 

Seats will be reserved on train leaving North Station at 9.25 
a.m. on both days, and electric car for range will be in waiting at 
\Yakefield on arrival of train. 

Special car will leave range at 4.20 p.m. to connect with train 
leaving Wakefield at 4.54. 

Arrangements for targets are as follows : — 

October 17, slow fire at 200, 300, 500 and 600 yards at 10.30 
a.m., and at 800 and 1,000 yards at 2 p.m. 

October 24, skirmish firing at 10.30 a.m. and slow and timed 
fire at 2 p.m. 

Rifles and ammunition will be furnished at the range by the 
Inspector General of Small Arms Practice. 

Luncheon will be served at 12.30. 

Members of the staff are requested to promptly notify the In- 
spector General of Small Arms Practice of their intention to be 
present, so that final arrangements in regard to car seats, lunch, 
etc., can be made. 

John Caswell, 
Colonel, Inspector General of Small Arms Practice. 



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1908.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 287 

















• 




















• 1 


_• T-C 
















S. Nav 
cad., 4 yrs. 




















S. Nav 
cad.; Ea 


eswood Mi 
cad., N. J 
i g h 1 a n 
il. Acad. 
















P^ 




















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Kfflg 


73 








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Mass. 






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gen. comdg., 




ug. 11, 1873; 
9, 1879; It. co 
1890. 






Nav. brig., D, It. comdg., Mar. 25, 
comdr., Mar. 20, 1893; capt., Apr. 






8, 1880; trans 
26, 1882; di 


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regt., E, 1st It., A 
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F. Bridges, Ch 
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Parsons, Ma 
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V. Weeks, West 
rear adm., Ap: 






3 Pfaff, Boston, 
Apr. 20, 1900, 


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L. Carter, Broo 
gen., May 17, 1 




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288 



ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. 



[Jan, 



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1908.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 



289 



43 



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wa~§ 

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43 

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290 



ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. 



[Jan, 



T3 

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o 
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03 
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03 
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> 


1— 1 


T— 1 


00 


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i— i 


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latt. inf., B, Sept. 26, 1876; corp., sgt. 
., 1st It., Apr. 2, 1887; com. vacated 


0) 








rH ^ 




o 








<-' CO 


egt. inf., 1st It., asst. surg., Sept. 20, 
g., May 30, 1896. 


corps cadets, Nov. 14, 1874; 2d, No 
77; 3d, Nov. 14,1878; 4th, Nov. 14, 
t. maj., June 16, 1880; 5th, Nov. 14, 


1— 1 
CO 

T-t 

G 
03 

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43 

ft 

c3 
u 

T-l 

00 
00 
rH 

tH 
CO 

bb 

<3 

43 
+3 


egt., F, Mar. 27, 1865; dis., June 29, 
., 1st corps cadets, Apr. 28, 1870; 
v. 11, 1872; mus. in, June 14, 1873; 
c. 15, 1873; 1st sgt., Mar. 4, 1875 
j., Dec. 23, 1875; 1st It., Apr. 11, 
., June 16, 1880; capt., Aug. 10, 188 


1882, decision sup. jud. ct.; re-el 
y 15, 1882; capt., Feb. 9, 1889. 


regt., I, 1st It., Aug. 15, 1887; capt. 
1888. 


egt., G, Apr. 11, 1877; 2d, Apr. 11, 
Apr. 11, 1882; sgt., 1st sgt., 1st It., 


00 
00 
00 
rH 

oo" 

tH 

03 

43 

ft 

03 
cm 

00 
00 

rH 


. brig., B, It. comdg., Mar. 25, 189 
ndr., Apr. 3, 1894. 








regt., F, June 23, 1881; 2d, June 23, 

p., sgt., 1st sgt.; 2d It., July 25, 188 

Aug. 14, 1888; capt., May 6, 1890. 


■~ - 




00 


tuO 


TO 


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a •j >>2 — c " 2 rt s a " 

SS g"3 rtoS"" So oj 53 

^-H o>cc J-is-Gca — o « c 

^ K O r° ^ r? 



298 



ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. 



[Jan, 



T3 
o 



c 
o 

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^3 

03 



^ 
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03 



60 

v. 

03 
03 

o 



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pi 

8 63 

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55 * 



03 
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flos 

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03 . 

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co r 

93 co 

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.. -; cm 

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03 1-5 



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a 



^ JZ "O 

pq© _ 
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+3 CD 00 
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a 

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cm r .« 

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+3 
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43- a 

bJ3§ 
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43 T3 



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3 >» 

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CO 


p 


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55 




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P CO 
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03 



03 


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CO 


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03 


n 


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fa 



1908.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 



299 




>>th" 



CN 



r c 

■+3 03 
o3 

u 43- 

4g 



CO 



to 

O 

a 



H-'OO 
.05 

«♦*" °° 

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ft>° 

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sg 

.00 

ejoq 



05 

03 

o3 



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wg 

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<H 00 

r-i 
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03-00 
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Ah 



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03 



big £,3 

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£ . 

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300 



ADJUTANT GENEKAL'S EEPOKT. [Jan. 





>• 
















•S, * 


43 












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SB 32 


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mus. out, 


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, C, capt., 
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dis., Sept. 
Catskill;" 




M, May 3, 
. 3, 1898; 


, G, capt., 
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f., u. s. v., 


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1901. 


inf., U 
1898; 






inf., U 
1898; 




May 5, 
; U. S. 
mate. 




nf., U. 
us. out 


inf., U 
1898; 


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7, 1895; 2d, Oct. 17, 189 
mate, boatswain's mat 
99; It. jr. grade, Mar. 1 




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3; dis., Jan. 19, 18 
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— 

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7; 2d, May 10, 18 
May 10, 1892; £ 
rp., sgt.; 1st It., Ji 
, 1894. 


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L, I, Mar. 
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EX) 
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., E, May 
10, 1895; 
, 1896. 


g., E, Oct 
, gunner 
Aug. 10, 


43 

43 
30 

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y 10, 189 
i, 1893; p 
3; capt., 






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CN 


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a 

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Hudson, 
4. 








, Boston, 
5. 






Newton, 
05. 




Lynn, It. 
905. 




, Adams, 
06. 


nihan, 
Feb. 21, 




/-2 63 


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Dec. 8, 








3 F. Quin 
Apr. 3, 






R. Sprin 
Oct. 20 




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r., Dec. 




\. Camp 
Jan. 29, 


miah J. M 
orcester, m 
>06. 




a -< 


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s3 : 
£ "s? 






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f? 




















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1-9 


Cu >- cs 
c^~ 






1908.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 



301 



s 
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03 . 
03 m 

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3 

l 

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PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 



309 



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1908.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7 



311 



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1908.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7, 



313 



Summary of Casualties. 












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General Orders 14, 
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Lieutenant colonels, 

Majors, 

Captains, 

1st lieutenants, 

Lieutenants, junior grade, 

2d lieutenants, 

Chaplains,. . 


2 


3 

6 

10 

1 

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2 
4 


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5 
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4 
12 
18 

2 
13 

1 


Totals, . 


2 


28 


1 


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6 


3 


1 


9 


51 



Commissions Vacant Dec. 


ar, 


1907. 










Organization. 


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Inspector General's Department, . 
Judge Advocate General's Dept., 
Medical Department, . 
Ordnance Department, 
Second Regiment of Infantry, 
Sixth Regiment of Infantry, . 
Second Brigade Headquarters, 
Eighth Regiment of Infantry, 
Ninth Regiment of Infantry, 
Coast Artillery Corps, . 
First Battalion of Field Artillery, . 
First Squadron of Cavalry, . 
First Corps of Cadets, . 
Second Corps of Cadets, 
Naval Brigade, . 


1 


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2 
2 
1 
2 
1 
1 
2 


Totals, .... 


1 


2 


1 


4 


5 


6 


2 


2 


23 



314 



ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. 



[Jan. 



Discharges and Loss of Enlisted Men Other than by Expiration of Term 

of Service. 



Organization. 


By Order. 


Pro- 
motion. 


Died. 


Total. 


First Brigade, .... 


6 


— 


— 


6 


Second Brigade, . 




3 


— 


— 


3 


Coast Artillery Corps, . 




278 


6 


3 


287 


Second Regiment Infantry, 




200 


6 


1 


207 


Fifth Regiment Infantry, 




241 


3 


2 


246 


Sixth Regiment Infantry, 




199 


9 


— 


208 


Eighth Regiment Infantry, 




289 


8 


— 


297 


Ninth Regiment Infantry, 




207 


4 


1 


212 


Naval Brigade, 




188 


2 


1 


191 


First Corps Cadets, 




30 


4 


— 


34 


Second Corps Cadets, . 




68 


1 


— 


69 


First Battalion Field Artillery, 


56 


6 


1 


63 


First Squadron Cavalry, 


84 


2 


1 


87 


Ambulance Company, . 


21 


1 


— 


22 


Signal Corps, .... 


21 


1 


— 


22 


Totals, 




1,891 


53 


10 


1,954 



1908.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 



315 







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Chauncy Hall, 
Boston. 


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Service of Other States, and of 
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Lt. col., insp. gen., insp. gen. dept., 
7th army corps, U. S. V., May 9, 
1898; resigned, Feb. 23, 1899. 


Original Entry into the Service. Subsequent Service 
and Commissions. 


1st batt. cav., A, Nov. 1, 1891; priv., corp.; 2d It., 
May 7, 1895; brig, gen., insp. gen. rifle prac, Mass., 
Jan. 7, 1897; 1st It., adj., 6th regt., Apr. 22, 1898. 


Name, Address, Rank and 
Date of Commission. 


Governor and Commander- 
in-Chief. 
Curtis Guild, Jr., Jan. 4, 1906, 



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1908.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 



317 







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321 



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326 



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1908.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 



327 



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6th, Oct. 6, 1898; 7th, Oct. 6, 1900; 8th, Oct. 6, 
1901; 9th, Oct. 6, 1902; 10th, Oct. 6, 1903; 11th. 
Oct. 6, 1904; priv., corp., sgt., 1st sgt.; 2d It., May 
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1908.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 



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1908.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 



335 




— ' 03 

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CQ -IS 

03 

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ass. 





1—1 


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a 
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ass. 


a 

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at B 
<n, Ma 


ring 
ass. 


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+3 



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in 03 




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3 








S£ 


a; O 


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PM 








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s 


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, May 
mus. 






' 








ay 3, 

1898; 


.May 
1898; 

is N. 






co'oo 
Joo 

^S i-H 


U. S.V., K, en., 
s., May 8, 1898; 
1898; sgt. 






• 








U. S. V., I, M 

out, Nov. 3, 
quar. mas. sgt. 


inf., U.S.V..M 
s. out, Nov. 3, 
egt. inf., Illino 






U. S. V., K, M 
out., Nov. 3, 


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11,1900; 4th, 
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7; 3d, May 3 
!, 1899; capt. 
1st It., batt 






a 

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73 
<N 


Oct. 28, 1896 
dis., Oct. 28 




, 1899; priv. 
Aug. 7, 1899 


03 

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oo <^ • - 

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o 

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m 


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p — I 


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1st It., 
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3d, Oct. 
902; pri 






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pq 

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t. 28, 1896 
s, May 28, 
L; dis., Ma 


1— 1 




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d inf., K, Sep 
headquarter 
Oct. 11, 190; 
pay sgt. 


if., K, M 
98; priv 
n. 23, 11 


53 




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rp.; 2d 1 
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ADJUTANT GENERALS REPORT. 



[Jan, 



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1908.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7, 



337 





















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►ec. 9, 1895; 5t 
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Dec. 9, 1903; 
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1896; 2 
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1 








^0 


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Capt 

Frank A. Wak 

field, Jan. 28, ! 








First Lie 
lliam Buteme 
an. 28, 1907. 


Second Li 
rry C. Wak 
eld, Mar. 25, 








1 

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342 



ADJUTANT GENEKAL'S KEPOKT. 



[Jan, 



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1908.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 



343 





« 
Eh 

fe 

<l 
ft 

H 

w 

&H 

M 

H 
OS 



, May 
1899. 




a. p. 


•. a. 






p. •. n n ». 


„ . 




„ . . 




+3 "- 1 


+3 rH 






rH 43 CD OJ CO 


4^ ^ 




CD C33 




03 H 

O G 


a** 

o G 






CD G i-H O „ 

0J fl O 3 


S CN 

02 G 




^00 


■ ■> 




o3 


03 






th o3 




2 CN 




>o 


43 

r o 






.02 G 


.1-5 

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.. rH 

QCM 


u. s. v., 

s. out, Ja 




> o 

. 73 

m g 






Sh •«4-- O 

«^ ^ CO .CD 

C . oo tq oo 

•r- « T-l G I-H 

a G 
ol CO 

2 a tig big 

J3 G < th <q H 


03 




r> C3 
r^ 

43 

t-Z G • 
i- 3 O -S. 


Mass. inf., 
, 1898; mu 




roo" 

ttH OS 

G 00 

PG^S 


-OO 

<+l OS 
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.3 rH 
03 CO 

8- 

^ o? 


OS 
OS 




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bfl 

r . 02 

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02 


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CO 




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CO 
rH 


H 0° S, 
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+3 




43 


43 






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CD 


CO 






CO 


CO 




CD 


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aos i-h 






. 


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ft,— <N 


"d t^io 




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i2h 1—1 




GO (M 


Ol 






CO <M 


p., sgt.; 2d 

capt., Mar. 

ay 22, 1899. 


o -^ >, 
a m m 

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00 00 o3 

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c?««^ 

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43 


1— 1 
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co 

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June 8, 
88; 1st li 


o3 

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OS 
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a 
c 


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"B '« M 


Colonel 
George H. Priest, 
Mar. 16, 1905. 




f 2 

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i— 1 
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is 

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.° 43 

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^3" . 

.■gid 

is 

r-5 




S +3 - 

5 • os 

a 10 

03 k< 

a a 



344 



ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. 



[Jan, 



>> 






Lh 






ftf 


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1908.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 



345 









1-5 



CO 
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si 



02 



c3 

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PS 



0Q 

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s 

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epartme 
n, Medic 
y Depar 
rms Pra 
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<» 


n, Medical D 
stant Surgeo 
lymaster, Pa 
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Assistant Sui 


s 




'W 




O "^ /C CD 

ft S ^ a co- 


1 — 


Surg 
ke, A 
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S. Har 
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W. Wi 
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rO e| >,tH 




a-£„Q o3^ 




Jose 
Eu 
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346 



ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 



MA 

™_ c 
S «« 2 

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d 

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1908.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7, 



351 



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352 



ADJUTANT GENERAL'S EEPORT. [Jan. 



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1908.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 



353 



03 


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regt., B, June 2, 1890; 2d, July 2, 1893; 3d, Ju 
, 1894; 4th, July 2, 1895; 5th, July 2, 1896; 6t 
uly 2, 1897; 7th, July 2, 1898; priv., corp., sg 
stsgt.; 2d It., June 19, 1899; 1st It., Mar. 30, 190 


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CO <N 


, 1892; 2d, Sept. 27, 1895; 3 
h regt., K, 1st It., Jan. 26, 190 
mas. and com., May 8, 1907. 


• • 


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1876, to Aug. 3, 1878 
subsistence, Jan. 5, 1 


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regt., K, Dec. 1 
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cadets, Sept. 27 
ept. 27, 1896; 5t 
d It., batt. quar. : 


cav., A, June 18, 
o E co., 5th inf., 


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354 



ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. 



[Jan, 



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L900; 




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1894; 

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6, 1901. 




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< 


Capt 
, Smith 
1901. 




First Li 
H. Wils 
, 1905. 


O 
O 


Mark E, 
May 6, 






William 
June 6 



1908.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7, 



355 



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o 




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43 
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to 
03 


3 
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a 

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02 



356 



ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan, 





>i 
















42 G 










•* 00 




1- , 
















3 •"* 










bo oo 




& c 
















-e o3 










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Medical I 
truction. 
















on Insti 
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den H 
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Q) 00 
















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OS 

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E, July 
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inf., U. S. V., 
1898; 1st It. 




. 00 


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nf., U.S. V., 
1898; mus. 

is. (by favo 
Mar. 2, 189 


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6 


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tH 
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nf., U. S. V. 
rp., sgt.; mu 


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oo IN C 

.. o 

S S ° o 




42 

3 
O 

00 

3 






a 








Mass. i 
98; co 
, 1899. 


o 






300 g 

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97; priv. 
, Nov. 20 






T5 rH 




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cj 

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1894; 3 
, July 1 


42 
to 

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1-5 








1899; 3 
, May 2 

t. 


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CO 




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42 
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1897; 1st 






2d, July 1 
1, 1903; , 
riv., corp., 


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io 




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, July 13, 1896 

900; 4th, May 

May 21, 1905; 




— ; 03 

>> 

t-i 

c 




July 16, 1 
S95; 4th, J 


me 4, 1898; 
. 13, 1905. 






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Mar. 1, 18 
2d It., De 








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42 J 








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First Lieutenant. 
ugene H. Dorr, Plymou 
Feb. 13, 1905. 


so 

e 
s 

s 

o 

CJ 


3 
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a 


T3 

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O 


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HO 


►-5 
Pi 

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Name, Address, Ran 
Date of Commissi 


>> 

s 

I 

q 

o 
o 


Captain. 
Charles H. Robbins, P 
Dec. 4, 1905. 








rthur R. Gledhill, P 
Dec. 4, 1905. 


CO 

1 

H 

!5 
<! 

Ph 

o 
o 


Captain. 
rville J. Whitney, 
Jan. 8, 1906. 




s 

3 

•to 

H4 

CO 


lbert C. Gray, Medf 
8, 1906. 














W 




<3 




O 






< 



1908.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 



357 



-a 

hrt 

P-i 

C 

S- 
3 

43 
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358 



ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 



Si 




igh, 
Mass. 


































ed Mil 
uction 




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PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 



363 



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1908.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 



365 



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366 



ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. 



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PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 



375 



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376 



ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. 



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1908.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 



377 









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Captain. 
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*: 


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First Lie 
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378 



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p 


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to 


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1908.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 



379 



03 
ft 

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o 

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i-h 

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En 

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03 

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o 





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CO 

e3 










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% 










ffl 






a 


ro 

cg 

e3 




6 


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ro 

c3 


en 

03 






ughlinstow 
'a, 


a_ 

CO 


D9 

03 

a 


d 

o 
ro 

3 


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a? 


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3 






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rS 


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a 


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r^ 

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o 






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pq 


525 


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PQ 






» fc 


. „ 


„ _ 


„ . 


t., Dist Columbia, 
1892; priv., corp.; 
1893; 1st Mass. 
. V., B, capt., May 
out, Nov. 14, 1898. 


., U. S. V., May 
t, Nov. 14, 1898. 






t., u. s. v., c 

898; mus. out 


t., U. S. V., It. col. 
mus. out, Nov. 14 


, U. S. V., maj. 
is. out, Nov. 14 


t., U. S. V., F 
898; mus. out 






Si r-l 

o3 


if £ 


U r-l 

03 


3 o 






• 5 : C5 *9S 


e3 .. 


3 


nI^S 


c3 r-i CO ro 


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►• X 

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£8 

2 x 


> >>x 




>> 3 

> 3 






^ r5 TjT 


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•*- i—i 


• 2 ■*«" 


<!it- 








e3 r . 
Sf > 


g® . 


ro OS . 


t Mass 
capt., 
Nov. 1- 


< r^ o3 ^ 


03 X 
5 C5 






tMa 
May 
1898 


t Ma 
May 
1898 


itt. 
N. G 
dis., 
hvy. 
9, 18 


t Mn 
9, 18 






CD 


03 


ro 


ro 


pq 


ro 






r-l 


r-l 


i— i 


r-l 


rH 






- ._ - 




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B — 


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.. 






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3 O 


TJ 00 03 -3 • 

CM rH rH ^ > 


co 






N tfl o3 


oo — « oo 


NN " N O 


C3 r-l 


oa 






03 3 


00-00 


1882; 
, July 
; sgt.; 
trans. 
. 10, 18 


1-3 


,_ »H 


X 






1886; 
orp., 
93; r 


8, 1 

2; 1st 

10, 1 


dlt., 

Sept. 


, 1883; 
1, June 
, 1886; 
; 4th, 
892; p 
33. 


i— i 






- X. 


U x 


ri^-K 


<N . 


B 






<N r^ 


&X 3 


J ^ X c > 

■^ r- 1 00 ^ 
rvi ™ 


-ti 


I> CO « S ^ x 

I -1 ,_l S -rH 

X o 


3 IN 






^>rH- 


<^4 


T Q, 


o3 C 

r-S O 






dis., Aug. 
.8, 1890; pr 
,pt., Mar. 1 


79; corp., 
t., Aug. 29, 
uar. mas., 


; dis., Apr. 
, 1st sgt.; ! 
3d, Aug. 1, 
, Mar. 18, 1 
L891; capt., 


sgt., 1st Sg 
1, 1888; c; 


; dis., Mar. 
ie 18, 1886; 
2d It., Aug. 
Sept. 10, 1 
dis., Sept. 1 
pt., Jan. 23, 


5; 1st It., 
, Nov. 17, 1 






C, Aug. 7, 1885; 

1887; 3d, Aug. 1 
May 11, 1891; ca 

1899. 


t regt., M, Mar. 31, 18 
2d, Mar. 31, 1882; 2d 1 
Apr. 24, 1883; 1st It., q 
maj., Mar. 12, 1897. 


C, Apr. 12, 1880 
1885; corp., sgt. 
is., July 27, 1887; 
16, 1888; 1st It. 
3 1st It., Apr. 20, : 


F, May 15, 1883; 
5; 1st It., June 


t regt., B, Mar. 17, 1879 
June 18, 1883; dis., Jur 
1886; priv., corp., sgt.; 
It., Sept. 9, 1887; res., 
regt., C, Sept. 10, 1891; 
1st regt., hvy. art., B, ca 


A, Oct. 31, 189 
>ct. 18, 1899; res. 






t regt., 
July 20, 
2d It., 
July 14, 


t regt., 
Mar. 9, 
18S7; d 
It., Apr. 
K Co. a 


t regt., 
11, 18S 
1889. 


t regt., 
capt., C 






03 


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nlonel). 
r, Bost 


t Colon 
oodma 
1898. 


9 >> 


mbard 
;, 1906. 


tains. 
erton, 






o 


OS 


BKH 


Maj 
Quin 
897. 


O . 


3<N 


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e 3 . 




o 


(rank 
liarles P. Nui 
23, 1906. 


to I- 


5 o 


3 


o^ s 




o 
«r^ 
•f» 


Lieut 
liarles B. 
River, Ap 


eorge F. 
July 28, 1 


orris 0. D 
Jan. 23, l 1 


Walter E. 

bridge, Ja 


. Dwight 
Jan. 6, 19 






O 


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380 



ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. 



[Jan. 



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1908.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 



381 



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N ^S^ § c- 






June 

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382 



ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 



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1908.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 



383 



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[Jan. 



cp 



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1908.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 



385 



43 

W 
43 

to 



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bfl O 

am 



in 
to 
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to 
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3 






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., B, 
898, 
26th 
899; 
May 




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3t Mass. 
May 9, 1 
paymas. 
inf., U. 
trans, to 
13, 1901; 




• 






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c3 CO 
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a 

u 

o 
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CD 

CO 
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CO O 5? ±? CM S 




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+3 Oi 




00* "* 


00 




CO 


rH 


a> 


rH 




t, CM 




t- Cj 




O rH 


CM 


r. 4, 1892; 
, Mar. 4, 18 
; 8th, 1st n 
20, 1898; 8 
11th, July 
C. A., 6th « 








CO 






c3 . 




03 CO 




oo • 






© CD 
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bfl g 

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+= rH O 


-d" 

CM 


, 1889; 2d, Ma 
ar. 4, 1894; 5th 
h, Mar. 4, 1897 
.898; dis., Dec. 
July 28, 1903; 
1905; 13th, C. 


43 

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r-l 


43 

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CD 

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CO 
CO 
r-l 


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to O 




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rH +J 




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CO 


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a 

M 

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ft 

CD 

W 


CM 

+s 

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CO 
43 

to 

rH 


rH 

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ft 

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-- 1 i3 - 


<JJ 


f., B, Ma 
S93; 4th 

4, 1896; 

B, Mar. 
1902; 10 
th, July 
1906; pr 


43 

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X 


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t regt. 
Mar. 4 
6 th, M 
hvy. a 
July 2 
1904; 


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2? 


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ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. 



[Jan, 



P 

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PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7, 



389 



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